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APPENDIX B NIH/ADAMHA/HRA ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR FY 1979 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARD PROGRAMS

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APPENDIX B1.1 NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts Vol. 6, No. 20, November 14, 1977 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS FOR INSTITUTIONAL GRANTS - Page One , ANNOUNCEMENTS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ A. ~ Beg~uung Utah the FQb~Uah~ 1, 191B ~QCe(P~ date Nltl up accept n~on~ app~a~on~ don Na~onat Research S=~(CQ Awards ; 0~ I 4~C techie ~ ~~ app~. I~a~ app~ca~on~ box awards to began Judy I, 7979 Should be receded' by June 1, 19?~. App~ca~on~ much be ide~ OCR for page 183
Page Two App] ication material . Application material may be obtained from the Grants Inquiries Office, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. A self-addressed gummed mailing . label enclosed in the request for kits will expedite handling. Applicants -are advised to contact the person designated in the area listing to discuss any questions, and especially - if ( 1) an application inc. luding predoctoral training is planned ~ or (2) compatibility between institutional and agency training aims is in doubt, or (3) questions arise as to waiver provision for the three-year limit.on NRSA support. (Note that the awn of obtaining postdoctoral -training after NRSA-supported predoctoral training is cited in the regulations as "good cause" for granting a waiver to the three-year limit (~66.106(d)~.) - \ Re vi ew a nd se] ec ti on . NRSA grant applications will be evaluated by initial - review groups at the NIH; they are also sub j ect to review and appro~ral by the appropriate advisory council of the NIH. The application will be evaluated on the basis of records and qualifications of participating faculty, the proposed research training objectives and program design, previous training record of the program and its ability to attract high caliber students, institutional commitment, faci titles and environment, and relationship of the proposed program goals to need for research personnel. GENERAL PROV I S IONS . . Eligibility requirements. Individuals appointed as trainees on the grant must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or must have been lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and have in their possession an Alien Registration Receipt Card (I-151) at tLmeiof appointment. A non-citizen national. is a person who, although not a citizen of the United States, owes permanent allegiance to the United States. They are generally persons born in lands which are not States , but which are under Un, ted States sovereignty, jurisdiction, or administration (e. g. American Samoa) . Individuals on temporary or student visas are..not eligible. Predoctoral trainees must have received an appropriate baccalaureate degree.as of the date of appointment to the approved training program. An individual at the postdoctoral level must have received as of the date of appointment to the approved training program, a Ph.D., M.D., D.D.S. , D.O., D.V.M. , O.D., SC.D. , D.Eng., D.N.S., or equivalent domestic or foreign degree. ~5

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NIH Gui de for Grants and Contracts Vo] . 6, No . 20, November ~ 4, ~ 977 Sti pends Page Three other training costs. Stipends and allowances requested will be as follows: At the predoctoral, level the annual stipend is S3,900. For postdoctorals, the stipend for the first year of support is determined by the number of years of prior relevant postdoctoral experience at time of appointment in accordance with the accompanying table. Relevant experience may include research experience (including industrials, teaching, internship, residency, or other time spent in full-time pursuit of additional degrees or full-time studies in a health-rel ated field at a level beyond that of the qualifying doctoral degree. The stipend for each additional year of support is based on the level of the first year plus $400 for each additional year under the National Research Service Award.. There is no allowance for dependents. Postdoctoral Stipends Years of Relevant Experience at Tome i__ of Initial Appointment Y e a r 0 f A w a r d 1st Year $10, 000 10, 800 11, 500 12, 200 12,800 13, 200 2nd Year 3rd Year $10 ~ 400 11~200 1l t 90O 12, 600 13,200 13~600 2 3 4 5 or more $10, 800 11, 600 12, 300 13,000 13, 600 14, 000 Tuition and travel may be requested. Tuition at the postdoctoral level is limited to that required for specified courses. The institution may request tuition and fees ~ including appropriate medical insurance) only to the extent that the same resident or nonresident tub tion and -fees are charged to regular non-federally supported students; the institution may request actual indirect costs or 8% of allowable direct costs (whichever is less) and up to 25% of the total award for costs deemed essential to carry out the NRSA-tra~n~ng program such as salaries, equipment, research supplies, staff travel, etc. Period of support. Awards for institutional grants may be made for project periods of up to ~ years.: However, no individual may receive more than three years of support in the aggregate from a National Research Service Award. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review of justification from the trainee and the grantee institution. Cond7~0ns of award. No trainee may be supported unless a Statement of Appointment form and a signed Payback Agreement-indicating his or her intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law ~6

