physical oceanography (APROPOS). Be visionary! — feel free to amend this list or synthesize where questions appear closely related.

  1. For those important scientific questions that are pertinent to your theme, assess the potential for seafloor observatories to make significant scientific contributions. Please use the following rating for seafloor observatories as potential tools to address the scientific issues:

E = Essential (without seafloor observatories, breakthrough advances on this issue cannot be made)

U = Useful (seafloor observatories will provide information that is useful and important, but not sufficient to resolve important issues)

N = Not needed or not appropriate

In rating the scientific potential for seafloor observatories, please amplify with comments to justify your results.

Please list any scientific questions that arose from your discussions which were not on the lists below.

  1. For the scientific questions where observatories were felt to be essential or useful, what are some specific advances or breakthroughs that you would anticipate to result from seafloor observatory capabilities?

  1. What are the strategic impacts on research methodology that will result from establishment of seafloor observatories?


Charge for Breakout Group 2: Which observatory type is best suited to investigate the scientific problems identified in Breakout Group 1?

The aim of this breakout session is to begin discussing the technical needs for seafloor observatories within the context of the scientific problems deemed to benefit from observatory science.

  1. For each of the scientific problems that were classified as benefiting from observatory science in Breakout Group 1, identify which of the observatory types listed below would be best suited to answer the scientific question. Please justify your answer.

Relocatable Observatory: An observatory that is expected to be installed at a site for a limited period of time (up to a few years) and capable of then being

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