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REFERENCES _/ National Center for Health Statistics. Basic Data on Dental Examination Findings of Persons 1-74 Years, United States, 1971-74. Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES). Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 214, 1979. 2/ National Center for Health Statistics. Current Estimates frown the Health Interview Survey, 1977. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 126, 1978. 3/ Newman, J.F. and Anderson, O.W. Patterns of Dental Service Utilization in the United States: A Nationwide Social Survey. University of Chicago, Center for Health Administration Studies, Research series 30, 1972. Koos, E.L. The Health of Regionville. New York: Columbia Univer- sity Press, 1954. 5/ American Dental Association. Bureau of Economic Research and Statistics. A Motivational Study of Dental Care. JAI)A 56:566-74, 1953. 6/ Kriesberg, L. and Treiman, B.R. Socioeconomic Status and the Utilization of Dentists' Services. J Am Coll Dent 27~3~:147-67, 1960. 7/ Suchman, E.A. and Rothman, A.A. The Utilization of Dental "Services. NY St Dent J 31:151-58, 1965. 8/ Avnet, H.H. and Nikias, M.K. Insured Dental Care. New York Group Health Dental Insurance, Inc., 1967. 9/ Hochstim, J.R.; Athanasopoulos, D.A.; and Larkins, J.H. Poverty Area Under the Microscope. Am J Pub Hlth 58:1815-27, 1968. 10/ Nikias, M.K. Social Class and the Use of Dental Care Under Prepayment. Med Care 6:381-393, September-October 1968. Okada, L.M. and Aparar, G. Dental Visits by Income and Race in Ten Urban and Two Rural Areas. Am J Pub Hlth 66:878-85, September 1976. 12/ National Center for Health Statistics. Edentulous Persons, United States, 1971. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 89, 1974. 13/ See reference 1. 109

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14/ See reference 1. 15/ See reference 1. 16/ See reference 1. 17/ National Center for Health Statistics. Basic Data on Dental Examination Findings of Persons 1-74 Years, United States, 1971-74. Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (RANES). Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 214, 1979; and National Center for Health Statistics, Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, unpublished data. 18/ See reference 2. 19/ National Center for Health Statistics. Current Estimates from the Health Interview Survey, U.S., 1975. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 115, 1975. 20/ National Center for Health Statistics. Dental Visits, Time Interval Since Last Visit, United States, July 1963-June 1964. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 29, 1966. 21/ National Center for Health Statistics. Current Estimates from the Health Interview Survey, United States, 1969. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 63, 1969. 22/ National Center for Health Statistics. Current Estimates from the Health Interview Survey, United States, 1973. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 95, 1973. 23/ National Center for Health Statistics. Current Estimates from the Health Interview Survey, United States, 1973. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 95, 1973. 24/ National Center for Health Statistics. Current Estimates from the Health Interview Survey, U.S., 1976. Vital and TTealth Statistics, Series 10, No. 95, 1973. 25/ See reference 20. _ / National Center for Health Statistics. Volume of Dental Visits, United States, July 1963-June 1964. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10, No. 23, 1965. _ / National Center for Health Statistics. Dental Visits: Volume and tional Center for Health Statistics. Dental Visits: Volume and Interval Since Last Visit, United States, 1969. Vital and Realth Statistics, Series 10, No. 76. 110

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28/ See reference 3. 29/ See reference 19. _ / See reference 20. _ / See reference 26. 32/ See reference 2. 33/ See reference 3. 34/ See reference 20. _ / See reference 7. _ / See reference 26. 37/ See reference 2. _ / See reference 26. _ / See reference 3. _ / See reference 20. 41/ See reference 11. 42/ See reference 26. 43/ See reference 12. 44/ Salber, E.J.; Greene, S.B.; Feldman, J.J.; and Hunter, G. Access to Health Care in a Southern Rural Community. Med Care 14:971-986, December 1976. _ / National Center for Health Statistics. Unpublished Data from the Health Interview Survey, Source P-7703, United States, 1977. 46/ Douglass, C.W. and Cole, K.O. Utilization of Dental Services in the United States. J Dent Educ 43:223-238, April 1979. 47/ See reference 9. _ / See reference 44. 49/ See reference 3. _ / See reference 26. 111

