improved communication and collaboration among extramural investigators, NSBRI investigators and JSC operations staff in countermeasure development.

Currently funded NASA research in the area of behavior and performance appears to be making significant progress in the development of advanced technologies necessary for conducting noninvasive research in flight.

SUMMARY

Behavioral issues are likely to assume greater importance as missions in space grow in frequency and duration. The need to improve our understanding of fundamental neurobehavioral and psychosocial mechanisms and to develop, test, and validate countermeasures that optimize performance and minimize the performance decrements likely to occur during long-duration spaceflight has been amply demonstrated by past experience. At the present time, NASA-funded research programs only partially address this need.

REFERENCES

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 1994. Astronaut Selection Policy and Procedures Manual of the NASA Behavioral Health and Performance Program. JSC Document No. 26887. Houston, Tex.: NASA.

NASA. 1996. Spaceflight Health Requirements Document (SHRD). JSC Document No. 26882. Medical Operations Branch. Houston, Tex.: NASA.

NASA. 1997a. Postflight Rehabilitation Program. Space and Life Sciences Directorate. JSC Document No. 27050. Houston, Tex.: NASA.

NASA. 1997b. Task Force on Countermeasures: Final Report. Washington, D.C.: NASA.

NASA. 1998a. International Space Station Medical Operations Requirements Document (ISS MORD): Baseline. SSP Document No. 50260. International Space Station Program Medical Operations Space and Life Sciences Directorate. Houston, Tex.: NASA.

NASA. 1998b. Astronaut Medical Evaluation Requirements Document (AMERD). JSC Document No. 24834. Space and Life Sciences Directorate. Houston, Tex.: NASA.

NASA. 1998c. The International Space Station Research Plan: An Overview. Washington, D.C.: NASA.

NASA. 1999. Life Sciences Task Book, FY 1998. Washington, D.C.: NASA.

National Research Council (NRC), Space Studies Board. 1998. A Strategy for Research in Space Biology and Medicine in the New Century. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press.


Rose, R.M., L.F. Fogg, R.L. Helmreich, and T.J. McFadden. 1994. Psychological predictors of astronaut effectiveness. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 65:910-915.



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