APPENDIX

Workshop Agenda and Participants

Opportunities to Promote Child and Adolescent Development During the After-School Hours

Committee on Community-Level Programs for Youth

Board on Children, Youth, and Families

National Research Council/Institute of Medicine

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Lecture Room

Washington, D.C.

October 21, 1999

8:30-9:00 a.m.

Registration and Continental Breakfast

9:00-9:30 a.m

Welcome, Introductions, and Purpose of the Workshop

Michele Kipke, Director, Board on Children, Youth, and Families

Jacquelynne Eccles, Workshop Chair Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

Mary Larner, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation



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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP APPENDIX Workshop Agenda and Participants Opportunities to Promote Child and Adolescent Development During the After-School Hours Committee on Community-Level Programs for Youth Board on Children, Youth, and Families National Research Council/Institute of Medicine National Academy of Sciences 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Lecture Room Washington, D.C. October 21, 1999 8:30-9:00 a.m. Registration and Continental Breakfast 9:00-9:30 a.m Welcome, Introductions, and Purpose of the Workshop Michele Kipke, Director, Board on Children, Youth, and Families Jacquelynne Eccles, Workshop Chair Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan Mary Larner, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP 9:30-10:30 a.m. Why Do We Need After-School Programs? Karen Hein, William T. Grant Foundation Terry Peterson, U.S. Department of Education Jennifer Davis, Office of the Mayor, Boston, MA Q&A and General Discussion 10:30-11:00 a.m. Meeting the Developmental Needs of Children and Adolescents: What are the Roles of Schools and After-School Programs? Jacquelynne Eccles, Workshop Chair Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan Q&A and General Discussion What are the developmental needs, challenges, and opportunities of children ages 5 to 14? How are children in this age group spending their out-of-school time? What types of programs are most likely to address these developmental needs? 11:00-11:15 a.m. Break

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP 11:15-12:30 p.m. Opportunities and Challenges to Designing and Implementing After-School Programs Jane Quinn, DeWitt Wallace-Reader’s Digest Fund Joy Dryfoos, Hastings-on-the-Hudson Robin L. Jarrett, Department of Human and Community Development, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Q&A and General Discussion What are the different types of after-school programs that have been developed to promote positive developmental outcomes among 5-to 14-year-olds? What are innovative approaches to linking school with after-school programs and community resources? What are the essential ingredients (e.g., approaches, setting, staffing, auspices, duration, services) of high-quality after-school programs? Does this vary with the population served and with the domain of development under consideration? Are there particular populations that appear to benefit more from after-school programs than others? Are there particular populations that are not being reached by after-school programs? How might we better reach these children and adolescents? 12:30-1:00 p.m. Lunch 1:00-3:00 p.m. Innovative Approaches to Delivering and Evaluating After-School Programs Programs Children’s Aid Society, Richard Negron LA’s Best Program, Carla Sanger Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Carter Savage Moderator: Jane Quinn, DeWitt Wallace-Reader’s Digest Fund Q&A and General Discussion What are the goals of your programs?

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP When are your services provided, where are they delivered, and to whom are they targeted? How, if at all, are your services integrated with what happens during the regular school day? How are parents involved in your program? Do children have a choice in the services they receive? How much of the time is allocated for academics and how much time is allocated for programs that draw on youth development principles, e.g., how are youth involved in the design and delivery of services? Do you conduct outreach to engage children and adolescents who are not accessing services? Does your program attempt to be all inclusive or does it encourage membership (e.g., families are asked to provide a membership fee)? How do you define high-quality after-school program services? What are the challenges of generalizability, replication, and sustainability? What training and credentialing are required of your staff? Evaluation Methods Elizabeth Reisner, Policy Studies Associates Constancia Warren, Academy for Educational Development Moderator: Robert Halpern Erikson Institute Q&A and General Discussion What are the intended and desired outcomes for these after-school programs, and what are the strengths and limitations of existing indicators and data sources commonly used to evaluate and monitor the success of these programs? What are the strengths and limitations of methods typically used to evaluate these programs? How well do these after-school programs meet the needs of children, families, and communities?