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_/ See reference 27. 52/ Young, W.O. and Striffler, D.F. The Dentist, His Practice, and His Community. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1969. 53/ See 54/ See 55/ See reference 44. reference 3. reference 8. 56/ See reference 9. 57/ See 58/ See reference 8. reference 45. 59/ See reference 45. 60/ Haefner, D.P.; Kegeles, S.S.; Kirscht, J; and Rosenstock, I.M. Preventive Actions in Dental Disease, Tuberculosis, and Cancer. Pub Hlth Rep 82: 451-459, 1967. 61/ See reference 20. 62/ See reference 5 . 63/ See reference 4. 64 / Friedson, E. and Feldman, J.J. The Public Looks at Dental Care. JADA 57:325-335, 1958. 65/ See reference 8. 66/ See reference 10. _/ Kegeles, S.S. Some Motives for Seeking Preventive Dental Care. JADA 67: 90-98, 1963. 68/ See reference 6. 69/ House, D.R. Barriers to Access to Dental Care: An Economic Examination. Unpublished manuscript, 1978-79. 70/ Frazier, P.J.; Jenny, J.; and Bagramian, R.A. Parents' Descriptions of Barriers Faced and Strategies User! to Obtain Dental Care. J Pub Hlth Dent 34:22-38, 1974. 71/ See reference 67. 112

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72/ See reference 64. 73/ Tash, R.H.; O'Shea, R.M.; and Cohen, L.K. Testing a Preventive- Syrnptomatic Theory of Dental Health Behavior. Am J Pub Hlth 59:514- 521, March 1969. 74/ See reference 6. 75/ Kriesberg, L. and Treiman, B.R. Preventive Utilization of Dentists' Services Among Teenagers. J Am Coll Dent 29:28-45, 1962. 76/ Bulman, J.S.; Richards, N.D.; Slack, G.L.; and Willcocks, A.J. Demand and Need for Dental Care: A Socio-Dental Study. London: Oxford University Press, 1968. 77/ Ramsdell, L.C. An Analysis of the Health Interests and Needs of West Virginia High School Students--A Report. J Sch Hlth 42:477-480, October 1972. 78/ See reference 6. 79/ O'Shea, R.M. and Gray, S.B. Dental Patients' Attitudes and Behavior Concerning Prevention. Pub Hlth Rep 83:405-410, 1968. 80/ Rayner, J.F. Socioeconomic Status and Factors Influencing the Dental Health Practices of Mothers. Am J Pub Hlth 60 :1250-1258, July 1970. 81/ See reference _/ See reference 83/ See reference 84/ See reference 85/ See reference 6. 60. 75. 75. 67. 86/ Kegeles, S.S. Why People Seek Dental Care: A Test of a Conceptual Formulation. J Hlth Hum Beh 4:166-173, Fall 1963 . 87/ See reference 60. 88/ Rosenstock, I.M. et al. Public Knowledge, Opinion and Action Concerning Three Public Health Issues: Radioactive Fallout, Insect and Plant Sprays and Fatty Foods. J Hlth Hum Beh 7:91-98, Summer 1966. 89/ Kegeles, S.S.; Kirscht, J.P.; flaefner, D.P. Survey of Beliefs About Cancer Detection and Taking Papanicolaou Tests. Pub Hlth Rep 80: 815-823, September 1965 . 113

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90/ Kirscht, J.P.; Haefner, D.P.; Kegeles, S.S.; and Rosenstock, I.M. A National Study of Health Beliefs. J filth Hum Beh 7:248-254, Winter 1966. 91/ See reference 12. 92/ See reference 12. 93/ Darley, F.L. Diagnosis and Appraisal of Communication Disorders. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1964 94/. Personal communication with T. McKiver, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of North Carolina Dental School, July 1977. 95/ Jensen, R. Anterior Teeth Relationship and Speech. Acta Radiol Supplement, 276, Stockholm, 1968, pp. 62-69. 96/ MacGregor, F.C. Some Psycho-social Problems Associated with Facial Deformities. Am Sociol Rev 16:629-38, 1951. 97/ Richardson, S.A.; Goodman, N.; Hastorf, A.H.; and Dornsbush, S. Cultural Uniformity in Reaction to Physical Disabilities. Am Sociol Rev 26:241-47, 1961. 98/ Berschied, E. and Walster, E. Beauty and the Best, Psych Today 5:42- 46, 74, March 1972. 99/ Davis, F. Deviance Disavowal: The Management of Strained Inter- action by the Visibly Handicapped. Soc Prob 9:120-32, Fall 1961. 100/ Goffman, E. Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1963. 101/ Wictorin, L.; Hillerstrom, K.; and Sorensen, S. Biological and Psycho-social Factors in Patients with Malformation of the Jaws: A Study of 95 Patients Prior to Treatment. Scand J of Plast and Reconst Surg 3:138-43, 1969. 102/ Peters, J.P. _ al. Sociological Aspects of Cleft Palate Adults: IV Social Integration. Cleft Pal 12:304-10, 1975. 103/ National Academy of Sciences. Seriously Handicapping Orthodontic Conditions. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1976. 104/ Giddon, D.B.; Rude, C.M.; and Belton, D.E. Psychological Problems of the Physically Handicapped Patient. Int Dent J 25:199-205, 1975. 105/ Burnett, G.W.; Scherp, H.W. ; and Shuster, G. S. Oral Microbiology and Infectious Disease. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1976. 106/ See reference 1. 114

