Click for next page ( 142


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 141
APPENDIX VI NIH ED =~HA ~OUNCE=NTS FOR FY 19 7 5 NRSA PROGRAM

OCR for page 141

OCR for page 141
Gl ME for DINTS and CONTACTS US. DEPARTMENT Of HEALTH, EDU=tlON, AND - ' FARE Yol. 3, No. 20, December 13, 1974 ~NSTTTUrIONAL GRANTS FOR NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE [WARDS . . . ~ . . FOR RESEARCH TRAINING . . ~~ ANNOUNCEMENT lathe provisions of this announcement are tentative in nature and their applicability will depend upon their being consistent with final regulations governing this program. These regulations are now being developed and will be published in the Federal Register, first as a notice of proposed rulemaking. will be made until such regulations have been finally adopted. Suck awards are contingent upon the availabili ty of funds . Furthermore, no awards ( ( finder authority of Public Law 93-348, National Research Act, the National Ins tributes of Heat th (NIB) will award grants to eligible institutions to develop or enhance research training opportunities for individuals selected by them who are interested in careers in specified areas of biomedical and behavioral research. (See attachment) Domestic nonprofit private or non-Federal public institutions may apply for grants to support training programs in specified areas of research from which a number of awards will be made to individuals selected by the institution and the program director. Pre- and postdoctoral trainees may be supported if either or both levelers) of training are justified. Ad approved in the application. The applicant institution must have, or be able to develop, the staff and facilities required for the proposed program. The training program director at the institution will be responsible for the selection Ad appointment of trainees to receive National Research Service Wards and for the coverall direction of the program. The proposed program music encompass supervised biomedical research training ire the specified areas, and offer opportunity for research training leading toward the research degree, or, in the case of research health scientists, research clinicians, etc., to broaden their scientific background. National Research Service Awards (NRSA) are not made for study leading to the M.D., D.O., D.D.S., or other similar profession=] degrees. Neither ^11 these awards support non-research clinical training. . ., The GUIDE is published at irregular interveZs to provide a~ninistr~tive info oration to indlivid~als ~d orga:nizations who need informed of requirements and changes in gets cmd contracts activities by the National Institutes of Beatth. 143 policy, program, and to be kept Adonis tared s .

OCR for page 141
Page two 0nlicacl Leeway Application materials may be obtained from the- Grits Inquiries Of fice, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of ~a, th, Bethesda, Styled 20014. If ~ self-addressed gamed mailing label is enclosed the request for kits, it ^11 expedite handling. Applications received by Results announced by February 15, 197S June 1975 Me NIB reserves the option of rejecting without further review aU or part of application that is its judgment does not fall within the specified areas of research that are currently being supported or for which support of predoctoral training is not offered. Institutions contemplating submission of ~ application including predoctoral training should contact the appropriate person shown on the list of research areas. (See attachment) Revie`- an." Selection NRS grant applications All be evaluated by initial peer review groups at the NIB and are also subject to review Ad approval of the appro- priate advisor council of the NIli whose activities relate to the research training proposed. The application will be evaluated on the basis of records and qualifica- tions of participating faculty, the proposed research training objectives and program design, precarious training record of the program and its ability to attract high caliber students, institutional commitment, facilities and environment, and relationship of the proposed program goals to need for research training fr: NIB program areas. GENERAL PROVISIONS . Eligibility- requirements Individuals appointed as trainees on the grant must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to the ITnited States for permanent residence and have in their possession a permanent visa at time of appointment. A non-citizen nation21 is a person who although not a citizen of the '.Tnited States, owes permanent allegiance to the United States. They are generally persons bore in lands which are no. States, but which are under Lluited States sovereignty, jurisdiction, or administration (e.g., American Samoa). Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible. Predoctoral trainees must have received as appropriate baccalaureate degree as of the date of appointment to the approved tratn4ng program. An individual at the postdoctoral level must have received as of the date of appointment to the approved training program a Ph.D., M.D., D.D.S., D.Q., D.V.M., O.D., Sc.D., D.E:~g., D.ti.S., or equi~-21er,t day or foreign degree. S-i~er.ds a~ other t~a_ni- costs Ski; end. and alliances reques.e- Will be i-. accor~ar.ce -A to-. t in f~.~7ing: For predoctcral, ~ annual stipend cf ~,00u ~c- nd^-s-duals at =2: levels, an ailo`;znce of 56Q5 arguably for each en give depe..dent, a-.d an. al7~.-G. sac for t-: rior.. For p~st~oc.~;ra'C, -..e stipend ~e~1 s determined b:, Eke nu=.ber of years of rcle~=n~ pos ~dect~ra; ex~erie~.ce a~ the ~_;oe of appoin-~e:2t. Reseats.. e:.~e-:en.e (including industrial), teaching, internship, residency, etc., my be considered relevant experience. An allowance of up to $1,000 for each postdoctoral awarded (in lieu of tuition, fees, and travel) will be provided. No dependency allowance is available for postdoctoral individuals. 144

