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APPENDIX N NIH/ADAMHA/HRA ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR FY 1978 NRSA PROGRAMS

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APPENDIX N1 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS . FOR . = INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS Page One A N N O U N C E M E N T Subject to avaiZabbi1'ity of funds and to periodic modification of research areas, applications for institutional research training grants Ritz be reaffixed by NIP on February 1. Because of the timing of this announcement, for 1977 the receipt date Ritz be ApriZ 1. The resec~roh area Listing for 1977 is inaZuded in this c~nnounoement. ResuZ(s of reifier Fizz be c~nnounacd, for most appZi- oattons, the following Ootober, with c: start date of the foZZo~ing July 1. Announcement areas for ApriZ 1, 1977, core attached. Under authority of Section 472 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 2891-1) , the National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards grants to eligible institutions to develop or enhance research training opportunities for individuals selected by them who are interested in careers in specified areas of biomedical and behavioral research. Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 66, is applicable to these awards. Domestic nonprofit private or non-Federal public institutions may apply for grants to support training programs in specified areas of research. Pre- and postdoctoral trainees may be supported if either or both levers) of training are justified in and approved on the basis of the application. The applicant institution must have, or be able to develop, the staff and facilities required for the proposed programs. The training program director at the institution will be responsible for the selection and appointment of trainees to receive National Research Service Awards and for the overall direction of the program. The proposed program must encompass supervised biomedical research training in the specified areas, and offer opportunity for research training leading toward the research degree, or, in the case of research health scientists, research clinicians, etc., to broaden their scientific background. National Research Service Awards (NRSA) are not made for study leading to the M.D. , D. O., D. D. S., or other similar professional degrees . Neither will these awards support non-research clinical train) ng. Application Material Application materials may be obtained from the Grants Inquiries Office, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. If a self-addressed gunned mailing label is enclosed in the request for kits, it will expedite handling. Applicants are advised to contact the person designated in the area listing to discuss any questions, and especially if (1) an application including predoctoral training is planned, (2) compatibility between institutional and agency training aims is in daub t, (3) ques Lions arise as to waiver provis ion f or the three-year limit on NRSA support. 165

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Page Two Review and select ion NRS grant applicat ions will be evaluated by inn' ial peer review groups at the NIH and are also subject to review and approval of the appropriate advisory council of the NIH whose activities relate to the research training proposed. The application will be evaluated on the basis of records and qualifications of participating faculty, the proposed research training objectives and program design, previous training record of the program and its ability to attract high caliber students, institutional commit- ment, facilities and environment, and relationship of the proposed program goals to need for research training in NIH program areas. GENERAL PROVI SIONS Eligibility requirements Individuals appointed as trainees on the grant must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and have in their possession a permanent visa at time of appointment. A non-citizen national is a person who although not a citizen of the United States, owes permanent allegiance to the United States. They are generally persons born in lands which are not States, but which are under United States sovereignty, jurisdiction, or administration (e.g. American Samoa). Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible. Predoctoral trainees must have received an appropriate baccalaureate degree as of the date of appointment to the approved training program. An individual at the postdoctoral level must have received as of the date of appointment to the approved training program, a Ph.D., M.D., D.D.S., D.O., D.V.M., O.D., Sc.D., D.Eng., D.N.S., or equivalent domestic or foreign degree. Stipends and other training costs Stipends and allowances requested will be in accordance with the following: For predoctoral, an annual stipend of $3, 900 for individuals at all levels. For postdoctorals, the stipend for the first year is determined by the number of years of prior relevant postdoctoral experience at tome of appointment. Rele- vant experience may include research experience (including industrial), teaching, internship, residency, or other time spent in full-time pursuit of additional degrees or full-time studies in a health-related field at a level beyond that of the qualifying doctoral degree. The stipend for each additional year of support is based on the level for the first year plus $400 for each additional year under the Nat tonal Re search Service Award . Tuition and travel may be requested. There is no allowance for dependents. Postdoctoral Stipends Years of Relevant Exper fence at Time of Initial Award o 1 2 3 4 Y e a r o f A w a r d 1 st Year 2nd Year 3rd Year $10~000 $10~400 $10~800 10 ~ 800 11, 200 11 ~ 600 11~500 11~900 12~300 12,200 12~600 13~000 12 ~ 800 13 ~ 200 13, 600 5 or more 13 200 13, 600 14, 000 _ _ , _ _ _ 166