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Page Four have been submitted to NIH. Trainee appointments are made for full-time research training and research. Trainees may utilize some of their tome in academic studies and clinical duties if such work is closely related to their research training experience. A NRSA award may not be held concurrently with another Federally sponsored fellowship or similar Federal award which provides a stipend or otherwise duplicates provisions of the NRS award. NRSA recipients may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Veterans Administration Berg. G.I. Bill) and loans from Federal funds. Supplementation of the NRSA stipend from non-Federal funds is permitted. Other Federal funds may be used for supplementation only if explicitly authorized by the program from which such funds are derived. No NIH, ADAMHA, or ON grant funds may be used for supplementation. This is not intended to discourage in any way the use of Federal loan funds. This additional support may be provided without obligation by the trainee or may be conditioned on his or her performance of certain services such as teaching or serving as a laboratory assistant. Under no circumstances, however, should the service requirements detract from or prolong the training. Within two years after completion of NRSA support, recipients of-NRS Awards are to engage in continuous health-related biomedical or behavioral research or teaching or any combination thereof which is in accordance with usual patterns of academic employment for a period equal to the period of support. Alternatively, if the Secretary, DHEW, determines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individual, the following may be authorized: (1) If the individual is a physician, dentist, nurse, or other individual trained to provide health care directly to patients, the Secretary may authorize (a) service in the National Health Service Corps, (b) service in his or her specialty in a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in his or her specialty in a health maintenance organization serving a medically underserved population; (2) If the individual who received the NRS Award is not trained to provide health care to patients, the Secretary may authorize the individual to engage in some other health-related activity. For each year for which an individual receives a NBS Award he or she shall (a) engage in twelve months of health research or teaching, (b} serve 12 months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve twenty months for each year of award. For individuals who fail to fulf ill their obligation through service, the On ited States is entitled to recover an amount equal to the total stipend received plus interest. The amount is computed in accordance with a formula which gives only one-half creditor each month of service when the total payback obligation is not completely fulfilled through 187

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N!H Guide for Grants and Contracts Vo] . 6, No . 20, November ~ 4, ~ 977 Pa ge Pi ve service. Interest on the amount begins on the date the United States becomes entitled to such amount; it is computed at a rate f ixed by the Secretary of the Treasury considering private consumer rates prevailing on that date. Payment must be completed within three years. By Federal Regulation, there are certain conditions under which the Secretary, HOW, may extend the period for undertaking service or for repayment, permit breaks in service, or otherwise waive or suspend the payback obligation of an individual where enforcement of the obligation would involve extreme hardship or be against e ~ ity and good conscience. Trainees are not entitled to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the Spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The tome between a summer session and a fall semester is considered an active part of the training period. Those at non-academic institutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the institution. Taxabi ~ i ty of sti pends . The Internal Revenue Service has ruled that the NRSA awards are made primarily for the benefit of the grantor and are accordingly not excludable from gross income as fellowships. FIRS Bulletin No. 1977-36' dated September 6, 1977 e ~ Notification of final action. The applicant will be notified by the awarding unit of the final action on the application by either an award notice or by a letter. For additional ~ formation on the above program write: Office of Research Manpower, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Betheeda, Maryl and 20014. The AEcohot, ODOR Abuse, and i thrash Admin~on and /:hQ Di~Ji~ OCR for page 183
APPENDIX B1. 2 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS _ . . FOR INDIVIDUAL POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS _ . Jlme 1, 1978 A N N O V N C E M E N T FQ6~Y 1, June 1 mid Dctobeh t ace the art ~CCQ~,= dater don ~ndiv~E National Research SehV(CQ A~ ~PP~C~On6. Resume od hew urge be announced the {ottOu~ Nouembeh9 Mulch -and June ~e~pec~`Jefy, huh a pO43(b[Q 4~ date the {otto~ng month. hoar ace aubje~ ~ begs alLtho~y Id the avaf~b~q of Ends.. Under authority of Section 472 of the Public Health Service Act as amended ~ 42 USC 2 8 91- 1 ), the National Institutes of Health ~ NIH ~ provides National Research Service Awards to postdoctoral individuals for training experiences in biomedical and behavioral research. (See Attachment for research areas. Awards are made to individual applicants, for specified training proposals, selected as a result of a national competition. Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 66 ~ is aplicable to these awards . Eligibility requirements. Applicants must be citizens or non-citizen nationals of the United States, or have been lawfully admitted to *he United States for permanent residence and have In their possession an Alien Registration- Receipt Card (I-154) at time of application. Non-citizen nationals are persons who, although not citizens of the United States, owe permanent allegiance to the United States. They are generally persons born in lands which are not States, but which are under United States sovereignty, jurisdiction, or administration (e.g. American Samoa). Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible. As of the beginning date of the proposed fellowship, an applicant must have received a Ph.D., M.DO, D.D.S., D.O. 9 D.V.M., O.D., Sc.D., D.Eng. ~ D.N.S., or equivalent domestic or foreign degree. Proposed study must encompass biomedical or behavioral research training with an opportunity to carry out supervised research and offer opportunity to research health scientists, research clinicians, etc.., to broaden their scientific background, or to extend their potential for research ~ health-related areas. National Research Service Awards (NRSA) are not made for study ~ eading to the Me Do ~ l~eO. ~ I).D.S., or other similar professional degrees. Neither will these awards support nor~-research clinical training. ~9

