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OCR for page R11
CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 Estimating National Needs For Research Scientists, 1 Recommendations, 2 Enhancing the Effectiveness of the NRSA Program, 8 1 INTRODUCTION 11 Origins of the Study, 11 Charge to the Committee, 12 The Committee's Study Plan, 12 Organization of the Report, 14 2 APPROACHES TO THE ESTIMATION OF NATIONAL NEED 17 Health Research as a National Priority, 17 Advances in Research, 19 Marketplace Requirements, 20 3 BASIC BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES PERSONNEL 23 Advances in Research, 24 Assessment of the Current Market for Basic Biomedical Scientists, 25 Outlook for Basic Biomedical Scientists, 30 Ensuring the Diversity of Human Resources, 32 The NRSA Program in the Basic Biomedical Sciences, 32 Recommendations, 33 4 BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES PERSONNEL 37 Advances in Research in the Behavioral Sciences, 38 Assessment of the Current Market for Behavioral Scientists, 40 Outlook for Behavioral Scientists, 45 Ensuring the Diversity of Human Resources, 49 The NRSA Program in the Behavioral Sciences, 49 Recommendations, 50
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5 PHYSICIAN-SCIENTISTS 55 Advances in Clinical Science, 56 Assessment of the Current Market for Clinical Scientists, 56 Outlook for Clinical Scientists, 57 Ensuring the Diversity of Human Resources, 59 The NRSA Program in the Clinical Sciences, 60 Recommendations, 62 6 ORAL HEALTH RESEARCH PERSONNEL 65 Advances in Oral Health Research, 65 Assessment of the Current Market for Oral Health Research Personnel, 65 Outlook for Oral Health Research Scientists, 66 Ensuring Diversity of Human Resources, 67 National Research Service Award Program for Oral Health Research, 67 Recommendations, 69 7 NURSING RESEARCH PERSONNEL 73 Advances in Nursing Research, 73 Assessment of the Current Market for Nursing Research Personnel, 75 Outlook for Nursing Research Personnel, 75 Ensuring Diversity of Human Resources, 76 The NRSA Program in Nursing Research, 76 Recommendations, 77 8 HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH PERSONNEL 81 Advances in Health Services Research, 81 Assessment of the Current Market for Health Services Research Personnel, 83 Outlook for Health Services Research Personnel, 84 Ensuring Diversity of Human Resources, 86 The NRSA Program in Health Services Research, 86 Recommendations, 87 9 RECOMMENDATIONS AND REMAINING CONSIDERATIONS 89 Stipend Issues, 89 Enhancing the Effectiveness of the NRSA Program, 90 APPENDIXES A Historical Overview 95 B Classification of Fields 103 C Public Hearing on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel 105 D Report Contributors 113 E Sources of Information for the National Research Service Award 115 F Data Tables 117 G Multistate Life Table Methodology and Projections 149 H Procedures Used to Estimate Awards, Stipends, and Costs 153 I Biographical Sketches 161