Click for next page ( 210


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 209
t~ ;; a -A 209 APPENDIX D Miscellaneous Data TABLE D1 Estimates of the Total Population of the United States, by Age Group, 1971-2051 210 D2 NIH/ADAMHA/HRSA Expenditures for Research Training Programs, 1971-81 ($ millions) 211 D3 NIH Research Grant Applicants, by Type of Degree, 1970-82 212 D4 NRSA Training Expenditures as a Percentage of NIH /ADAMHA/E1RSA Resear ch Obl ig a t ions, 1971-81 ($ millions) 213 D5 Classif ications of Fields 214

OCR for page 209
210 APPENDIX TABLE D1 Estimates of the Total Population of the United States, by Age Group, 1971-20512/ A e Grou g . P F idol Year lS-l9 Years 20-24 Years 25-29 Years 1971 19,333 17,202 13 ,736 1972 19,789 18,159 14,041 1973 20, 296 18, 153 IS, 240 19 74 20, 719 18, 521 15, 786 197S 21,042 18,975 16,521 1976 21, 285 19, 527 17, 280 1977 21, 534 19, 986 18, 274 1978 21,540 20,499 18,277 1979 21,496 20 ,946 18 ,683 1980 21,402 21, 297 19,178 1981 21,123 21,605 19,763 1982 20, 433 21, 938 20, 17 3 ( Pro j en ted - Middle Ser ies ) 1983 19,829 21,920 20,768 1984 1;9,166 21,8S2 21,168 1985 18,646 21,687 21,523 1986 18, 40 5 21, 282 21, 830 1991 16,9S7 18 ,567 21,503 1996 16, 951 17, 129 18, 80 7 2001 18 ,950 17, 126 17 ,380 2026 18,468 18,121 18,549 2051 18,236 18 ,363 18 ,873 /From the U.S. Bureau of the Census (1965-82). Includes armed forces overseas.

OCR for page 209
211 Go . to E a) C) curl u) ~ c Cal ~ . to Cal to - O ~ ~ ~ o I: O -, 45 JJ - ~ Ut O - a) ~ ~ - CD Q) ~ 3 A: d' s 1 JJ CO 1 t ~ ID 0\ 0 Cat O _ ~ to :~: ~ H U) O Z ~ O ~ :r: ~ - ~ ~1 ~1 ~ S 4~ a) :, m ~5 a, 4 n o

OCR for page 209
212 h D O. 1 1 O a rat . 8 a o ~4 to .,4 P4 D ~ lo, U) H a w m A: EN x H a a P4 PI 54 a) ~ 3 Z # ~ O Z -.1 o2 J~ Q. O Q. E~ ~ V Z ~ ~ O so Z~ . ~ ~ 01 O Qi ~ E~ ,< C ~ 3 Z ~ ~ ~ Q :~ ~Q O E~ rS U) E~ a' D ~, CO ~ ~ ~ o ~ C~ o O ~ ~ ~ 1 tf) U') un 1` ~ ~ ~ ~ C~ U~ C~ OD r~ ~ ~ ~ ~ CD O u~ ~ 0 ~ ~r 1 ~ d' 1D U-) \9 c~ ~ U~ ~ ~ a1 ~ tD ~ ~ ~ ~ co ~ ~ ~ ~ a) ~ co 0 ~D ~ ~ ~ 00 a) ~ 0 a, ~ 0 ~ CO u~ ~ un ~ ~D ~ ~ ~ a' u~ O iC i~ ~ O ~ O ~ 3 Z ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - - O ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ 0 o - ~" mm om ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o :~ n Z ~n 0 ~ ~ c~ tD ~ ~ C~ o 00 ~ tD o 0 O Q~ ~ ~ E~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ im s" ~ ~ ~ ~ ? ~ ~ ~ O ? R S" ~ aD ~ o ~ v0 o a, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ tD o im ~ u~ ~ t Z ~ i~ >0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ? ~ ~ O ~ Q~ ~ Z #:: ~ ~ U~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ U) ~ Q, E~ eq -rl 1~) ? ~D t~ ~ D ~ O ~ L0 t~ tD o i~ ~ t~ ~ d gn ~D ~ ~ ~ :D o t9 ~ O I CO d ~ 1~ I ~ _ d d U-) ~ t9 t OD a~ d~ 1- O ~ ~ ~ r~ k9 ~ ~D r~ O r. 0, ~ ~ _ 3 ,1 s~ aJ a o S3 0 -, C ,1 ic - o o 0 U~ oo l a, .,, o U S i~ U' o .,4 ~ I N _~ _I _I I_ J~ O ~ L~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ CO ~ ~ ~ Z O ~ ~ ~ ~ U~ _~ _~ S O d L~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O a~ ~ CD E4 ~ ~ a, ~ o a~ o~ ~ ~ ~ j ~ ~, ~ _, ~ ~ ~ _/ ~ ~1 ~D O