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Page Three Stipend supplementation from non-Federal funds is permitted. Other Federal funds may be used for supplementation only if authorized by the program from which such funds are derived. In addition to stipends, the institution may request tuition, fees (including appropriate medical insurance) , and travel for trainees, actual indirect costs or 8% of allowable direct costs (whichever is less) and up to 95% of the total award for cos ts deemed essential to carry out the NRSA training program such as salaries, equipment, research supplies, s taf f travel, etc. . Period of Support Awards for institutional grants may be made for project periods of up to 5 years . However, no individual may receive more than three years of support in the aggregate from a National Research Service Award. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review of justification from the trainee and the grantee institution. Conditions of Award No trainee will be appointed unless a Statement of . Appointment form and a signed Payback Agreement indicating his or her intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law have been submitted to NIH. Trainee appointments are made for full-time research training and research. Trainees may utilize some of their time in academic studies and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. A NRSA recipient may not hold another Federally sponsored fellowship or training award concurrently with a National Research Service Award. A research trainee may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Veterans Administration (e.g. G.I. Bill) and loans from Federal funds. Within two years after completion of NRSA support recipients of NRS Awards are to engage in biomedical or behavioral research or teaching or any combination thereof which is in accordance with usual patterns of academic employment for a period equal to the period of support. Alternatively, if the Secretary, DHEW, determines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individual, the following may be authorized: (1) If the individual is a physician, dentist, nurse, or other individual trained to provide health care directly ro patients, the Secretary may authorize (a) service in the National Health Service Corps, (b) service in his or her specialty in a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in his or her specialty in a health maintenance organization serving a medically underserved population; (2) If the individual who received the KRS Award is not trained to provide health care to patients, the Secretary may authorize the individual to engage in some other health- related activity. For each year for which an individual receives a NRS Award he or she shall (a) engage in twelve months of health research or teaching, (b) serve twelve months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives shall serve twenty months f or each year of award . For individuals who fail to fulfill their obligation through service, the United States is entitled to recover an amount equal to the total stipend received plus interest. The amount is computed in accordance with a formula 167

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Page Four which gives only one-half credit to each month of service when the total payback obligation is not completely fulfilled through service. Interest on the amount begins and is at the rate fixed by the Secretary of the Treasury considering private consumer rates which prevail on the date the United States becomes entitled to such amount. Payment must be completed within three years from that date. By Federal Regulation, there are certain conditions under which the Secretary, HEW, may extend the period for undertaking service or for repayment, permit breaks in service, or to otherwise waive or suspend the payback obligation of an individual where enforcement of the obligation would involve extreme hardship or be against equity and good conscience. Trainees are not entitled to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the Spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The time between a summer session and a fall semester is considered an active part of the training period. Those at non-academic ins titutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the institution. Taxability of Stipends NIH takes no position on the taxability or non- . taxability of National Research Service Award stipends. Recipients of the NRS Award stipend are advised to consult local, State, and Federal revenue services. Notification of Final Action The applicant will be notified by the awarding = . _ urn' of the final action on the application by either an award notice or by a letter.. For additional information on the above program write: Office of Research Manpower, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. . The A!ochoZ, Drag Abuse, and Mental HeaZth Administration and the Division of Illursing/ HeaZth Resouroes Administration, also provide support through National Research Service Awards. For information and application forms, contact the appropriate Agency. 168

