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Index A Academic exchange programs, 2, 71, 139-145 Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) testing, 12 Airline fare costs, 192 flight delays, 43 tickets, 20, 135 Alcoholic beverages, 15 Allergies, 27, 126 Anhui Province, customs information, 15- 16 Appliances, electric, availability, 25, 29-30 Audiovisual equipment, 37-39, 89 Automobiles, 129, 192 B Baggage allowances, 17, 19, 21 missing, 42 on trains, 133 Bank of China, 14, 15, 124 Banquets, 53-56 see also Hospitality, repayment of Beijing American Express office, 14 archives, 107 banking services, 124 bicycles, 33 book supplies, 35-36 climate, 26-27 clothing availability, 22, 23, 26 customs process, 42-43 dormitories and foreign expert buildings, 191 dry cleaning, 25 film processing, 32 food, 28, 190 hospitals, 127 hotel rates, 190 libraries, 104-106 postal services, 121 quality of life, 59 radio programs, 31 reading material, 33 recreation, 130- 131 repair services, 31 restaurants, 130-131 shopping, 22-23 taxi service, 43, 128 U.S. Embassy, 12, 119, 120 UCLA training center, 6 Beijing University attitudes toward foreign students, 96-97 curriculum, 73 growth in foreign community, 75 library, 106 Shaoyuan Lou Guesthouse, 65-67, 93 215

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216 INDEX successful research project at, 81-82 Bicycles in PRC, 32-33, 129- 130, 134, 192 Blood, Rh-negative, 127 Books background information on China, 211-212 customs clearance for, 16 on education in PRC, 212-213 English translations, 33 grants for, 39 guidebooks/travel resources, 36, 40, 42, 131, 213 language study in China, 102 politics and economics in PRC, 212 preventing and coping with illness, 128 professional and teaching aids, 35-36, 38 rare, 106 science in PRC, 213 selection in PRC, 33, 35, 104 shipping of, 17, 121 telephone, 126 textbooks, 40, 100 see also People's Republic of China, publications Bronchitis, 27 Business cards, printing in PRC, 38 C Calculators, 36 Cameras and film, 15- 16, 31 -32, 39 Changchum, hotel rates and food costs in, 190 Checks payroll and third-party, 14 traveler's, 14, 15, 123 Chengdu, U.S. Consulate General in, 120 Children, see Spouses and children arrangements for China Daily, 31, 33, 36 China International Travel Service, 41 China National Tourist Office, 42 China Travel Service, 10, 41, 43 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 78, 80-82, 106 Chinese-language courses for foreign students, 2, 101-104, 150-151, 160 for foreign teachers, 116-117 required for admission to PRC schools, 150-151 short-term, 160 trading English lessons for, 101 Chongqing, dormitories and foreign expert buildings in, 191 Cigarettes, 15 Clothing availability in PRC, 25-26, 194-195 costs, 24, 25 repairs, 25 shipping of, 17, 122 tailor-made in PRC, 24-25 wardrobe planning, 23-27 Colleges and universities, PRC academic calendar, 70, 99 academic programs, 151 - 152 accommodations for researchers, 86 admission procedures, 149-150 applications, 147-149, 162-165 bureaucratic structure, 109-110 campus apartments, 62-65 categories of foreign students admitted, 146-147 Chinese language and preparatory courses, 150- 151 Chinese-language courses, 2 clashes in foreign communities of, 59, 93-94 class attendance, 96, 99, 152 degrees and certificates, 155 disciplinary actions, 153 effect of reforms on, 71-74 entrance examinations, 96, 149 evaluations of foreign students, 99, 104, 151-152 exchange agreements between U.S. institutions and, 2, 6, 71, 139-145 extracurricular activities, 154-155 female students, barriers to, 97 holiday activities, 154 life in, 72-77, 92-104 registration procedures, 150 regulations concerning admission of foreign students, 146-167 scholarships, 155- 156 short-term courses, 2, 158- 161