OCR for page 141
NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, Yol. 3, No. ED, December 13, 1974 Page Three Postdoctoral Sti pends fears or Relevant Y e a ~ Experience at EntrY 1st Year 2nd Yeas 3rd Year ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ _ 2 3 5 or more 'u,uuu >'u,4~u S1Q.800 10,800 ~ 1 ,200 1 t ,500 1 ~ ,900 1 2 ,200 1 2 ,600 1 2 ,800 1 3, 200 1 3,200 1 3,600 . 1 1 ,600 12,300 13,000 13,600 14,000 Stipend supplementation from non-Federal fun his will be per~n~tted. In addition to the stipends and allowances for the trainees, the ins t~tution n,ay request up to 25% of the total award for other rel ated costs (salaries, equipment, supplies, etc. ~ which are deemed essential to carry out the program of training for the National Research Service Awardees appointed under the grant. Actual indirect costs or 8% of allowable direct costs, whichever is less, may also be requested. Period of Support Awards for institutional grants may be made for project periods of U? to 5 years. However, no individual may receive more than three years of support in the aggregate from a National Research Serwice Award. Any exception to this requires ~ waiver from the Agency head based on review of justification f ram the trainee and the grantee ins ti tution. Conditions of Award No trainee will be appointed unless he or she has signed and submitted a statement of intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law as ~ condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and accepted. Trainee appointments are made for full-~cime research train-. ng and research. Trainees may utilize some of their time in academic s budges and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. A NRSA recipient may not hold another Federally sponsored fellowship or training award concurrently with a National Research Service Award. A research trainee may, however, accept concurrent eeucational remur~erat" on f ram the Veterans Adminis taxation (e.g., G.~. Bill) and learns from Federal funds. Upon completion o~ the program, recipients of NRS Awards are required to engage in biomedical research or teaching for ~ period equal to the pert od of support. Alternatively, ~'~ the Secretory, DEER', determines there are no suitable health research or teaching post tio~.s available to the individual, the following may be authorized: (1) If the individual is ~ physician, dentist, nurse, or other indict dual trained to provide health care directly to patients, the Secreted- may authorize (a) service in the National Health Service Cc ups, (b) service in his or her specialty In G geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in the s?e.~a~ty in a health maintenance organization serving ~ medically undeserved popu" ation. (2) If the individual-who received the INS Aware is not trained to provide health care to patients, the Secretary ray authorize Ache index Gradual to engage in some other he~lth-related activity. For each year for which an individual receives a KRS Ward he car she shall (a) engage in twettte months of health research or teaching, ebb serve Delve months as a member of the National Eesith Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve twenty months for each year of award. For individuals who fail to fulfill their full service obligation the United States is entitled to recover an amount equal to the stipend received from the NIlI plus interest in accordance with a formula which gives one-half credit to months actually sensed in the computation of the payback deb t. ~ 45

OCR for page 141
Page Four The Secretary shall by regulation provide for the waiver or suspension of any payback obligation to ~ individual whenever compliance by the Dual is impossible or would involve extreme hardship to the individual and if enforcement of the individual's obligation would be against equity Ed good conscience. Trainees are not entitled to vacations, as such, although Lose at academy c institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the Spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The time between a s'' er session and a fall semes ter ~ s consi dered ~ active part of the training period. Those at non-academic institutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the institution. Taxability of stipends NIB takes no position on the taxability or non-taxability of National Research Service Award stipends. Recipients of the NRS Hard stipend are advised to consult local, State and Federal revenue services. 146 .:

