APPENDIX C

PUBLIC HEARING ON NATIONAL NEEDS FOR BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH PERSONNEL

May 3, 1993

Washington, D.C.

PROGRAM

A continuing goal of our national research effort is to sustain the quality of biomedical and behavioral research. To achieve this goal we must maintain research training environments of high quality and sufficient stability to assure the future availability of skilled research personnel.

The National Research Service Awards Act of 1974 established a Federal program of predoctoral and postdoctoral training support to meet national needs for biomedical and behavioral scientists. At the same time, the Act requested that the National Academy of Sciences undertake a continuing study of personnel needs in this area and that they report on a regular basis to the U.S. Congress, the National Institutes of Health, and related agencies regarding future training needs in this area.

The National Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences, recently established the Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel to conduct a study of this topic. Following its first meeting, the Committee arranged to convene a one-day Public Hearing to explore four overarching questions:

  1. What is the most significant challenge we face today in the United States for maintaining an adequate supply of qualified scientists to sustain and advance health research?

  2. What improvements might be made in the National Research Service Awards program to assure a continuing supply of skilled investigators in the biomedical and behavioral sciences in the coming years?

  3. What steps might be taken to improve the effectiveness of the National Research Service Award program in recruiting women and minorities into scientific careers?

  4. What features of the National Research Service Award training grant might be strengthened to assure the maintenance of high quality research training environments?

The Committee is also aware of significant changes that have come about in employment opportunities for bioscientists in industry and other types of nontraditional research settings. The Public Hearing provides a forum for exploring this issue as well.

AGENDA

8:00 a.m.

Registration/Coffee

8:45 a.m.

Welcome and Introduction of Committee/Staff

  • Ira Hirsh and John D. Stobo

9:00 a.m.

Susan Gerbi, Brown University

9:10 a.m.

David Brautigan, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

9:20 a.m.

Terry Ann Krulwich, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine

9:30 a.m.

Panel (Fellows/Trainees)

  • Julie Fielding, Brigham and Women's Hospital

  • Vincent LiCata, University of Minnesota

  • Ora Weisz, The Johns Hopkins University

10:00 a.m.

General Discussion

10:15 a.m.

BREAK

10:30 a.m.

Thomas Malone, American Association of Medical Colleges

10:40 a.m.

Bryan Marshall, University of Pennsylvania

10:50 a.m.

George Kimmich, University of Rochester



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APPENDIX C PUBLIC HEARING ON NATIONAL NEEDS FOR BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH PERSONNEL May 3, 1993 Washington, D.C. PROGRAM A continuing goal of our national research effort is to sustain the quality of biomedical and behavioral research. To achieve this goal we must maintain research training environments of high quality and sufficient stability to assure the future availability of skilled research personnel. The National Research Service Awards Act of 1974 established a Federal program of predoctoral and postdoctoral training support to meet national needs for biomedical and behavioral scientists. At the same time, the Act requested that the National Academy of Sciences undertake a continuing study of personnel needs in this area and that they report on a regular basis to the U.S. Congress, the National Institutes of Health, and related agencies regarding future training needs in this area. The National Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences, recently established the Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel to conduct a study of this topic. Following its first meeting, the Committee arranged to convene a one-day Public Hearing to explore four overarching questions: What is the most significant challenge we face today in the United States for maintaining an adequate supply of qualified scientists to sustain and advance health research? What improvements might be made in the National Research Service Awards program to assure a continuing supply of skilled investigators in the biomedical and behavioral sciences in the coming years? What steps might be taken to improve the effectiveness of the National Research Service Award program in recruiting women and minorities into scientific careers? What features of the National Research Service Award training grant might be strengthened to assure the maintenance of high quality research training environments? The Committee is also aware of significant changes that have come about in employment opportunities for bioscientists in industry and other types of nontraditional research settings. The Public Hearing provides a forum for exploring this issue as well. AGENDA 8:00 a.m. Registration/Coffee 8:45 a.m. Welcome and Introduction of Committee/Staff Ira Hirsh and John D. Stobo 9:00 a.m. Susan Gerbi, Brown University 9:10 a.m. David Brautigan, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 9:20 a.m. Terry Ann Krulwich, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine 9:30 a.m. Panel (Fellows/Trainees) Julie Fielding, Brigham and Women's Hospital Vincent LiCata, University of Minnesota Ora Weisz, The Johns Hopkins University 10:00 a.m. General Discussion 10:15 a.m. BREAK 10:30 a.m. Thomas Malone, American Association of Medical Colleges 10:40 a.m. Bryan Marshall, University of Pennsylvania 10:50 a.m. George Kimmich, University of Rochester

