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SURVEY OF BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENTISTS CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL THE ACCOMPANYING LEVER requests your assistance in this survey of biomedical and behavioral scientists. PLEASE READ the instructions carefully and answer by printing your reply or entering an 'X' in the appropriate box. PLEASE COMMENT on any questions which you think require fuller explanation. D! 1: ACl: D1:T~lDxT ~~ ~_._~ r_ ~ .l ~ , . . _ OMB No. 68-S76049 Approval expires June 30, 1977 r~c^~c ~ ~ USA fine completed torm In the enclosed envelope to the Commission on Human Resources, JH 638, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418. NOTE: ALL INFORMATION YOU PROVIDE WILL BE TREATED AS CONFIDENTIAL AND USED FOR STATISTICAL PURPOSES ONLY. DEFINITION: POSTDOCTORAL APPOINTMENT means a temporary appointment, the primary purpose of which is to provide for continued education or experience in research usually, though not necessarily, under the supervision of a senior mentor. Included are appointments in government and industrial l~hnr~nri`~c which rPc~~rn~^ ;- lt~;~ ~~ ~:~ postdoctoral appointments in universities. &_~IVA~ ~~ Lll~11 ~~la~~1 allu vuge(;tlves EMPLOYMENT ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ..~ '~::.:'.~':'~:.i.= Phi by;' $~^ i . ~_ ~i. ~~ ~~ ~~~~ ~ ' ~~ ~~~ ' ' ~ ~ 'I ' ~ ' ~ aim' "4` ~~ ~ " u~ ~ Bum ~ JUNK: release answer questions l through l 0 with respect to your PRINCIPAL employment or postdoctoral appointment AS OF OCTOBER Is, 1976. Which BEST describes your employment status? (Check only one.J 1 O Hold postdoctoral appointment (as defined above) 2 O Employed full-time (excluding postdoctoral appoint. meet) 3 O Employed part-time (excluding postdoctoral appointment) . . . . NOTE: If you checked items 4, 5, or 6 above, you may skip to Question I I on page 3. 2. What is the name and location of your employer/postdoctoral affiliation? Name of tnstitation/Organization 3. 4 O Unemployed and seeking employment 5 O Unemployed and NOT seeking employment 6 O Other status, please specify- (9) cite State (tO-15) Which category below best describes the type of organization of your eniployer/postdoctoral affiliation? {Check only ones Educational Institution 1 O Medical school (including university~owned or-affiliated teaching hospitals 2 ~ Other health professional school 3 O University or 4-year college 4 0 2-year college or technical school 5 0 Elementary or secondary school 6 0 Other educational institution Government 7 O Federal government (including national laboratory and military) 8 EI State or local government 2~2 Business 9 t] Self-employed 10 O Pharmaceutical firm 11 O Other business or industry Other Sectors t2 O Hospital or clinic (other than those included above) 13 O Nonprofit organization (other than those included above) 14 O Other type of employer (t6~1 7)

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4. If employed by an EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION (applies to items 1 to 4 and item 6 in Question 3), a. what is the rank of your position? 1 O Professor 2 0 Associate Professor 3 0 Assistant Professor b. do you have tenure? 1 O Yes 2 O No c. if NO, is your position considered to be in a tenured track? 1 O Yes 2 O No 4 O Instructor/lecturer 5 O Research staff (not included above) 6 0 Other,please specify (18) (19) (20) 5. From the list of specialty areas below, select the Onto area most closely related to your employment or postdoctoral appointment, and enter its title and two digit code below. Write in your specialty if it is not on the list. l Code Title of Employment/Postdoctoral Specialty LIST OF SPECIALTY AREAS (The following codes are to be used in Question 5 and Question 11 a.) BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES 00 - Behavioral Genetics 01 - Clinical Psychology 02 - Cognitive Psychology 03 - Counseling and Guidance 04 - Human Development and Developmental Psychology 05 - Human Learning and Performance 06 - Neurobehavioral Sciences 07 - Perceptual and Sensory Psychology 08 - Personality and Experimental Psychopathology 0.9 - Physiological and Comparative Psychology 10 - Psycholinguistics 11 - Psychopharmacology 12 - Psychophysics and Psychometrics 13 - Social Psychology 20 - Community and Urban Sociology 21 - Complex Organizations and Professions 22 - Criminology, Delinquency, and Deviant Behavior 23 - Demography 24 - Medical Sociology 25 - Sociolinguistics 30- Biological Anthropology 31 - Medical Anthropology 32 - Social and Cultural Anthropology 40 - Ethology and Sociobiology 41 - Statistics and Methodology 42 - Communication Sciences 43 - Gerontology 44 - Behavioral Sciences, other BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES 50 - Animal Sciences (including Animal Husbandry and the basic sciences underlying Veterinary Medicine) 51 - Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 52 - Biophysics (including, the structure of macromolecules and membranes) 53 - Biomathematics and Biostatistics 54 - Biomedical Engineering 55 - Cell Biology (including cell fine structure) 56 - Developmental Biology (including Embryology) 57 - Environmental Health and Toxicology 58 - Epidemiology 59 - Evolutionary and Taxonomic Biology 60 - Genetics 61 - Immunology 6. Approximately what percent of your time do you devote to each of the following activities? a. Research/development % b. Teaching c. Administration/management d. Consulting e. Professional service (other than consulting) f. Other, please specify _ % 100 % 213 (23-2s) % t2~28) % (29-31 ) (32 34) % t3s~7) (3840) (21-22) 62 - Microbiology (including Parasitology) 63 - Morphological Sciences (including Anatomy and Histology) 64 - Neurobiology 65 - Nutrition and Food Sciences 66 - Pathology 67 - Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences 68 - Physiology 69 - Virology 70 - Biology/Ecology, general 71 - Biomedical Sciences, other OTHER FIELDS 80 - Agriculture 81 - Astronomy and Physics (see also 52J 82 - Bioethics 83 - Business Administration 84 Chemistry {see also 51) 85 - Earth Sciences (including Geology and Marine Sciences) 86- Education 87 - Engineering {see also 54) 88 - Mathematics (see also 53) 89 - Public Health (see also 58J 90 - Social Sciences {other tha,' behavioral) 91 - Other