OCR for page 141
NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts, Vol.3, No.20, Dec.13, 1974 Attachnent Page One Research Areas . . The research areas in which applications will be accepted on or before February 15, 1975, are listedby awarding units. Applicants are urged to contact the intivid- uals designated below for additional information on details of submission, particularly when predoctoral training is contemplated. Applications should be submitted as soon as possible, pref erably before the February 15 date, to permit orderly processing and review. National Ins titute of General . . . Medi Cal S ci ences . . For Pos "doctoral Training Grants Basic Pathobiology Genetics (with emphasis on Medi Cal Geneti cs) 3. Clinical Pharmacology 4. Trauma and Burn Research For P . e do cto ral Training Grants . 1. Cellular and Molecular Biology 2. Genetic Mechanisms and Regulation 3. Pharmacologi Cal Sciences 4. Sys tems and Integrative Biology 5. Medical Scientis ts Program Dr. Margaret Carlson (301-496-7585 National Heart and Lung Institute 1. Epidemiology, biostatistics, behavioral research, population gene ti cs, nutri Lion ~ d o ther multidisciplinary program related to heart and vascular diseases Multi disciplinary training programs in respiratory diseases 3. Blood balancing sciences and related program Dr. Jerome Green (301-496-7416' i47 National Institute of Child Health and Human Developmen t Multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary programs involving the biomedical Andy or behavioral social sciences in the f allowing research areas: 1. Ado' es cence 2. Growth and Development 3 . Men tal Ret ardation 4. Perinatology 5. Population 6. Sudden Inf ant Death Syndrome Dr. Merrill Read (301-496-5097) National Ins ti Lute on Aging 1. Behavioral Sciences 2. Senile Dementia Dr. Leroy Duncan (301-496-1033) National Institute of Dental Research ~ . . 1 _ 1. Periodontal Disease 2. Sof t Tissue Diseases 3. Crnniofacial Anomalies 4. Pain Control . Nutrition 6. Salivary Secretions 7. Caries 8. Res torative Materials Dr. Robert J. Schuelleln (301-496-7784)

OCR for page 141
Attachnen t Page Two National Institute of Arthritis, Metabolism, and Diges tive Diseases Emphasis on pro~ri ding opportunity f or (1) the clinically trailed to acquire thorough grounding in scientific disciplines, including bioch~m; stry, biophysics, cell biology, epidemiology, genetics, pEvsiology, "d psychology; and (2) ache scientif ically trained to parti cipate ~ clinical inves ligation in the following: 1. Arthritis, Bone and Skin Diseases 2 . ~ abetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism 3. Diges tive Diseases and Nutrition 4 . Ki dney Dis eases 5 . Hematology Dr. Willis Batchelor (301-496-7348) National Eve Institute . 1. Research training support relative to diseases of the eye and visual system in: a. Immunology b. Genetics c. Phil oncology d. Ep i demio logy e. Physiology Ad Biochemistry f . Developmen tal Biology Individuals who have completed their residency and clinics training in ophthalmology may apply f or research training support under this program. Dr. Wilford Nusser (301-496-5303) National ~nsti tute of Environmental Health S ci en ces . 1. Envirostmen Cal Biology (mutagenesis, ~ceratogenesis, carcinogenesis ~ 2. Environmental Epidemiology and Statistics 3 . Envy ronment al Patho logy-P athophys iology 4. Envi ronmen tal Toxi cology Dr. Cobert Le Munyan (919-549-8411 x3352) National Ins titute of Allergy Ad Infectious Diseases . . - 1. Allergi c Diseases 2. Venereal Diseases Dr. Louis Bourgeois (301-496- 7151) National Cancer Ins titute _ 1. Carcinogenes is 2. Chemotherapy 3. Drug Development ~ . Epi demi ology 5. Immunology 6. Radiati on 7. Tumor Biology 8. Viral Oncology Ms. Helen Denson (301-496-789S) National Ins titute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke 1. De~relopmen tal Neurology 2. Minority Programs in the Neuros ci ences 3. Neuroi~unology 4. Neurovisology 5 . S ens ory Phys lo logy and Biophysi cs Dr. Raymond Summers (301-496- 7725 Division of Research Resources 1. Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine JET. Charles McPherson (301-496-5451) 148 J

