deliberations (see Chapter 6 of this report). Thus, individuals familiar with the taxonomy used by earlier NRC study committees should be aware that a new field designation has been developed for the area of research training formerly designated “dental science” research training.
With regard to the clinical sciences more broadly defined, the committee has concentrated its attention this year on the continuing need to recruit physician-scientists into the research career path. This critical group of scientific workers includes individuals holding medical doctorates and those with combined medical and research doctorates (see Chapter 5).
Because of the special market for nurses who pursue advanced preparation in research, this report includes a separate assessment of research training needs in nursing research (see Chapter 7). Nursing research personnel are generally defined as individuals holding both a degree in nursing and a Ph.D. Because of the wide variety of doctoral specialties pursued by these investigators, we have not specified degree or employment specialties of these researchers. Rather, we consider nursing research personnel to include individuals holding both a degree in nursing and a research doctorate in a wide variety of areas.
Finally, we have devoted a chapter in this report (Chapter 8) to a consideration of health services research personnel. Certain of the institutes of health provide research training in areas related to the improvement of health care delivery, such as drug abuse prevention studies. Our report concentrates, however, on the newly emerging market for research scientists stimulated by the establishment of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) in 1989. This agency now serves as the organizational locus within the federal government for studies of such health care reform issues as the reduction of health care costs, the quality of care for the aged, and the overall health status of Americans, drawing investigators from a wide variety of disciplines. Unfortunately, detailed information about the population of health services research personnel in the
BOX 1-2 Studies Regarding Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel (P.L. 93-348)