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PAGE TWO Prior to formal submission, an applicant must arrange for appointment to an appropriate institution Ad acceptance by a sponsor who will supervise his or her training and research experience. He institutional setting may be a- domestic non-profit private or public institution including the NIH and ADAMHA. The application must document the availability of staff and facilities to provide a suitable environment for performing high-quality work. The major emphasis of the application should be the research training experience and broadening of scientific competence. Under exceptional circumstances when such study and opportunity are not available at any domestic institution, an individual may request support for study abroad. Such applicant will be required to provide detailed justi- fication based on the unique facilities and/or training opportunity-that are of the nature and caliber that they cannot be found in the U.S. and the particular suitability of the foreign situation, rather than the domestic, to the proposed research. Documents to be submitted. The applicant must submit (1) an application assurance that the service or payback requirement will be complied with, if an award is made, and (3) if a non-citizen, a notarized statement of permanent residence. Since a compl ete application includes the sponsor's Facilities and Commitment Statement, that Statement (PHS 416-2) must be with the appli cati on when submitted. In addition, an applicant will arrange for the submission of reference reports (PHS 416-3) on his or her behalf. An individual may not have two competing applications pending review con- currently in the National Research Service Award program. App] ication material. Individuals are encouraged to review the eligibility criteria before requesting application kits from Grants Inquiries, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. If a self-addressed gummed mailing label is enclosed in the request for kits, it will expedite handling. Advisory Results Earliest Application Council Announced Possible Receipt Date Review by Start Date October 1 May June July 1 February 1 Sept./Oct. November December 1 June 1 Jan./Feb.- March April 1 Annual stipends and a] lowances. The stipend level for the first year is determined by the number of years of prior relevant postdoctoral experience at the time of award. Relevant experience may include research experience (including industrial), teaching, internship, residency, or other time spent in full-time pursuit of additional degrees or full-time studies in a health- related field at a level beyond that of the qualifying doctoral degree. ~ 90

