Appendix D
Acronyms


AGS:

Alternating Gradient Synchrotron

ALARA:

as low as reasonably achievable

AMERD:

Astronaut Medical Evaluation Requirements Document

ARC:

Ames Research Center (NASA)


BAF:

Booster Application Facility

BP:

Behavior and Performance

BR&C:

Biomedical Research and Countermeasures


CNS:

central nervous system

CSBM:

Committee on Space Biology and Medicine

CV:

cardiovascular


DSO:

Detailed Supplemental Objective

DXA:

dual energy x-ray absorptiometry


EDOMP:

Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project



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Review of NASA’s Biomedical Research Program Appendix D Acronyms AGS: Alternating Gradient Synchrotron ALARA: as low as reasonably achievable AMERD: Astronaut Medical Evaluation Requirements Document ARC: Ames Research Center (NASA) BAF: Booster Application Facility BP: Behavior and Performance BR&C: Biomedical Research and Countermeasures CNS: central nervous system CSBM: Committee on Space Biology and Medicine CV: cardiovascular DSO: Detailed Supplemental Objective DXA: dual energy x-ray absorptiometry EDOMP: Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project

OCR for page 107
Review of NASA’s Biomedical Research Program EKG: electrocardiogram ESA: European Space Agency EVA: extravehicular activity FBRP: Fundamental Biology Research Program, formerly Gravitational Biology and Ecology (GB&E) fMRI: functional magnetic resonance imaging GB&E: Gravitational Biology and Ecology, recently renamed the Fundamental Biology Research Program (FBRP) GH: growth hormone HEDS: Human Exploration and Development of Space (NASA) HPA: hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal HZE: high atomic number, high energy IGF-I: insulin-like growth factor-I IPT: integrated product team ISS: International Space Station ITR: Integrated Testing Regimen JSC: Johnson Space Center (NASA) LBNP: lower-body negative pressure LEO: low Earth orbit LET: linear energy transfer MARES: Muscle Atrophy Research and Exercise System MORD: Medical Operations Requirements Document MRI: magnetic resonance imaging NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIH: National Institutes of Health

OCR for page 107
Review of NASA’s Biomedical Research Program NRA: NASA Research Announcement NRC: National Research Council NSBRI: National Space Biomedical Research Institute NSCORT: NASA Specialized Centers of Research and Training PI: principal investigator PRN: as needed RBE: relative biological effectiveness SHFE: Space Human Factors Engineering SMSP: Shuttle Mir Space Program SPE: solar particle event USRA: Universities Space Research Association VOR: vestibulo-ocular reflex