Click for next page ( 88


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright Β© National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 87
APPEND IX I I SUPPL~=NTARY TABLES 1

OCR for page 87

OCR for page 87
q: A at d' ql ~4 o 4~ A Or o ~ ~ ~ ~ al ~ 1 ~ up ~ ~ o up up 1 o ~ up =~= =~ m=" o mo =~=i ~ of fir ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ a? ~ CO O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -4 ~ O O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O mm 0 - ~ O ~ ret En ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rat ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ co ~ O ~ u' ~ up O up ~ O m" ~ ~ ~ to of ~ ~ ~ == O ~ al ~ ~ , 0~= C ~ ~ 43 O - O X ~ ~ ~, 0 0 ~ _, a, ’: ~ ~ O Q' ~ ~ `: O AS - O L' C r E! ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 4~ ~-C V ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O - = at _ ~ ~ C 0 3 C~ ;8 ~ ~ ^.uC ~ ~ ~ C c, U " - ~ O a~ de ~t ~ ~t~ s4 ~ ~e 0 3 ~ a:~ ~ X ~ —~ ~) 3 O C, ~ ~ O ~t C U :~ O _' C ~ V 4 ft o~ ~ ~ u _ 0 54 X ~ O O ~ S" C} 54 4~ V Q' ~ 41 ~ C, p O S · ~ h4 S:: ~ _ ~ ~ ~ C v h' ~ U 0 ~ C: 4, 0 s: r" =: lEi —~ ~ ~ 0 L ~t :~ - - —I 0 02 ~ AS .C ~4 L~ ~: J: ~t ~ = - ~s tO ~ S _i V ~ ~t _. . - ~ C 41 a' ~ ~ r~ _ ~ ~ S — 43 -~ O 4J s: at ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ C' tl, ~ ~ ~ ~ ·t £ ~ ~ ~1 0 ~C t~ i;~ a~ ~ g4 a~ s: ~ ~ ~ t:: ~ ~ C: ~ ~ c a, 3 ~ ~ ~ U g, ~ == ~,v a, ~ ~ ~ S: ~ O O ~ 40 ~ 3 c~ 3 ~ 4J ~ q4 0 cO O O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O C O U] ~ 5 i4 ~ ~ O C W oo V ~ ~ O f: C) ~ ~ O 04 0 0 0 tJ, C) O ~ ~:S V ~ ~ ~ 0 O . ~ O ~. C} ~1 ~ tJ O. _ O ~ ~ a' O S~ O ~ ~ C S~ u ·0 0 00 v ~ ~D ~ ~ ~ ~ 411 o~ 4~~ ~ U £ _ o4 0 `:: ~ O O ~:S U 54 ~ ~ ut ~ 0~ k4 0e 0 t~ 3 `~ ~ O-C O ~ ~ o. ~, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~: :- ~ ~ C . q~ ~ ~ ~ _ ~ a' ~ °e 3 s' aC >, g ~ C: ~ ~ ~ 3 1 ~ c: ~ o V ~ O 01~ ~ ~—I O ~1~ ~ 0 ~ ~ V U1 O. O, ~ V ~! tP ~ 1 45 elm C ~ ~ ~ _ 1 ~4 u, O ~ (~' ~ I: 3 = U3lal ~ 0 ~IV I~ ~ _ ul c a' —1 r. 54 ~1 Cl C' t~ 431 ~ ~ ~ ~! U1 ~ ~ ~i `4 _1 5, s: Vl ~i O ~ ~I G 0821 ~ ~ I s1 C ~ ~ - ~0 Gl_ c n ~l~ C —1 C ~ ~ ~1 =1— o =. 01 - ~ ~ ~ 3, ~l 53 ul ~ cD ~ ~i" - IV C24 4: ~l c: C U11 - 1 ~'C O 0 ~1 i4 a:t 0 ~o ~ C3 4~ 0 o ~ 4) : i4 84 ~ 4 r~ ~ c ~ o o ~ ~ In ~ o ~ v o ~ v ~ c, q, c) }4 · =^ c o, D, o ~ ) s ~: C 3 O 3 · 54 ~ ~ a' ~ ~ $5; $4 0 `24 ~ C1 ~ q5 ~n Q~ C:) O ~ :: ~ o~ C: ’: ~ ~ ~ ~ Z 3 ~ C, U 0 45 ~ 54 ~4 C, ~ O c, ~ ~ a ~ ~ O ~ _~ c: ~t O C) ~! _. 1~S :~ ~ 01 S4 ~ O eq O s ~C C) ~5 cs S: O O ~ C Cl. _ ~S ~ ot :: . ~ ~ aS C c, C O ~ O C) ~n o. ~ 0 `: C q, aC O c _ ~ O _ ~ 4J '" ~ ~a 0 ~; C u' O 0 ~4 O C ~ a' ~ ~ ~ a' S 4, 0 00 3 O ~ _ U ~0 i: ~ -~ . = 1 ~ ~n -4 0 =t o4 0 ~ ~ O1 - ~ ~ ~ts ~ q, ~ 1 a' , ~ ~ nto - ~i a:! V1= ~ 4) 54 O1 - a't~ 4, =~m ~_l Ul C - 1 - 1 0 CJ1 ~ >} 031~4 ~1= ~ I ~1 C 3 - 1 s: ul1 3 451 - 1 V 43 U1 Sl s. —1 - - 1 `::' 43 —t1 Cl. _'v ~1 - ! 0 01m ut cdl" :;: 1 - ~ o _ _ _