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PAGE THREE The stipend for each additional year of support is based on the level of the first year plus $400 for each additional year under the NRSA. Postdoctoral Stipends Years of Relevant Experience at Time of Init ial Award o 1 2 3 4 5 or more Y e a r 0 f A w a r d Ist Year 2nd Year 3rd Year $10,000 $10,400 $10,800 10, 800 11,200 11,600 11, 500 11,900 12 ,300 12,200 12,600 13,000 12, 800 13 ,200 13,600 13 ,200 13 ,600 1Lt,ooo The stipend is a pre-established level of support to provide for the fellow's living expenses during the period of training. The stipend is not a payment for services performed. Fellows supported under individual awards are not considered to be employees either of PHS or of their sponsoring institution. For fellows sponsored by domestic non-Federal institutions, the payment of the stipend will be made through the sponsoring institution. For fellows sponsored by Federal or foreign institutions the stipend payment will be made directly by U.S. Treasury check. No allowance will be provided for dependents or travel to a domestic training site. Fellows affiliating with foreign sponsoring institutions will receive a single economy or coach round-trip travel fare to the training s ite . Upon request, the NIB will provide funds of up to $3,000 per 12-month period to the non-Federal sponsoring institution to help defray such trainee expenses as tuition and fees (including appropriate medical insurance), research supplies, equipment, travel to scientific meetings , and related items. The allowance is under control of the sponsoring institution. An allowance of up to $1,000 is available for the fellow sponsored by a Federal laboratory for scientific meeting travel-expenses and appropriate medical insurance. Period of support. No individual may receive more than three years of ~ National Research Service Award support in the aggregate. Any exception to this requires a waiver from the Agency head based on review of justification from the applicant and sponsor. Any waiver request should be submitted with the application. Although fellowships are awarded for 12-month periods, assurances may be given by the awarding unit for continued support: beyond the first year provided progress is satisfactory and Ends a~ avai fable . Selection of awardees. Applications will be evaluated by initial review groups . at the NIH and are also subject to review and approval of the appropriate advisory council of the NIH whose activities relate to the research training trader the award. The application will be evaluated on the basis of past academic and research records, the research training proposal, the sponsor and training environment, the applicant's research goals, publications, 191

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PAGE: FOUR . , . reference reports, and other relevant information. NTH program interests and the availability of funds are also considered in the final selection. . Notification of final action. An applicant is notified by the awarding unit- of the final action on the application by an award notice or by a-letter. ActTvatTon date. An awardee has until the end of 12 months from the issue date on the award notice to activate a new award. Conditions of award. No award will be made to an individual unless that- , . . individual has signed and submitted a Payback Agreement indicating his or her intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law as a condition under which a National Research Service Award is made and accepted. Individual awards are made for ful1-time research and research training. Health professional postdoctorals may utilize some of their time in clinical duties only if such work is part of the research training.- . A NRSA award may not be held concurrently with another Federally sponsored fellowship or similar Federal award which provides a stipend or otherwise duplicates provisions of the award. NRSA recipients may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the- Veterans Administration (e. g. G. I. Bill) Ad loans f rom Federal funds. Supplementation of the NRSA stipend from non-Federal funds is permitted. Other Federal funds nay be used for supplementation only if explicitly authorized by the program from which such funds are derived. No NIH, ADAMHA, or DN grant funds may be used for supplementation. Lois is not intended to discourage in any way the use of Federal loan fiends. this additional support may be provided without obligation by the trainee or may be conditioned on his or her performance of certain services such as teaching or serving as a laboratory assistant. Under no circumstances, however, should the service requirements detract from or prolong the training. Fellows are not entitled to vacations, as such, although those at academic institutions may take the holidays at Christmas, in the Spring, etc., and the short period between semesters or quarters. The time between a summer session and a fall semester is considered an active part of the training period. Those at non-academic institutions are entitled to the normal holiday and vacation periods of the institution. Payback reauirement. Within two years after completion of NRSA support, . recipients of USE Awards are to engage in continuous biomedical or behavioral research or teaching or any combination thereof which is in accordance with usual patterns of academic employment for a period equal to the period of support. Alternatively, if the Secretary, DHEW, determines there are no suitable health research or teaching positions available to the individual, the following may be authorized: (1) If the individual is a physician, dentist, nurse, or other individual trained to provide health care directly to patients, Me Secretary may authorize (a) service 192