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INDEX 217 suspension of studies, 152- 153 transfers between, 151 withdrawal from studies, 153 work schedules, 86 Computers availability, 36-37 operating problems, 30-31 Contraceptives, 28 Contracts, 20-22 for research in PRC, 71-72 Costs appliances, 25, 29 banquets, 34-35 bicycles, 32, 33, 192 cables and telex, 124- 125 cashing traveler's checks, 14 clothing, 24, 25, 194- 195 customs duties, 15, 32, 197 day care, 68 dormitories and foreign expert buildings, 60-61, 191 - 192 duplicating, 39 excess baggage charges, 17 film and processing, 32, 193 food, 21, 28, 61-62, 65-66, 132, 190-192 guidebooks, 36 hotels, 10, 61, 190-191 housing, 10, 60-61, 133-134, 157, 190-192 immunizations, 12, 118 language courses, 102 laundry and dry cleaning, 25, 193 luggage, 194 medical care, 124, 194 negotiating, 72, 87, 102, 128 photocopies, 193 postage, 121, 193 research, 71 -72, 172 school for children of foreign researchers and teachers, 67-68, 194 self-supporting students, 154-158, 168-170 shipping, 17 sports equipment, 194 telephone, 125 transportation, 128- 129, 192 travel for research purposes, 86-87, 100, 193 tuition, 157 visa fee, 8 Council for International Exchange of Scholars, 6 Council on International Educational Exchange, 2 Course materials to bring to PRC, 39-40 Courses for foreign (U.S.) students architecture, 159 arts, 159 Chinese culture, 160 Chinese language, 101-104, 160 law, 161 medicine, 161 music, 161 short-term, 159- 161 taught in English, 2 veterinary acupuncture, 161 work expected in, 99-100 Courses for PRC students, English for specific purposes, 6 Credit cards, 14-15, 124 Cultural Revolution, 44, 73, 74, 78, 79,81,83, 106 Currency brought into PRC, 15 devaluation of, 71 for salaries, 18-20 see also Money Customs process at Beijing airport, 42 regulations, 15- 17, 39, 154, 197 D Daily life, preparations for, 22-35 Danwei, see PRC host unit Day care for children, 68-69 Dormitories, see Housing Dry cleaning, 25 Duplicating equipment, 36, 38-39 E Educational exchanges between U.S. and PRC, protocol, 204-207 Electricity reliability of, 28, 30, 61, 64, 65 transformers for, 29, 30, 36 Encephalitis, Japanese, 11 - 12, 118, 127, 183-189 Equipment, professional, 36-38, 80, 92; see also specific types of equipment Eyeglasses and contact lenses, 28

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218 INDEX F Families, see Spouses and children, arrangements for Fieldwork by U.S. students, 97, 100-101, 151 First-aid kit, 27-28 Food eating out, 28-29, 61-62, 64; see also Restaurants for foreign teachers, 21 home preparation, 28, 64, 66, 93 quality of, 64-65 ration coupons, 29 for students, 60, 154 on trains, 132-133 Foreign affairs office, 45-47, 75, 77, 78, 109-110, 122, 131, 135 Foreign exchange certificates, 14, 19-21, 123, 129 Foreign experts in PRC application procedures, 176-177, 180-182 baggage allowance, 19, 178 benefits, 19-20, 177-178 credentials, 179 curriculum vitae, 178- 179 distinction between foreign teacher and, 3, 18, 61, 108 housing, 19, 22, 61, 177-178 medical and dental care, 19-20, 177 opportunities in PRC, 3, 5-6, 18, 174-175 qualifications, 4, 5, 175-176 recruitment, 3, 174-179 salaries, 18-19, 22, 177-178 travel, 19 U.S. agencies involved in placement of, 5-6 vacations, 20 see also Teaching in PRC Foreign language teaching, opportunities in PRC, 4-5 Foreign teachers in PRC absence from work, 203 attire, 24-25 baggage allowance, 21 benefits, 21 Chinese-language lessons for, 116-117 contracts, 20, 198-203 distinction between foreign expert and, 3, 18, 61 English language, 3-6 funding, 20 general adjustment advice, 76, 117 housing, 21, 22, 61, 63, 202 language problems, 110, 117 medical and dental care, 21, 202 negotiations between Chinese and, 110 opportunities in PRC, 3, 5-6 professional relationships, 114-115 qualifications, 4, 5 recruitment, 3, 20 salaries, 20-22, 200-201 severance pay, 203 sick leave, 203 social relationships, 115-116 subjects taught by, 108 transportation, 202 travel, 21, 201-202 U.S. agencies involved in placement of, 5-6 vacations, 21, 202-203 visa approval for, 8 work loads, 111-113 see also Teaching in PRC Friendship Stores credit card use, 15 foreign exchange certificate use, 19 items carried, 19, 22, 29, 32, 34, 36 selling used items to, 29-30, 32 shipping by, 135 Fudan University, 73, 93 Fulbright awards, 2, 6 G Games and puzzles, 33-34 Gifts for Chinese friends and teachers, 31, 34-36, 38, 57, 92, 136 Guangzhou American School of, 68 attire, 24 climate, 27 credit card use, 14 dormitories and foreign expert buildings, 191 film availability, 32 hotel rates and food costs, 190 medical care, 127 U.S. Consulate General, 120