OCR for page 87
o 0 m c v o m s m to sit 1 C) C) V) In o o to sit 1 a, 0 C' - z - ~ t~ — ~1 1 - - z - - - rim or - - _ . · tD O ~ rim o a . · — Us 'a 1 1 to to to o °a to to 0 ~ 0 ~ a: us ~ al ~ ~ ~ ~ a' O ID In _ N ~ ~ e, C`1 ~ ~ _1 _~ _t ., _ . _ ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a a a 0 C~ ~ a, c~ u, 1 - 1 1 1 1 m. ~ ~ e O O - a ~8 . ce 0 ~ °a O _ 8 u ~ ~ u' _ O ~ _ o _ O ~ d. O ~ ~ O m ~ ~ ~ cn a, ~ , Z a~ ° a~ 0 _ ~ ~D _ ) _ So ~ ~ ~ 1 _ . 0 _ ., ~ Z i ., . ~ _ 0 O d, a _ 0° . a~ o u~ a, . ~ c~ U1 u, \0 ~ ~ · · ~ \9 0 o o o ~ O L9 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~r ~ ~ ~ a a, · ~ u~ O a' e, c~ ~ a, 0 · ~ go · · ~ 0 a, ~ ~ u~ · - 0 ~ co ~ ~ o · . r" ~ o · c o ~ · ~ o ~ L~ a e' · ~ O ~ 1 . · o ~9 · ~ ~ u' \9 0 O ~ cO ~5a a' ~ a, r~ a O ~ ~ ~ ,~ ~ O S 3 ~ ~C Q ~ Z O £84 0 o o ~9 r. ~ ~D ~ a co u~ ~ O O O ~ e r~ u' a~ co o - 1 O iD · ~ a' a' o o r~ r" a' · ~ r. o cr, u, s~ u] u~ . u~ o - 1 ~o . \9 a r~ . o ~ ~ ~;a u, o o l ~s o c) Se 0 a~ - r~ 1 · ~S - S o a~ S 3 ~2 S~ . ~ a: o o O s. 0 41 o o' ~ O · n3 :5 O U~ ~ O ~: {:: ~ ~q o? C) ·~ L ut O O ~1 Z t S~ U] a, o o tn o ~e £L ~n JJ c) ~n o _ o c) ~e v u~ o z .. c' o u,