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NOTE: If you do NOT devote ANY of your time to RESEARCH, you may skip to Question 10a. c . . . _ 7. Which of the following federal agencies, if any, support or sponsor your research? (Check a/l that apply.J 1 0 No federal support 2 0 ADAtAHA (National Institute of Mental Health, National Institute on Alcohol and Alcoholism, and National Institute on Drug Abuse) 3 0 HRA (National Center for Health Statistics, National Center for Health Services Research, Bureau of Health Manpower, Bureau of Health Planning and Resources Development) 4 0 NtH (National Institutes of Health) 5 0 Other federal agency, please specify &. To what degree do you consider this research related to health? (41 As) 1 0 Directly related 2 0 Indirectly related 3 0 Unrelated (46) Ij. Briefly describe the PRIMARY research problem on which you are working. 9. Does your research directly involve human subjects (or animals in the case of VP~Prin TV Brian raco:~r~h! ~~ o.~1~ ; ~- therefrom, as part of a CLINICALLY-ORIENTED study? ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~e ec~eco ~~~ menu 1 0 Yes 2 0 No (47) NOTE: Salary information will be used for AGGREGATE COMPARISONS among fields and employment sectors, and will NOT be released in any way that will allow it to be identified with you or your organization. 10a. What is the BASIC SALARY. associated with your principal employment? If you hold a postdoctoral appointment (as defined on page 1 } and receive a stipend, include the stipend plus allowances. $ per year OR $ per academic year (9-10 monthsJ (48-50) b. Approximately what percent of this salary is derived from FEDERAL research grants/contracts and from FEDERAL research training funds? (If NONE, indicate 'O' J % federal research grants/contracts (51 -53) % federal research training funds (54~6J *Includes your salary before deductions for income tax, social security, retirement, etc., but does not include bonuses, overture, summer teaching, consulting, or other payment for professional work. ~ TRAINING ~~.'.~.'...~_~.. ._ .~..50~.~ - . ~ ~ ,~ ~. - _ _ 11a. From the list of specialty areas on page 2, select the ONE area most closely related to your doctorate (Ph.D. or equivalent}, and enter its title and two digit code below. Write in your specialty if it is not on the list. ._ (57-58) Code Title of Ph.D. Specialty b. To what degree do you consider your employmentIpostdoctoral specialty (Question 5) related to your Ph.D. specialty? t O Closely related 2 0 Somewhat related 3 n Not at all related (59) 2~4

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12. What was your PRIMARY source of support for each of the EACH year. J I NIH/ADAMHA/HRA (as defined in Question 7) training grant or fellowship ~ Other ederal training grant or fellowship 3 Federal research grant or contract 4 University or State (including teaching asst.} 1st to FIRST FOUR years of your graduate study? {Checlr only ONE for Year of Graduate Study 2nd 3rd O O 4 to O O O A A O A A A A A A 5 Other sources (excluding personal resources) O O O O 6 Received support but don't know source A O A O 7 Personal resources (including income, savings, O A O O loans, family assistance, etc.) (60) (61 ) (62) (63) 13. Answer the following question ONLY IF you received SOME FEDERAL support during your graduate study: If the federal support you received had NOT been available and it had been necessary for you to substitute for it funds derived ENTIRELY from personal resources, would you have been able to earn the doctorate in the specific program you selected? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No 3 0 Uncertain 14. Did the availability of financial support for graduate education significantly affect your selection of a doctoral field? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No 3 0 Uncertain 15a. Did you take a postdoctoral appointment (as defined on page 1) WITHIN A YEAR after completing ALL requirements for the doctorate (including acceptance of your dissertation)7 1 0 Yes 2 0 No b. If YES, what was the MOST important reason for taking this appointment? {Check only one.) 1 0 Couldn't find suitable employment position 2 0 Wanted additional research experience in my doctoral field a, If NO, what was the MOST important reason for NOT taking a postdoctoral appointment? {Check only one.) 1 0 Couldn t obtain adequate support for a postdoctoral appointment O Held suitable employment position O Had an attractive employment opportunity O Entered M.D. or other professional degree program 16. If you held a postdoctoral appointment AS OF OCTOBER 15,1976, 5 0 Felt that I would derive little or no benefit from a postdoctoral appointment 6 0 Other reason, please specify_ a. what was the PRIMARY source of support for this appointment? {Check only one 1 0 NIH/ADAMHA/HRA (es defined in Question 7) training grant or fellowship 2 0 Other federal training grant or fellowship 3 0 Federal research grant or contract family assistance; etc.) 4 0 University or State (including teaching asst.) 5 O Other sources (excluding personal resources) 6 0 Don't know source 7 n Personal resources (including income, savings, loans, b. have you prolonged your appointment(s) as ~ result of difficulty in finding suitable employment? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No 215 (64) 165) (66) 3 O Interested in switching into a different field of research 4 0 Other reason, please specify- 467} (69)