OCR for page 141
NIP GO I ~l. 1 . . ._1_. E'n for GRANTS ~ ~ ~ ~ . . I I U and CONTACTS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH. EDUCATION, ADO WELFARE Yol. 3, No. 1S, October 1S, 1974 ANN OUN CEMENT Under authority of Public Law 93-348, National Research Act, the National Institutes of Health (NIB) provides National Research Service Awards to post- doctoral individuals for training experiences in specified areas of biomedical and behave oral research . Awards are made to individual applicants, for specified training proposals, selected as a result of a national competition. lathe provisions of this announcement are tentative in nature and their final applicability will depend upon their being consistent with final regulations governing this program. These regulations are now being developed and will be published in the Federal Register, first as a notice of proposed rulemaking. Furthermore, no awards will be made until such regulations have been finally adopted. Such awards are contingent upon the availability of fiends. ELIGIBILITY REQ(IIREhIE~S Applicants must be citizens or non-citizen nationals . . . . . ~ . _ of the united States, or have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and have in their possession a permanent visa at time of application. Non-citizen nationals are persons born in lands which are not States, but which are under U.S. sovereignty, Jurisdiction, or administration (e. g. American Samoa) . Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible. As of the beginning date of the proposed fellowship, an applicant must have received a Ph.D., M.D., D.~.S., D.O., D.V.M., O.D., Sc.D., D. Eng., D.N.S., or equivalent domestic or foreign degree. Applicants must apply in one of the research discipline areas specified by NIB (SEE ATTACHED. Proposed study must encompass biomedical research training with an opportunity to carry out supervised research in the specified areas, and offer opportunity to research Me OlfIDE is p~Zished at ~regu?~ inter~aZs to provide DoZicy, progrc~n, and administrative information to individuals Ed orgemizations who need to be kept informed of requirements and changes in grams and contracts activities administered by the National Institutes of Beatth. :49

OCR for page 141
Page Two Vol. 3, No. 15, October 15, 1974 health scientists, research clinicians, etc., to broaden their scientific back- ground, or to extend their potential for research in health-related areas. National Research Service Awards (NRSA) are not made for study leading to the M.D., I,.O., D.D.S., or other similar professional degrees. Neither w~11 these awards support non-research Clint Cal tra' ning . Prior to formal submission, an appli cant must arrange for appointment to an appropriate institution and acceptance by a sponsor who will supervise his training "d research experience. Applicants may be sponsored by a domestic or foreign non-profit private or non-Federal public institution that has the -staff and facilities to provide the proposed research training in ~ suitable environment for performing h.igh-quality work. Training under this program may a' so be undertaken at the NIB and the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration. The major emphasis of the application should be the research training experience and broadening of s~ienti fic competence. Under exceptional circumstances when such study and opportunity Is not afraid able at any domestic institution, an individual may request support for study abroad. Such applicant will be required to provide detailed justification based on the unique facilities ad/or training opportunity that are of the nature and caliber that they cannot be found in the C. S . and the particular sui Lability of the foreign situation, rather than the domestic, to the proposed research. S()cUlUENfs TO BE SUB,'{ITTES The applicant must submit an application for the National Research Serve ce Award and, in addition, arrange for the submission of supporting documents on his or her behalf (reference reports, facilities and condiment statement from the sponsor, etc. ~ . Each applicant must submit a written assurance that the service or payback provision will be complied with in the event of the receipt of an ward. An individual may not have two coveting applications pending review concurrently in the NIH National Research Servi ce Individual Postdoctoral Program. APPLICATZ0N MATERIAL Individuals are encouraged to review the elf gibiliLy criteria before requesting application kits from Grants Inquiries ~ Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. If self-addressed groomed mailing label is enclosed in the request for kits, it will expedi te handling. Applications received by Results announced by the following January 2 May 1 June Noreen er ANNUAL STZPENfS ~C ALLIANCES Me stipend level is dete~ned by- the namer of . vears of relevant postdoctoral experience at the time of award. Research exper- ience Concluding industrials, teaching, internship, residency, etc., may be considered relevant experience. :50 3

OCR for page 141
Page Three Vol. 3, No. 15, October 15, 1974 Years of Relevant Experience at Entry ~ E A R O ~ A W A ~ D 1st Year 2nd Year 3rd Year . o 2 3 4 5 or more $10,-000 10, 800 11,500 12,200 12, 800 13,200 10 ,400 11,200 11 ,900 12, 600 13, 200 13,-600 Stipend supplementation from non-Federal funds will be permitted. $10, 800 11, 600 12, 300 13,000 13,600 14 ,oOo No allowance will be provided for dependents or domestic travel. Fellows affiliating with foreign sponsoring institutions will receive a single economy or coach round-trip travel fare to the training site. Upon request, the NIB will provide funds of up to-$3,000 per 12-month period to the non-Federal sponsoring institution to help defray such expenses as tuition and fees, research supplies, equipment, faculty salary, appropriate medical insurance, travel to domestic scientific meetings, and related items. An allowance is available for the fellow sponsored by a laboratory of the NIH/ADA~A for domestic meeting travel expenses and appropriate medical insurance. PERIOD 0E SUPPO~ No individual may receive more than three years of support , . in the aggregate by a National Research Service Award. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on renew of justification from the applicant and sponsor. Although f~l:lowships are awarded for 12-month periods, assurances may be given by the awarding unit for continued support beyond the first year provided progress is satisfactory and funds are available. SELECTION 0F A~A~EES Applications will be evaluated by initial renew groups . . at the NIR and are also subject to review and approval of the appropriate advisory council of the NIB Nose activities relate to the research training under the award. The application mill be evaluated on the basis of past academic ma research records, the research training proposal, the sponsor and training en~rtronment, the applicant's research goals, publications, reference reports and other relevant information. NTIl program interests and the availability of funds are also considered in the final selection. NOTIFICATION OF FINAL WON ~ applicant is notified by the Warding Wit of the final action on the application by an award notice or by a letter. ACTIVATION DATE ~ awardee has Gail the end of 12 months from the issue date . . .. on the award notice to activate a new award. C0N~ZTIONS 0F CAM No Ward ~11 be made to ~ individual unless he or she has signed and submitted the Statement of Intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law as a condition finder which a National Research Service Award is made Ad accepted. Fellowships are awarded for full-time research training and research. Fellows may utilize some of their time in academic studies and clinical duties if such ~ c'

