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t NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL COMMISSION ON HUMAN RESOURCES 2101 Constitution Avenue Washington, D. C. 20418 COMMITTEE ON A STUDY OF NATIONAL NEEDS FOR BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH PERSONNEL RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE 19 78 REPORT: PERSONNEL NEEDS AND TRAINING FOR BIOMEDICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH PERSONNEL CHA=ER 1. INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY OF NUMERICAL RECOMMENDATIONS, FISCAL YEARS 198 0 - 8 2 Mechanisms of Support. As in last year ' s report the Committee recommends that the federal government continue to support and maintain both tra' ning grant and fellowship pro -trams in the biomedical and behavioral sciences a Specific recommendations for each of the broad areas are reported in the fol- lowing chapters. (Page 11) CHAPTER 2 . BASIC BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Predoctoral Training Levels. The nether of predoctorals supported in For the basic biomedical sciences should be maintained at a level of 4,250 FY 1980 and until such tome as new information indicates to the Committee that a change should be made. (Page 51 ) Postdoctoral Training Levels. The C~ttee recommends that for FY 1980- 82, 3, 200 postdoctorate continue to be supported annually. The Committee f urther recommends that of this number approximately 20 0 postdoctoral awards each year be in the f ield of toxicology or research training related to tox- icology. ( Page 5 1 ) Training Grants and Fellowships. The Committee recommends that institu- tional training grants be the primary mechanism for NRSA support of predoc- toral students in the basic biomedical sciences. Support of postdoctoral training, on the other hand, should utilize primarily the mechanism of in- dividual fellowships. (Page 53) Priority Fields and Announcement Areas. Predoctoral Training. m e Committee recommends that 1) predoctoral train- ing fields not be specified in agency announcements for reasons other than for review and administrative purposes except for epidemiology, biomathematics/ b~ostatistics, and toxicology which are viewed by the Committee as priority areas for predoctoral training; 2 ) NIH provide support for the establishment of prototype, multidi sciplinary, predoctoral training Grant programs in tox- icology and related research areas in order to meet the long-term needs in this field for broadly trained researchers. (Page 55 ) The National Research Council is the principal operating agency of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engi':ec;~..g to serve government and other organizations 96

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Postdoctoral Training. The Committee recommends that 1) in the field of biomathematics/biostatistics, encouragement be given to establishing programs to provide mathematical training for doctorates freon other biomedical sci- ences; 2 ) in the field of epidemiology, encouragement and emphasis be given to attracting and providing postdoctoral training for }5.D.'s; and 3) increased postdoctoral support be provided to the field of toxicology. (Page 55 ) Coordination of N IN Support f or Predoctoral Training. The Committee re c- ommends that NIH establish a procedure for coordinating all of its support for predoctoral training in the basic biomedical sciences. It is suggested that this might be accomplished either through the Of fice of the Director or by placing this administrative responsibility within NIGMS. The purpose of such coordination is to ensure that no aspect of predoctoral training in the basic biomedical sciences, including the fields of biomathematics/biostatistics and epidemiology, is either undersupported or overemphasized. Regardless of the administrative means selected, the f unding institutes should participate fully both in providing appropriate support for the final program adopted by the agency, as well as in the dec~sion-making process whereby this plan is established. ( Page 56 ) Multidisciplinary Training Grants. The Committee recommends that NIH not discourage applications for predoctoral training grants from single depart- ments, and that NIN leave to the peer review system, as part of the applica- tion review process, decisions about what departmental arrangements in each case are best. (Page 57 ) Fellowship Applications. The Committee recommends that the time for re- viewing postdoctoral fellowship applications be reduced by omitting the cur- rently required review and approval by advisory councils and by whatever other means may be possible. (Page 57) CHAPTER 3. BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES Predoctoral/Postdoctoral Support. The Committee recommends that a joint policy be developed by NIH and ADAMHA for Implementing the Committee's recom- mendations so as to permit suitable departures from the recommended overall ratio of 30 percent predoctoral/70 percent postdoctoral support by those in- stitutes that can demonstrate a need for expanding their support of predoc- toral research training. (Page 76) The Committee reaffirms its recommendation that a ratio of 30 percent predoctoral/70 percent postdoctoral be achieved by FY 1981. The Committee recommends further that this ratio be maintained through FY 1982. (Page 77 ) Traineeships/Fellowships. The Committee reaffirms its recommendation that the proportion of traineeship to fellowship awards be maintained at a ratio of about 80 percent to 20 percent through FY 1982. (Page 77 ) Minority Research Training Support. The Committee recommends that ADAMHA waive its two-year restriction to permit recruitment of minority scientists through current NRSA programs. Such a recommendation becomes increasingly feasible in the face of the congressional proposal to extend NRSA predoctoral research training support to a total of 5 years. The Committee commends ADAMHA for its efforts to develop special programs for minorities. At the same time, however, the need continues to recruit such personnel through current programs. (Page 79) 97

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CHAPTER 4. CLINICAL SCIENCES Recommendation. The Committee recommends that 2,800 postdoctoral training - positions be made available in the clin~cal sciences for FY 1980 and should be maintained at this level until new information indicates the need for a change . ( Page 1 0 5 ) Medical Scientist Training Program. The Committee recommends an increase in medical scientist trainees fray 700 in 1979 to 725 in 1980, and that the program remain at that level through 1982. (Page 106 ) CHAPTER 5 . HEALTH SEWICES SEARCH PE=O=EL Predoctoral/Postdoctoral Training. The Committee reaffirms its recom- mendation that ADAMHA expand its program of HSR training at a rate or flu per- cent per year based on FY 1976 levels of support through FY 1982. (Page 123) Recommendation. The Committee recommends that a program of general health services research training be established under the NRSA authority. (Page 125) Traineeships/Fellowships. The Committee recommends that traineeships represent no less than 75 percent of the total number of awards for health services research training. The majority of traineeships should be used to support predoctoral research training. -- ~m-he majority of fellowships should be awarded for postdoctoral training. (Page 125 ) CHAPTER 6. NURSING RESEARCH PERSONNEL Predoctoral/Postdoctoral Training. The Committee recommends that up to 15 percent of the total number of research training awards made available by the Division of Nursing be made at the postdoctoral level as qualified candidates present themselves. (Page 140 ) me _: ~ : _ _ ma _ ___ : ~ _ ~ ~ ~ __ ~ _ ~ _ = ~ _ _ ~ to : ~ _ A:.. ~ : a_ _ 1 ~-~ct-LIlt~ ~11 ~ Use Ells MUIR L=~1tU~~= Aim ~11= ~~U4~ ELI Up ~ 11~1~1 training grant support in nursing research continue to be expanded at the rate specified in Table 1.2. The Committee recommends that institutional awards be made primarily for training nurses in basic science departments that have es- tablished relationships with schools of nursing, in the pattern of the former Nurse Scientist Training Program, and that only a limited number of training grants be provided for research training in graduate departments in well- qualified schools of nursing. (Page 141 ) Fellowshins. The Conuruttee recommends that the annual number of fellow- ship awards by the Division of Nursing remain at 175 through FY 1982, while the shift to training in nursing research is completed. (Page 141) 98