TABLE 4.8 Mortality from All Forms of Cancer

Reference

Study Site

Study Group (n)

No. of Observed Deaths

No. of Expected Deaths

SMR (95% CI)

Wagoner et al., 1964

Uranium mills and mines, Colorado Plateau

611a

6

8

75 (4–146)b

Archer et al., 1973a

Uranium mills, Colorado Plateau

662

20

18.11

110 (63–157)b

Polednak and Frome, 1981

Y-12 uranium processing plant, Oak Ridge, TN

18,869

886

1,042

85 (79–91)b

Waxweiler et al., 1983

Uranium mills, Colorado Plateau

2,002

82

109.8

75 (59–93)

Hadjimichael et al., 1983

Nuclear fuel fabrication plant, Connecticut

2,613c

40

44.5

88 (62–120)

Stayner et al., 1985

Phosphate fertilizer production facility, Florida

3,199

22

28.99

76 (51–108)d

Brown and Bloom, 1987

Uranium enrichment plant, Portsmouth, OH

5,773

125

146.2

85 (71–102)

Dupree et al., 1987

Uranium processing plant, Buffalo, NY

995

74

70.1

106 (83–132)

Checkoway et al., 1988

Y-12 uranium materials fabrication plant, Oak Ridge, TN

6,781

196

193.4

101 (88–117)

Frome et al., 1990

Y-12 and K-25 uranium enrichment facilities and research laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

28,008

2,207

2,108

105 (101–109)b

Ritz, 1999

Uranium processing plant, Ohio

4,014

332

303.6

109 (98–122)

aStudy Group comprised of white millers.

bThe confidence interval was calculated by the committee; it was not stated in the study.

cStudy Group comprised of males in industrial jobs.

d90% CI. 131



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