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PAGE FIVE in the National Health Service Corps, (b) service in his or her specialty in a geographic area designated by the Secretary, or (c) service in his or her specialty in ~ health maintenance organization serving a medically underserved population; (2) If the individual who received the NRS Award is not trained to provide health care to patients, the Secretary may authorize the individual to engage in some other health-related activity. For each year for which an individual receives a NRS Award he or she shall (a) engage in twelve months of health research or teaching, (b) serve 12 months as a member of the National Health Service Corps, or (c) if authorized by the Secretary for one of the other alternatives, shall serve twenty months for each year of award. For individuals who fail to fulfill their obligation through service, the United States is entitled to recover an amount equal to the amount paid to the individual plus interest. The amount is computed in accordance with a formula which gives only one-half credit to each month of service when the total payback obligation is not completely fulfilled through service. Interest on the amount begins and is at the rate fixed by the Secretary of the Treasury considering private consumer rates which prevail on the date the United States becomes entitled to such amount. . . . Payment must be completed within three years from that date. By Federal Regulation, there are certain conditions under which the Secretary, HEW, may extend the period for undertaking service or for repayment, permit breaks in service, or to otherwise waive or suspend . the payback obligation of an individual where enforcement of the obligation would involve extreme hardship or be against equity and good conscience. Taxabili tY of st ; pends . The Internal Revenue Service has ruled that the NRSA awards are made primarily for the benefit of the grantor and are accordingly not excludable from gross income as fellowships. (IRS Bulletin No. 1977-36, dated September 6, 1977.) - For additional information on the above program write: Office of Research Manpower, Division of Research Grants, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014e The Acohot, ~0`g Abuse, and MQn~ tie~h Adm~on and the D OCR for page 183
APPENDIX B3.3 ATTACHMENT ALCOHOL, DRUG ABUSE, AND MENTAL HEALTH ADMINISTRATION National Research Service Awards Program . Research Areas for Individual and Institutional Awards July 1978 . . . . . . Research areas are described below in which the three-Institutes of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration will offer awards. These areas are def ined in terms of substantive and problem areas for which research manpower is needed, and examples are included of profes- sions:, disciplines, and approaches to be emphasized. Presentation of research areas is not in order of priority. . National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism The research training efforts of the National Institute-on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism are derived from the research program of the Institute which-focuses on the multiple determinants of alcoholism and on the treatment and rehabilitation of alcoholics and alcohol abusers. The research program has as its main goals the reduction of the incidence and prevalence of alcohol abuse and alcoholism, and the reduction of the morbidity and mortality associated with alcohol use, abuse and alcoholism. Research training support may be obtained-for the totality of research and disciplinary areas ranging from basic biochemical and biomedical research to psychosocial and anthropological research. At present, however, the highest priority for funding under the NRSA pro- gram is in social, behavioral, clinical, and treatment research training involving such disciplines as sociology, psychology, anthropology, Epidemiology, health economics , and behavioral genetics. The specific foci of the program are indicated below. Development of Behavior Research training is provided for the study of processes relating -to the development of alcoholism and alcohol abuse. These studies may include examination of basin biological processes; however, priority will be given to applications in the psycho-social disciplines. Of par- ticular interest at the present time are studies of genetic factors in the development of alcoholism; social factors which may influence use of alcohol, particularly in youths; and the development of alcohol problems. ~ ~ - 2. Disorders and Maladaptive Behavior ^. . . . . . The NIAAA emphasizes research training related to the problems of alcoholism and excessive alcohol use, including related medical and 218

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behavior disorders. Proposals are invited for research training in the etiology, diagnosis, treatment, epidemiology, and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems. Eligible training proposals may be con- cerned with such issues as early differential diagnosis of alcoholism, both from other related diseases as well as defining better the distinc- tion between chronic heavy drinking and alcoholism itself; association between a' cohol and other disorders such as heart disease, cancer or depression; efficacy of new and established treatments for various sub- populations; fetal alcohol syndrome; occupational alcoholism; and improved prevention strategies. ~ 3. Social Issues Relating to Alcoholism and Alcohol Problems The NIAAA places high priority on minorities, youth, and women, and seeks research training applications related to these populations. Areas of interest include, for example, cultural patterns in use and abuse of alcohol, special service needs~and problems of these populations. Research training proposals may address legal, political science, and economic aspects of various social issues related to alcoholism, in addi- tion :to psychological and sociological aspects. Examples of areas for which research training support might be provided include the effects of legislation (drinking-driving laws, alcoholic beverage control laws, drinking age, etc.) on patterns and trends in occurrence of alcoholism. 4. Services Research - There is need for highly qualified researchers to develop and apply scientific methodology to problems connected-with developing and improving delivery systems for alcoholism treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention services. Encouraged are applications focused on research training in: the determination of the effectiveness of various services in meeting the needs of particular populations and communities (for example, minorities or occupational alcoholism programs ); epidemiologic techniques as applied to alcoholism service delivery systems, to elucidate, for example, the effects of social and economic factors on the utilization of services; and methods for researching needs assessment and planning approaches, organization, staffing, management, and financing of alcoholism services as factors affecting, for example, the standards and quality of care, utilization, and cost effectiveness.- National Institute on Drug Abuse 1. Development of Behavior Research training will emphasize the development of scientific expertise in behavioral pharmacology, molecular pharmacology, neuro- pharmacology, i-mmunopharmacology, and endocrine pharmacology as these . . . . 219

