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- APPENDIX VII NIH AND ADAMHA ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR FY 19 7 6 NRSA PROGRAM

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dIH GRID for 6 RANTS . . . and ~NTRAl,TS Up. REPAY= OF - AL - . Elm - , - D MARE - Vol . 4, No . lO, October 24, 1975 INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS FOR . NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS . FOR RESEARCH TRAINING A N N O ~ N C E M E N T The provisions of this announcement are sub] ect to any charges which may be necessary as a result of Congressional action on pending legislation extend- ing basic authorization for the program. Such awards will be contingent upon availability of funds. Under authority of Public Law 93-34S, National Research Act, the National Institutes of Health (NIlI) will award grants to eligible institutions to develop or enhance research training opportunities for individuals selected by them who are interested in careers in specified areas of biomedical and behavioral research. (See At tachment One) Domestic nonprofit private or non-Federal public institutions may apply for graphics to support training programs in specified areas of research from which a number of awards wilt be made to individuals selected by the insti~cu- tion and the program director. Pre- and postdoctoral trainees may be supported if either or both levelers) of training are justified and approved in the application. The applicant institution must have, or be able to develop, the staf f and f acilities required for the proposed programs . lathe training program director at the institution will be responsible for the selection and appoint:raent of trainees to receive National Research Service Awards and for the cYerall direction of the program. The proposed program must encompass supervised biomedical research training in the specified areas, and offer opportunity for research training leading toward the research degree, or, tn the case of research health scientists, research clinicians, etc., to broaden their scientific background. National Research Service Awards (NBSA) are not made for study leading to the M.D., Die., D.D.S. ~ or other similar professional degrees. Neither will these awards support non-research clinical 'chairing. The ~ GUIDE is pu~Z~shed at irreg?~intero~Ze to provide policy and aIre info r~ncz~n to :Mi=~ at o~g~izatione rho need to be kept infolded of r~uirmen~ aunt changes in grand and con - ~= =ti - ties a~r:*~tered by Me NabionaZ Institutes of Be~Z*~. Supplements, printed an yeZZa~ paper, am published by the respecHoe Awaking White con ceasing net prowled soZio*~t~one of 8O~e83 eqwB8= for propoSc:Z8. 179

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Page Two Application material Application materials may be obtained from the Grants Inquiries Office, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Bealth, Bethesda, Ha~land 20014. If a self-addressed gemmed mailing label is enclosed in the request for kits, it will expedite handling. Applier ations re ceived by January 2 Results announced by Curie Lee NIB reserves the option of rejecting without further review all or part of an application that in its Judgment does not fall within the specified areas of research that are currently being supported or for which support of predoctoral training is not offered. Institutions contemplating sub- mission of an application including predoctoral training should contact the appropriate person shown on the list of research areas. (See Attachment One) Review and selection NRS grant applications will be evaluated by initial peer review groups at the NIX and are also subject to review and approval of the appropriate advisory council of the NIB whose activities relate to the research training proposed. The application will be evaluated on the basis of records and qualifications of participating faculty, the proposed research training objectives and program design, previous training record of the program and its ability to attract high caliber students, institutional co3mit- ment, facilities and environment, and relationship of the proposed program goals to need for research training in NIE program STEaS. GENERAL PROVIS IONS . ElizibilitY reauir~ment.~ Individuals appointed as trainees on the great must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and have in their possession ~ permanent Visa at tame of appointment. A non-citizen national is a person who although not a citizen of the United States, owes permanent allegiance to the United States. They are generally persons born in lands which are not States, but which are under United States sovereignty, jurisdiction, or administration (e.g., American Samoa). Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible. Predoctoral trainees must have received an appropriate baccalaureate degree as of the date of appointment to the approved training program. An individual at the postdoctoral level must have received as of the date of appointment to the approved training program, a Ph*I)~. M.I)., D.I).S., D.O., D.V.~., 0.~., Sc.~)., D.Eng., D.N.S., or equivalent domestic or foreign degree. Stipends and other training costs Stipends and allowances requested will be in accordance with the following: For predoctoral, an annual stipend of $3, 900 for individuals at all levels. ~0