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107/ See reference 1. 108/ National Center for Health Statistics. Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Among Children, United States. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 106, 1971. 109/ National Center for Health Statistics. Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Among Youths, 12-17 Years. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 144, 1974. 110/ See reference 108. 111/ See reference ~ 112/ See reference 1. 113/ See reference 1. 114/ Ludwig, T.G. The Hastings Fluoridation Project V--Dental Effects Between 1954 and 1964, NZ Dent J 61:175-179, 1965. 115/ Arnold, F.A.; Dean, H.T.; Jay, P.; and Knutson, J.W. Effect of Fluoridated Public Water Supplies and Dental Caries Prevalence. Pub Hlth Rep 71:652-658, 1956. 116/ Arnold, F.A.; Likins, R.C.; Russell, A.L.; and Scott, D.B. Fifteenth Year of the Grand Rapids Fluoridation Study. JAT)A 65:780- 785, 1962. 117/ Ast, D.B. and Fitzgerald, B. Effectiveness of Water Fluoridation. JADA 65:581-587, 1962. 118/ Committee on Research into Fluoridation. The Fluoridation Studies in the United Kinadom and the Results Achieved After E levee Years. . London: HMSO, 1969. 119/ Murray, J.J. Fluorides in Caries Prevention. Bristol: John . . . Wright & Sons, 1969. 120/ Carlos, J.P., ed. Prevention and Oral Health. Conference sponsored by the Fogarty International Center and National Institutes of Dental Research, Bethesda, Maryland. DREW Publication No. (NIH) 74-707, 1974. 121/ The Present and Future Prospects for the Prevention of the Principal Oral Diseases. Report prepared by the staff of the Dental Research Institute, Forsyth Dental Center, Boston. In Healthy People: The Surgeon General s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, DlIEW Publication No. 79-55071A, 1979. 115

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122/ Burt, B., ed. The Relative Efficiency of Methods of Caries Prevention in Dental Public Health. Proceedings of a workshop at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan' June 5-8' 1978. 123/ General Accounting Office. Reducing Tooth Decay--More Empahsis on Fluoridation Needed. Report to the Congress of the United States by the Comptroller General. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office, April 1979. 124/ See reference 123. 125/ Horowitz, H.S.; Heifetz, S.B.; Law, F.E.; and Driscoll, W.S. School Fluoridation Studies in Elk Lake, Pennsylvania, and Pike County, Kentucky--Results After Eight Years. Am J Pub Hlth 58:2240-2250, 1968. 126/ Horowitz, H.S. Fluoridating School Water Supplies. In Internatonal Symposium on Fluoridation and Preventive Dentistry, pp. 79-87, Washington, D.C.: Public Health Service, 1969. 127/ Yacovone, J.A. and Lisanti, V.F. Effect of Part-time Exposure to Natural Water-borne Fluorides on the Incidence of Dental Caries. Arch Oral Biol 1:265-275, 1960. 128/ Bushel, A. and Smith, D.J. Newburgh-Kingston Fluorine Study X-- Dental Findings for 17 Year Old Group After Nine Years of Fluorine Experience. NYJ Dent 25:215-218, 1955. 129/ Horowitz, H.S.; Law, F.E.; and Prtizker, T. Effect of School Water Fluoridation on Dental Caries, St. Thomas, V.I. Pub filth Rep 80:381- 388, 1965. 130/ See reference 115. 131/ Heifetz, S.B.; Horowitz, H.S.; and Driscoll, W.S. Effect on School Water Fluoridation on Dental Caries: Results in Seagrove, N.E. after Eight Years. JADA 97:193-196, August 1978. 132/ Burk, D. and Yiamouyiannis, J. Fluoridation and Cancer. Congressional Record 121:7172-7176, July 21, 1975. 133/ Yiamouyiannis, J. and Burk D. Cancer From Our Drinking Water? Congressional Record 121:12731-34, December 16, 1975. 134/ Doll, R. and Kunlen, L. Fluoridation of Water and Cancer Mortality in the U.S.A. Lance t 1:1300-02, June 18, 1977. 135/ Hoover, R.N.; McKay, F.W.; and Farumeni, J.F. Jr. Fluoridated Drinking Water and the Occurrence of Cancer. J Nat Canc Inst 57:757-68, 1976. 116

