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large within-person variation and, 94-95

National Research Council method, 93-94, 97-98, 100

overview of methods, 9-10, 96-102

reasons for, 9, 94-96

skewed distributions and, 46, 61-62, 95-96

software development needs, 167

from survey data, 96, 128

Adolescents, 14 through 18 years

AIs, 26, 107

household-level assessments, 234

RDAs, 26

within-subject variation in nutrient intake, 192, 194

Adults, 19 through 50 years

AIs, 25, 107

extrapolation of data to other age groups, 26

household-level assessments, 234

within-subject variation in nutrient intake, 191, 193

Adults, 51 through 70 years

AIs, 25, 107

within-subject variation in nutrientn intake, 191, 193

Adults, >70 years

assessing diet of individuals, 66-67, 68

within-subject variation in nutrient intake, 191, 193

Anthropometry, 47, 66, 89

Assessment. See Group-level assessments;

Individual-level assessments

Assisted living setting, individual-level assessments in, 66-67, 68

Asymmetrical distribution. See Skewed distribution

B

B vitamins, 42.

See also individual vitamins

Basal requirement, 22

Behavioral research, 17, 164

Beltsville One Year Dietary Survey, 195

Bias

in adjusted standardized intakes, 137

in cut-point method, 88, 91, 93, 214, 215, 216, 221-223, 224, 227, 230

defined, 254-255

EAR and, 53n.1, 54, 56, 93-102

in energy intakes, 164

in food intake estimation, 17, 164

in observed mean intakes, 58

in prevalence of inadequacy, 86, 88, 91, 99, 102, 155, 156, 160, 207, 214, 215, 216, 221-223, 224, 227

requirement distribution and, 197

Biochemical indices, 47, 73, 99, 166

Biological parameters, in individual-level assessments, 47, 66, 67, 69

Biotin

AIs, 25, 108, 109, 250-251, 275

group-level assessments, 10-11, 73, 82-83, 108

Body mass index, 89

Body weight, and DRIs, 148

C

Calcium

AIs, 25, 51, 107, 108, 240-243, 274

group-level assessments, 10-11, 73, 82-83, 107, 108

individual-level assessments, 60-61, 68, 198

prevalence of excess intakes, 14-15, 130, 131, 142-143

prevalence of inadequate intakes, 14-15

skewed intake distributions, 95

supplements, 95

ULs, 115, 130, 131, 270

usual nutrient intakes of children, 129, 130

within-subject variation in intake, 191, 192

Canada

Council on Nutrition, 2, 30

Food Guide to Healthy Eating, 33, 38

nutrition assistance programs, 39

Canadian International Development

Agency, 234

Canadian Recommended Nutrient Intakes

defined, 257

DRIs contrasted, 22-23

RDAs contrasted, 2, 30

uses, 30, 31-42, 127

Carbohydrates, 193-194

Carotenes, 56, 126, 158, 191, 192, 197

Child and Adult Care Feeding Program, 35



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