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NTH Guide for Grants and Contracts Vol. 4, No. lO, October 24, 1975 Page Three For postdoctorals, the stipend level is determined by the number of years of prior relevant postdoctoral experience. Relevant experience may include research experience finch uding industrial), teaching ~ internship , residency , or other time spent ir1 full-tzme pursuit of addi~cional degrees or fullest me studies z~ a health-related field at a level beyond that of the qualifying doctoral degree. Tuition and travel may be requested. leers is no Allowance for dependents. Postdoctoral ~tipend;s ~ . . . . . . . . .. -Years of Relevant Y e a r o f A w ~ ~ d I:xserienee- at Entrv 1st ~ 0 $10~000 $10~400 $10,800 1 . 10,800 11, 200 11,600 2 11,500 11,900 12,300 3 12, 200 12, 600 13 ,000 4 12,800 13,200 13,600 5 or more 13,200 13,600 14 000 _ _ _ _ . _. _ . _ _. . _ S tipend supplementation from non-Federal funds Is permitted . Other Federal funds may be used for supplementation only if authorized by the program from who ch such funds are derived . In addition to the stipends and allowances for the trainees, the institution may request up to 25% of the total award for other related costs (se' aries, equipment, supplies, etc. ~ which are deemed essential to carry out the program of training for the National Research Service Awardees appointed under the grant. Actual indirect costs or 8% of allowable direct costs, whichever is less, may also be requested. Period of support Awards for institutional grants may be made for project periods of up to 5 years. However, no individual may receive more than three years of support ire the aggregate frpm a National Research Service Award. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review Of justification f ram the trainee and the grantee institution. Conditions of award No trainee mill be appointed unless a signed Payback Agreement has been submitted indicating his or her intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law as a condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and accepted. Trainee appointments are made for full-time research training and research. Trainees may utilize some of their time in academic studies and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. A NRSA recipient may not hold another Federally sponsored fellowship or training award concurrently with a National Research Service Award. A research trainee may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Veterans Administration berg., G.~. Bill) and loans from Federal funds.

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Page Four Upon completion of the program, recipients of NRS Awards are required to engage in biomedical research or teaching for a period equal to the period of support. Alternatively, if the Secre tory, DE:W, determines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individual, the following may be authorized: (~) If the individual is a physicians dentist, nurse, or other individual trained to provide health care directly to patients, the Secretary may authorize (a) service in the National Bealth Service Corps, (b) service in his or her specialty ire a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in the specialty in a health maintenance orgar:~on serving a medically underserved population. (2) If the individual who received the NRS Award is not trained to provide health care to patients, thc Secretary may authorize the individual to engage in some ocher health-related activity. For each year for which an ind:~dua' receives a NBS Award he or she shall (a) engage in twelve months of health research or teaching, (b) serve twelve months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve twenty months for each year of award. For individuals who fai ~ to fulfill their fur ~ service obligation the Unit ted States is entitled to recover an amount equal to the stipend received from the NIX plus interest in accordance with a formula which gives one-half credi t to months actually served ire the computation of the payback debt. The Secretary shall by regulation provide for the waiver or suspension of any payback obligation to an inch vidual whenever comp' lance by the individual is impossible or would invoice extreme hardship to the individual and if enforcement of the indi~r~dual's obligation would be against equity and good cons clench . Trainees are not entitled to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas , in the Spring, etc., and the short period between sexes tars or quarters . The time between a surer session and a f all semes ter Is considered an active part of the train' ng period. Those at non-academic institutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the ins titution. NIE takes no position on the taxability or non- taxability of Natior~al Research Service Award stipends. Recipients of the NRS Award stipend are advised to consult local, Stance, and Federal revenue services . Notification of final action The applicant will be notified by the awarding unit of the final action on the application by either an award notice or by a letter. ~2

