H

Acronyms

A&A

Astronomy and Astrophysics

AAAS

American Association for the Advancement of Science

AAS

American Astronomical Society

AASC

Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee (Decadal Reports)

AASTRA

AAS membership program for K-12 science teachers

ADP

Astrophysics Data Program (NASA)

ADS

Astrophysical Data System (NASA)

AGN

active galactic nuclei

AIP

American Institute of Physics

AIPS

Radio Astronomy Data Analysis System (also AIPS++)

AJ

Astronomical Journal

ALMA

Atacama Large Millimeter Array (previously, the MMA)

AMANDA

Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array

AMS

Space Station Antimatter Search program

AO

Announcement of Opportunity

ApJ

Astrophysical Journal

APS

American Physical Society

ARC

Astronomical Research Corporation

ASCA

Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (Japan)

AST

Division of Astronomical Sciences (NSF)

ATI

Advanced Technology and Instrumentation program (NSF)

ATM

Division of Atmospheric Sciences (NSF)

ATP

Astrophysical Theory Program

AUI

Associated Universities Incorporated

AURA

Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy

AXAF

Advanced X-ray Astronomy Facility, now known as Chandra

BAAS

Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society

BATSE

Burst and Transient Source Experiment, on CGRO

BIMA

Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Array

BPA

Board on Physics and Astronomy (NRC)

CAA

Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics (NRC)

CARA

California Association for Research in Astronomy

CAREER

NSF Program for Young Investigators

CASA-MIA

University of Chicago Air Shower Array and University of Michigan Muon Detector (in Utah)

CDMS I and II

Cryogenic Dark Matter Search: I, Stanford University; II, Tower Soudan Mine



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FEDERAL FUNDING OF ASTRONOMICAL RESEARCH H Acronyms A&A Astronomy and Astrophysics AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science AAS American Astronomical Society AASC Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee (Decadal Reports) AASTRA AAS membership program for K-12 science teachers ADP Astrophysics Data Program (NASA) ADS Astrophysical Data System (NASA) AGN active galactic nuclei AIP American Institute of Physics AIPS Radio Astronomy Data Analysis System (also AIPS++) AJ Astronomical Journal ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter Array (previously, the MMA) AMANDA Antarctic Muon and Neutrino Detector Array AMS Space Station Antimatter Search program AO Announcement of Opportunity ApJ Astrophysical Journal APS American Physical Society ARC Astronomical Research Corporation ASCA Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (Japan) AST Division of Astronomical Sciences (NSF) ATI Advanced Technology and Instrumentation program (NSF) ATM Division of Atmospheric Sciences (NSF) ATP Astrophysical Theory Program AUI Associated Universities Incorporated AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy AXAF Advanced X-ray Astronomy Facility, now known as Chandra BAAS Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society BATSE Burst and Transient Source Experiment, on CGRO BIMA Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Array BPA Board on Physics and Astronomy (NRC) CAA Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics (NRC) CARA California Association for Research in Astronomy CAREER NSF Program for Young Investigators CASA-MIA University of Chicago Air Shower Array and University of Michigan Muon Detector (in Utah) CDMS I and II Cryogenic Dark Matter Search: I, Stanford University; II, Tower Soudan Mine

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FEDERAL FUNDING OF ASTRONOMICAL RESEARCH CDP Cross Directorate Programs CGRO Compton Gamma Ray Observatory COBE Cosmic Background Explorer CoI coinvestigator COMPTEL Imaging Compton Telescope CP charge-parity conjugation CR cosmic ray CSO Caltech Submillimeter Observatory CTIO Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory CY calendar year DA data analysis DDRF Director's Discretionary Research Fund DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy EGRET Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope on CGRO EPSCoR Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (NSF) ESA European Space Agency ESO European Southern Observatory ESP Education and Special Programs EUVE Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer EXC Extragalactic and Cosmology program (NSF) EXGAL Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology program (NSF) FCRAO Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory FFRDC Federally Funded Research and Development Center FIR far infrared FTE full-time equivalent FUSE Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer FY fiscal year GAL Galactic Astronomy program (NSF) GALLEX European Gallium Solar-neutrino Detector GBT Green Bank Telescope GDP gross domestic product GINGA Third Japanese X-ray Astronomy Satellite GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies GLAST Gamma Ray Large Area Space Telescope GO Guest Observer program GP-B Gravity Probe B GPRA Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center GTO Guaranteed Time Observer (usually instrument or telescope builder) HALCA Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomy HEA High-Energy Astrophysics (DOE) HEAO High Energy Astrophysics Observatory (HEAO-B = Einstein) HEP High Energy Physics Division (DOE) HET Hobby-Eberly Telescope