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136/ Erickson, J.D. Mortality in Selected Cities with Fluoridated and Non-Fluoridated Water Supplies. NF.JM 298:1112-16, May 18, 1978. 137/ See reference 122. 138/ See reference 122. 139/ See reference 122. 140/ Heifetz, S.B.; Franchi, G.J.; Mosley, G.W.; MacDougall, O.; and Brunell, J. Combined Anticariogenic Effect of Fluoride Gel-tray and Fluoride Mouthrinsing in an Optimally Fluoridated Community. Clin P rev Dent 1:21-28, January-February 1979. 141/ See reference 122. 142/ See reference 120. 143/ See reference 121. 144/ See reference 132. 145/ See reference 122. 146/ Horowitz, H.S.; Heifetz, S.B.; Meyers, R.J.; Driscoll, W.S.; and Korts, D.C. Evaluation of a Combination of Self-administered Fluoride Procedures for the Control of Dental Caries in a Nonfluoride Area: Findings After Four Years. JADA 98:219-223, February 1979. 147/ See reference 148/ See reference 149/ See reference 150/ See reference 151/ See reference 152/ Bo 122. 122. 120. 121. 120. janini, J.; Garces, H.; McCune, R.J.; and Pineda, A. Effective- ness of Pit and Fissure Sealants in the Prevention of Caries. J Preven Dent 3:31-34, November-December 1976. 153/ Brooks, J.D.; Mertz-Fairhurst, E.J.; Della-Guistina, V.E.; Fairhurst, C.W.; and Williams, J.E. A Comparative Study of the Retention of Two Pit and Fissure Sealants: One-year Results. J Preven Dent 3:43-46, September-October 1976. 154/ Buonocore, M.G. Adhesive Sealing of Pits and Fissures for Caries Prevention, With Use of Ultraviolet Light. JADA 80:324-328, February 1970. 117

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155/ Gourley, J.M. A Two-year Study of a Fissure Sealant in Two Nova Scotia Communities. J Pub Health Dent 35:132-137, Spring 1975. 156/ McCune, R.J.; Horowitz, H.S.; {leifetz, S.B.; and Cvar, J. Pit and Fissure Sealants: One-year Results From a Study in Kalispell, Montana. JADA 87:1177-1180, November 1973. 157/ Ripa, L.W. and Cole, W.W. Occlusal Sealing and Caries Prevention: Results 12 Months After a Single Application of Adhesive Resin. J Dent Res 49:171-172, February 1970. 158/ Rock, W.P. Fissure Sealants: Results Obtained with Two Different Bis-GMA Type Sealants. Oral Health 63:9-12, December 1973. 159/ See reference 122. 160 / Heifetz, S.B.; Bagramian, R.A.; Suomi, J.D.; and Segreto, V.A. Programs for the Mass Control of Plaoue In Annrni.~l .T P',h Hlth Dent 33:91-95, 1973 161/ Lindhe, J. and Axelsson, P. The Effect of Controlled Oral Hygiene and Topical Fluoride Application on Caries and Gingivitis in Swedish School-children. Comm Dent and Oral Epi 1:9-16, 1973. Axelsson, P. and Lindhe, J. The Effect of a Preventive Program on Dental Plaque, Gingivitis, and Caries in Schoolchildren--Results after One and Two Years. J Clin Periodont 1:126-138, 1974. 162/ 163/ Lindhe, J.; Axelsson, P.; and Tollskog, G. Effect of Proper Oral Hygiene on Gingivitis and Dental Caries in Swedish Schoolchildren. Comm Dent and Oral Epi 6:17-23, 1978. 164/ Hamp, S.E.; Lindhe, J.; Fornell, J.; Johansson, L.A.; and Karlsson, R. Effect of a Field Program Based on Systematic Plaque Control on Caries and Gingivitis in Schoolchildren after Three Years. CoTnm Dent Oral Epi 6:17-23, 1978. 165/ See reference 122. 166/ Gustafsson, B.E.; Quensel, C.E.; and Lanke, L.S. The Vipeholm Dental Caries Study: The Effect of Different Levels of Carbohy- drate Intake on Caries Activity in 436 Individuals Observed for 5 Years. Acta Odont Scand 11:232-364, 1954. 167/ Bibby, B.G. The Cariogenicity of Snack Foods and Confections. JADA 90:121-132, January 1975. 168/ See reference 122. 169/ See reference 122. 118