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NTH Guide for Grants and Contracts Yo1. 4, No. JO, October 24, 1975 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS . ~ R IHDI\'IDUAL POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS _ . . . . Page Five A N N O U N C E M E N T The provisions ~ ~ this announcement are sub; ect to any changes which may be necessary as ~ result of Congressional action on. pending legislation exten-d- ing basic authorization for the program. Such ~5 ^ ~L b~ ~~L 6~: _ ~ t t ~~y ~L f_ _ Under authority of Public Law 93-348' National Research Act, the National Institutes of Bealth (NIB) provides National Research Service Awards to postdoctoral individuals for traluing experiences in specif led areas of biomedical and behavioral research. (See At tachment Two) Awards are made to individual applicants, for specified training proposals, selected as a result of a national competition. Eli~ibil~ tv reauir~ment~ Applicants must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and have in their possession a permanent visa at time of application. Non-c~tizen nationals are persons who although not citizens of the United States, owe permanent allegiance to the United States ~ They are generally persons born in lands which are not States, but which are under United States sovereignty, jurisdictions or administration (e.g., American Samoa). Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible. As of the beginning date of the proposed fel lowship, an applicant must have received a Ph.D., M.~., D.:~. S., D.O., D.17.M., 0.~., Scoff., D.Eng., D.N.S., or equivalent domestic or foreign degree. Applicants must apply In one of the research discipline areas specified by NIB. (See Attachment Two) Proposed study must encompass b~omedic~ research training with an opportunity to carry out supervised research in the specified areas, and offer opportunity to research health scientists, research clinicians , etc., to broaden their scientific background, or to extend their potential for research in health- re'ated areas. National Research Service Awards (NRSA) are not made for study leading to the M.I)., D.O., D.~. S., or other sump ar professional degrees. Neither will these awards support non-res~arch chine Cal training. Prior to formal submission, an applicant must arrange for appoint to an appropriate institution and acceptance by a sponsor who will supervise his or her training and research experience . Applicants may be spans ored by a domestic or foreign non-profit private or non-Federal public institution that ~3

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Page Six has the staf ~ arid facili Acres to provide the proposed research trains ng in a suitable environment for performing high-c~uali~cy work. Training under this program may also be undertaken at the NIB and the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration. The major emphasis of the application should be the research training experience and broadening of scientific competence. under excep tional circumstances when such study and opportunity is not available at any domestic institution, an individual may request support for study abroad. Such applicant will be required to provide detailed ju~ti- fication based on the unique facilities and/or training opport`2ni~cy that are of the nature and caliber that they cannot be found in the U. S. and the particular suitability of the foreign situation, rather than the domestic, to the proposed research. Documents to be submitted The applicant muse submit an application for the National Research Service Award and, in addition, arrange for the submission of supporting documents on his or her behalf (reference reports, facilities and commitment statement from the sponsor, etc.~. Each applicant must submit a written assurance that the service or payback provision will be complied with in the event of the receipt of an award. An individual may not have Echo compete ng applications pending review con- currently in the NIR National Research Service Individual Postdoctoral Program. APP1icatior. ma~eria1 Individuals are encouraged to review the eligibility criteria before requesting application kits from Grants Inquiries, Division of Research Grants, National Ins .itutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. If ~ self-addressed g',mmed mailing Gael is enclosed in the request for kits, it will expedite handling. Apc;~ica~ior,s received by January 2 Results announced by June Annual stioe;~- and a, lowances The stipend level ~ s dete.=ined by the number of years of prior relevant Poe "doctoral experience . Relevant experience may include research experience (including industrial), teaching, internship , residency, or other time spent in full-time pursuit of additional degrees or full-~me studies in a health-reiated field at a level beyond that of the quailfying doctoral degree. ~4