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Page Fi ve , . . , For Institutional Awards On by The research areas in which applications will be accepted for institutional awards are listed below by NIH awarding units. Applicants should contact the individuals designated for additional information, particularly when predoctoral training is contemplated. National Ins ti Lute on Aging Awards may be for predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees or a combination of the two. Train- ing may be for laboratory, clinical, or f ield research, and may be multidisciplinary. It may relate to: 1. The biology of aging, e. g. biophys ical, b iochemical, cellular, organ or organ- ismic aging, the pathologic changes in aging experimental animals . 2 . The special medical problems of aging and the aged, e.g. preventive medicine and aging, the aging nervous system, senile dementia, aging of the endocrine system, aging of connective tissue structures, pharmo- kinetics and pharmodynamics in the aged. 3. Psychological aspects of aging and the aged, e.g. cognitive, personality, and attitudinal changes with age. 4. Societal aspects of aging, e.g. population age-structure and its impact on economic, socie- tal, and individual function, retirement, social aspects of aging in different cultures. Dr. Walter Spieth (301) 496-1033 169 National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Dis eas es 1. Allergic and Immunologic Diseases and Bas i c Immune Me chanisms Allergy Immunology Immunopathology Immunogenetics Clinical I~rununology Autoimmuni ty Transplantation Biology 2. Infectious Diseases and Basic Microbiological Mechanisms Bacteriology Virology Parasitology Mycology Pathogenes is of Inf ectious Dis eas es Epidemiology of Allergic, Immunologic, and Infectious Diseases Proposed ins titutional training programs may be multidisciplinary in nature. Dr. Louis D. Bourgeois (301) 496-7820 National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases _ Provide opportunity for (l) the clinically- trained to acquire expertise in scientific research (e.g. biochemistry, biophysics, cell biology, epidemiology, genetics, physiology, or psychology), and (2) the scientifically-trained to obtain further training in biomedical research or clinical investigation relating to:

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Pace six Arthritis, Bone, or Skin Diseases Diabetes, Endocrine, or Metabolic Diseases 1. Digestive Diseases, Liver Diseases, or Nutrition Kidney, Urologic, or Blood Diseases Dr. Israel A. Goldberg (301) 496-7277 3. National Cancer Institute . The goal of the Cancer Research Manpower Development Program is 4. to insure that an adequate number of highly competent basic and clinical cancer research specialists 5. will be trained to meet needs in the following areas of research: 6. Cancer Etiology and Prevention Cancer Detection and Diagnosis Cancer Treatment and Restorative Care Proposed institutional training 8. programs may be multidisciplinary in nature. Dr. Barney Lepovetsky (301) 496-7803 National Institute of Child Health . and Human Development 10. . . Awards provide opportunities for research training in the biological and/or behavioral science aspects of the areas lis ted below. Primary concern in awarding institutional awards will be given to multi- disciplinary or interdisciplinary programs which cannot be provided through individual fellowships. Although maj or concern is for pos t- doctoral training, predoctoral training will be considered where a special case for support can be justified. Center for Research for Mothers and . Children: Problems of pregnancy, embryonic and fetal growth, labor and neonatal adaptation 2. Sudden infant death syndrome Problems of cellular, tissue, and organ development, including develop- mental changes in immune response mechanisms Congenital anomalities; structural, metabolic, and behavioral Learning disorders, including dyslexia Nutritional role of minor and trace elements in growth and development 7. Developmental impairments associated with aberrant absorption, transport, and metabolism of nutrients Socioenvironmental influences on impact of poor nutritional status 9. Problems associated with changes in metabolism during development, including drug metabolism Mental retardation 11. Adolescence, puberty, and problems of physical and behavioral develop- ment Center for Population Research: 1. Fertilization and reproductive biology 2. Human population genetics 3. Reproductive hormones and reproductive diseases Neuroendocrine control of reproductive processes 170