OCR for page 87
Io ~ _ O ~ o ~1 . s ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ at 0 ~ ~ tD ~ ~ kg O ~ a: ~ ~ Cal ~ to at · ~ 1— ~ ~ ~ · Ma ID ~ ~ Cal Y1 ~ ~ ~ Lo ~ er ID ~ ~ ~ Z ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ C) ~ o o 0 ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ e ~ e e · ~ a CS' O 0 ~ ~ ~ O O O Cal ~ O ~ ~ ~ O ~ Cal _l _1 at. ! ~ ~ O ~ ~ C) In 0 O O t) in U] - . · - O? a, - U] US ~3 _I ~ ~ e · · · e · ~ ~ ~ ~ :' ~ ~ d~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ O t-1 ~ ~) u, ~ ~ ~ _ o ~ ~ ~ O O ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ X O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ·-i , , .' . _ 1 1 . ~ ~ 0 ~ a: ~ ~ ~ _' ~ e e ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ _ ~ ~ ~ - . a, C C O O de° C:) ~ I _ O ~ ~ ~ O IV) U. x ~ i o ~ 1 ° U. ~ 1 ~ 1 ~ o ., ,, ~ o o o ~ ~ ~9 o o ° ~ 1 1 ° a, CO o ~ ~ ~ ~ · · · e. ~ 0 ~ ~ r. O ~ ~ U, - 1 U' ~ O ~ ~ ~ a' c, ~ ~ r~ O 0 ~ a, ~n · · · ~ — 0 r. ~ ~ a: O z O ~ ~ O o ~ \0 Q \0 t~t ~ ~ Q ~ C) _ ~~~ ~ It~ 4~~ ~ ~ . _ . ~ I :~ := .,' ~. o ~ ~ · · ~ o ,` ~P C1 U~ i . Z . ~. ~ ~ ~D ~? 0 ~ ~n ~ U : ~n ut U! ~ 3 O O E~ ~ C, V ~ ~ a ~ ~c; c C, ~ ~ ~ · - ~ ~; 6~ 0 m 91 0 ~ ~ ~ · . · ~ o r~ —~ ~ ~D t~ a' ~ ~ ~? . . C at tQ Ut U, ~ ~ ~ S ~ ~ o O O ~ 5: `. E~ ~ ~ U ~ ~ _ 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 m 0 tn c: ~ ~ . . . . . O 6` r~ 0 0 ~ ~ CO r~ ~ ~ U] U, ~: s V Q, 0 . ~ ~ U] ~n r~ 1 - a, s o o ~q v · - 3 Q1 U] ' O ~ O? 0 a, C O O oe ~ n. O Q4 v ~ ~ ~ tQ ·. o ~ c o o a ~Q o o o s~ o Ql u: cn a v u] ' o o ’] v n ·. v ;D o ~2

OCR for page 87
TABLE II.4 Total R and D Expenditures Compared with the Size of The Ph.D. Research Pool in Academia in the Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences, 1960-73 (1967 constant dollars, rim It Year 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1972 1972 1973 Biomedical Sciences . . . . R and D in Academic c Rib Academia Research Pool ( $ thousands) (N) - 430,132 495,719 S69, 381 662,190 759,013 829,224 909,611 951,856 989,533 1,004,689 1,029,525 1,037,347 1,039,662 1,122,239 10,817 12,994 14,958 18,439 22,008 26,490 52.6 58.4 60.8 53.7 46 e 8 39.2 R and D in Academia ($ thousands) . . . _ ~ 29 ~ 303 33 ~ 758 38 ~ 773 45 ~ 093 51 ~ 857 56~528 62 t 714 1 77t417 ! 93~390 89 ~ 304 89t339 94~592 99 t 827 99 t 844 8~661 10~29S 13t620 Behavioral Sciences ~- Academic Ratio~ Research Poot (N) , . . 3,121 12.4 5,225 6,449 9.7 10.8 8.7 7.3 9 ~ 9 Included in this pool are all Ph.D. scientists employed in educational institutions who were engaged in biomedical/behavioral research as a primary or secondary work activity. Total R and D expenditures in academia divided by size of academic research pool. SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Expenditures for Scientific and Engineering Activities at Universities and Colleges, FY 1974, Washington, D. C.: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1975; and National Research Council, Survey of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers, 1973. ~92