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NIN Guide for Grants and Contracts Vo] . 4, No . ~ O. October 24, ~ 975 2 Page Seven Postdoctoral Stipends . Years of Relevant ~ e a r o f A w a r d Experience at Entry 1st Year 2nd Year 3rd Year ~ $10, 000 $10, 400 $10, 800 1 10,800 11, 200 11, 600 2 11,500 11,900 12,300 3 12, 200 12, 600 13 ,000 4 12, 800 13, 200 13, 600 5 or more 13.200 13~600 14.000 Stipend supplementation from non-Feder~ funds will-be permitted. Other Federal funds may be used for supplementation only if authorized by Me program from which such funds are derived. No allowance Ill be provided for dependents or domestic travel. Fellows affiliating with foreign sponsoring institutions will receive a single economy or coach round-tr~p travel fare to the training site. Upon request, the NIB will provide funds of up to $3,000 per 12-month period to the non-Federal sponsoring institution to help defray such expenses as tuition and fees, research supplies, equipment, faculty salary, appropriate medical insurance, travel to domestic scientific meetings, and related items. An allowance of up to $1, 000 is availab~ e for the fellow sponsored by a laboratory of the NIB/AI)AMEIA for domestic meeting travel expenses and appropriate medical insurance. Period of support No individual may receive more than three years of support in the aggregate by a National Research Service Award. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review of Justification from the applicant and sponsor. Although fellowships are awarded for 12-month periods, assurances may be given by the awarding unit for continued support beyond the first year provided progress is satisfactory and funds are availab~ e. Selection of awardees Applications will be evaluated by initial review groups at the NIH and are also subject to review and approval of ache appropriate advisory council of the NIE whose activities relate to the research training under the award. Lee application will be evaluated on the basis of past academic and research records, the research training proposal, the sponsor "d training environment, the appli~ant's research goals, publications, reference reports, and other relevant information. NIB program interests =d the availability of funds are also considered in the final see action. Notification of final action An applicant is notified by the awarding unit . . . Of the final action on the application by an Bard notice or by a letters Activation date An awarder her: untIT tine Bind of 19 munchy form the` it CC1t1" date on the award notice to activate a new award. Conditions of award No award Bill be made to an individual unless that . individual has signed Ad submit ted a Payback Agreement indicating his or her intent to meet the service. or payback provisions required under the law an a condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and aceep ted. ~5

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Page Eight Fellowships are awarded for full-time research training and research. Fellows may utilize some of their time in academic studies and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. A NRSA recipient may not hold another Federally sponsored fellowship con- currently with a National Research Service Award. A research trainee may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Veterans Administration (e.g., G.~. Bill) and loons from Federal funds. Upon completion of the program, recipients of E~ Awards are expected to engage in biomedical research or teaching for a period equal to the period of support. Alternatively, if the Secretary, DREW, determines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individual, the following may be authorized: tl) If the individual is a physician, dentist, nurse, or other individual trained to provide health care directly to patients, the Secretary may authorize (a) service in the National Health Service Corps, (b) service in his or her specialty in a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in the specialty in a health maintenance organization serving a medically underserved population. (2) If the ind~vid''a' who received the MRS Award is not trained to provide health care to patients, the Secretary may authorize the individual to engage in some other health-related activity. For each year for which an individual receives a NRS Award he or she shall (a) engage in twelve months of health research or teaching, (b) serve twelve months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve twenty months for each year of award. For individuals who fail to fulfill their full service obligation the United States is entitled to recover an amount equal to the stipend received from the NIT plus interest in accordance with a formula which gives one-half credit to months actually served in the computation of the payback debt. Fellows are not entitled to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the Spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The time between ~ stammer session and a fall semester is considered an active part of the training period. Those at non-academic institutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the institution. Taxability of stipends NIB takes no position on the taxability or non- taxability of National Research Service Awards. No deductions for income tax or social security are withheld by Nit and no annual summary of amounts paid to the fellow are provided. Recipients of the NRS Award are advised to consult iocal, State, and Federal revenue services. ~ ~6