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I; L~~ UTILIZATION . - . ~ ~ ... ~ . . . it hi . ...... s ~ ~ ' ' ~ 1 . . . . . ~ . . .. 17. Please indicate below the number of MONTHS you have spent in each of the following endeavors since the date you completed ALL requirements for the doctorate (including acceptance of your dissertation). If you held two positions simultaneously, include only the PRINCIPAL position. Months a. Held postdoctoral appointment (as defined on page 1 ) b. Employed full-time (excluding postdoctoral appointments) c. ~ Employed part-time (excluding postdoctoral appointments) d. Unemployed and seeking employment e. Unemployed and NOT seeking employment f. _ Other status, please specify.- 9. TOTAL (should equal the total months that elapsed between completion of ALL doctoral requirements and October 15, 1976.) (~10) (11-12) (1 3-14) 5-16) (17-18) (1 9-20) (2t-22) 18. How important was your doctoral DEGREE in enabling you to attain your present position? (Check only one.J 1 0 Essential qualification 2 0 Helpful, but not essential 3 0 Unimportant 4 0 Cannot ascertain 19. What is the minimum level of training necessary to adequately fulfill your present job requirements? 1 0 Postdoctoral 2 0 Doctorate 3 0 Master's degree . 4 0 Baccalaureate 5 0 Other, please specify.- 20. To what extent do you consider your overall predoctoral experience in RESEARCH important to your present position? {Check only one.J t Cl Essential to job performance 2 0 Usefu I, but not essential 3 ONotuseful 4 0 Cannot ascertain 21. Which of the following BEST describes your immediate career plans? {Check only one.J 1 0 Not actively seeking new employment 2 0 Actively seeking new employment because of dissatisfaction with my current position 3 0 Actively seeking new employment because my current position terminates shortly 4 0 Other, please specify- Given the opportunity, in which of the following settings would you MOST like to work? (Check only one.J 1 0 Medical or other health professional school 2 0 College or university 3 0 Business or industry 4 0 Federal, state, or local government 5 ~ Other, please specify.- 216 (23) (24) (25) (26) {27)

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23. Given the opportunity, approximately what percent of your time would you LIKE to devote to each of the following work activities? a. Research/development % (28-30) b. Teaching % (31~33) c. Administration/management , % (34-36} d. Consulting % (37-39) e. Service {other than consulting) % f. Other, please specify ~ , % 100 % (40-42) (4345) 24. If you earned your doctorate in one of the BIOMEDICAL fields (see list of specialty areas on page 2) OR you are engaged in RESEARCH in one of the BIOMEDICAL fields, a. please rank in order of importance the technical skills or techniques that you used in your doctoral training and in your present employment {rank at most three in each column, using '1' to indicate the most importantJ. Ph.D. Emp/. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 (46-5 1 ) (52-57) Biochemical: Analytical Biochemical: Enzymological Biochemical: Immunological Biochemical: Isotopic Biochemical: Organic Histological and Cytological Ultra Structure: Morphological Microbiological, Viral and Cell Culture E lectroph ysiological Physiological, other (including behavioral) Physical and Spectroscopic I nstrumentational Computational and Theoretical Published Data Analysis Interview Techniques Other, please specify b. check in EACH column below the ONE category which BEST describes your research approach during doctoral training and present employment. Ph.D. Empl. 1 O O Small Biomolecules 2 0 0 Macromolecules 3 O O Tissue Homogenates and Extracts 4 O O Organelles: Mitochondria, Chloroplasts 5 0 O Subcellular Structures, Other 6 O O CellCulture 7 O O Tissue and Organ Culture 8 0 0 Micro-organisms 9 O O Experimental Plants 10 O O Experimental Animals 11 O O Human Subjects 12 O O Populations 13 O O Mathematical Models 14 0 0 Other, please specify- (58~9) (60~61 ) 217 THANK YOU FOR YOUR COOPERATION.