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Page Seven 5. Fertility, fertility trends, demography, population change, movement, and distribution 6. Population policy Dr. Gilbert L. Woodside (301) 496-1848 National Institute of Dental Research *1. Behavioral S tudies *2. Cariology 3. Crsniofacial Anomalies 4. Nutrition 5. Pain Control 6. Periodontal Diseases 7. Restorative Materials 8. Salivary Secretions 9O Soft Tissue Diseases *Additional information sharply defining the type of training needed in this area is available on reques t . Potential applicants are urged to obtain informa- tion from the hIDR before submitting proposals. Dr. Kenneth K. His aoka (301) 496-7658 National Ins titute of Environmental Health Sciences 1. Environmental Biology (Mutagenesis, Teratogenesis, Carcinogenesis) 2. Environmental Epidemiology and Statistics 3. Environmental Pathology- Pathophysiology 4. Environmental Toxicology Dr. Christopher Schonwalder (919) 549-8411, extension 3484 171 National Eye Institute . Laboratory and clinical research training related to vision and disorders of the visual system: 1. Retinal and Choroidal Diseases 2. Corneal Diseases 3. Cataract 4. Glaucoma 5. Sensory and Motor Disorders and Rehabilitation Preference will be given to two- year research training programs in the following areas as they relate to the above: 1. Immunology Genetics Pharmacology Epidemiology Physiology Biochemistry Developmental Biology Psychophysics and Physiological Optics 9. Pathology Chief, Scientific Programs Branch (301) 496-5301

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Page Eight National Institute of General . Medical Sciences For Predoctoral Training Grants 1. Cellular and Molecular Biology 2. Genetics 3. Pharmacological Sciences 4. Systems and Integrative Biology 5. Medical Scientist Program For Postdoctora' Training Grants: 1. Basic Pathobiology 2. Clinical Pharmacology 3. Genetics (with emphasis on Medical Genetics ~ Trauma and Burn Research Anesthesiology Dr. Margaret Carlson (301) 496-7585 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Ins titute Division of Heart and Vascular _ Diseases The research training may be in fundamental studies of basic processes and functions, behav- ioral studies, or clinical inves- tigations directed toward long- term involvement in research toward increasing our knowledge and unders Landing in cardio- vascular areas related to our programs in: Hypertension Arteriosclerosis Cardiovascular Aspects of Diabetes Arrhythmias Heart Failure and Shock Cerebrovascular Disease Peripheral Vascular Disease Congenital and Rheumatic Heart Diseases Cardiomyopathies and Infections of the Heart Circulatory Assistance Cardiovas cular Devices and Technology Dr. D. M. MacCanon ~ 301) 496-~846 2. Division of Lung Diseases . The Division supports mulLi- disciplinary research training in fundamental and clinical dis ciplines . Training programs should be addressed to one or more of the f allowing categories: Structure and Function of the Lung Pediatric Pulmonary Diseases Emphys ema and Chronic Bronchi tis Fibrotic and Immunologic Diseases Respiratory Failure Pulmonary Vascular Diseases Epidemiology of Respiratory Diseases Dr. John Abrell (301) 496-7668 3. Division of Blood Diseases and Res ources The Division seeks deco support research training awards in the areas of: Thrombos is Hemos tasis Red Blood Cell Diseases Sickle Cell Disease Blood Resources Blood Banking Sciences Dr. Fann Harding (301) 496-5913 172

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Page Nine National Institute of Neurological and Communicative 0~; ~&] Stroke 1. Developmental Neurology 2. Neurobiology 3. Neurolmmunology 4. Neuropathology and/or Otopathology 5. Neurovirology 6. Sensory Physiology and Biophysics 7 . Minority Programs in Neuros ciences Dr . Raymond Sunders (301) 496-9236 Division of Research Resources . Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine Dr. John Holman (301) 496-5507 173

