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Review of NASA’s Biomedical Research Program
Lynette Jones is a principal research scientist in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Research Laboratory of Electronics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her primary research is on the human proprioceptive system and the role of muscle and cutaneous mechanoreceptors in sensory processes. This research has led to studies of haptic interfaces that are used to interact with computer-generated virtual environments and teleoperated robots. She also does research on the development of wearable health monitoring devices, and she is involved in developing a portable system to evaluate the visual-vestibular system and a non-invasive method to measure glucose levels in people with diabetes. Dr. Jones is a member of the International Society for Psychophysics and the Society for Neuroscience.
Robert A. Marcus is director of a program in clinical disorders of bone and mineral metabolism at Stanford University. His primary research interests are acquisition, maintenance, and regulation of bone mass in humans. His laboratory studies hormonal nutrition and physical activity determinants of bone mass.
Lawrence A. Palinkas is a professor in the Division of International Health and Cross-Cultural Medicine, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the University of California, San Diego. He is also the director of the UCSD Immigrant/Refugee Health Studies Program and a faculty member of the UCSD/San Diego State University Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology. A medical anthropologist with expertise in behavioral and cross-cultural medicine, he counts as his primary research interests behavior and performance in isolated and confined extreme environments and the cultural context of stress, coping, and illness. He has served on numerous NASA and U.S. Navy advisory groups on behavior and performance. He is a member of the American Public Health Association, the American Anthropological Association (fellow), the Society for Medical Anthropology, the Aerospace Medical Association, the Society for Behavioral Medicine, and the American Psychosomatic Society.
Kenna D. Peusner is a professor of anatomy and cell biology at the George Washington University School of Medicine. Dr. Peusner is a neurobiologist specializing in intracellular electrophysiological and microscopic techniques to investigate neural structure and function. Her research is focused on characterizing synaptic transmission and ionic conductances and their role in the emergence of excit-ability in the developing and damaged central vestibular system. She is a member of the Neuroscience Society, the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, the New York Academy of Science, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Peusner received the Lindback Foundation award for distinguished teaching in the basic medical sciences, Jefferson Medical College. She is a grantee of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communicative Disorders, National Institutes of Health.
Steven E. Pfeiffer is a professor of microbiology at the University of Connecticut Medical School. He has expertise in molecular cell biology and neurobiology, and his research interests are in molecular, cell, and developmental biology of the nervous system and myelinogenesis. Organizations of which he is a member include the American Association of Cell Biologists, the American Society for Neurochemistry, the International Society for Developmental Biology (president, 1996-1998), the International Society for Neurochemistry, and the Society for Neuroscience.
Danny A. Riley is a professor of anatomy and cell biology at the Medical College of Wisconsin. Dr. Riley’s expertise is in the mechanisms of muscle atrophy and nerve regeneration in animal models