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HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH PERSONNEL PLEASE COMPLETE the questions below AND the enclosed green questionnaire. IF YOU HAVE COMPLETED THE GREEN QUESTIONNAIRE within the past few months, please complete this PINK SHEET ONLY. RE1IJRN BOTH this form and the green questionnaire in the enclosed envelope to the Commission on Human Resources, JH 717, ot;^no1 ~Pc-~rrh t~ritin~il al n1 Constitution Ave. N.W.. Washington, D.C. 20418. 1 NOTE: We are interested in obtaining information about any RESEARCH TRAINING you may have received which qualifies you as an investigator in HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH. The enclosed questionnaire has been designed primarily for persons who hold a PhD or equivalent research doctorate (EdD, DSc, et al.) in the biomedical or behavioral sciences. We are extending this survey to include all per- sons who are investigators in HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH regardless of discipline or level of training. In completing the green questionnaire: 1. please answer all questions with respect to any FORMAL research training you have received, 2. if you do NOT hold a RESEARCH DOCTORATE, interpret such teens as "doctoral", `'graduate" or "postdoctoral" with respect to your highest level of RESEARCH training (exclude periods of professional training or clinical residencies.) A. For EACH degree you hold in the list below, indicate the YEAR in which it was awarded: DEGREE AWARDED YEAR AWARDED DEGREE AWARDED YEAR AWARDED 1 BA/BS {6~7) 7 MD/DDS/DVM (18-19) 2 MA/MS `~9~ 8 Other training, specify: 4 PhD/EdD/DSc (~-1~) . (co-ed) 5 EngD (1~-~) (~) 6 DNSc (16-37) ~ _ ~ js_ ~= - it- ~~~7~ ~ ~ i ~ ~~~ > ~ r . ~ ~ ~ i ~ . ~ i ~ ^. ~ ~ ~ ? DEFINITION: Health services research describes and analyzes the processes of health care through the application of quantitative, pope-: ration, and sociomedica1 methods. Health services research seeks to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the health care system so 4, Oat th~roducts of biomedical and behavioral research are made available pron~,ptly and eg,llitably. .. . ~ a. a: ~~ ^.^ ~~ . . ~ / ~ 4 ~ ^ ~ i ~ . ~~ . ~ . ~. ~ * ~ . . i . . ~ ~ . ~ ~~ it . ~; ,... i ~ ;. . ~ ~i.. i ~ . g i ~ ~ e A ~ . ~ ~ in; ~ ~; ~ v B. If you devote ANY of your time to HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, please indicate in the PRIMARY column below, the ONE research topic to which you devote the MOST TIME. In the OTHERS column, check all the research topics (but no more than THREE) to which you devote SOME TIME. : If you are not engaged in health services research at this time, check this box: O PRIMARY OTHERS l O O Health Facilities 2 O O Health Manpower 3 O 4 O 5 0 6 O 7 O 8 O 9 O 10 O 11 0 0 12 O O PRIMARY OTHERS 13 O O O Ambulatory Care O Dental Health Services O Emergency Health Services O Health Services for the Disadvantaged Long Term Care Nursing Health Services Pharmacy-related Health Services 14 O 15 O 16 O 17 O 18 O 19 20 lo lo' lo lo lo Economics (including Health losurance), Inflation, Cost Containment & Production Legal Aspects of Health Care, including Regulatory Studies 22 O O Quality Assurance of Health Services 21 (2s-20 (27-32) lo C. What percent of your total work time do you devote to health services research? % 218 (24) Services Organization, Planning & Administration O Util zation of Health Services O lo Community Studies Evaluation Research Health Statistics Health Status, including Indicators Development Systems Analysis O Health Care Technology & Technology Assessment O Sociobehavioral Aspects of Health Care, including Compliance Other, please specify (33~)

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OMB No. 68-S76059 Approval Expires May 30, 197i SURVEY OF BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE DEPARTI\/lENTS COMMITTEE ON A STUDY OF NATIONAL NEEDS FO.R BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH PERSONNEL NATIONAL R ESEARCH COUNCI L PLEASE RETURN BY FEBRUARY 7, 1977. THE ACCOMPANYING LETTER requests your assistance in this survey of biomedical and behavioral science departments. PLEASE READ the instructions carefully and answer by printing your reply or checking the appropriate box. PLEASE COMMENT on any questions which you think require fuller explanation. PLEASE RETURN the completed form in the enclosed envelope to the Commission on Human Resources, JH 638, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418, no later than February 7, 1977. If you have any questions about the survey, please call collect Robert G. Snyder at (202) 389-6656. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS Graduate students and postdoctorate should be reported in only one department. An individual in an interdisciplinary program should be reported only in the department in which he/she is primarily enrolled. Please coordinate your reply with other departments if necessary. Questions requesting data on the support of students should be reported only by the PRIMARY (largest single) source of support. Each individual should be counted only once, by his/her major source of support. Data are requested only for students who are enrolled FULL-TIME. FuIl-time status may include any combi- nation of research, teaching, and study activities that your insti- tution defines as constituting full-time. Information relating to FACULTY is requested for both indi- ~uals and full-tune equivalents (FTE). Include as faculty those with regular faculty appointments AND those with research ap- pointments EXCLUDING POSTDOCTORALS (see definition below). Use your own institution's definition of what constitutes "full-time." DEPARTMENTS OF PSYCHOLOGY: Please note special instruc- tions throughout this questionnaire AND complete and return the BEIGE INSERT SHEET along with the blue questionnaire. 2~9 (Nanny of Respondent) {Department) (School or College within University) (8) {Telophone No.) DEFINITIONS TRAINEES-See definition under TYPES OF SUPPORT, TRAINING GRANTS. TRAINING LEVEI~: PREDOCTORALS-graduate students enrolled in a degree pro- gram, usually a discipline, leading to a Ph.D. or equivalent. EXCLUDE MEDICAL STUDENTS working for professional degrees, but INCLUDE students in dual degree programs (e.g., M.D.-Ph.D.). POSTDOCIORALS-includes only those individuals with science or engineering doctorates or those with professional doctorates (M.D., D.D.S., D.VM., etc.) who, under TEMPORARY AP. POINTMENTS, devote full-time to research activities or study in the department, usually for a SPECIFIC TIME PERIOD, and who carry NO ACADEMIC RANK. EXCLUDE HOSPITAL HOUSE STAFF unless their primary objective is RESEARCH TRAINING under a senior mentor. POSI-PHD.-speciaIized research training taking place after receipt of a Ph.D. or equivalent degree. POST-M.D.-research training taking place after receipt of a professional doctorate (M.D., DD.S., D.VM., etch. SOURCES OF SUPPORT: NlH-The National Institutes of Health. ADAMHAThe Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin- istration. Since this agency was not extant as a single entity in 1972, make 1972 and 1976 years comparable by aggregating the three component institutes: Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Dmg Abuse, and Mental Health. HRAHealth Resources Administration. INSTITUTIONiSTATErefers to sources of support within the academic institution itself and those from state and local govern" meets.