OCR for page 141
2 training with an opportunity to carry out supervised research in the specified areas, and offer opportunity to research health scientists, research clinicians, etc., to broaden their scientific background, or to extend their potential for research in health-related areas. National Research Service Awards (NRSA) are not made for study leading to the M.D., D.O., D.D.S., or other similar professional degrees, or for study which is a part of residency training leading to a medical specialty. Prior to formal submission, an applicant must arrange for appointment to an appropriate institution and acceptance by a sponsor who will supervise his training and research experience. Applicants must be sponsored by a domestic or foreign non-profit private or non-Federal public institution that has the staff and facilities to provide the proposed research training in a suit~hle environment for performing high-guality work. Postdoctoral applicants may also be sponsored by a research unit at the ADAMHA or at the National Institutes of Health with appropriate staff and facilities. With adequate justification, an individual may request support for study abroad. Such applicant will be required to provide detailed information on the unique facilities and/or training opportunity at the proposed location. DOCUMENTS TO BE SUBMITTED The applicant must submit an application for the National Research Service Award and, in addition, arrange for the submission of supporting documents on his or her behalf (reference reports, facilities and commitment statement from the sponsor, etc.). Each applicant must submit a written assurance that the service or payback provision will be complied with in the even. of the receipt of an award. An individual may not have more than one competing application pending review concurrently in the ADAMHA and the NIN National Research Service Individual Award Program. APPLICATION MATERNAL Individuals are encouraged to review the eligibility . . criteria before requesting application kits from the Grants Management Officers of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, or the National Institute of Mental Health, ADAMXA, Rock~ille, Maryland 20852. Applications received by Results announced January 15 May 1 June January ANNUAL STIPENDS AND ALLOWANCES me annual stipend for oredoctoral individuals _ ~ . ~ at all levels is $3,000; a dependency allowance of $600 per dependent is also available. The stipend level for postdoctoral individuals is determined by the number of years of relevant postdoctoral experience at the time of award. Research experience (including industrial?, teaching, internship, residency, etc., may be considered relevant experience. No dependency allowance is available for postdoctoral individuals. 166

OCR for page 141
Years of Relevant Experience at Entry o 2 3 4 5 or Ire Y E A R O F A W A R D 1st Year 2nd Year 3rd Year 10, 000 10, 800 11, 500 12, 200 12, 800 13,200 10, 400 11,200 11, 900 12,600 13,200 13, 640 1O, 800 11, 600 12, 300 13, 000 13, 600 14,000 Stipend supplementation from non-Federal funds will be permitted. No allowance will be provided for domestic travel. Fellows affiliating with foreign sponsoring institutions will receive a single economy or coach round- tr~p travel fare to the training site. Upon request, ADAMHA will provide funds of up to $3,000 per 12-month period to the non-Federal sponsoring institution to help defray such expenses as tuition and fees, research supplies, equipment, faculty salary, appropriate medical insurance, travel to domestic scientific meetings, and related items. An allowance of S1,000 per 12-month period is available for the postdoctoral fellow sponsored by a laboratory of the ADAMHA/NIH for domestic meeting travel expenses and appropriate medical insurance. When an individual award is for research training requiring that the work, or some part of it, be carried on at sites other than the sponsoring institution, an allowance may be requested to support the cost of offsets research as well as travel. PERIOD OF SUPPORT No individual may receive more than three years of support . in the aggregate under a National Research Service Award. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review of justification from the applicant and sponsor. Although fellowships are awarded for 12-month periods, assurances may be given by the awarding unit for continued support beyond the first year provided progress is satisfactory and funds are avail- able. SELECTION OF AWARDEES Applications will be evaluated by ADAMHA initial . . . . review groups and are also subject to review and approval of the appropriate ADAMHA advisory council. The application will be evaluated on the basis of past academic and research records, the research training proposals the sponsor's general qualifications, the training environment, the applicant's research goals in terms of specified priority areas, publications, reference reports and other relevant information. ADAMS program interests and the availability of funds are also considered In the final selection. NOTIFICATION OF FINAL ACTION An applicant is notified by the awarding unit of the final action on the appl ication by an award note ce or by a letter. t67