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disciplines relate to mechanisms underlying the development of substance abuse behaviors . There is also a need to train scientific personnel for basic and applied research in the following areas: analytical chemistry, chemical synthesis, pharmacokinetics, and quantitative structure activity relationships. Additional expertise is needed in the areas of behavioral genetics and pharmacogenetics~as they relate to the addictive process. Specialists are also sought in human personality formation, psychological development, the socialization process, and their interrelationships with addictive life styles. 2. Disorders and Maladaptive Behavior There is need to develop research expertise on complex behavioral and societal factors involved in the etiology and epidemiology of drug absue and related maladaptive behavior. Emphasis will be placed on providing interdisciplinary training and training of behavioral and social scientists in experimental and field analysis of social behavior. Particular emphasis is placed on training of behavioral and social scientists who have an interest in research on substance abuse and its sequelae and analyzing life style factors in clinical and naturalistic settings. Experimental and methodological expertise is needed to develop new measures of incidence, prevalence, and usage patterns of abuse sub- stances. Training also is needed to enable scientists to assess the safety and efficacy of new pharmacological and innovative behavioral treatment modalities and to develop and assess, within both clinical and naturalistic settings, new modalities for treating drug and sub- stance~abuse behavior among various population groups. Emphasis will be given to extending research methodological skills of clinicians in the fields of pharmacology, behavioral pharmacology, and treatment of . . . .. substance abuse. 3. Social Issues Relating to Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Applications for training are encouraged with respect to variations in drug abuse problems among special population groups at risk. Emphasis will be on interdisciplinary research training for social, psychological, and medical scientists. Trained personnel are also needed to conduct research employing anthropological methods for the study of drug use and abuse in different cultures and groups. 4. Services Research Training is needed for social and behavioral scientists to design and execute evaluations of current programs of treatment or prevention. 220

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National Institute of Mental Health . The research objective of NIMH is to better understand the determinants of human behavior particularly relevant to mental illness and mental health. Highly trained researchers are required to produce the new knowledge that is needed. Manpower needs in research related to mental health problems are in four general areas: (1) the processes underlying the development and variation of behavior; (2) mental disorders and maladaptive behavior; (3) social problems related to mental health; and (4) mental health services research. Support is available In these areas as they are relevant to the NIMH mission. 1. Development of Behavior As behavior is determined by biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors, proposals will be accepted for research training in disciplinary or interdisciplinary settings concerned with~these determinants. The development and maintenance of mental health through- out the entire lifespan of the individual is of concern, with special focus on childhood, adolescence, and old age. ~ - Applications concerned with such areas as behavioral genetics, psychobiological aspects of maturation, sensory and motor processes, affective and cognitive processes, and biological bases of social behavior and social organization are eligible for support. The ~nflu- ence of psychotropic drugs on these processes and the mechanisms of action are of special concern to NIMH. Proposals will be considered also in such areas as development of the brain and the central nervous system, at all levels of organization, as they relate to behavior. Proposals are also invited in the areas of social and cognitive development, perception , memory, and language, particularly as they relate to personality research. Other relevant topics include cultural norms of behavior, social structure, social interaction, socio-cultural factors of change and stress, human adaptation, socialization, family dynamics, and in general the effects of socio-cultural environment on the developmental processes of persons, families, and groups. Processes involving adaptive or "normal" behavior are as much of concern as those involving maladaptive or "abnormal" behavior. 2. Mental Disorders and Maladaptive Behavior The mission of the NIMH includes concern for both mental health and mental illness. Proposals are invited for research training in the etiology, diagnosis, psychopathology, treatment, epidemiology, and the prevention of mental disorders and maladaptive behavior in homogeneous and heterogeneous cultural settings. 221

