Box 4.1 Summary of Recommendations for New Investments in Logistics
reductions in fuel, water, and munitions requirements can significantly reduce demands on the logistics system. These reductions in demand may come from a variety of factors such as more efficient vehicles, more accurate targeting, and more accurate weapons delivery. This type of overall systems assessment would help the logistics community to play a much more proactive role in the future.
Water accounts for the second largest demand made on logistics transportation for OMFTS. The Naval Studies Board report Naval Expeditionary Logistics indicated that per-person usage in a Marine Corps landing force was 7 gallons per day. Discussions during the review also indicated that all the water consumed by an OMFTS landing force would have to be transported from the ships. In part, this transport requirement was driven by the need to keep up with fast-moving troops. Even though techniques exist for purifying the water from indigenous sources such as streams and lakes, the production rate may not be high enough to keep pace with the warfighters. In other environments such as the desert, sources of water are very limited, and the warfighters must rely on having it transported. As a consequence, the committee recommends a two-pronged approach. First, a program to quantify options to reduce nonpersonal consumption of water by recycling and reuse or alternative methods should be considered. Even a 10 to 20 percent reduction in the amount of water required would significantly reduce transportation demands. Second, efforts to improve the throughput of water purification techniques and reduce their weight and power requirements should be pursued, leading to new systems that can convert water from indigenous sources into useful supplies for the warfighters in an OMFTS scenario.
A summary of recommendations for new investments in logistics is given in Box 4.1 .
Logistics is critical to the success of OMFTS and should be given more attention within the ONR research programs. The Expeditionary Logistics future naval capability was not briefed to the committee, and it may address some of the issues identified above as gaps. However, it is clear that many logistics-critical elements must be addressed for successful sea-based logistics, and closer coordination with the design programs and the other programs in this S&T area is needed to help reduce the logistics demands as part of the up-front design.