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170/ Pelton, W.J.; Dunbar, J.B.; McMillan, R.S.; Moller, P.; and Wolff, A.E. The Epidemiology of Oral Health. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1969. 171/ See reference 105. 172/ Socransky, S.S. Relationship of Bacteria to the Etiology of Perio- dontal Disease. J Dent Res (Suppl. to No. 2) 49:203-222, 1970. 173/ Arno A.; Waerhaug, J.; Lovdal, A.; and Schel, O. Incidence of Gingivitis as Related to Sex, Occupation, Tobacco Consumption, Toothbrushing, and Age. Oral Surg, Oral Med. Oral Path 11:587-595, 1958. 174/ O'Leary, T.J.; Shannon, J.L.; and Prigmore, J.R. Clinical Correla- tions and Systemic Status in Periodontal Disease, J So Calif Dent Assn 30:47, 1962. 175/ Ash, M.M., Jr.; Gitlin, B.N.; and Smith, W.A. Correlation Between Plaque and Gingivitis, J Periodont 35: 424-429, 1964 . 176 Schultz-Haudt, S. and Scherp, H.~. Lysis of Collagen by Human Gingival Bacteria. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 89:697-700, 1955. 177/ Dewar, M.R. Bacterial Enzymes and Periodontal Disease. J Dent Res 37:100-106, 1958. 178/ Gibbons, R.J. and MacDonald, J.B. Degradation of Collagenous Substrates by Bacteroides Melaninogenicus. J Bacteriol 81:614-621, 196 1. 179/ Fullmer, H.M. and Gibson, W. Collagenolytic Activity in Gingivae of Man, Nature 209:728-729, February 1966. 180/ Beutner, E.H.; Triftshauser, C.; and Hazen, S.P. Collagenase Activity of Gingival Tissue from Patients with Periodontal Diseases. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 121:1082-1085, 1966. 181/ Bennick, A. and Hunt, A.M. Collagenolytic Activity in Oral Tissues, Arch Oral Biol 12:1-9, 1967. 182/ See reference 121. 183/ Socransky, S.S. Microbiology of Periodontal Disease--Present Status and Future Considerations. J Periodont 48:497-504, 1977. 184/ See reference 172. 185/ Gorlin, R.J.; Stallard, R.E.; and Shapiro, B.L. Genetics and Periodontal Disease. J Periodont 38:5-10, 1967. 119

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215/ Hofbeche, J.D.; Ruljancich, M.K.; and Reade, P.C. A Clinical Trial of the Efficacy of a Cetylpyridinium Chloride-based Mouthwash I: Effect on Plaque Accumulation and Gingival Condition. Aust Dent J 20:397-404, December 1975. 216/ See reference 1. 217/ Greene, J.C. The Case for Preventive Periodontics. J Dent Child, 42: 24-27, January-February 1975. 218/ See reference 170. 219/ See reference 170. 220/ Moyers, R.E. and Jay, P. eds. Orthodontics in Mid-century. Louis, Missouri: C.V. Mosby, Co., 1959. 221/ National Center for Health Statistics. An Assessment of Occlusion of the Teeth of Children 6-11 Years. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 130, November 1973. 222/ Morris, A.L., Chairman, National Research Council Study of Seriously Handicapping Orthodontic Conditions. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1976. 223/ See reference 103. 224/ See reference 221. 225/ See reference 221. 226/ See reference 103. - 227/ Dunning, J.M. Principles of Dental Public Health (3rd ed.~. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979. 228/ Finn, S.B. Clinical Pedodontics (3rd ed.~. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1967. 229/ See reference 22? 230/ American Dental Association. Bureau of Economic Research and ~ , Statistics The 1977 Survey of Dental Practice. Chicago: American Dental Association, 1978. 122