OCR for page 87
TABLE II.S Total Graduate and Undergraduate EnrolLments Compared with the Size of bee Academic Sector of the Ph.D. Market in the Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences Year 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 Total Enrollments 250,265 274,582 299~540 326,095 351,842 382,293 41S, 150 428,842 4S7, 667 483,142 532,530 564,660 592,798 626,227 Biomedical Sciences I. . I. .. Academicb Labor Force Behavioral Sciences c Ratio fatal a Enrollments | Academick Labor Force 10,943 - 12,206 24~5 15,089 17,186 21,S61 25,76S 31~306 22 e 9 23~3 24.2 21.2 20.7 18.9 166,452 175,312 203,570 230,931 275,025 323,446 391,563 441,998 507,763 580,410 6;2, 580 69O,333 724, g42 755,299 Ration 34.6 5,488 8,381 10,034 13~288 16,642 20,507 37.1 32.8 39.0 38.2 39.2 35.4 Included are both full-time graduate and undergraduate enrollments bIncluded are all Ph.D. scientists employed in educational institutions in the biomedical/behavioral sciences. Total enrollments divided by academic labor force size. SOURCES: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, Projections of Educational Statistics, Washington, D. C.: U.S. Government Printing . . Office, 1970, 1971, 1974; and National Research Council, Survey of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers, 1973. 93

OCR for page 87
TABr~ II.6 Proportion of U.S. Ph.D. Recipients in the Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences with Definite Employment Commitments at the Time of Graduation, 1958-73 Biomedical Sciences Year of Ph.D. Total Definite Commitment (N) (%) _ .. . . . . . 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 2537 3020 3353 3702 4067 3987 4022 1283 77.0 1239 81.2 1315 82.1 1345 83.9 lS05 83.0 1616 83.5 1844 83.5 2108 83.3 2309 83.4 82.9 82.2 75.7 77.9 72.9 72.1 72.1 . ~ Behavioral so ences , . . . Total Definite Commitment tN) 954 1024 1003 1042 1121 1184 1297 1275 1496 1788 1991 2444 2730 3082 3246 3431 14.2 81.4 82.0 81.0 81.4 81.2 82.0 83.8 82.3 83.8 81.9 78.0 78.2 78.3 74.7 73.3 SOURCE: National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 1958-73. 94

OCR for page 87
TABLE_II.7 Proportion of U.S. Ph.D. Recipients in the Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences Planning Postdoctoral Study, 1958-73 Yes r of Ph. 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 196S 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 Behavioral Sciences Planning Total Postdoctoral Study Planning Total Postdoctoral S tudy (%) 1283 `~o 10.6 1239 i~ y 13 . 6 1315 ~G 19. 5 1345 ~ ~ ~ 25. 6 1505 ~ IS 27.6 1616 I- ;~ 27. 0 1844 5~ ~ 28.7 2108 ~ ~ 5 30.6 2 3 0 9 ~ 3 1. 3 ~ an, 2537 i-~ 32. 6 3020 f ~~ ~ 34. 7 3353 ', ~ 41.3 3702 1 ~ 33 - 44.1 4067 ~ 7= t 43. 5 3987 i:~: 44.9 4022 ~ i3~ 45.5 954 1024 1003 1042 1121 ll84 1297 1275 1496 1788 1991 2444 2730 3082 3246 3431 3.8 5,1 7.6 7.6 9.0 9.2 8.9 11.1 10.8 10.3 9.5 11~1 11.0 10.8 10.1 SOURCE : National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, 1958-73. 95