OCR for page 141
4 ACTIVATION DARE An awarded has unto ache end of 12 months from the issue date on the award notice to activate a new award. CONDITIONS OF AWARD No award will be made to an individual unless he or she has signed and submitted the Statement of Intent to meet the service or pay- back provisions required under the law as a condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and accepted. Upon completion of the program, recipients of NRS Awards are expected to engage in biomedical or behavioral research or teaching for a period equal to the period of support. Alternatively, if the Secretary, DHEW, determines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individual, the following may be authorized: (1) If the individual is a physician, dentist, nurse, or other individual trained to provide health care directly to patients, the Secretary may authorize (a) service in the National Health Service Corps, (b) service in his or her specialty in a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in the specialty in a health maintenance organization serving a medically underserved population. (2) If the individual who received the NRS Award is not trained to provide health care to patients, the Secretary may authorize the individual to engage in some other health-related activity. For each year for which an individual receives an NRS Award he or she shall (a) engage in twelve months of health research or teaching, (b) serve twelve months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve twenty months for each year of award. For individuals who fail to fulfill their full service obligation the United States is entitled to recover an amount equal to the stipend received from the ADAMHA National Research Service Awards, plus interest, in accordance with a formula which gives one-half credit to months actually served in the computation of the payback debt. The Secretary shall by regulation provide for the waiver or suspension of any payback obligation applicable to an individual whenever compliance by the individual is impossible or would involve extreme hardship to the individual and if enforcement of the individual's obligation would be against equity and good conscience. Awards are made for full-time research training and research. Fellows may utilize some of their time in course studies and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. An NRSA recipient may not hold another federally sponsored fellowship con- currently with a National Research Service Award. A research trainee may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Veterans Administration (e.g., G.~. B'll) and loans from Federal funds. Fellows are not entitled to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the Spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The time between a summer )68

OCR for page 141
session and a fall semester is considered an active part of the training period. Those at non-academic institutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the institution. TAXABILITY OF STIPENDS ADAMHA takes no position on the taxability or non- . . taxability of National Research Service Awards. No deductions for income tax or social security are withheld by ADAMHA and no annual summary of amounts paid to the fellow are provided. Recipients of the NRS Award are advised to consult local, State, and Federal revenue offices. APPLICATION INFORMATION Requests for application forms and other inquiries ~ _ regarding the ADAMS Individual Predoctoral and Postdoctoral National Research Service Award Progr ~ should be addressed as follows: General Mental Health: Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: Drug Abuse: Grants Management Off' cer National Institute of Mental Health 5600 Fishers Lane Rock~ille, Maryland 20852 Grants Management Officer National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism 5600 Fishers Lane Rock~ille, Maryland 20852 Grants Management Officer National Institute on Drug Abuse 11400 Rockville Pike Rock~ille, Maryland 20852 N O T I C E Announcement of an Institutional National Research Service Award may be expected in the near future. -These grants will be made to eligible institut~Qns to enable them to make National Research Service Awards to individuals selected by them. 169

OCR for page 141

OCR for page 141
(ATTACHMENT ) ALCOHOL, DRUG ABUSE, AND MENIAL HEALTH ADMINISTRATION National Research Service Award Program Individual Predoctoral and Postdoctoral Awards ADAMHA PRIORITY AREAS This issuance sets forth interim priorities for ADAMHA programs which will be applicable until an ongoing study of research manpower needs is developed (in accordance with the authorizing legislations. Awards will be made by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the National Institute of Mental Health. Priority Areas Priority areas in which the three Institutes of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration will offer awards are defined in terms of substantive areas in which research manpower is needed. Some illustrative examples are given of research in each of these priority areas, along with examples of professions, disciplines and approaches to be emphasized in order to meet these research manpower needs. Applications will be considered for research training which would meet needs in several of these priority areas, such as in the areas of therapy, child abuse and polydrug use. Presentation of research areas is not in order of priority. Nat' anal Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol' sm Prevention Research is needed on prevention and education focusing on such areas as theories and approaches to prevention, drinking patterns among teenagers and youths and other issues related to prevention and education. Relevant disciplines for training include the various social and behavioral sciences, such as anthropology, epidemiology, psychiatry, psychology, social work and sociology. Emphasis will be on research training in the problems of alcoholism for scientists An these disciplines. 171

