The current bone program is broad in scope and includes projects that could generate countermeasure interventions. The program appears to be appropriately balanced in terms of basic and applied science. Many of the specific projects are highly consistent with goals of the Strategy report recommendations. Other specific recommendations for both animal and human research have not yet been addressed. With respect to countermeasure development, one identified problem is the apparent lack of a formal mechanism to bring potential countermeasures to formal assessment, as well as an apparently haphazard and unfocused epidemiology and monitoring component that fails to take advantage of unique and potentially valuable research data.


National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 1997. Task Force Report on Countermeasures: Final Report. Washington, D.C.: NASA.

NASA. 1998a. Life Sciences Program Tasks and Bibliography for FY 1998. Washington, D.C.: NASA.

NASA. 1998b. International Space Station Medical Operations Requirements Document (ISS MORD), Baseline SSP 50260. Houston, Tex.: NASA.

NASA and Universities Space Research Association (USRA). 1999. Proceedings of First Biennial Biomedical Investigators’ Workshop, January 11-13, 1999, League City, Texas. Houston, Tex.: NASA and USRA.

National Research Council (NRC), Space Studies Board. 1998. A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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