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Eligible training proposals may be concerned with organic and functional disorders involving the nervous system and behavior in gen- eral. Areas of special importance are child mental health problems, mental disorders in later life, schizophrenia, depression and suicide, psychosomatic disorders, and psychoneuroses. Applications are invited for research training to identify life events associated with risk populations and the genetics of mental disorders. Of particular inter- est is training which combines basic biological, psychological, or socio-cultural research with clinical research training in mental disorders and maladaptive behavior. Research training concerned with measurement in the community of dimensions and distribution of mental disorders in terms of incidence, prevalence, and mortality, and an understanding of the factors associated with differential distribution is encouraged. 3. Social Problems Related to Mental Health Applications are sought for research training in several social problem areas as they relate to mental health: (1) understanding crime and delinquency, individual violence, and law/mental health interactions, and evaluating community-based treatment programs for offenders; (2) understanding the relationship between the conditions of urban life, the functioning of communities and families, and the well-being and mental health of the individual; problem areas of special interest are the work situation, economic change, informal helping networks and alternative social forms; (3) understanding minority group concerns including their interest in mental health services, research on planning for the improvement of such services to minority groups, and understand- ing institutional racism and evaluating intervention programs to alleviate it; and (4) understanding the social and other conditions which encourage sexual attacks; the impact of rape on the victim and the family of the victim; evaluating the effectiveness of laws to prevent and control rape; evaluating the effectiveness of programs to assist the victim and the family of the victim, and programs to treat offenders. Training in the area of social problems research is often multi- disciplinary in nature. It covers a broad range of research problems, including basic studies of human behavior, intervention studies concerned with meeting special human needs, and studies on the overall improvement of mental health and social systems. Such problems can be addressed from the level of individual behavior and needs on the one hand, to the level of social institutions and their interactions on the other hand. 4. Mental Health Services Research A major task for the research community is the development of a pool of highly qualified researchers trained to develop, apply, and refine appropriate scientific methodologies for the study of problems related to the delivery of mental health services. 222 /

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Accordingly, applications are sought for research training proposals ~ ~ expand the capabilities of researchers for methodological problems in this area. _ , . designed to strengthen and work on theoretical and . Encouraged are applications focused on training in: epidemiologic techniques as applied to mental health service systems, to elucidate, for example, the effects of social and economic factors on utilization of services; methods for researching needs assessment and planning approaches, organization, staffing management, and financing of mental health services as factors affecting, for example, the standards and quality of care, utilization and cost effectiveness; and methods fo' evaluating the effectiveness of various services in meeting the needs of particular populations or communities. The general research areas described above mental disorders and mal adaptive behavior, (development of behavior, social problems related to ~ , mental health and mental health services research) require the mobili- zation of both disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches. Accord- ingly, the Institute provides support for research training which addresses the problems and priorities discussed above through such disciplines as the following: Biological Sciences: This area consists primarily of: Behavioral Genetics Biological Anthropology Neurobehavioral Sciences Neuroanatomy Neurophysiology Neur op sycho logy Neuroendocrinology Neurochemis try Psycho-Neuropharmacology Ethology Psychological Sciences: This cluster consists primarily of: Child and Developmental (life span) Social, Environmental, and Ecological Sensory Processes, Perception, and Cognition Human Learning and Performance Comparative, Ethological, and Animal Behavior Physiological and Biopsychology Experimental Psychopathology and Personality Evaluation Research Methodology 223 l

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Social Sciences: . This area consists primarily of: Cultural Anthropology Sociology and Social Psychology Economics Political Sciences Epidemiology Clinical Investigators ~ Research training support is also available to train individuals to become or to enhance their skills as clinical investigators in the dis- ciplines and substantive areas described above. Clinical investigators are those individuals with a doctoral or equivalent prof essional degree in a clinical health prof ession (such as medicine ~ clinical psychology, nursing, or social work) who are trained to conduct biological, psycho- logical or social science investigations. , ' ! 224

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APPENDIX B4. 1 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS ~nsTiTuNion~ GranTs Public Health Service Act, Section 472 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE PUBLIC. HEALTH SERVICE HEAITH RESOURCES ADMI~ISTRATIGN BUREAU OF ilEALIR MANPOWER DiVISlON OF NURSING HYATISVIttE. MO. 20782 National Research Service Awards (Institutional Grants) may be provided to eligible institutions to develop or enhance postdoctoral research training opportunities for individuals, selected by the institutions, who are - interested in careers in nursing research and related behavioral and biomedical research. Awards are contingent upon favorable review and the availability of funds. PURPOSE: To extend research training opportunities in nursing and health- related sciences through the support of institutions that offer exceptional training opportunities in selected areas of study. CONDITIONS OF I.WARD: Full-time Study: Appointments are made for full-time training in research. Payback Provisions: Trainees must sign Payback Agreement indicating intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law. PERIOD OF SUPPORT: Institutional grant awards may be made for project periods of up to 5 years. No individual may receive more than 3 years of support in the aggregate under a National Research Service Award. PROVISIONS: Predoctoral stipends are $3,900 per annum. Postdoctoral stipends begin at $10,000 per annum and are determined by the number of years of relevant postdoctoral experience at the time of the award. Institution will receive, upon request, training allowance to include tuition and fees and certain other costs essential to carry Out the training program. ELIGIBILITY: Nonprofit private or non-Federal public institutions in the United States must have the staff and facilities required for the proposed programs. Trainees must be (~) citizens of the t.S. or I`ave been lawfully admitted for permanent residence (individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible); (2) registered professional nurses with active license and a baccalaureate anchor a master's degree in nursing. 225

