TABLE G.1 NRC/AIP Data on Astronomy Ph.D. Production in the United States, 1973 to 1998

 

Ph.D.s Granted

Enrolled Graduate Students

Year

S+E Total

Engineering

Physical Science

Astronomy

Physics

Life Science

Math

Astronomy

Physics

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

1973

131

1974

133

1975

131

1976

150

1977

120

1978

138

1979

115

1980

121

1981

18,914

2,528

2,627

109

906

5,442

960

1982

18,961

2,646

2,694

102

912

5,530

940

1983

19,274

2,781

2,814

115

928

5,395

987

1984

19,470

2,913

2,851

98

982

5,599

993

1985

19,664

3,166

2,934

100

980

5,632

998

660

1986

20,207

3,376

3,120

109

1,078

5,574

1,128

680

1987

20,694

3,712

3,238

100

1,137

5,615

1,190

700

1988

21,814

4,187

3,350

130

1,172

6,008

1,264

731

13,143

1989

22,706

4,543

3,261

113

1,161

6,176

1,471

780

13,361

1990

23,824

4,894

3,524

128

1,265

6,458

1,597

842

13,708

1991

25,064

5,214

3,626

125

1,286

6,764

1,839

914

14,065

1992

25,787

5,438

3,781

134

1,403

6,974

1,927

935

14,534

1993

26,640

5,698

3,699

145

1,399

7,257

2,026

939

14,430

1994

27,501

5,822

3,977

144

1,548

7,577

2,021

901

14,201

1995

27,865

6,008

3,841

173

1,479

7,742

2,187

905

13,285

1996

28,554

6,305

3,838

192

1,485

8,084

2,043

874

12,596

1997

28,241

6,052

3,711

197

1,379

8,077

2,001

837

11,786

1998

757

11,302

NOTE: Columns 2 to 8, Ph.D.s granted, from NRC Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel and from AAS graduate education study ( The American Astronomical Society's Examination of Graduate Education in Astronomy, available online at <http://www.aas.org/publications/baas/v29n5/edrpt.html>). Numbers for astronomy include astronomy and astrophysics dissertations produced in physics departments. Columns 9 and 10, enrolled graduate students from AAS graduate education study or from AIP enrollments and degrees report (AIP Publication R151.35).

For the data used in Figure 4.3 Figure 4.5 to Figure 4.6, Chapter 4, the number of papers published per year showed a considerable increase over the period studied, with two anomalies caused by changes in the number of issues per month: The Astrophysical Journal changed between 1989 and 1992, while Monthly Notices changed between 1995 and 1997. To remove this effect, the committee presents all results as fractions of the total for that year.

For Table 5.7, Chapter 5, figures for the NASA R&A budget are from Guenther Riegler at NASA headquarters and were compiled by Board on Physics and Astronomy program officer Joel Parriott.

Overall DOE astrophysics funding data are from Jim Stone in the program office at DOE HEP. They do not include nuclear physics spending on programs that are astrophysics related.



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