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INDEX UCLA training center, 6 Guaruci, 51-54, 74 H Hainan, dormitories and foreign expert buildings, 191 Hangzhou climate, 26 dormitories and foreign expert buildings, 191 hotel and food rates, 190 Harbin, climate, 27 Health certificate, 166- 167 conditions in PRC, 10-13 Heating and air-conditioning, availability, 24-27, 65 Holidays Chinese, 70, 99, 133 U.S., observance in PRC, 70, 152, 154-155 Hong Kong excess baggage charges, 17 PRC visa availability in, 8, 10 purchases in, 29, 32 Hospitality, repayment of, 34-35, 53, 56, 90; see also Gifts for Chinese friends and teachers Hospitals, 127 Hotels Chinese friends visiting, 50, 57, 62 credit card use, 15 food, 28, 61-62, 190-191 foreign exchange certificate use, 19 guest arrangements, 10, 60, 61 items available in, 22, 28, 32, 34, 36 rates, 190-191 telephoning from, 125 Household supplies, 28-29, 37 Housing adequacy, 22 campus apartments, 62-65 common problems, 64 dormitories, 10, 28, 65-67, 93, 133 for foreign experts and teachers, 19, 21, 22, 61, 63, 177-178, 202 for relatives, 10 responsibility for providing, 21, 22, 43 219 for scholars and academic visitors, 60-61, 154 for students, 10, 28, 60-61, 65-67, 93, 133, 154 temporary, 42 I Identification cards, 43 photos, 33 see also Official documents Illness in PRC, 10-12, 27, 48, 85, 99, 118-119, 128, 154; see also Medical and dental care Immune globulin, 11, 127 Immunizations, 10-12, 118, 127 Income taxes, 17- 18 Insurance, see Medical insurance International school, 67 Interpreters from foreign affairs office, 46 for lectures, 89 problems with, 90-91, 112 seating at banquets, 55 technical terminology and, 38, 85, 90 J Japan Consulate address, 9 excess baggage charges, 17 Narita Airport, 8-9 travel into PRC from, 8-9, 42 Jiangsu Province, customs information for, 15- 16 Jinan, currency used in, 14 L Language laboratory facilities, 31 lessons for U.S. teachers, 116-117 problems in research, 80 study by U.S. students, 101-104, 150-151, 160 Lanzhou bookstores in, 35 hotel rates and food costs in, 190 schooling for American children in, 69 Laundry, 25, 65 Law

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220 INDEX criminal processes in PRC, 58 institutions offering short-term courses in, 161 see also PRC regulations Lectures handouts for, 38, 112 interpreters for, 89 about latest developments in a field, 36, 92 about U.S. life, 36, 40, 111 by U.S. researchers, 88-92 Libraries in PRC access to materials in, 104-107 closed stack policy, 38 presenting requests in, 106 U.S. Embassy, 36 Library cards, 33, 106, 110 Linban, responsibilities of, 75-76, 93, 98-99 Liulichang, bookstores in, 35 Luggage, cost in PRC, 194 M Mail delivery in PRC, 121 - 122 international, duties on packages, 16 Medical and dental care availability, 28, 43, 67 for children and spouses, 70 for foreign experts and teachers, 19-21, 177, 202 hospitals, 27, 127 for students, 154 see also Illness in PRC Medical insurance, 12-13 Medicine brought into PRC, 15, 27-28 Chinese, effectiveness of, 127 institutions offering short-term courses in, 161 mailing, 122 prescriptions, 27 Money orders, international, 14 transfers from U.S. to PRC, 13-14 see also Currency N Nanjing climate, 26 dormitories and foreign expert buildings in, 191 schooling for American children in, 69 Workers' Hospital, 127 Nanjing University, 75, 106 Nankai University, 81 National Association for Foreign Student Affairs, 2, 13 National Program for Advanced Study and Research in China, 2 Newspapers and periodicals, 33, 35, 40, 122; see also People's Republic of China, publications o Office supplies, 30-31 Official documents expert privileges card, 110 health certificate, 148, 166- 167 identification cards, 43, 110 library cards, 33, 106, 110 residence card, 110, 1153 swimming passes, 33, 130 see also Identification p Passport requirements, 8-10 Peking Union Medical College, 27, 127-128 People's Republic of China (PRC) accommodations in, 49; see also Housing adjustment to life in, 38, 46, 48-49, 58, 79, 87 background information, 22 banking, 13-14, 123-124 cable and telex facilities, 124-125 currency, 18-20, 71, 123- 124 daily life preparations, 22-35 departure from, 135- 136, 155, 159 duty-free purchases from, 17 foreign community in, 59-60 government offices in United States, 6, 9-10, 148 health conditions, 10-13 interinstitutional agreements between U.S. and, 2, 71, 139-145 law, 58; see also PRC regulations