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SELF-indi~duals receiving their primary source of support from personal, family, and loan sources. TYPES OF SUPPORT: TRAINING GRANTS-grants awarded by the federal government to institutions for individual departments or a consortium of de- partments for training in a specific field. Grants provide for trainee costs (largely stipends) and INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT (including expenses for salanes, special seminars, courses, equip- ment, and supplies). Individuals supported on such awards are TRAINEES. FELLOWSHIPSawards made directly to the individual, con- sisting of a stipend and an institutional subvention in lieu of tuition. Individuals supported on such awards are FELLOWS. RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS-predoctoral support provided for work performed on a research grant or contract. (The post- doctoral equivalent is the research associateship.) TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIPSpredoctoral support provided for work performed as part of teaching programs. PART A: DEPARTMENT AND JOB MARKET INFORMAT10N INSTRUCTIONS: All departments complete Part A. A1. In what year did your department award its first doctorate? 19 {9-10) A2. What has been the number of predoctorals, postdoctorals, and faculty for the last three years and what is your estimate of their levels for Fall 1977 and Fall 1981? (Note: any data provided below comes from the NSF Survey of Graduate Science Student Support and Postdoctorals, Fall 1974 and Fall 1975. Please correct as necessary.) fall 1974 1975 ,976 1. Full-time predoctoral enrollments (1t-t3) {14-16) `17-19) {est.J (est.) 1977 1981 (20-22) (23-25) 2. Full-time postdoctorals (26-27) (28-29) (30-31) (32-33) (34-35) 3. Total faculty (36-37) (38-39) (4041) (4243) (4445) 4. Full-time equivalent (FTE) faculty f4~l (48~9) (50~1 ) (52~3) (5455) A3. As of Fall 1976, how many of your full-time predoctoral students (as shown in Question A2) were in terminal masters degree programs? (56-58) A4. If any net changes occurred between 1974 and 1976 (as shown in A2) in either the number of predoctorals or postdoctorals, please identify the primary factors that contributed to these net changes. Rank order the top 3 factors, using "1" as the most important, "2" as the next most important, and "3" as the third most important. Changes in 1. Federal fellowship/traineeship support 2. Federal research grant/contract support 3. Institution/state support 4. Number of applicants 5. Quality of applicants 6. Demand for graduates in your field 7. Competition for places in medical/ professional schools Predoctorals Postdoctorals {rank 3} {rank 3J 8. Faculty size 9. Other, specify: tS9~1 ) (6244) 220

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A5. As a measure of the health~related research effort in your department, how many of your total faculty (as shown in Question A2, line 3) APPLIED FOR OR HELD NIH, ADAMIdA, or HRA awards for research or research training (e.g., training grants or research grants/contracts) in academic years Fall 1975 and Fall 1976? (Note: for each year, count each individual only once; include only principal investigators.) Fall 1975 , Fall 1976 A6. How many faculty vacancies will be created through academic year 1981-82 due to retirements? Total faculty retirements (69-70) FTE faculty retirements ~ (71-72J A7. For ANY of the academic years 197475 through 1976-77, has your department been either a SOLE RECIPIENT of an NIH/ADAMA/HRA training grant or PARTICIPATED in an interdepartmental training grant from any of these agencies? (Include both training grants under the old training grant program and the new NRSAA awards.) 1 O Yes 2 O NO {6546) (674;8) (73) A8. a) Using the combined verbal and quantitative GRE aptitude tests (e.g., 600 + 700 = 1300), what was the AVERAGE OF THE COMBINED test scores for those admitted to the first year of graduate training in your department for the years Fall 1974 through Fall 1976? Fall 1974 Average_ Fall 1975 Average Fall 1976 Average. (8-t l ) ~ - (12-15) (1~19) b) Do you require GRE test scores for admission? 1 O Yes 2 O No A9. Does your department LIMIT the number of full-time predoctoral students it ADMITS based on what it foresees as the future job market? 1 OYeS 2 ONO (20} (2t) A10. al Does your department LIMIT the number of full-time predoctoral students it ADMITS based on what it foresees as the support that will be available to students throughout their graduate student years7 1 0 Yes 2 O NO (22) b) If YES, indicate the PRIMARY source considered in your department's planning. Sources 1. Federal 2. Institution/state 3. Other, specify: Primary {check only oneJ to to to (23) All. al Subject to satisfactory academic performance of the student, does your department provide reasonable assurance of full stipend or salary and remission of full tuition-fees to ANY of your predoctoral students? (Note: Use your own institution's definition of what constitutes "full tuition-fees" and "full stipend or salary.") 1 0 Yes 2 0 No b} If YES, then over the last three years approximately what percent of your full-time students has been assured of such support? percent (25-26) c) If YES, then for approximately how many years is such support customarily provided for a full~time student? years A12. Based on experience, how many full time years of study does the AVERAGE predoctoral student take to complete his/her doctorate in your department? years 221 {24) (27) 128)