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231/ U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Bureau of Health Manpower. Dental Manpower Fact Book. DREW Publication No. (HRA) 80-21, March 1979. 232/ American Dental Association. Bureau of Economic and Behavioral Research Manpower Resource Book, 1979. Chicago: American Dental Association, 1979. 233/ See reference 232. 234/ U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service. A Report to the President and Congress on the Status of Health Professions Personnel in the IJnited States. DREW Publication No. (HRA) 78-93, 1978. 235/ American Dental Association. Council on Dental Education Dental Education in the United States, 1976. Chicago: American Dental Association, 1976. See reference 232. 237/ See reference 234. 238/ U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Bureau of Health Manpower. Forecasts of Employment in the Dental Sector to 1995. DlIEW Publication No. (ala) 79-6, 1979. 239/ See reference 238. 240/ See reference 234. 241/ See reference 231. 242 / Lobene, R.R.; Berman, K.; Chaisson, L.B.; Karelas, lI.A.; and Nolan, L.F. The Forsyth Experiment in Training of Advanced Skills Hygienists. J Dent Ed 38:369-379, 1974. 243/ Personal Communication with James Ake, Division of Manpower Analysis, Bureau of lIealth Manpower, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 18 January 1980. 244/ See reference 234. 245/ See reference 45. 246/ See reference 232. 247/ See reference 230 248/ See reference 45. 123

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249/ American Dental Association. Bureau of Economic Research and Statistics The 1975 Survey of Dental Practice. Chicago: American Dental Association, 1977. 250/ U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Bureau of Health Manpower. Facts on Dental Manpower Compiled by the Division of Dentistry, 1978. 251/ Schoen, M.H. Dental Care Delivery in the United States. In International Dental Care_Delivery Systems, J.I. Ingle and P. Blair, eds. Cambridge: Ballinger Publishing Co., 1978. 252/ See reference 230. 253/ See reference 238. 254/ American Dental Association. Bureau of Economic Research and Statistics Facts About States for the Dentist Seeking a Location. Chicago: American Dental Association, 1973. 255/ American Dental Association. Bureau of Economic Research and Statistics Facts About States for the Dentist Seeking a Location. Chicago: 1976. 256/ American Dental Association. Bureau of Economic Research and Statistics Distribution of Dentists in the U.S. by State, _ Region, District, and County. Chicago: American Dental Associa- tion, 1976. 257/ See reference 243. 258/ American Dental Association. Council on Dental Education. Annual Report on Dental Auxiliary Education, 1977-78. Chicago: American Dental Association, 1978. 259/ See reference 230 260/ See reference 258 261/ See reference 25E 262/ U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. National Center for Health Statistics. Health Resources and Utilization Statistics , 1976 . DREW Publication No . (PHS ) 7 9-1245, 1978. 263/ See reference 230. 264/ See reference 230. 265/ See reference 258. 124

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266/ Kilpatrick, K.E.; MacKenzie, R.S.; and Delaney, A.G. Expanded Function Auxiliaries in General Dentistry: A Computer Simulation. Hlth Serv Res 7:288-300, Winter 1972. 267/ Lipscomb, J. and Scheffler, R.M. Impact of Expanded-duty Assistants on Cost and Productivity in Dental Care Delivery. Hlth Serv Res 10:14-35, Spring 1975. 268/ Douglass, C.~.; Gillings, D.B.; Moore, S.; and Lindahl, R.L. Expanded Duty Dental Assistants in Solo Private Practice. J Am Col Dent 43:144-163, July 1976. 269/ Douglass, C.W. and Lipscomb, J. Expanded Function Dental Auxiliaries: Potential for the Supply of Dental Services in a National Dental Program. J Dent Educ 43:556-567, September 1979. 270/ Council of State Governments National Task Force on State Dental Policies. J Dent F.duc 43 (Part 2~:91-94, October 1979. 271/ Lewis, M.H. Saskatchewan Dental Plan Report. Regina, Canada: Province of Saskatchewan Department of Health, August 1975. 272/ See reference 242. 273/ Ambrose, E.R.; lord, A.B.; and Simpson, W.J. A Quality Evaluation of Specific Dental Services Provided by the Saskatchewan Dental Plan, Final Report. Regina, Canada: Province of Saskatchewan Department of Health, February 1976. 274/ Redig, D.; Dewhirst, F.; Nevitt, G.; and Snyder, M. Delivery of Dental Services in New Zealand and California. J So Cal Dent Assn 275/ See reference 241. 276/ See reference 242. 277/ Keenan, G.W. The Saskatchewan Dental Nurse: An Expanded Duty Auxiliary. J Can Dent Assn 6:344-345, 197S. 278/ See reference 242. 279/ See reference 230. 280/ See reference 23Q 281/ See reference 230. 282/ See reference 230. 125

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