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NTH Guide for Grants and Contracts Yo1. 4, No. lO, October 24, 1975 Page Nine For additional information on the above program write: Office of Research Manpower, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Heal th, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. For additional information concerning the specified areas of research in which app' ications will be accepted, write to the Ins titute or Divi sion concerned at the National Institutes of Bealth, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. 187

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Applicants must apply in one of the ADAM priority areas specified (SEE ATTACH. Proposed study must encompass biomedical or behavioral research ~craining with an opportunity deco Carson out supervised research in the specified areas ~ and offer opportunity to research health scientists, research clinicians, etc., to broaden their scientific background, or to extend their potential for research in health-related areas. National Research Service Awards MASAI are not made for study leading to the M.D., D.O., I).~.S., or other similar professional degrees, or for study which is a part of residency training leading to ~ medical specialty. Prior to formal submission, an applicant must arrange for appointment to an appropriate institution and acceptance by a sponsor who wlIl supervise his Craning and research experience. Applicants must be sponsored by a domestic or foreign non-profit private or non-Federal pub1 ic institu~cion that has the staff and facilities to provide the proposed research screening in a suitable envy ronment for performing high-quality work. Postdoctoral applicants may also be sponsored by a research unit at He-AA or at the National Institutes of Health with appropriate staff and facilities. With adequate justification, an individual may request support for study abroad. Such applicant will be required to provide detailed information on the unique facilities and/or training opportunity at ache proposed location. DOC~NTTS TO BE SUBMITTEl). Each applicant must (~) submit an applica- tion according to instructions, using forms provers deaf by ADAMRA; (2) arrange for submission of supporting documents (reference reports, sponsor's statement, etc. ); and (3) submit a signed statement that they have read the payback information and will (if awarded) meet the service or payback provisions required under the law as a condit ion for accept- ing the National Research Service Award. Art individual may not have more Chart one competing application pending review concurrently in the AI)A~A and the NIR National Research Service Individual Award Program. APPLICATION MATERIAL. Individuals are encouraged to review the eligibility . criteria before requesting application kits from the Grants Management Officers of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, or the National Institute of FIen~cal Beaith, ADA~A, Rockvl Ile, Maryland 20852. Applicat ions received by Results announced January 2, 1976 208 June 19 76

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ANNUAL STIPENDS AND ALLOWANCES. The annual stipend for predoctoral . individuals at all levels is $3, 900. The stipend Petrel for postdoctoral individuals is determined by the number of years of prior relevant postdoctoral experience. Relevant experience may include research experience (including industrial), teaching, internship, residency, or other time spent in ful 1-time pursuit of additional degrees or full-&cime studies in a health-related field at a level beyond that of the qualifying doctoral degree. Years of Relevant Experience at Entry Y E A ~ ~ F A W A R D Isis Year 2nd Year 3rd Year 0 $10,000 $10,400 $10,800 ~ 10,800 Il,200 ll, 600 2 Il. 500 Il. 900 12, 300 3 12, 200 ~ 2, 600 ~ 13, 000 4 12, 800 13, 200 13, 600 5 or more 13,200 13,600 14,000 There is no allowance provided for dependents. Institutions may supplement stipends as necessary from institutional resources. No ADAMS grant funds may be used for supplementation. No supplementation may be provided from other Federal funds unless e~ll citly authorized under ~cerms of the specific program from which such funds are received. Funds wit ~ not be provided deco cover the cost of travel between the fellow's place of residence and the trains ng institution, except (~) the institution may authorize a one-way travel allowance in a case of extreme need or hardship from the institutional allowance, or (2) the ADAMS awarding component may authorize the cost of a single roundtrip economy or coach ticket deco the training site when the approved training is to be at a foreign Site or institution. Upon request, SAMBA will provide funds of up to $3,000 per 12-month period to the non-Federal sponsoring institution in lieu of tuition and fees and deco help defray such expenses as research supplies, equipment, faculty salary, appropriate medical insurance, travel to domestic scientific meetings, and related items. An allowance of $1,000 per 12-month period is. available for the postdoctoral fellow sponsored: by a laboratory of the ADA.~A/~ for domestic meeting-travel expenses and appropriate medical insurance. When an individual award is for research training requiring that ache work, or some part of it, be carried on at sites other than the sponsoring institution, an allowance may be requested to support the cost of off- site research as well as travel. 209