OCR for page 87
TABLE II.8 Employment Sector Distribution of Entrants to the Ph.D. Labor ForcesD in the Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences, 1960-72 Biomedical Sciences . _ . . . . . . ~ Employment Sector Academia Business Government Other (95) (%) (%) (%) . . . . . . . . . 61.6 12.9 13.0 12.5 59.1 12.6 16.7 11.7 65.0 10.3 13.3 11.5 67.5 9.3 13.6 9.6 68.3 8.3 13.0 10.3 68.6 7.9 12.1 11.4 72.2 5.9 8.9 13.0 1- , ~ Year of Entry 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 Year of Entry _ . . [g60 1962 1964 1966 1968 1910 1972 Labor Force (a) boa. 0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 Labor Force (%) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100~0 100.0 100.O Behavioral Sciences Employment Sector Academia Business Government Other (%) (%) (%) (%) 43.8 8.4 12~6 35.2 44.2 5.5 13.9 36.4 60.6 4.3 9.9 25.2 61.8 4.1 6.1 28.0 67.4 3.2 6.5 22.9 61.7 3.2 5.5 23.6 65.1 2.7 3.6 28.6 "Includes persons receiving Ph.D.'s during the two year period prior to the year of entry (e.g., 1958-59 Ph.D. recipients are considered entrants to the 1960 labor force). are classified according to employment field' not field of doctorate. SOURCES: National Science Four.dation, National Register of Scientific and Techulcal Personnel, 1960-70; National Research Council, Survey of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers, 1973. 96

OCR for page 87
TABLE II. 9 Work Activity [Distribution of Entrants to the Ph. D. Labor Force in the Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences, 1960-72 . . . . . Biomedical Sciences Year or Entry Labor Force (~) 1960 100.0 1962 100.0 1964 100.0 1966 100.0 1968 100.0 1970 100.0 1972 Too ~ n Year of Entry Labor Force (%) Total Re search (%) 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 Research Total Research (%) . 95.3 94.1 92.6 92.1 92.8 91.8 88.0 Basic Applied Mgmt. ~,_= ^~,~VlCy (%) (a) (%) (%) 53.2 14.7 3.7 23.7 52.1 14.0 3.7 24.3 54.4 11.7 2.9 23.6 56.8 9.7 3.5 22.0 54.3 10.9 2.8 24.9 52.7 11.3 3.2 2S.S 47.3 12.7 5.5 22.6 Behavi oraT Sciences 100. 0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 51.7 53.9 61.8 68.0 63.1 60.8 60.6 Non- search Teaching Other (a) (%) : 2.7 1.9 4.7 1.2 4.3 3.l 3.7 4.3 3.7 3.6 4.2 4.0 7.7 4.3 Research Non-Research ~ e c 0nG a r Basic Applied Mgmt. A t t Y | Teaching Other (%) (%) (%)~ I%) (~) (ad ~ _ 12.0 13.1 3.7 23.0 10.0 38~3 14.5 10.2 4.0 25.2 9.9 36.2 16.S 9.6 4.7 31.0 1 12.5 2S.7 14.3 12.4 4.5 36.8 1 12.2 19.8 13.8 9.5 4.9 34.8 ~ 10.5 26~4 11.5 7.9 4.0 37.4 ~ 12.6 26.5 9.0 6.8 5.1 39.6 1 12.6 26 Includes persons receiving Ph.D.'s during the two year period prior to the year of entry (e.g., 1958-59 Ph.~. recipients are considered entrants to the 1960 labor force). bPersons are classified according to employment field, not field of doctorate. SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel, 1960-70; National Research Council, Survey of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers, 1973. 97