OCR for page 209
213 o of U) c o .- .,. 4* - CO 1 a c o .- ., o s U' Cal a: lo: := z o c a) Q) a U] Q) Let :' .,, ~:5 a' x 5: a ~1 c .,' U7 a o o . - U] ., a :C ~1 ~1 H A .- ,C ~ ED a :C lo a ~ EM m a: Ed x a : a: ._, . - E~ s v a U' 0 U' dR .,' c . - E~ a U] a, ~: q~ 0 ~ dP CD _4 C E~ S ~n S O ~n dP 2 C -,' C E~ S S~ U' 01 1 0 r~ 0 0 kD ~ O O ~ O O ~ U~ ~ ~ o ~ U~ ~ O O O O In tD Lr) _I _~ ~ ~ C~ C51 ~ ~ ~ tD ~ ~ ~ O cr 0 0 0 0 . . ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ O ~ U~ ~ e, ~ O O ~ O O ~ ID u~ ~ U~ u~ e, ~ u~ a~ ~ ~ u, ~ o' ~r e ~ ~ co ~ ~r ~ ~ 0 co a, . o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~r ~ o' ~ 0 co ~ ~ a~ 0 0 ~ a~ co kD ~ O O _1 _I O4 ~ I ~ (~ O ~o 0 ~ ~ a~ LC, ~ ~ ~ O ~ ~ ~ ~ Ln kD ~ ~ O ~ ~ r~ a' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ co ~ cc U) 0 c~ 0 r~ ~ 1 kD 1 ~ ~ C ._1 U' Z a' ~ ~ ~ cr 0 ~ ~ 0 ~ ~r tU O ~ 0o ~ O O ln un ~ ~ Ln c~ ~ ~ et' ~ a' _l ~ _1 ~ C O ., U' -' a' 0 ~ ~o . . ~ .-' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~o ~ ~ ~ ~ a d. ~ CO ~ ~ \0 ~ kD ~ I a' 0 0 ~ ~ ~ co 0 ~ u~ <: ~ :>1 . ~ D _ ~ ~ o' ~ ~ o kD r~ ~ ~r ~ ~ O ~ Q. a, ~ U~ o ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ t_ ~ . ~ . - O O ~ ~ Ll C ~ Q. O ~ , - ~ Ut u~ ~ ~ a' ~ L9 tD ~ ~ ~ . - . ~ co r~ ~ co ~ u~ ~, ~ ~, O Q . ~ ~ O ~ ~r ~ ~ tD o 0 ~ co s~ . - ~ ~ ~ c~ ~ a~ a a~ oo u~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ kD r~ O CO :~ . ~ ..... . ' 1 C 0 ~ ~n ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~r ~ a:~ r tD 1 - 0 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ CO (D ~ 00 0\ ~ Lt~ r co 1 a~ o c~ ~ ~ ~n tD r~ a~ ~ 0 ~ r~ r~ ~ ~ a:' a, c~ ~, as ~ 0~ a~ ~ ~ \ . ~ ~: a Z ~ 0 0 k4 ~ a 4~ x