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP 3:00-4:20 p.m. Bridging Research, Policy, and Practice Heather Weiss, Harvard Family Research Project, Harvard University Joan Lombardi, Bush Center in Child Development and Social Policy, Yale University Karen Pittman, International Youth Foundation Discussant:Michele Cahill, Carnegie Corporation of New York Q&A and General Discussion What are the costs and benefits of after-school programs? What should the next generation of after-school programs look like? Is there a body of research that is not being applied to this field? Are there programs that are not being evaluated, and what is the right standard for evaluating these kinds of programs? How can we ensure that after-school programs ensure the development, health, safety, and well-being of all children and adolescents? 4:20 p.m. Concluding Remarks Michele Kipke 4:30 p.m. Adjourn

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS Sharon Adams-Taylor, Director of Children’s Initiatives, American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, Virginia Steve Albright, Editor, Children & Youth Funding Report, Silver Spring, Maryland Paula Antonovich, Co-Director, Connect for Kids/Benton Foundation, Washington, D.C. Bonnie Arnold, Division Director, Office for Children, Fairfax County, Virginia Kimberly Barnes-O’Connor, Director of Children’s Policy, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, U.S. Senate Evvie Becker, Senior Policy Analyst, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Andrea S. Behr, Administrative Assistant/Program Associate, Children ’s Defense Fund, Washington, D.C. Helen Blank, Director of Child Care, Children’s Defense Fund, Washington, D.C. Sue Bredekamp, Director of Research, Council for Professional Recognition, Washington, D.C. Geraldine K. Brookins, Vice President, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, Michigan Cynthia G. Brown, Director, Resource Center on Educational Equity, Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, D.C. Georgene Butler, Graduate Research Assistant, School of Nursing/Center for Community Partnerships, Baltimore, Maryland Natasha Cabrera, Fellow, National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Teresa Cambell, Senior Associate, J & E Associates, Silver Spring, Maryland Mary Campbell, Children, Youth, and Families Officer, American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C. Judith J. Carter, Senior Vice President, Program Services, Boys & Girls Clubs of America, Atlanta, Georgia Stephen Conley, Director of Adolescent Health Programs, Virginia Department of Health, Richmond, Virginia Hedy Nai-Lin Chang, Co-Director, California Tomorrow, Oakland, California

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Duncan Chaplin, Research Associate, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C. Betty M. Chemers, Director, Research and Program Development Division, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice Sonia Chessen, Senior Policy Analyst, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Janet Chiancone, Program Manager, Research and Program Development Division, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice Bill Christeson, Research Director, Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, Washington, D.C. Carol Cohen, Deputy Director, The Finance Project, Washington, D.C. Marie Cohen, Senior Policy Analyst, Center for Law and Social Policy, Washington, D.C. Catherine Cooper, Professor of Psychology and Education, University of California, Santa Cruz Deborah Craig, President, YouthNet, Kansas City, Missouri Holly Cuttingbaker, Educational Leadership, Washington, D.C. Christopher Davenport, Program Analyst, Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture Ganie DeHart, Fellow, National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Adriana DeKanter, Special Advisor on After-School Issues, U.S. Department of Education Connie Desgande, U.S. Department of Education Patricia Divine, Research Coordinator, Child Care Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Cynthia Diehm, Director, National Clearinghouse on Families and Youth, Silver Spring, Maryland Libby Doggett, Special Assistant, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Washington, D.C. William J. Dolan, Executive Director, Ohio Hunger Task Force, Columbus, Ohio Sister Judy Donovan, Lead Organizer, Valley Interfaith, Mercedes, Texas Sherri Doughty, Senior Project Manager, U.S. General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C.

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Barbara Kelley Duncan, Vice President, Leadership Development, Children ’s Defense Fund, Washington, D.C. Mark Dynarski, Associate Director of Research, Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, New Jersey Danielle Ewen, Senior Program Associate, Children’s Defense Fund, Washington, D.C. Hossien Faris, Senior Analyst, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Lyn Farrow, Assistant Director, Center for Community Partnerships, Baltimore, Maryland Toks Fasholz, Research Scientist, Johns Hopkins University Margaret Feerick, Developmental Psychologist, National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Thaddeus Ferber, Program Associate, International Youth Foundation, Takoma Park, Maryland Stephanie L. Ferguson, Associate Professor, Howard University Leila Fiester, Senior Research Associate, Policy Studies Associates, Washington, D.C. Eileen Foley, Director of Evaluation, National Center for Schools and Communities, Fordham University Lynn Forcia, Division Chief, Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior Jo Franklin, Educational Research Service, Princeton, New Jersey Lucy Friedman, President, The After-School Association, New York, New York Lynda Gainor, Coordinator, 21st Century Community Learning Centers, Carroll County Public Schools, Maryland Rose Mary Garza, Assistant Superintendent, Houston Independent School District, Texas Tara Cassidy Gatine, Staff Assistant, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Beverly Godwin, Deputy Director, National Partnership for Reinventing Government, Washington, D.C. Al Golden, American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C. Anne Goode, Director, Office for Children, Fairfax County, Virginia John Govea, Associate Program Director, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, California