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Page 6 Biological Sciences: This area consists primarily of: Psychological Sciences: This cluster consists of: Social Sciences: - This area consists primarily of: Clinical Investigators Behavioral Genetics Biological Anthropology Neurobehavioral Sciences Neuroanatomy Neurophysiology Neuropsychology Neuroendocrinology Neurochemistry Psy cho-Neuropharmaco lo gy Ethology Child and Developmental (life span) Social, Environmental, and Ecological Sensory Processes, Perception, and Cognition Human Learning and Performance Comparative, Ethological, and Animal Behavior Physiological and Biopsychology Experimental Psychopathology and Personality Evaluation Research Methodology Cultural Anthropology Sociology and Social Psychology Economics Political Sciences Epidemiology Research training support is available for clinical investigators in the disciplines and substantive areas described above. Clinical investigators are those individuals with a doctoral or equivalent professional degree in a clinical health profession (such as medicine, clinical psychology, nursing, or social work) who are trained to conduct biological, psychological or social science investigations. 198

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APPENDIX N4 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS for INDIVIDUAL PREDOCTORAL and POSTDOCTORAL NURSE FELLOWSHIPS HEALTH MANPOWER REFERENCE JULY 1976 DHEW Publication No. (HRA) 76-76 S U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE PUBllC HEAlTH SERVICE HEAlTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION BUREAU Of HEAlTH MANPOWER ~ DIVISION OF NURSING BETHESDA, MARYLAND 20014 199

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NAT IONAL R ESEA RCH SE RV I CE AWAR DS FOR INDIVIDUAL PREDOCTORAL AND POSTDOCTORAL NURSE FELLOWSHIPS A N N O U N C E M E N T Under authority of Section 472 of the Public Health Service Act, as amended (42 USC 48211, the Division of Nursing provices National Research Service Awards {NRSA) to nurses for predoctoral and postdoctoral training in specified areas of nursing and in biomedical and behavioral fields important to nursing (see list, page 7~. Awards are made to individual applicants, selected in national competition, for specified research training. Such awards are contingent upon the availability of funds, and follow the regulations for National Research Service Awards established by the Public health Service and published in the Federal Register {Code of Federal Regulations, Title 42, Part 66). PAYBACK OR SERVICE PROVISIONS The National Research Service Award Act of 1974 requires satisfactory assurance that a fellow will meet service or payback provisions required under the law as a condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and accepted. No funds will be available to a recipient unless he or she has signed and submitted the Payback Agreement to meet the service and/or payback provisions requ ired u nder the law. PU RPOSE The purpose of the predoctoral and postdoctoral nurse fellowship program is to provide support for doctoral training of professional nurses. Support of qualified nurses for doctoral study will: (1) increase the opportunities for professional nurses to engage in full-time graduate study and research training; (2) prepare professional nurses to conduct independent research, collaborate in interdiscipli- nary research, and stimulate and guide others in nursing research; (3) promote the availability and utilization of nurses with research training in nursing and/or the basic sciences to function as faculty in schools of nursing at undergraduate and graduate levels; and (4) prepare nurses to conduct scientific inquiry in disciplines that have significance for nursing theory and practice. 201

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ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS Applicants must be citizens or noncitizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and have in their possession a permanent visa at time of application. Noncitizen nationals are persons who, although not citizens of the United States, owe permanent allegiance to the United States. They are generally persons born in lands which are not States, but which are under United States sovereignty, jurisdiction, or administration {e.g., American Samoa). Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible. Applicants must be registered professional nurses with either a baccalaureate degree in nursing and/or a master's degree in nursing. Applicants for postdoc- toral study must have received a Ph.D., D.N.S., Sc.D., or equivalent degree prior to the beginning date of the proposed fellowship. National Research Service Awards are not made for study leading to a degree in law or to the M.D., D.O., D.D.S., or other similar professional degrees. Prior to formal submission of the NRSA application, a nurse applicant must have been admitted by a sponsoring institution and accepted by a faculty sponsor who will supervise the applicant's training and research experience. The prostitution setting may be a domestic nonprofit private or public institution, including Federal laboratories. The application must document the availability of staff and facilities to provide a suitable environment for performing high quality work. The major emphasis of the application should be the research training experience and broadening of scientif ic competence. Applicants must apply in one of the areas specified by the Division of Nursing {see list, page 71. Proposed study must encompass either nursing, biomedical, or behavioral research training with an opportunity to carry out supervised research in the specified areas, to broaden the applicant's scientific background, and to extend potential for research in health-related areas. DOCUBJIENTS TO BE SUBMITTED The applicant must submit {1 ) an application {PHS-4 16-1}, (2} a signed assurance that the service or payback requirement will be complied with, if an award is made, and (3) if a noncitizen, a notarized statement of permanent residence. A complete application includes the sponsor's Facilities and (:omn~it- ment Statement (PHS-416 2}, which must be win the application when submitted. The following supporting documents which are also required need not accompany the complete application, but the applicant moist arrange for the submission of these documents at the designated time given in else application: reference reports (PPIS-416-3) on his or her behalf; letter of admission to the university; transcripts and GRE verification; and reprints of recent publications. 202