OCR for page 209
214 APPENDIX TABLE DS Classifications of Fields NlHa ADAMHAC NASH BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES General Medical and Biological Sciences * Anatomy * Biochemistry * Biophysics * Microbiology * Pathology * Pharmacology * Physiology Multidisciplinaryb Radiation, Nonclinical Entomology * Genetics *Nutrition Hydrobiology Ecology * Cell Biology * Zoology Botany * Biology NEC * General Med. and Bio. Sci. * Environmental Sciences * Toxicology .Hathem~i~cs, Physical Sciences, Engineering, Other Mathematics Chemistry Physics Earth and Related Sciences Agricultural Fields . . :ngmeenng Engineering, HealthRelated Other Hcalth-Related Fields * Biostatistics * Epidemiology Community and Environmental Stealth Accident Prevention Disease Prevention and Control Maternal and Child Health Dental Public Health Mental Health Hospital and Medical Care Other Community Health Radiological Health Water Pollution Control Air Pollution Environmental Engineering Food Protection Occupational Health Health Administration Social Work Pharmacy Other Health-Related Professions Other Environmental Health Fields BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Anatomy Anatomy Histology Pathology Experimental Pathology Cell Biology Embryology * Biology Radio biology Entomology Nutrition Molecular Biology Zoology Botany Biology Developmental Biology Neurobiology Teratology Aging Process Oral Biology * Genetics Genetics Mutagenesis * Microbiology/lmmunology Microbiology Bacteriology Immunology Mycology Parasitology Virology * Pharmacology Pharmacology * Physiology Physiology Reproductive Physiology Endocrinology Communicative Sciences Physiological Optics * Toxicology Toxicology Aquatic Environmental Forensic Inhalation OccupationaVSafety ~ 8A SIC BIOMEDICAL SCIE,~ICES Matherr~tics, Physical Sciences, Engineering, Other Chemistry Biochemistry Biomaterials Chemistry Polymer Chemistry Medicinal Chemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Physics/Engincenng Biophysics Radiation Physics Biomedical Engineering Environmental Engineering Physics Engineering Other Hcalth.Rclated Fields Sta tin tics /Epide rut oloD' / Computer Science * Biostatistics Epidemiology Information Sciences Mathematics Statistics Computer Sciences Anatomy Embryology Animal Physiology Biochemistry Molecular Biology Biostatistics/ Bio ma the mattes Biomedical Engineering Biophysics Environmental Sciences, General Environmental Sciences, Other Environmental Health General Biology Genetics immunology Parasitology Microbiology Pathology Pharmaceutical Chemistry Pharmacology Pharmacy Public Health and Epidemiology Hospital Administration Veterinary Medicine Zoology Cytology Nutrition/ Dietetics Food Science and Technology Other Biological Sciences General Medical Sciences Medicine and Surgery Dentistry Optometry, Ophthalmology Other Medical Sciences

OCR for page 209
215 APPENDIX TABLE DS Classifications of Fields (Continued) NIHa ADAMHAC ~Asd BEHA VIORAL SCIENCES Psychology General and Experimental Comparative and Animal Physiological Developmental Personality Social - Psychological Aspects Abnormal Clinical Educational, Counseling, and Guidance Other Psychology Other Behavioral Sciences Sociology Social Psychology - Sociological Aspects Anthropology Social Sciences and Related Disciplines Other Fields CLl?JlCAL SCIENCES Internal Medicine Allergy Pediatrics Geriatrics Obstetrics~ynecology Radiology Surgery Otorhinolaryngology Ophthalmology Anesthesiology Negro psychiatry Neurology Psychiatry Preventive .\ledicine Other Clinical Medicine Veterinary Medicine Clinical Dentistry .Nft'RSING ftESEARCf! BEHA VIORAL SCIENCES Psychology Experimental and General Psychophysics Physiological Psychology and Psychobiology Developmental and Child Personality Social Community and Ecological Other Behavioral Sciences Health Administration and Public Health Education and Guidance Sociology Demography or Population Dynamics Anthropology Linguistics Social Sciences and Related Disciplines Economics Political Science Bioethics Social/Behavioral Sciences CLINICAL SCIENCES Psychiatry Other Clinical Medicine Nursing Social Work Clinical Psychology BEHA ~ IORA L SCIENCES Psychology General Clinical Counseling and Guidance Developmental and Gerontological Educational School Experimental Comparative Physiological Psychometrics Social Industrial and Personnel Personality Human Engineering Behavior/ Ethology Other Psychology Other Behavioral Sciences Anthropology Sociology Speech and Hearing Sciences These fields correspond to those defined by the Committee as the Basic Biomedical Sciences. See NRC (1975-81, 1977 Report, p. ~9). aSince 1962, the NIH has used a classification scheme called the DiscipLine/Specialty/Field Code (DSF) to classify areas of training for its trainees and fellows. The major categories of that scheme are shown in this table. They have been grouped into 4 broad areas of research that the Committee has established for purposes ot'this study. bMost of the trainees in the Medical Scientist Training Program are classifed in this category. CThese fields represent the lexicon established by ADAM HA to classify areas of training tor its NRSA trainees and fellows. dThese fields are used by the National Research Councilts Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients to identify fields of Ph.D. specialization and fields of employment.