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Kathi Grasso, Director, Child and Adolescent Health Law Program, American Bar Association, Washington, D.C. Yvonne Green, Technical Assistance Consultant, Children’s Aid Society, Alexandria, Virginia Donna Griffin, Assistant to the Director, The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, D.C. Cintia Guimaraes, Social Sector Specialist, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C. Barbara Haar, Senior Program Officer, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, Missouri Carol Hamilton, Interim Director, Grantmakers for Children, Youth, and Families, Washington, D.C. Ronald E. Hampton, Executive Director, National Black Police Association, Washington, D.C. Janet S. Hansen, Vice President and Director of Education Studies, Committee for Economic Development, Washington, D.C. Leslie Hardy, Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Isadora Hare, Project Manager, American Psychological Association. Washington, D.C. Barbara J. Hatcher, Director, Scientific and Professional Affairs, American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C. Lynne Haverkos, Program Director, Behavioral Pediatrics and Health Promotion Research Program, National Institute of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Kim Helfgot, Director, Affiliate Program Services, Volunteers of America, Alexandria, Virginia Bruce Hershfield, Director, Child Day Care Services, Child Welfare League of America, Washington, D.C. David A. Hess, Associate Director for Public Affairs, Consortium of Social Science Associations, Washington, D.C. Hartley Hobson, Project Director, National 4-H Council, Chevy Chase, Maryland Elaine Holland, Assistant Director, American Academy of Pediatrics, Washington, D.C. Cheryl Ann Holmes, Information Specialist, National Youth Development Information Center, Upper Marlboro, Maryland Natalee Holmes, Leadership News, Arlington, Virginia

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Glee Holton, Director of Development, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, New York, New York Jeanne Ireland, Professional Staff Member, Office of U.S. Senator Christopher Dodd Fredrick D. Isler, Assistant Staff Director, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Alice M. Jackson, Chief Executive Officer, Mid-Atlantic Association of Community Health Centers, Arnold, Maryland Richard Jakopic, Program Analyst, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services David Johnson, Federation of Behavioral, Psychological, and Cognitive Sciences, Washington, D.C. Elaine Johnson, Vice President and Director, National Training Institute for Community Youth Work, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, D.C. Pamela A. Johnson, National Program Officer for Independent Living, Children’s Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Suzanne Clark Johnson, Executive Director, Action Alliance for Virginia ’s Children and Youth, Richmond, Virginia Mariana Kastrinakis, Senior Advisor, Adolescent Health Office of Population Affairs, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Alicia Keck, Program Manager, Power Up to Keep America’s Promise, Alexandria, Virginia Charlotte Kerr, Assistant Director, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice Woodie Kessel, Assistant Surgeon General, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Linda T. Keyes, Program Monitor, Office of Early Childhood Development, Washington, D.C. Pat Kinney, Children’s Advocate, U.S. Office of Personnel Management James Klopovic, North Carolina Governor’s Crime Commission, Raleigh, North Carolina Marianne Kugler, Program Officer, Charles Stewart Mott Foundation, Flint, Michigan Paula Keys Kun, Director of Public Relations, National Association for Sport and Physical Education, Reston, Virginia Kate Kuvalanka, Program Manager, AmeriCorps ACT Program, Washington, D.C.