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Me sponsoring institution shall be entitled to the full institutional allowance only upon official activation of the award, except that if an individual fellow is not enrolled or engaged in training for more than 6 months of ache year of support for which the award was anodes one-half of the allowance ($l,50Q) must be refunded to the Public Bealth Service. PERIOD OF S1JPP()RT. No individual may receive more than three years of support in the aggregate under ~ National Research Ser~ri~e Award. Any except ion to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review of Justif ication from the applicant and sponsor . Although fellowships are awarded for 12-mon~ch periods, assurances may be given by the awarding unit for continued support beyond the first year provided progress is satisfactory and funds are available. SELECTION OF AWARDEES. Applications will be evaluated by ADA~HA initial . review groups and are also subject to review and approval of the appropriate AGATHA advisory council. The application will be evaluated on the basis of past academic and research records, the research training proposal, the sponsor's general qualifications, the training environment, the applicant's research goals in terms of specific-d priority areas, publications, reference reports and other relevant information. ADA~HA program interests and the availability of funds are also considered in the final selection. NOTIFICATION OF FINAL ACTION. Ar1 applicant is notified by the awarding . . unit of the final action on the application by an award notice or by a letter. ACTIVATION DATE. An awardee has until the end-of 12 months from the issue date on the award notice to activate a new award. CONDITIONS OF AWARD. No funds will be made available to an individual - uniess he or she has signed and submitted ~che Payback Agreement to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law as a condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and accepted. Upon cornpietion of the program, recipients of KRS Awards are expected to engage in biomedical or behavioral research or teaching for a period equal to the period of support . Alternatively, if ache Secretary, DREW, deter mines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individual, the following may be authorized: (~) if the individual is a physician, dentist, nurse, or other individual trained to provide health care directly to patients, the Secretary may authorize (a) service in the National Health Service Corps, (b) service in his or her specialty in a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in the speciality ~n a health maintenance organization serving a medically unders~rved population. (2) If the individual who received the NRS Award is not trained to provide health care to patients, the Secretary may authorize the individual to Rage in scene other health- related activity. For each year for which an individual receives an NRS Award he or she shad ~ (a) engage in twelve months of health research or teaching, (b) serve twelve months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve twenty months for each year of award. 210

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For individuals who fail to fulfill their full service obligation, the United States ~ s entitled to recover an amount equal to ache stipend received from the ADAGE National Research Service Awards, plus interest, in accordance with a formula which gives one-half credit to months actually served in the computation of the payback debt. Lee Secretary may provide, according to regulation, for the waiver or suspension of any payback obligation applicable to an individual when compliance by the individual is impossible or would involve extreme hardship to the individual and if enforcement of the individual's obligation would be against equity and good conscience. Awards are male for full-time research training and research. Fellows may utilize some of their time in course studies and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. An ROSA recipient may not hold another federally sponsored fellowship concurrently with a National Research Service Award. An NRSA recipient may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Veterans Administration (e.g., G.I. Bill) and loans from Federal funds. Fellows are not entitled- to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the Spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The time between a summer session and a fall semester is considered an active part of the training period. Those at non-academic institutions are entitled to the normal ho, iday and vacation periods of the institution. TAXABILITY OF STIPENDS. ADAM takes no position on the taxabill ty or non-taxabil ity of National Research Service Awards. No deductions for income tax or social security are withheld by ADA-MHA and no annual sugary of amounts paid to the fellow are provided. Recipients of the AS Award are apprised to consult local, State, and Federal revenue of fices . APPLICATION INFORMATION. Requests for application forms and other inquiries regarding the ADAGE Individual Predoctoral and Postdoctoral National Research Service Award Program should be addressed as follows: General Mental Health: Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: Drug Abuse: 211 Grants Management Of ficer National Institute of Mental Health 5600 Fishers Lane Rock~ille, Maryland 20852 Grants Management Of ficer National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism 5600 Fishers Lane Roc~ille, Maryland 20852 Grants Management Officer National Institute on Drug Abuse ll400 Rockville Pike Roclc~ille, Maryland 20852