OCR for page 87
0 a: lo o in o u, er' ~ - ~ a' rid 0? O s. o a" a: i. rat ~ 0 ~ ~ 0 ~ ~ ~ _ cat O ~ ~ ~ C' See ~ ~ us ~ us O ~ us ~ ~ ~ (D o ~ c, ~ ~ ~ he ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o to ~ u: -4 ~ up ~ ~ an ~ ~ ~ an ~ Cat ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 as ~ us O as ~ ~ ~ 0 c: E ~ ,,~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ O to ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ | ~ o 0 ~ | ~ | | — _I ID ~ ~ —~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ 5; ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ C) ~ t- 0 O1 _' ~ t~ ~) ~ ~ ~ ~ _' 1 q~ ~ a' ~ .............. .1 , ~ ~ 0 ~ a' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 0 ~ ~ 0 .m ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u ~ ma' ~ - - I I I I I t I I I I `~5 O ! i I i t t t t I I t I . . ~ I ~ 4~) O ~ ~ ~1 0 0 ~ O ~ ~ 8 ~ ~ ~ ~ sl ' It I It tl l I st J t I ~ t O ~ t~ ~ : _ ~ ; 0 ~ o 1 x oo ~ o~ _ _ _ __ a, 1° 1 Z ’ ~ Co ~ C ~ a' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ~ 1 i I I I I I I I I t I . . O ,~ o' ~0 U _ a' 0 C] ~n U ~ — ~ E., C~ ~ _ (Q U) O O ~ S 1 ~ 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 t~ 134 ~ . 1 1 1 . I t I I · I I ~ ~ O O O O O ~ — 1_ Ln u~ r~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ 1 Q ~ ~ _' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ t~ 5 1 1 1 1 1 .. ~ ...... 1 1 1 1 r~ ~ ~ u~ _~ _~ U~ ~ ~ O L0 1 ~ ~ ~ _~ 1 1 _~ —~ C~ ~ O 1 . . . ~ I ~ ~ . . . . 0 ~ ~i 0 0 0 ~ 0 0 r~ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 : ~ ~ ~ r~ ~ ~ u~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 U:} O ~ ~ ~ 1 1 · · · · · 1 O CO _~ _t _I U~ CO ’~ CD _I - L9 ~ O ~ ~ r~i I i ~ O I I I ~ O I ~ \0 ~ ~ ~ U~ . 1 1 S · 1 1 1 · ~ 1 ~ · .... ~ ~ ~ o o ~ ~ o c' ~ 1 ~ 1 1 1 1 1 1 r~ ~ 0 ~ o o · · · ~ ~ o o ~ ~ ~ 'O ~ 1 ~ ~ 1 1 1 ~ 1 1 ~ O ~ ~ ~ 53 ~ · J I I · ~ I I . I I . . . I . . , _' ~ ~ 0 ~ a, 0 ~ - . .,. , ,'S ' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~i ~ O U ~1 I CO r~ ~ 0 r~ p ' O ~ O . ~ U _ r~ O ~ C1 ~ Ch 3 <~ C1 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ k0 ~ ~ u~ ~J ~ o~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I ~ ~ ~ O O Oi o ~ ~ o o o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~i ~ O s . ° -1 . Z ~ _ ~n ~ u1 ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ u~ ~ O O V ~ t- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~D I ~ Q to . ~ ~ , O ~ O u' ~ ~ r~ ~ ~ Q ~ ~ <~ O ~ 51 1 ~ s~ 3= _ . . . ° 11 ~ ~’’Co3~,o~zi~l s=’- ~ z z z z z z ~ z z z z ~ ~ ~ z ~ . Z o ~ ~ U' o o ~: - 1 ~ 98 o o . 0 ~3 o C~ . - £ ~ s. u~ E~ ~S 11 O r~ ~' - ~s; ~: o tQ .~ C - 4J 0 r~ 3 ~ O Q q o U,

OCR for page 87
TABLE II.ll Health Services Research Training Programs of the National Center for Health Serviced Research (HRA) 1'- — Fiscal Year of Award 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 (est .) ~ . . Training Grants Programs periottsted (N) (11) 15 85 16 105 21 152 50 267 51 330 49 347 44 327 40 348 36 212a 20 110 ~ . Fellowships (I) _ 22 31 32 61 82 90 50 3s 11 4 Total Trainee and Fe] lowship Awards _ (as '- 1 107 136 187 328 412 437 377 383 223 114 No new fellowships were awarded after E'Y 1973 and no training grants after E'Y 1974; the numbers shown for subsequent years represent continuing coumlit- ments. SOUR: National Center for Health Services Research, Office of Grants A~mi nistration. 99

OCR for page 87