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An individual may not have more than one competing application pending review concurrently in the N RSA program. APPLICATION MAT E R IA L Individuals are encouraged to review the eligibility criteria before requesting application kits from the Nursing Research Branch of the Division of Nursing, Bureau of Health Manpower, Health Resources Administration, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. If a self-addressed gummed mailing label is enclosed in the request for kits, it will expedite handling. Applications Received by October 1 f ebruary 1 ANNUAL STIPENDS AND ALLOWANCES Results Announced February July The annual stipend for predoctoral individuals at all levels is S3,900. The stipend level for the first year for postdoctoral individuals is determined by the number of years of prior relevant postdoctoral experience at the time of award. Relevant experience may include teaching, research experience (including industrial), clinical and/or administrative nursing, or other time spent in full-time pursuit of additional degrees or full-time studies in a health-related field at a level beyond that of the qualifying doctoral degree. The stipend for each additional year of support is based on the level of the first year plus 5400 for each additional year under the NRSA. POSTDOCTORAL STIPENDS Years of Relevant Experience at time of Initial Award Ist year 2nd Year 3rd Year O S10.000 S10,400 S10,800 1 1 0,800 11 ,200 11 ,600 2 ~ 1,500 1 1,900 12,300 3 1 2.200 1 2,600 1 3,000 4 12,800 13,200 13,600 5 or more 13,200 13,600 14,000 SUPPLEMEIYTATIOtil OF STIPENDS Stipend supplementation from non-Federal funds will be permitted. Other Federal funds may be user] for supplementation only if authorized by the program from which such funds are derived. 203 .

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ALLOWAI~'(;E FOR DEPENDENTS An allowance i. s not provided for dependents. ALLOYYAN(;E FOR TRAVEL An allowance is not provided for the cost of travel between the applicant's place of residence and the training institution. ALLOWANCE FOR THE SPONSORING INSTITUTION The non-Federal sponsoring institution, upon request, will be provided with funds of up to S3,000 per 12-month period to defray such expenses as tuition and fees, research supplies, equipment, appropriate medical insurance, travel to scientific meetings, and related items for predoctoral and postdoctoral individ- uals. When the sponsoring institution is ~ Federal laboratory, an allowance of S1,000 is available for the postdoctoral individual to cover the cost of appropriate health insurance and travel to scientific meetings. PERIOD OF SUPPORT No individual navy receive more than 3 years of support in the aggregate under a NRSA. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review of justification from the applicant and sponsor. Although fellowships are awarded for a 12-month period, assurances may be given by the awarding unit for continued support beyond the first year, provided progress is satisfactory arid funds are available. SELECTION OF AWARDEES Applications will be evaluated by initial'scientific review groups and are also subject to review and action L'y the National Advisory Council on Nurse Training. The applications will be evaluated on the basis of past academic and research records, the research training proposal, the sponsor and training environment, the applicant's research goals, publications, reference reports, and other relevant information. Division of Nursing program interests and the availability of funds are also considered in the final selection. NOTIFICATION OF FINAL ACTION An applicant is renotified by the awarding unit of the final action on. the application by letter. 204