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INDEX 221 medical care, 19-21, 27-28, 43, 126-128 money transfers from U.S., 13-14 normalization of relations between United States and, 1, 3 personal relationships in, 50-54 picture taking, 32 postal services, 35, 121 - 122, 196 professional life, 35-40 public security bureau, 33 publications, 3; see also Books; Newspapers and periodicals publishing, 35 quality of life, 24-27, 48-50, 59 recreation, 130- 131 reforms, 43-44, 54, 71-74, 88, 123 research climate, 79-84 rest period, 49, 57, 62, 85 rituals, 54-57, 136 schools for American children, 67-70 social life in; see Social life in PRC student life in, 92-104 suggested reading, 22, 36, 40, 42, 211-213 tax treaty between United States and, 17-18 telephone service, 66, 125-126 travel internally, 10, 41-43, 47, 86-87, 131-134 urban transportation, 32-33, 41-43, 128-130 ways to enter, 41-42 Pets, 16 Physicians, 127 PRC Foreign Experts Bureau, 3, 8 PRC host unit description of, 43-45 responsibilities of, 8, 10, 19, 21, 29, 42-43, 55, 106, 109, 126 visitors' responsibilities to, 15, 42-43 PRC Ministry of Education, see PRC State Education Commission PRC regulations applicable to foreign students In Chinese schools, 67, 95, 146-167 banking, 14 customs, 15-17, 32, 39, 154, 197 fees for self-supporting students, 168-170 on film and videocassettes, 32' 39 grants to foreign students, 168-169 health, 12 housing, 60 picture taking, 32 postal, 122, 196 research applications by foreign scholars, 171-173 research data taken out of the country, 84 for short-term study courses, 158-159 travel, 131-132, 136 see also Law PRC State Education Commission applications for study/research, 2, 162-165 Bureau of Foreign Affairs, 20 status, 72 visa approval by, 8 Pregnant travelers, 11 Preparations for daily life' 22-35 for departure from PRC, 135- 136 for professional life, 35-40 for short-term academic visits, 88-89 Publications' English-language, see Books; Newspapers and periodicals Q Qing dynasty, 107 Qinghua University, 73 R Radios, 31 Ration coupons, 29, 32, 43 Registration with public security bureau, 33 Relatives, invited to PRC, arrangements for, 10; see also Spouses and children, arrangements for Research environment in PRC, 79-84 factors affecting success of projects, 79-82

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222 INDEX high-priority fields, 79-81 proposals, 38, 77, 79, 84 Researchers and scholars, U.S. Chinese assistants for, 72, 77, 85-86 contracts, 71-72 equipment needs, 36-38, 80, 92 integration into university life, 75, 76 lectures and seminars by, 84-85, 88-89, 90-92 meetings with Chinese colleagues, 84-85 opportunities, 1-2 PRC regulations applicable to, 84, 171-173 problems facing, 80 short-term academic visits, 87-92 tasks expected of, 84-85 visa approval, 8 work climate, 79-84 work schedules, 85-86, 89-90 work-related travel, 86-87, 193 Restaurants alternatives to Chinese food, 131 appropriate for banquets, 34-35 credit card use, 15 prices, 28, 190- 191 recommendations, 130-131 see also Food, eating out S School for children of foreign researchers and teachers, 67-70 Seminars by U.S. researchers, 90-92 Shandong University, 81 Shanghai American School, 68 attire, 24, 26 climate, 26-27 customs duties, 15- 16 dormitories and foreign expert buildings, 192 excess baggage charges, 17 hotel rates and food costs, 191 People's Hospital, 127 repair services, 31 shopping, 22-23 taxi service, 43 U.S. Consulate, 119, 120 Shenyang American Academy, 68 Northeast University of Technology, 75 U.S. Consulate General, 121 Shipping procedures, 17, 135 professional equipment and supplies, 37 see also Mail Shopping credit card use, 15 in cities, 22 Social debts, repayment of; see Guar~ci Social life in PRC of spouses and children of foreigners, 67 of students, 93, 94 personal relationships between outsiders and Chinese citizens, 50-58, 115-116 recreation, 130- 131 Sports equipment, 194 Spouses and children, arrangements for, 11, 13, 19, 21, 34, 60, 67-70, 87, 126 Students, Chinese demonstrations, 74 educational reforms, effects on, 73-74 English-language course requirements, 5 English-language skills, 112- 113 evaluation of, by foreign teachers, 113 reference guides for education of, in U.S., 119, 208-210 relationship with foreign teachers, 114- 116 Students, foreign (U.S.) absenteeism, 95, 104, 152, 156 academic programs, 151 - 152- accommodations for guests of, 10, 60 admission and registration procedures for, 149 advanced degree candidates, 95- 96, 147 applications process for, 147-149, 162-165 attire, 23