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11:00 a.m. Panel (Fellows/Trainees) Miyuki Yamaguchi, Duke University JoAnne Pohl, The University of Michigan 11:30 a.m. General Discussion 12 Noon LUNCH 1:30 p.m. Susan Person, Consortium of Social Science Associations 1:40 p.m. James Jones for Wayne Camara, American Psychological Association 1:50 p.m. John McCormick speaking on behalf of Judson Sheridan, University of Missouri 2:00 p.m. Panel (Fellows/Trainees) Barton Giddings, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Phillip Cozzi, University of Chicago Pat McCloskey, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 2:30 p.m. General Discussion 2:45 p.m. BREAK 3:00 p.m. Gail Cassell, American Society for Microbiology 3:10 p.m. Herbert B. Silber, San Jose State University 3:20 p.m. Daniel Linzer, Northwestern University 3:30 p.m. Ada K. Jacox, American Nurses Association 3:40 p.m. Panel (Fellows/Trainees) Thomas Meyer, Columbia University Carey Lumeng, University of Michigan 4:00 p.m. Panel (Training Grant Directors) Irwin Sandler, Arizona State University Lee Goldman, Harvard University Peter Shank, Brown University Page Morahan, Medical College of Pennsylvania 4:40 p.m. Panel (Professional Society Representatives) Cornelius Pings, Association of American Universities Alan Kraut, American Psychological Society Harold Slavkin, American Association for Dental Research Dominick Purpura, Society for Neuroscience 5:20 p.m. Elizabeth Jones, Carnegie Mellon University 5:30 p.m. J. Fredrick Dice speaking on behalf of Irwin Arias, Tufts University 5:40 p.m. Homayoun Kazemi, Massachusetts General Hospital 5:50 p.m. Richard Grand, Tufts University 6:00 p.m. General Discussion 6:30 p.m. ADJOURNMENT RESPONDENTS TO SOLICITATION FOR COMMENTS Graduate Deans Catholic University of America Mary Jean Flaherty School of Nursing Columbia University Roger Bagnall Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Cornell University Douglas McGregor College of Veterinary Medicine Harvard University Christoph Wolff Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Rockefeller University Bruce McEwen Graduate and Postgraduate Studies Rutgers University-New Brunswick Joseph A. Potenza Graduate School University of California-Los Angeles Robin Fisher Graduate Division University of Chicago Jeffrey Slovak Graduate School University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Chester Gardner Graduate College

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University of Iowa Leslie B. Sims Graduate College University of Missouri-Columbia Judson Sheridan Graduate School Grant Directors Robert Ader Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences Stanford, CA Irwin M. Arias Tufts University Department of Physiology Marilyn J. Aten University of Rochester Medical Center School of Nursing David M. Austin University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work John L. Azevedo, Jr. East Carolina University School of Medicine Department of Biochemistry Donald Bartlett, Jr. Dartmouth Medical School Department of Physiology Howard Baum Massachusetts General Hospital Neuroendocrine Clinical Center Robert Blank The Rockefeller University Daniel F. Bogenhagen State University of New York at Stony Brook, Department of Pharmacology Selwyn A. Broitman Boston University School of Medicine Department of Microbiology Nicholas Cohen University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Microbiology and Immunology Shelley A. Cole Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research Department of Genetics Robert E. Cone University of Connecticut Health Center Department of Pathology Jose R. Criado The Scripps Research Institute Department of Neuropharmacology Bruce P. Dohrenwend College of Physicians & Surgeons at Columbia University, Social Psychiatry Research Unit Emanuel Donchin University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Psychology Brian R. Duling & Robert M. Berne University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Department of Physiology Floyd Dunn University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Bioacoustics Research Laboratory Lise S. Eliot Baylor College of Medicine Division of Neuroscience Barbara L. Finlay Cornell University Department of Psychology Frances M. Finn University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Protein Research Laboratory Elizabeth A. Franz University of California, Berkeley Department of Psychology Robert N. Golden The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Psychiatry Lowell A. Goldsmith University of Rochester Medical Center Department of Dermatology