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A13. a) Does your department have a policy restricting full time predoctoral students from engaging in regular nonacademic employment? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No (29) b) If YES, would your department permit such employment if overall federal and in~titutiontstate sources were sharply cut back? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No (30) A14. Prom your placement experience during the last three years, how would you characterize the state of the job market for the fields into which your recent doctorate recipients and postdoctorals enter? (Exclude postdoctoral appointments in assessing the job market for recent doctorate recipients.) (NOTE TO DEPARTMENTS Of PSYCHOLOGY: Please respond only with respect to the placement of personnel who are NOT IN SERVICE~RIENTED fields.) Recent Doctorate Postdoctorals Recipients (check only oneJ 1. CR ITICAL SHORTAGE: demand far exceeds supply; many jobs going unfilled 2. MODE RATE SHO RTAG E: demand some- what exceeds supply 3. MARKET BALANCE: supply and demand . .... . In equlllDrlum 4. MODERATE SURPLUS: supply somewhat exceeds demand 5. CRITICAL SURPLUS: supply greatly exceeds demand; many job seekers out of work or underemployed (i.e., not fully utilizing their skills) Post-PhD. Post-M.D. {check only oneJ ficheck only oneJ lo lo lo lo lo {31) lo lo lo', lo lo (32) lo lo lo lo (33) A15. a) Does your department make an ORGANIZED effort to provide APPLICANTS for predoctoral study information concerning the current and/or projected state of the labor market in your field? 1 0 Yes 2 ~ No b) If YES, check all that apply: 1. 0 Provide national data about the labor market 2. 0 Provide information about. positions recent graduates have taken 3. 0 Counsel individuals about career options 4. 0 Other, specify:- (34) (35-38) A16. a) Do you feel that more systematic and Antedate information concerning the state of the labor market in your field is needed? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No b) If YES, and if such information were available, would you distribute it to current and prospective graduate students? 1 0 Yes 2 0 No (39) (40) A17. If a worsening job market situation develops, what action would you be prepared to take regarding your department's predoctoral enrollment? Check all that apply: t. O Provide market information to prospective students 2.0 Limit enrollmenttighten admissions standards 3. 0 Reduce financial support 4. 0 De-emphasize doctoral output and encourage masters programs 5. 6. No action 222 (4146)

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A18. a) Has there been any change in recent years in the AVERAGE length of time that persons in your department have been on POSTDOCTORAL status (i.e., including all postdoctoral appointments the individual might have taken immediately prior to entering his/her current position)? 1 O YeS 2 O NO b) If YES,has the average time 1 0 lengthened 2 0 shortened c) If the average time has LENGTHENED, what is the PRIMARY factor to which you would attribute this phenomenon? Check ONE: 1. 0 Increased postdoctoral support available 2. 0 Professional incentives for more advanced training/specialization 3. 0 Worsening job market 4. O Other, specify:_ A19. From your experience, have the new Ph.D.'s recently appointed to your faculty been adequately prepared for teaching responsibilities? 1 O Yes 2 O No ~ '~* ~'~4', ~ ~~.~ jib.,.~j~y':.~"~ I" a ~~~,,~ ; "*I ~ ; .~ <~ W~ : it: - PART B: NIH/ADAMHA/HRA TRAII\ ING GRANTS AND FELLOWSHIPS ~~ ~ ~~r .~ l~ \! Vi~ ~ ~\ wi=~ ;i~i ~ o ~ lift; ~;~; ~ `= <~ ~ -~ (47) (40 (49) (50) ~ .. A, 9,~ ~ I. ~~ t ~ ~~~ 4 ' ',~ ,2 INSTRUCT IONS: If your department CURRENTLY has any NIH/ADAMHA/HRA fellowships or training grants nlPnP mall thin a- ~ 5 O~ ~~ ~~- Amp I section. ~r not, then proceed to ~A~1 C. MOTE TO DEPARTMENTS OF PSYCHOLOGY: Complete this section with respect to RESEARCH TRAINING ONLY; exclude information regarding clinical training.) B1. As of Fall 1976, how many of your full-time predoctorals and postdoctorate were supported by NIH, ADAMHA, and HRA fellowships and traineeships? Predoctoral Fellows Trainees Agency 1. Nllt 2. ADAMHA (59 60) . (61~2) 3. HRA (51-52) (67 68) (53~4) (69-70) Postdoctoral Fellows Trainees (5s-56) (57-58) (63 64) (71 -72, 82. In terms of the QUALITY of the PREDOCTORAL students currently in your department, where would you rank NIH/ ADAMHA/HRA trainees and fellows? 1. N I M/ADAM HAIH RA predoctoral TRA I N E ES 2. NIH/ADAMHA/HRA predoctoral fELLOWS 1 0 B3. Better than Average 1 0 Below No Average L)`fference 2 0 3 0 2 O 3 O If your department were to lose its NIH/ADAMHA/HRA training grant/fellowship support in the near future, would your department seek alternative REPLACEMENT support from the federal government? 1 O Yes 2 O No 3 O Do not know 223 - (65 66) (73 74) (7s) (76) (77)