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FEDERAL FUNDING OF ASTRONOMICAL RESEARCH HiResII Ultrahigh-Energy Cosmic Ray Detector HSC House Science Committee HST Hubble Space Telescope IPA Intergovernmental Personnel Act IR infrared IRTF Infrared Telescope Facility ISM interstellar medium ISO European Infrared Space Observatory ISOL Isotope Separator On Line IUE International Ultraviolet Explorer JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory KAO Kuiper Airborne Observatory KDI Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence KPNO Kitt Peak National Observatory LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LBT Large Binocular Telescope LEXEN Life in Extreme Environments LIDAR light detection and ranging LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna LTSA Long Term Space Astrophysics MACRO Monopole Particle Search at Gran Sasso Laboratory MAP Microwave Anisotropy Probe MDM University of Michigan, Dartmouth College, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology; now University of Michigan, Dartmouth College, Ohio State University, and Columbia University MILAGRO High Energy Gamma Ray Detector MMA Millimeter Array, now ALMA MMT Multiple Mirror Telescope MO mission operations MO&DA Mission Operations and Data Analysis MPS Mathematics and Physical Sciences Directorate (NSF) MRE major research equipment MRI Major Research Instrumentation program (NSF) MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center NAIC National Astronomy and Ionospheric Center NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NGST Next Generation Space Telescope (NASA) NICMOS Near Infrared Camera and Multi Object Spectrograph (HST) NIR near infrared NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOAO National Optical Astronomy Observatories NRA NASA Research Announcement NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory NRC National Research Council

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FEDERAL FUNDING OF ASTRONOMICAL RESEARCH NRL Naval Research Laboratory NRO National Reconnaissance Office NSB National Science Board NSF National Science Foundation NSO National Solar Observatory OC other construction OI observational infrared OIR optical and infrared OMA Office of Multidisciplinary Affairs (NSF) OMB Office of Management and Budget OO observational optical OPP Office of Polar Programs (NSF) OPS operations OR observational radio OSS Office of Space Science (NASA) OVRO Owens Valley Radio Observatory (Caltech) PECASE Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (NSF) PHY Physics Division (NSF) PI principal investigator PL planetary PLA Planetary Astronomy program (NSF) POWRE Professional Opportunities for Women in Research and Education (NSF) PYI Presidential Young Investigator (now CAREER) R&A research and analysis R&D research and development REU Research Experience for Undergraduates RHIC Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (Brookhaven) ROSAT Röentgen Satellite (Germany) R&RA research and related activities RSM Radio Spectrum Management RTOP Research and Technology Objectives and Plans Program RXTE Rossi X-ray Timing Experiment SAA Stellar Astronomy and Astrophysics program (NSF) SAGE Soviet-American Gallium Experiment (for neutrinos) SAGENAP Scientific Advisory Group for Non-accelerator Physics (DOE) SALT South African Large Telescope SAO Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory SDSS Sloan Digital Sky Survey SETI Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence SIRTF Space Infrared Telescope Facility SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center SMA Submillimeter Array SMM Submillimeter/Millimeter SNO Sudbury Neutrino Observatory SO Solar

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FEDERAL FUNDING OF ASTRONOMICAL RESEARCH SOAR Southern Observatory for Astronomical Research (4-meter telescope at CTIO) SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOHO Solar Heliospheric Observatory (ESA-NASA) SRS Division of Science Resources Studies (NSF) SSB Space Studies Board (NRC) ST Stellar STC Science and Technology Center STIS Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer STScI Space Telescope Science Institute Subaru Japanese 8-meter Telescope (Hawaii) TH Theory UHE ultrahigh energy USGP/SCOPE U.S. Gemini Program/Science Operations Division (NOAO) USNO United States Naval Observatory UV ultraviolet VERITAS Ultrahigh-Energy Gamma Ray Array VLA Very Large Array VLBA Very Long Baseline Array VLBI Very Long Baseline Interferometry VLT European Very Large Telescope (4 × 8-meters) WIYN Wisconsin, Indiana, Yale, and NOAO 3.5-meter Telescope (KPNO) YALO Yale, AURA, University of Lisbon, and Ohio State 1-meter Telescope Consortium