Compound Name

Therapeutic Category in Medical Science

Plant Sources

Plant Uses in Traditional Medicine

Correlation Between Two Usesa

Trichosanthin

Abortifacient

Trichosanthes, kirilowii Maxim. (Chinese snake gourd)

Abortifacient

Yes

Tubocurarine

Skeletal muscle relaxant

Chondodendron tomentosum R. & P. (Curare)

Arrow poison

Yes

Valepotriates

Sedative

Valeriana officinalis L. (Valerian)

Sedative

Yes

Vasicine (peganine)

Oxytocic

Adhatoda vasica Nees (Malabar nut)

Expectorant

No

Vincamine

Cerebral stimulant

Vinca minor L. (Common periwinkle, running myrtle)

Cardiovascular disorders

Yes

Vinblastine (vincaleukoblastine)

Antitumor agent

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Madagascar periwinkle)

Not used

No

Vincristine (leurocristine)

Antitumor agent

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Madagascar periwinkle)

Not used

No

Xathotoxin (ammoidin; 8-methoxypsoralen)

Pigmenting agent

Ammi majus L. (Bishop’s weed)

Leukoderma; vitiligo

Yes

Yohimbine

Adrenergic blocker; aphrodisiac

Pausinystalia johimbe (K. Schum.) (Pierre ex Beille)

Aphrodisiac

Yes

Yuanhuacine

Abortifacient

Daphne genkwa Sieb & Zucc. (Pinyin; Yuán huā)

Abortifacient

Yes

Yuanhuadin

Abortifacient

Daphne genkwa Sieb. & Zucc. (Pinyin; Yuán huā)

Abortifacient

Yes

aYes indicated a positive correlation between the traditional medical use of the plant and the current therapeutic use of the chemical extracted from the plant.

No indicated that there is no correlation as indicated previously.

bNow also synthesized commercially.

cA minor synthetic modification over a natural product.



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