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B4. If your department were to lose its NIH/ADAMHA/HRA training grant/fellowship support in the near future, what actions would you anticipate your department taking if alternative replacement support were NOT available? Check all that apply: 1. 0 Permit a greater percentage of predoctoral students to be self-supporting; would this include engaging in outside employment? 1 O Yes 2 O No 2. O Reduce enrollment 3~. 0 Spread remaining discretionary federal, state, and institution funds more widely 4. 0 Other, specify: . (9_~ 5. O No action (8) i,. . . . . ~ .... I. I.; -. ,; ;. 3,. ~ ; L..:~.;...~ . .. . .. . . .-, ~$~ ~ 7~ ant ` ~ PART C: NIH/ADAMHA/HRA TRAINING GRANTS ~ '3; '.,1 ~ . ' ' ~ . ~ ,.~',~.s~~~ *^~ i=,~:,.^,,_k.,,~ .;., ~ ,: ^~ .~ INSTRUCTIONS: Complete PART C ONLY if your department has received SOME NIH/ADAMHA/HRA TRAINING GRANT support at ANY time during the period from Fall 1972 to the present. If you have not, thank you for completing the questionnaire. (NOTE TO DEPARTMENTS OF PSYCHOLOGY: Complete this section with respect to RESEARCH TRAINING GRANTS ONLY; exclude information regarding grants for clinical training.) C1. For the years Fall 1972 and Fall 1975, please provide the following information for full~time; predoctoral students and post- doctorals in your department. (Note: any data provided below comes from the NSF Survey of Graduate Science Student Support and Postdoctorals, Fall 1972 and 1975. Please correct as necessary.) 1. Full-time predoctoral enrollments/postdoctorals 2. Of these, how many were fuJI-time trainees Fall 1972 Predoc. Postdoc. (14-16) (1 7-19) - (26-27 ) (28-29) Fall 1975 Predoc. Postdoc. (20-22) to3-95l (30-31 ) (32-33) C2. Please provide the training grant numbers for each grant which was active in either Fall 1972 or fall 1975. Include both training grants for which your department was the sole recipient AND those interdepartmental grants in which your department was a participant. Check if Grant Active in Fall Training grant awards 1972 1975 1. Grant No {3440) 0 (41) O (42) (if applicable) 2. Grant No. (43~9) " 3. Grant No. (52~8} " 4. Grant No. (61~7) 5. Grant No. (70-76) O (50) O (59) O (68} O (77} O {53} O my) O {~} O (70 C3. From Fall 1972 to Fall 1975, has the amount of your training grant DOLLARS (including those received from participation in interdepartmental grants) increased or decreased? : 1 0 Increased 2 0 Decreased 3 0 No Change 48) 224

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C4. If the number of either your predoctoral or postdoctoral TRAINEES DECLINED from t972 to 1975 (as shown in Question C1 Possible Alternative Sources 1. FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: a. research grants/contracts (new or existing) b. c+nerfellowships/traineeships 2. INSTITUTION/STATE: a. research grants/contracts (new or existing) b. fellowshipsitraineeships c. teaching assistantships 3. PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS 4. INDUSTRY 5. Other, specify: line 2), what attempts were made to find alternative sources of support for your continuing predoctoral students and postdoctorals? Predoctoral Success- Unsuc- No flu/. Cessna/ Attempt 1 0 2 O 3 O (9) 1 0 2 O 3 Cl (11) 1 0 2 O 3 O (13} O 2 O 3 O {15} 1 O 2 O 3 O (17) 1 0 2 O 3 O (19) 1 0 2 O 3 O (21 ) 1 0 2 O 3 O (23) "Successful" may include those sources which only partially redressed lost support. Postdoctoral Success- Unsuc- No ful ~ cessfu/ Attempt 1 0 1 0 2 O 3 O (10) 2 O 3 O (12} 1 0 2 O 3 O (14) 1 0 2 O 3 O (16) 1 0 2 O 3 O (18) 1 0 2 O 3 O (20) 1 0 2 O 3 O (22) 1 0 2 O 3 O (24} CS. It the number of BOTH your PREDOCTORAL TRAINEES and ENROLLMENTS DECLINED between Fall 1972 and Fall 1975 (as shown in Question C1), what were the primary and secondary causes of this decline in enrollments? 1. Nonavailability.of alternative sources of stipend support 2. Departmental decisions prohibiting or limiting number of self-supported students 3. Poor job market 4. Lack of qualified applicants 5. Other, specify:- Primary (check only oneJ 1 a, 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 (25) Secondary (check all relevant) 2 O 2 O 2 O 2 O 2 O (2~29) C6. If (as shown in Question C1) the number of your PREDOCTORAL TRAINEES supported on NIH/ADAMA/HRA training grants DECLINED between Fall 1972 and Fall 1975 while your PREDOCTORAL ENROLLMENTS remained LEVEL or INCREASED, what were the primary and secondary causes of this trend in enrollments? Primary (check only oneJ 1. Availability of alternative fellowships and (non-N I H/ADAMHA/H RA) traineeships 2. I ncrease in research grant/contract support 3. More students who were self-supporting 4. Increase in number of qualified applicants 5. Labor market pressure for higher degree attainment 6. Manpower shortages in employment areas fed by your training fields 7. Other, specify:- 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 t O 1 0 1 C1 (30) 225 Secondary {check all relevantJ 2 O 2 O 2 O 2 O 2 O 2 O 2 O (31-36)