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INDEX 223 attitudes toward, 96 board, 154 categories of, 95-96,146-147 Chinese-language requirements for, 150-151 coursework, 99-104 departure from PRC,155,159 disciplinary action against, 153 educational reforms, effect on, 74-77 eligibility, 146-147 entrance examinations for, 96, 149 evaluations of, 104,151 - 152 expenses borne by, 156-158 extracurricular activities, 154- 155 female, barriers to, 97 fieldwork, 97,100-101,151 grants, 168- 170 holiday activities, 154-155 housing, 10,28,60-61,65-67,93, 1331154 initial meetings with teachers and advisers, 98-99 insurance coverage, 13 language problems, 98 language studies, 101-104,150- 151 laws applicable to, 153-154 life in PRC,92-104 medical care, 154 negotiating with bureaucracy, 994 preparatory courses, 151 regulations governing, 67,95-96, 146-167 relationship with teachers, 103- 104 responsibility for overseeing, 75-76 schedule, 103 self-supporting, 154- 158, 168-170 spouses and children, 67 suspension of studies, 152-153, 156,158 telephoning, 125-126 travel, 47,96,100-101,134,153, 155 U.S. organizations involved in placement, 1, 2,71,139-145 undergraduates, 147 visa approval, 8 withdrawal from studies, 153, 156,158 T Taxi service, 43,123,128-129,192 Teachers and advisers, foreign, see Foreign experts in PRC; Foreign teachers in PRC Teachers and advisers, PRC initial meetings with, 98-99 relationship with foreign students, 103-104 Teaching in PRC aids, 38-40 applications for, 3,6 bureaucratic structure, 109-110 foreign language, 4-5 general adjustment advice, 1 17 methods, 113 requirements, 4-5 U.S. placement/recruitment organizations, 1, 5-6 work loads, 111-113 working conditions, 113- 114 see also Foreign experts in PRC; Foreign teachers in PRC Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), 38,114- 115 Theft, 33,133 Tianjin, 69,192 Toiletries to bring into PRC, 27-28 Transportation in PRC air, 132-133,192 automobile rentals, 129,192 bicycles, 32-33,129-130,134, 192 buses, 129,192 currency to pay for, 123 railroad, 123,132-133,192 taxi service, 43,123,128- 129, 192 Travel, international, by foreign experts, 19 Travel within PRC from airport, 43 arrangements for visitors, 10 economic, 131,133- 134 services, 41 -42,131 - 134 by students, 47,100-101,134 during tourist season, 88

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224 INDEX work-related, by researchers, 86-87, 134, 193 Turpan, 191 U.S. Embassy and Consulate locations and services offered by, 12, 36, 118-121 role in American legal difficulties, 58 schools run by, 67-68 United States agencies involved in placement of foreign experts and teachers in PRC, 5-6 arranging to leave, 7-22 culture, lectures about, 36, 40 educational reference collections in PRC, 208-210 interinstitutional agreements between PRC and, 2, 139-145 normalization of relations between PRC and, 1, 3 PRC government offices in, 6, 9- 10, 148 questions about, 36, 40, 50 Xi'an, 31, 35 return to, 17 Xinjiang, 23 Universities, see Colleges and universities; see also specific institutions University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), training centers in PRC, 6 Urumqi, 191 V Vacations for foreign experts and teachers, 20-21 Veterinary acupuncture, 161 Videocassette recorders (VCRs), 39 Visas, 8-10 Visiting Scholar Exchange Program, 2 Voice of America, 31 W Waiban, see Foreign affairs office Water, potable, 28, 65 Work schedules for short-term academic visits, 87-92 for U.S. researchers, 85-86 for U.S. teachers, 111 - 113 Wuhan, 27, 70 Wuhan University, 81 X z Zhejiang Province, 15- 16 Zhongshan University, UCLA training center, 6