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David Hamerman Albert Einstein College of Medicine Resnick Gerontology Center Robert I. Handin Harvard Medical School/Brigham & Women's Hospital, Hematology-Oncology Division George A. Hedge West Virginia University Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine Research and Graduate Studies Arthur Horwich Yale University School of Medicine Department of Genetics William P. Jencks Brandeis University Graduate Department of Biochemistry Richard T. Johnson Johns Hopkins University Department of Neurology Agnes B. Kane Brown University Division of Biology and Medicine Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Ira R. Katz Medical College of Pennsylvania Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute Ann R. Kennedy University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Department of Radiation Oncology John M. Kirkwood Pittsburgh Cancer Institute Melanoma Center David M. Levine The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Division of Internal Medicine Stephen J. Lippard Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Chemistry Ian G. Macara The University of Vermont Department of Pathology Walter Makous University of Rochester College of Arts and Science Center for Visual Science Kenneth G. Mann The University of Vermont College of Medicine Department of Biochemistry Bryan E. Marshall University of Pennsylvania Department of Anesthesia Richard H. Masland Harvard Medical School Massachusetts General Hospital Richard E. McCarty Johns Hopkins University Department of Biology D. Kent Morest The University of Connecticut Health Center Center for Neurological Sciences Howard E. Mossberg The University of Kansas Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, Graduate Studies, & Public Service Nancy Elsa Mueller Harvard School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology J. Michael Mullins The Catholic University of America Department of Biology Eric G. Neilson University of Pennsylvania Medical Center Renal-Electrolyte Division James O'Rourke The University of Connecticut Health Center, Vision Immunology Center Michael C. Phillips Medical College of Pennsylvania Department of Biochemistry Cedric S. Raine Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University Department of Pathology/Neuropathology

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Katheleen M. Rasmussen Cornell University Division of Nutritional Sciences Charles F. Reynolds University of Pittsburgh Medical Health Care Division Clinical Research Training in Psychiatry Harold R. Roberts University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine Division of Hematology William N. Rom New York University Medical Center Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Neil Ruderman Boston University Medical Center Diabetes and Metabolism Unit Marijane Russell National Jewish Center for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine Robert Snyder Rutgers University Joint Graduate Program in Toxicology Jerry L. Spivak The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Division of Hematology Thomas P. Stossel Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital Experimental Medicine Division Jerome F. Strauss, III & Luigi Mastroianni University of Pennsylvania Medical Center Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Brian L. Strom University of Pennsyvania Medical Center Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Ming T. Tsuang Harvard School of Public Health Harvard Program in Psychiatric Epidemiology Watt W. Webb Cornell University College of Engineering School of Applied and Engineering Physics Gordon H. Williams Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School Endocrinology-Hypertension Division Sankey V. Williams University of Pennsylvania Division of General Internal Medicine William M. Willingham University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff Center for Multi-Purpose Research and Sponsored Programs Raymond L. Woosley Georgetown University Medical Center Department of Pharmacology Frank C. P. Yin The Johns Hopkins Hospital Clayton Heart Center Michael J. Zigmond University of Pittsburgh Department of Behavioral Neuroscience Professional Associations American Academy of Nursing Janet Heinrich American Association for Dental Research John J. Clarkson American Association of Colleges of Nursing Geraldine Polly Bednash American Association of Dental Schools Preston A. Littleton American Chemical Society Helen M. Free American College of Dentists Sherry Keramidas American Dental Association John S. Zapp American Institute of Biological Sciences Donald R. Beem American Nurses Association Barbara K. Redman

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American Psychiatric Association Harold Alan Pincus American Psychological Association Wayne J. Camara American Psychological Society Alan G. Kraut American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Charles C. Hancock American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Frederick T. Spahr Association for Health Services Research John M. Eisenberg, Roger J. Bulger, Alice S. Hersh Association of American Medical Colleges Robert G. Pertersdorf Association of American Universities Cornelius J. Pings Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges Ronald A. Wright International Association for Dental Research, Behavioral Sciences and Health Services Research Group Jane A. Weintraub Oncology Nursing Society Mel Haberman Students Merritt B. Andrus Harvard University Department of Chemistry John M. Armstrong University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Melissa Berhow Yale University School of Medicine Daniel Bossut University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Physiology Susan C. Boynton Brandeis University Department of Biology David L. Brody Johns Hopkins University Medical School Medical Scientist Training Program Rebecca Burwell The Salk Institute Miriam E. Cameron University of Minnesota School of Nursing Dominick DePhilippis University of California, San Francisco Substance Abuse Research Anne Harwood National Jewish Center Department of Pediatrics Mark Hearn University of Washington Department of Pathology John A. Koch Harvard Medical School Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Lori A. Loan Robert J. McDonald Boston University Medical Center James E. McDuffie David E. Morledge Temple University School of Medicine Tom Pauly Purdue University Biology Department R.A. Perez-Tamayo Duke University Medical Center Department of General and Thoracic Surgery Kory J. Schuh The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit

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Brian Slezak State University of New York at Buffalo Jaime Steinsapir Medical College of Georgia Department of Physiology and Endocrinology Samuel W. Straight University of Rochester Department of Microbiology and Immunology Margaret F. Tremwel University of Florida Department of Neuroscience Michael J. Woller The University of South Carolina School of Medicine Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience Marcia Sydney Zax

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