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C7. As of Fall 1976, what percent of your total faculty salaries was derived from a} N. I M/ADAM HA/H RA train ing grants? percent b) NIH/ADAMHA/HRA research grants/contracts: percent C8. In the event that training grants were eliminated and you were unable to compensate for the loss of associated faculty salary support, how many of your department's full-time equivalent faculty positions would be lost (use fractions if necessary)?_ (37~38) (3940) (41 44) Answer the following questions only if you have received training grant support in BOTH academic years 1972-73 and 1975-76. C9. If you experienced a significant decline in the overall level of the INSTITUTIONAL support which your department received from training grants between 1972-73 to 1975-76, what was the impact of this decline? Severe Little Moderate Curtail- or None Cutback men t 1. Teaching courses t 0 2 0 3 0 (45) 2. Teaching special seminars 1 O 2 O 3 O (47) 3. Interdisciplinary training 1 0 2 0 3 O(49) 4. Auxiliary research support: lab equipment/supplies, computer time, library materials, etc. 1 0 2 0 3 0 (51 ) 5. Academic staff support 1 0 2 0 3 0 (53) 6. Non-academicstaff support 1 O 2 O 3 O(55) 7. Travel 1 O 2 O 3 O (s7) 8. Other, specify: 1 O 2 O 3 O (s9) 226 C10. What would have been the impact on your department if NO training grant support had been available in 197~767 Severe Little Moderate Curtail- or None Cutback ment 1 0 2 0 3 0 (46) 0 2 0 3 0 (be) ~ 0 2 0 3 0 {50) 1 0 2 0 3 0 (52) 1 0 2 0 3 0 (54) 1 0 2 0 3 0 (56) 1 0 2 0 3 0 (58) ~ 0 2 0 3 0 (60) THANK YOU FOR YOUR COOPERATION.

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.7,,~ , ~4!~*~~ Rae ~~ C'~ ~ ~ ~ .: ~ . . ~ .. . . . . ~ `:-: :: ~ :. ~ : ~ i. FOR DEPARTMENTS OF PSYCHOLOGY ONLY j ; ~ ;; ~ f ~~,~ =,,=~ ~ ~~~ ~ li ~ ~ ~.~ at. If, ~ ^' . . .; ' ~ '. ~ ' . ~'d'~ ~ . ;~ ~ 'd ' ~ ~ ~ '_. A;' . A ~ at,, ~ r, , . ~ By. >I, :~ . . ,,Y~ _ ~ Hi A ~~ . . at. .V. ~ ~ PLEASE RETURN WITH QUESTIONNAIRE Because this study is directed toward research training, we must request additional information to distinguish RESEARCH from CLINICAL training. Please provide the following information for CLINICAL TRAINING in your department. 1. What has been the number of full-time predoctorals, postdoctorals, and faculty whose primary area of academic interest is CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY? (Subset of Question A2.) Fall ~- {est.J 1974 1975 1976 1977 a. Full-time CLI N ICAL PSYCHOLOGY predoctoral enrollments b. Full time CLIN ICAL PSYCHOLOGY postdoctorals c. Total CLIN ICAL (est.J 1981 (8-10) (11-13) (14-16) (17-19) t20 22) l- (23-24) (25-26) _ (27-28) _ (29-30) (31-32) PSYCHOLOGY faculty t33-34) _ (35-36) _ (37-:~) (39~0) _ (4142) d. Full-time equivalent (FTE) CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY faculty (4344) (45461 (4748) (49-50) (51-52) - 2. As of Fall, 1976, how many of your full~time predoctoral students were in terminal masters degree programs in CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY? (Subset of Question A3.) (53-55) 3. How many of your full-time predoctoral students and postdoctorals were supported on NIH/ADAMNAIHRA grants for CLINICAL TRAINING7 (Subset of Question C1, line 2.J Fall 1972 Predoc. Postdoc. Fall 1975 Predoc. Postdoc full-time trainees (56-57) . (58 59) (60~) _ (62 63) 227