OCR for page 141
2 ^ Early Identification Another priority research area is prevention by means of early identification. Among relevant disciplines are anthropology, behavioral genetics, economics, personality psychology and social psychology. Research training in such disciplines will be provided for research clinicians and behavioral scientists. - Organizational Change Research training in the area of organizational change (that is, how to make institutions and communities sensitive to the needs of alcoholic people) could include such disciplines as industrial psychology, organizational psychology, sociology, social psychology and urban planning. Emphasis will be on research training for specialists in such disciplines as they relate to alcoholism. Financing Alcohol Services Specialists are needed to examine long-term costs of alcoholism, third party payments, and health service systems. Among relevant disciplines are health economics, health planning, political science, systems analysis and operations research. Etiology Researchers trainee to study genetic and social factors influencing alcohol tolerance and alcoholism are needed to provide a better understanding of alcoholism problems. Support will be provided to behavioral geneticists and social scientists or individuals desiring such training for work in this field. - Treatment Evaluation In the area of treatment, research is needed to determine effective interventions appropriate to various alcoholic populations. Relevant disc:- plines for research training include clinical psychology and social science disciplines. Emphasis will be placed on research training for clinical- a~ministrators, clinical research training for social scientists. National Institute an Drug Abuse - Biomedical Science Studies Research training will emphasize studies in the biomedical sciences relevant to drug abuse In particular, training is needed for researchers to ~mmunopharmacology, molecular pharmacology, and neuropharmacology of abused substances. 172

OCR for page 141
3 Etiology Research is also needed on complex behavioral, biological and societal factors involved in the etiology of drug abuse. Emphasis will be on pro- viding interdisciplinary training and also training behavioral and social scientists in exper Mental analysis of social behavior and behavior therapy. Epidemiology An Important area of research is the epidemiology of drug use and abuse, especially variations among groups. Relevant disciplines for training Include the various behavioral and social sciences. Emphasis will be on research training for epidemiologists and clinicians. - Treatment Modalities and Outcome Clinical studies are needed to determine the safety and efficacy of new pharmacologic agents, new modalities for treating drug abuse and variations in therapeutic response and among various population groups. This will require clinical investigators with special training in experimental design and methodology, and evaluation specialists treatment outcome. National Institute of Mental Health - Child Menta? Health One Important area is studies of effects of the social environment on developmental processes, including studies of parent/child relationships, family dynamics, social institutions and influences, especially in urban areas. Emphasis will be on training of researchers concerned with behavioral problems, training of clinicians for research careers and development of researchers with crossdisciplinary competence. Relevant disciplines include child psychiatry, anthropology, ecology, epidemiology, ethology, nursing, psychology and sociology. Another priority area of study is the non-intellective aspects of person- ality, including, for example, affect, creativity, coping mechanisms, motivation, social context and values, and orientation. One area of emphasis will be research training in the social and behavioral sciences for child psychiatrists. Research is needed In the area of biabehavior, the influences and inter- relations of biological and environmental factors. Especially needed is training of researchers in physical anthropology, developmental neurobiology, behavioral genetics, comparative psychology and other social and behavioral sciences. 173