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ACTIVATION DATE An awardee has until the end of 12 months from the issue date on the award notice to activate a new award. CONDITIONS OF AWARD A. Payback or Service Agreement No award will be made to an individual unless he or she has signed and submitted the Payback Agreement indicating his or her intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law as a condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and accepted. B. The Service or Payback Provisions Within 2 years after completion of the NRSA support, recipients of NRS Awards are to engage in continuous nursing research, or biomedical or behavioral research basic to nursing, or teaching, or any combination thereof which is in accordance with usual patterns of academic employment, for a period equal to the period of support. Alternatively, if the Secretary, HEW, determines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individua', the following may be authorized: ~ t ) service in the National Health Service Corps, {2) service in his or her speciality in a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (3) service in his or her speciality in a health maintenance organization searing a medically underserved population. For each year for which an individual receives a NRS Award he or she shall (1) engage in 12 months of health research or teaching, (2) serve 12 months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (3) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve 20 months for each year of award. for individuals who fail to fulfill their obligation through service, the United States is entitled~to recover an amount equal to the total stipend received from the Division of Nursing, plus interest. This amount is computed in accordance with a formula which gives only one~half credit to each month of service when the total payback obligation is not completely fulfilled through service. Interest on the amount begins, and is at the rate fixed by the Secretary of the Treasury considering private consumer rates which prevail, on the date the United States becomes entitled to such amount. Payback must be completed within 3 years from that date. 205

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By Federal regulation, there are certain conditions under which the Secretary, I JEW, may extend the period for undertaking service or for repayment, permit breaks in service, or to otherwise waive or suspend the payback obligation of an individual where enforcement of the obligation would involve extreme hardship or be against equity and good conscience. FULL-TIME STUDY PROVISIONS NRS Awards are awarded to applicants for full-time predoctoral and/or postdoctoral study. Applicants engaged in postdoctoral study may utilize some of their time in academic studies and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. CONCURRENT BENEFITS A NRSA recipient may not hold another Federally sponsored fellowship concurrently with a National Research Service Award. A research trainee may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Veterans Administration (e.g., G.l. Bill) and loans from Federal funds. VACATION PERIOD Recipients of NRSA are not entitled to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The time between a summer session and a fall semester is considered an active part of tine training period. Those at nonacademic institutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the institution. TAXA81 LITY OF STIPENDS The awarding unit takes no position on the taxability or nontaxability of NRS Awards. No deductions for income tax or social security are ~viti~helci by the awarding unit and no annual summary of amounts paid to the fellow are provided. Recipients of the NRSA are advised to consult focal, State, and Federal revenue services. 206

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PL1~ON INfOR~AT~N Requests for application forms and other Inquiries regarding the DivRion of Nursing Predocloral am Postdoctoral National R esearct Sara Ice Award P rogram Would ~ address as follows: Nursing Research Branch OWi^n of Nuni~, SHE, H RA federal Building, Room 6AQ8 ~ ~~ Poe Befit Mary land 20014 MOOR MELDS OR CO~BlNATlONS THEREOF fOR PneDOCTORAL AND POSTDOCTORAL STUDY f OR SUPPORT WITH NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS The Division of NursEng's research [raining program supports research training in disciples and substantive areas representing Nursing, the Physical and Biologi- ~I Sciences, Social and Sehavicral Sciences, CommunitY Health and Health ~Ices, and Bloethi~ as they address problems and priorkies of concern to nursing. Other gelds are included as appropriate for multidisciplinary training. Physics' and Blologa=1 Sawn Anatomy Blochemisl~ Bl~nginering Below Tenets Microbiology Nudes AVIS Phy~olo~ _ 8~- ~~1~ Meakh Economic Mumen Eco#o~ Psychos P~chomelric, Saw Biology S=~81 P~choI-Y oriole Amens Mass and Has Soars Blosla`~ic' Epidemiology Meetly Education Mom Serums Admi~ion Mental Heallb Pubs Health Administration mythic we f~ Communicetion Computer and information Science ~t~ EducallonaI Psychology ~t-~ ~h~l~ Higher Education Mb10rV and Philosophy Human Growth find Development Onions Research and Systems AnelYs~ 207

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