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ATTACHMENT ALCOHOL, DRUG ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH ADMINISTRATION National Research Service Award Program Research areas are described below in which the three Institutes of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration will offer awards. These areas are definers in te As of substantive and problem areas for which research manpower is needed, and examples are included of professions, disciplines and approaches to be emphasized. Presentation of research areas is not in order of priority. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism The research program of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and alcoholism focuses on research on the multiple determinants of alcoholism and on the treatment and rehabilitation of alcoholics and alcohol abusers. The Institute perceives the need for an increased emphasis on quality and quantity of human social, behavioral and treatment research. There- fore, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, will provide support, through the NRSA program, for the training of researchers in these areas . ~ . Prevent on Research is needed on prevention and education focusing on such areas as theories and approaches to prevention, drinking patterns among teen- agers and youths and other issues related to prevention and education. Relevant disciplines for training include the various social and behavioral sciences, such as anthropology, epidemiology, psychiatry, psychology, social work and sociology. Emphasis will be on research training in the problems of alcoholism for scientists in these disciplines. 2. Early Identification Another priority research area is prevention by means of early identification. Among relevant disciplines are anthropology, behavioral genetics, economics, personality psychology and social psychology. Research training in such disciplines wild be provided for research clinicians and behavioral scientists. 3. Organizational Change Research training in the area of organizational change (that is, how to make institutions and communities sensitive to the needs of alcoholic peop ~ e ~ cou ~ ~ i nc ~ ude s uch ~ i s c i pi i nils as i ndus tr i a ~ psycho ~ ogy, organizational psychology, sociology, social psychology and urban Planning. Emphasis wild be on research training for specialists in such disciplines as they relate to alcoholism.

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Page 2 4. Financing Alcohol Services Specialists are needed to examine long-term costs of alcoholism, third party payments, and health service systems. Among relevant disciplines are health economics, health planning, political science, systems analysis and operations research. 5. Etiology Researchers trained to study genetic and social factors influencing alcohol tolerance and alcoholism are needed to provide a better under- standing of alcoholism problems. Support will be provided to behavioral geneticists and social scientists or individuals desiring such training for work in this field. 6. Treatment Evaluation In the area of treatment, research is needed to determine effective interventions appropriate to various alcoholic populations. Relevant disciplines for research training include clinical psychology and social science disciplines. Emphasis will be placed on research training for clinical-administrators, clinical research training for social scientists. National Institute on Drug Abuse 1. Biomedical Science Studies Research training will emphasize studies in the biomedical sciences relevant to drug abuse. In particular, training is needed for researchers in immunopharmacology, molecular pharmacology, and neurophar~acology of abused substances. 2. Etiology Research is also needed on complex behavioral, biological and societal factors involved in the etiology of drug abuse. Emphasis will be on providing interdisciplinary training and also training behavioral and social scientists in experimental analysis of social behavior and behavior therapy. 3. Epidemiology An important area of research is the epidemiology of drug use anu abuse, especially variations among groups. Relevant disciplines for training include the various behavioral and social sciences. Emphasis will be on research training for epidemiologists and clinicians. 214