OCR for page 141
4 Another important area is baseline indicator research which will develop knowledge of the prevalence and characteristics of child disorders and pro- blem situations. Emphasis will be on training epidemiologists in methods for child research and in demography. Depression (and Suicide) Priority areas of study include description and classification of depressive disorders, including depression in childhood and in the aged and across cultural and minority groups; identification of high risk populations, with respect to life events, personality and other social and psychological characteristics; treatment techniques; and public education, to identify and channel recognized depressed and/or suicidal individuals. Pertinent disci- plines include anthropology, behavioral genetics, biochemistry, clinical psychiatry, epidemiology, psychology, psychometrics and sociology. One area of emphasis will be clinical research training for behavioral scientists and clinicians. Schizophrenia One priority area is research on high risk populations. Relevant disci- plines include anthropology, biochemistry, child psychiatry, developmental biology, developmental psychology and genetics. Emphasis will be placed on training of developmental specialists and interdisciplinary scientists. Another area of emphasis is studies of psychosocial interventions. Disciplines where training is needed include epidemiology, psychiatry, psycho- therapy and social psychology. Emphasis will be placed on research training for clinicians and behavioral scientists. Brain and Behavior Research training will be provided in psychobiological aspects of matura- tion, sensory and motor processes, affective processes, biological bases of behavior and cognitive processes, including intelligence and language. Emphasis will be on training focussed on the interface of physiological, psychological and social variables. In the area of development of the brain and the central nervous sytem and emergence of organismic behavior, research training will be supported in such neurosciences as developmental neurobiology, comparative neuroanatomy, micro- neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neuroembryology and neurophysiology. Training for research in neurochemical aspects of behavior and its abnor- mality will be provided in such disciplines as biochemistry, biology, bio- physics and neurosciences such as neuropharmacology and neuropsychology. In the area of behavior and genetics, relevant disciplines include clinical specialties, psychology, physical anthropology and zoology. 174

OCR for page 141
5 Psychoactive Drugs Areas of needed study include mechanisms of drug action, early clinical drug evaluation studies, drug trials, ethnopharmacology, sociopharmacology and development of methods. Among relevant disciplines are anthropology, biophysics, biostatistics, drug metabolism, embryology, genetics, neuroendo- crinology, neurology, neuropharmacology, organic chemistry, pharmacology, and psychiatry. Emphasis will be placed on research training for clinical researchers and crossdisciplinary specialists such as neuropsychopharmacolo- gists, research child psychiatrists and pediatric neurologists. - Crime and Delinquency One priority area is the study of individual violent behavior and its antecedents, including understanding interactions of biological, neurological, psychological and socioenvironmental factors in this kind of behavior. Among pertinent disciplines are anthropology, biochemistry, biology' neurology, psychiatry, psychology and sociology. Emphasis will be placed on crossdisci- plinary research training for social and biobehavioral scientists. Another important area of study is the interactions of law and mental health, including such areas as involuntary commitment, competency to stand trial, right to treatment and standards of treatment. Emphasis will be placed on research training for psychiatrists in the behavioral and social sciences and law, behavioral and social science research training for lawyers and legal research training for behavioral and social scientists. Still another important area is knowledge about the development and implementation of social policies in crime, delinquency and related social deviance. The relevant disciplines include anthropology, political science, psychology and sociology. Emphasis will be placed on crossdisciplinary research training. Aging Among priority areas of study are behavioral factors involved in chronic brain syndrome; the nature, prevention and treatment of depression in later studies of the effect of various life styles and adjustment in later life; personality changes accompanying aging and their consequences for social and psychological functionings;changing social roles and participation among the aged population; and attitudes toward aging and the aged. Relevant disci- plines include anthropology, clinical psychology, experimental psychology, psychiatry,social psychology and sociology. Emphasis will be placed on pro- viding research training for psychiatrists and clinical psychologists and training in gerontology for behavioral scientists. Minorities Priority areas include cognitive, psychosocial and emotional development 175

OCR for page 141
6 of racial and ethnic minority group children; developmental processes and conceptual framework of psychopathology in individuals and/or groups of the racial and ethnic minorities; instruments for the assessment of personality adaptational mechanisms and other aspects of personal functioning of minority groups; treatment and rehabilitation models for delivery of mental health services to minority populations. Relevant disciplines for these areas of study include anthropology, economics, nursing, psychiatry, social work, sociology, psychology and systems analysis. Emphasis will be on providing training for minority group researchers. Evaluation Study areas for program evaluation include degree and effectiveness of services provided to various populations (such as rural groups, racial and ethnic minorities, the poor and "middle Americans"); and, degree and effectiveness of training programs for various types of individuals. Relevant disciplines include administration, anthropology, demography, economics, education, epidemiology, political science, psychiatric nursing, psychiatric social work, psychiatry, psychology, social geography and sociology. Emphasis will be placed on training evaluators for research in substantive specialties and training clinical and social science specialists in evaluation methodology. - Mental Health Services Management Research is needed on the organization, management and financing of mental health, drug and alcohol services. Among specific areas of study are assessment of community needs; planning and organizing services; resource utilization and productivity; models of financing; standards of care; data systems; dynamics of organizational change; and diffusion and utilization of research results. Among relevant disciplines for research training are anthropology, business administration communication, economics, epidemiology, political science, psychology, public administration and sociology. Emphasis will be on providing crossdisciplinary research training for scientists and managers. November 1974 176