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- 2 - .. Postdoctoral trainees must have received a doctoral degree as of the date of appointment deco the program, in an area relevant to the proposed research. APPLICATION PROCEDURE: Applicants are urged to contact the Nursing Research Branch for consultation before completing applications (telephone 301-436-6204~. Application kits may be obtained from: Nursing Research Branch Division of Nurs ing, Bar, BRA Center Brag., Room 3-50 3700 East-West Highway Hyattsville, Maryland 20782 DEADLINE DATES FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS: February I;, June I, October I. SELECTION OF AtiARDEES: Institutional Grant applications are subJec:t to both peer review for scientific merit and programmatic merit and to final review by the National Advisory Council on Nurse Training. / March 1978 226 . . . ~ .~ . ~ . . ~ . ..;

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APPENDIX B4. 2 NATIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE AWARDS Predoctoral and Postdoctoral Nurse Fellowship Program Public Health Service Act, Section 472 . . DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE P(JElL-IC HEALTH SERVICE HEAtIN RESOURCES A0~15TRATON BUREAU OF HEALTH MANPOWER DIVISON OF NURSING HYA715VJ[LE, MO. 20782 National Research Service Awards (Nurse Fellowships) may be provided to individual nurses for predoctoral Hand postdoctoral research training in specified areas of nursing and in the biomedical and behavioral fields important to nursing f or periods up to three years. Awards are contingent upon favorable^review and -the availability of funds. He PURPOSES: `~1) ^To increase the opp;ortuni~c-ies : for qualified nurses to -: engage in full-time graduate study and research training; (2) to prepare professional nurses to conduct independent research, collaborate in interdisciplinary research, and stimulate and guide others in nursing research; (3) to promote the availability and utilization of nurses with research training in nursing and/or the basic sciences to function as faculty in schools of nursing at undergraduate and graduate levels; and (4) to prepare nurses to conduct scientific inquiry in disciplines that have significance for nursing theory and practice. CONDITIONS OF AWARD: Full-time Study: Appointments are ode for full-time training in research . Payback Provisions: Trainees must sign Payback Agreement indicating intent to meet the service or payback provisions required under the law. PERIOD OF SUPPORT: No individual may receive more than 3 years of support in the aggregate under a National Research Service Award. PROVISIONS: Predoctoral s tipends are $3, 900 per annum. Postdoctoral stipends begin at $10,000 per anslum and are determined by the numb en of years of relevant postdoctoral experience at ache time of ache award. The sponsoring institution will receive upon request an institutional allowance of $3,000 per annum to help defray such expenses as tuition. fees' etc. ELIGIBILITY: Applicants must be registered professional nurses with active license and either a baccalaureate andfor a master's degree in nursing. Applicants for postdoctoral study must have received a Ph.D., D.N.S., Sc.D., or equivalent degree prior to the beginning date of the proposed fellowship. A,,'.^ ~ Applicants must be citizens or have been lawfully admitted to the United Seates for permanent residence and have in their possession 227

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2 - a permanent visa at the time of application. Or student visas are not eligible. APPLICATION PROCEDURE: and/or kits from: Individuals on temporary Applicants should request further information Nursing Research Branch Division of Nursing, BHM, BRA Center Bldg., Room 3-50 3700 East-West Highway Hyattsville, Maryland 20782 DEADLINE DATES FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS: October l. February I, June I, and SELECTION OF AI]ARDEES: Applications will be evaluated by initial scientific review groups and are also subject to review and action by the National Advisory Council on Nurse Training. March 1978 228 .