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP John E. Kyle, Program Director, Children and Families in Cities, National League of Cities, Washington, D.C. Carole Lacampagne, Director, National Institute on Postsecondary Education, Libraries and Lifelong Learning, Washington, D.C. Rebecca Lane, Program Director, National Network for Youth, Washington, D.C. Emily Lechy, Economic Opportunity Report, Washington, D.C. Suzanne LeMenestrel, Senior Program Officer, Center for Youth Development and Policy Research, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, D.C. Peter E. Leone, Professor of Special Education, University of Maryland Anne C. Lewis, Education Policy Writer, Phi Delta Kappa, Glen Echo, Maryland Akiva Lieberman, Social Science Analyst, National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice Susan Lysy, Family Literacy Teacher, Carroll County Public Schools, Westminster, Maryland John T. Macdonald, Director, State Leadership Center, Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, D.C. Gordon MacDougall, President, Beacon Consulting Group, Washington, D.C. Mary Ann Mackenzie, Acting Director, Child and Family Services, Administration for Children, Youth, and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Janet L. Mascia, Senior Evaluator, U.S. General Accounting Office Jody McCoy, Policy Analyst, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services E. McLaughlin, Federal Work Study, Washington, D.C. Marilyn McGhee, Information Specialist, National Child Care Information Center, Vienna, Virginia Bernadette Michel, Program Assistant, Carnegie Corporation of New York William Miles, Staff Assistant, Office of Congressman Chaka Fattah Carole Mitchell, Team Leader for the 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education Oliver Moles, Education Research Analyst, U.S. Department of Education

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Laura E. Montgomery, Statistician/Analyst, Infant and Child Health Studies, National Center for Health Statistics Nuala S. Moore, Policy Analyst, Alliance for Children and Families, Washington, D.C. Beth Morrison, Senior Evaluator, U.S. General Accounting Office Lisa Muntz, Vice President of Children and Family Service, YMCA of Greater Kansas City, Missouri Richard Murphy, Director and Vice President, Center for Youth Development and Policy Research/Academy for Educational Development, Washington, D.C. Julee Newberger, Assistant Managing Editor, Connect for Kids, The Benton Foundation, Washington, D.C. Catherine M. Nolan, Director, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect/ Children’s Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Suzanne Noonan, Director of Public Policy, Camp Fire Boys and Girls, Washington, D.C. Laurie Olsen, Co-Director, California Tomorrow, Oakland, California Mark V. Ouellette, Policy Analyst, National Governors Association, Washington, D.C. Lisa Ownby, Project Coordinator, Child Development Resources, Williamsburg, Virginia Lynn Parker, Director, Child Nutrition Programs, Food Research and Action Center, Washington, D.C. Glenda Partee, Co-Director, American Youth Policy Forum, Washington, D.C. Carol Peck, Program Director for Family Support, Catholic Charities USA, Alexandria, Virginia Charles Pekow, Washington Correspondent, School-Age Notes, Bethesda, Maryland Leilani Pennel, Project Director, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, D.C. Nancy S. Perry, Executive Director, American School Counselor Association, Alexandria, Virginia Michael Peters, Senior Research Analyst, CSR, Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Leslie Peterson, Senior Consultant, Fried and Sher, Herndon, Virginia Peter Pizzolman, Research Associate, CSR, Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Valena Plisko, Associate Commissioner, U.S. Department of Education

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Bonnie Politz, Associate Director, Center for Youth Development and Policy Research, Academy for Educational Development, Washington, D.C. Nancy Protheroe, Director of Social Research Projects, Educational Research Service, Arlington, Virginia Mike Puma, Principal Research Associate, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C. Amy Rathburn, Statistical Analyst, Educational Statistics Services Institute, Washington, D.C. Marsha E. Renwanz, Director of Policy, National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Hunger Services Organization, Washington, D.C. Dorothy Rich, President, MegaSkills Educating Center, Home and School Institute, Washington, D.C. Donna R. Riley, Chief, Regional Admissions Section, Maryland State Department of Education, Division of Special Education/Early Intervention, Baltimore, Maryland Christine Robinson, Director, Human Development, Fannie Mae Foundation, Bethesda, Maryland Glen Robinson, President Emeritus, Educational Research Service, Bethesda, Maryland Lori Rogovin, Director of Public Policy, Maryland Committee for Children, Baltimore, Maryland Judith Rosen, Director’s Office, Office for Children, Fairfax County, Virginia Ann Rosewater, Counselor to the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Jonelle C. Rowe, Senior Advisor on Adolescent Health, Office on Women ’s Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Angela Rude, Children’s Program Associate, My Sister’s Place, Washington, D.C. Karen Rugg, Martin and Glantz, Washington, D.C. Jacqueline Salmon, Family Life Reporter, The Washington Post, Washington, D.C. Marla Teresa Schaeffer, Maryland State Department of Education, Baltimore, Maryland Gwen Schiada, Program Analyst, U.S. Department of Education Beverly Schmalzreid, Chief, Family Programs, United States Air Force