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Page 3 4. Treatment Modalities and Outcome Clinical studies are needed to determine the safety and efficacy of new pharmacologic agents to develop and evaluate new modalities for treating drug abuse and to identify and evaluate variations in therapeutic response among various population groups. This will require clinical investigators with special training in experimental design and methodology, and evaluation specialists treatment outcome. National Institute of Mental Health The research objective of NIMH is to better understand the determinants of human behavior particularly relevant to mental illness and mental health. Highly trained researchers are required to produce the new knowledge that is needed. Manpower needs in rese'arch related to mental health problems are in four general areas: (1) the processes underlying the development and variation of behavior) (2) mental disorders and mal- adaptive behavior; (3) social problems related to mental health, and (4) mental health services research and evaluation. Support is available in areas as they are relevant to the NIMN mission. i. Development of Behavior As behavior is determined by biological, psychological, and socio- cultural factors, proposals will be accepted for research training in disciplinary or interdisciplinary settings concerned with these determinants. The development and maintenance of mental health through- out the entire lifespan of the individual is of concern with special focus on childhood, adolescence, and old age. these Applications concerned with such areas as behavioral genetics, psycho- biological aspects of maturation, sensory and motor processes, affective and cognitive processes, and biological bases of social behavior and social organization are eligible for support. The influence of psychotropic drugs on these processes and the mechanisms of action are of special concern to NIMH. Proposals will be considered also in such areas as development of the brain and the central nervous system, at all levels of organization as they relate to behavior. Proposals are also invited in such areas of social and cognitive development, perception, memory, and language particularly as they relate to personality research. Other relevant topics include cultural norms of behavior, social structure, social interaction, socio-cultural factors of change and stress, human adaptation, socialization, family dynamics, and in general the effects of the socio-cultural environment on the developmental process. 215

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Page 4 2. Mental Disorders and Maladaptive Behavior The mission of the NTMH includes concern for both mental health and mental illness Proposals are invited for research training in the etiology, diagnosis, psychopathology, treatment, epidemiology and prevention of mental disorders and maJadaptive behavior in homogeneous and heterogeneous cultural settings. Eligible training proposals may be concerned with organic and functional disorders involving the nervous system and behavior in general. Areas of special importance are child mental health and the mental health problems of aging. Critical to NIMH are the areas of schizophrenia, depression and suicide, psychosomatic disorders and psychoneuroses. Applications are invited for research training to identify life events associated with risk populations and the genetics of mental disorders. 3. Social Problems Related to Mental Health Applications to NIMH are invited with conceptual approaches of special relevance to mental health, in race relations, sex-role differentiation, crime and delinquency, rape, metropolitan problems and poverty. 4. Mental Health Services Research and Evaluation Research training will be provided in the evaluation of treatment out- comes and mental health service delivery. Within evaluation of treatment outcomes, special emphasis is given to differential effectiveness of treatment modalities, such as psychoactive drugs, behavior modification, and deinstitutionalization, etc. Special research skills are needed for the assessment of the effective- ness of mental health services provided to individuals belonging to various segments of the client population, such urban and rural groups, minorities, the poor and other socioeconomic populations. Relevant topics also include planning and organization, management and financing of mental health services to meet community needs. Included among these concerns are standards of care, data systems, accountability and cost-effectiveness, utilization of research results, etc. 216

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Page ~ Each of the four areas described above require mobilization of both disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches. In essence the NIMH research training programs support research training in disciplines and substantive areas representing four disciplinary clusters as they address problems and priorities of concern to its mission which are discussed above: .. . . . . . Bi ol phi ca l Sci ences: This area consists primarily of Psychological Sciences: This cluster consists of: Soci al Sci ences: , . . Primarily concerned with: Biological Sciences Psychological Sciences Social Sciences Clinical Sciences . Behavioral Genetics Biological Anthropology Neurobehavioral Sciences Neuroanatomy Neurophysiology Neuropsychology Neuroendocri nod ogy Neurochemi s try Psycho-Neuropharmaco1 ogy Ethol ogy Chi 1 d and Bevel opment Social and Eco1 og i ca 1 Cognitive Percepti on Sensory Phys i of ogi ca 1 C 1 i ~ i ca 1 Psycho 1 ogy Cul tural Anthropo1 ogy Soci ol ogy Economi es Pol i ti Cal 2 ~ 7 Sciences

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Page 6 Clinical Sciences: . ~ Principal ones for mental health are: Psychi atry C1 i n i ca 1 Psychol ogy Social Work Nurs i ng 218