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP John Sciamanna, Senior Policy Associate, American Public Human Services Association, Washington, D.C. Kerry B. Scott, Consultant, Before and After School Programs, Kansas City School District, Missouri Michelle Seligson, Associate Director, Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Wellesley, Massachusetts Nancy Sconyers, Vice President, National Association of Child Advocates, Washington, D.C. Laura Sessions-Stepp, Reporter, Style Section, The Washington Post, Washington, D.C. Uma Setty, Youth Program Coordinator, The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, D.C. Angela L. Sharpe, Associate Director for Government Services, Consortium of Social Science Associations, Washington, D.C. Sandra J. Skolnik, Executive Director, Maryland Committee for Children, Inc., Baltimore, Maryland Frank Oliver Smith, Social Science Program Manager, U.S. Department of Justice Kristen Smith, Demography Research Analyst, U.S. Census Bureau Linda K. Smith, Director, Office of Family Policy, U.S. Department of Defense Shepherd Smith, President, The Institute for Youth Development, Washington, D.C. Susan V. Smith, Program Associate, Carnegie Corporation of New York Sheri Steisel, Senior Committee Director, National Conference of State Legislatures Pam Stevens, Director, Program for Youth Development, The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York Lisa A. Stewart, Vice President, Beacon Consulting Group, Washington, D.C. Vivien Stewart, Chair, Education Division, Carnegie Corporation of New York Harriett Stonehill, Mega Skills Education Center, Washington, D.C. Robert Stonehill, Director, State and Local Services Division, U.S. Department of Education Suzanne Stutman, Director, Institute for Mental Health Initiatives, Washington, D.C. Barbara W. Sugland, Senior Research Associate, Child Trends, Washington, D.C.

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Candace J. Sulliven, Associate Director, Center on Effective Services for Children, St. Leonard, Maryland Ruby Takanishi, President, Foundation for Child Development, New York, New York Hing Shi Trammel, Doctoral Student, Research Associate, Howard University Maggie Troope, Public Policy Assistant, Generations United, Washington, D.C. Carol Valdivieso, Vice President and Director, Academy for Educational Development, Bethesda, Maryland Laura Varricchione, Assistant Director, Library and Information Services, Child Welfare League of America, Washington, D.C. Debra Viadero, Associate Editor, Education Week, Bethesda, Maryland Monique Vulin, Grantmakers for Children, Youth, and Families, Washington, D.C. Karen Walker, Director of Community Research Studies, Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Margy Waller, Senior Fellow, Progressive Policy Institute, Washington, D.C. Barbara Warman, Public Policy Coordinator, National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, D.C. Mary Bruce Webb, Administration on Children, Youth, and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Crystal Weedall, Food Research and Action Center. Washington, D.C. Jim Weill, President, Food Research and Action Center, Washington, D.C. Ann Weinheimer, Senior Program Analyst, Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program, U.S. Department of Education Judith Wertz, Coordinator, Youth at Risk Projects, Parents Committee on the Arts and the Humanities, Washington, D.C. Teniko White, Family Specialist, My Sister’s Place, Washington, D.C. Karen Whiten, U.S. General Accounting Office Patty Whitson, Site Coordinator, 21st Century, Carroll County Public Schools, Maryland Andrew Williams, Program Specialist, Child Care Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Lisa M. Wilson, Program Director of Caring Kids Campaign, Prevent Child Abuse, Annapolis, Maryland Stacey Wions, DC Action for Children, Washington, D.C.

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AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT: SUMMARY OF A WORKSHOP Renee S. Woodworth, Project Director, National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, D.C. Geraldine Wurzburg, President, State of the Art, Inc., Washington, D.C. Mildred Wurf, Girls Incorporated, Washington, D.C. Sandy Wurtz, Associate, American Educational Research Association, Washington, D.C. Diane Zuckerman, Executive Director, National Center for Policy Research, Washington, D.C.