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Children, ages 1 through 8 years.

See also Life-stage groups;

individual nutrients

AIs, 26, 107, 129

characteristics of usual nutrient intake, 129

derivation of DRIs for, 26

EARs, 129

RDAs, 26, 129

within-subject variation in nutrient intake, 192, 194

Cholesterol, 193-194

Choline

AIs, 25, 108, 109, 250-251, 275

group-level assessments, 10-11, 73, 82-83, 108

prevalence of excess intakes, 14-15, 131, 142-143

ULs, 116-117, 131, 271

Chronic disease risk reduction

food health claims, 41

as indicator of nutrient adequacy, 2, 23

Chronic exposure, 255

Chronic intakes above ULs, 63, 125, 126

Clinical dietetics, 36-37, 41, 47

Cluster analysis, 133, 255

Coefficient of variation

of daily intake, 63, 67, 191-194, 196, 200

in EARs, 50-51, 56, 194, 196

and nonnormal distribution, 196

of requirements for nutrients, 83, 197

Confidence levels

in group-level adequacy of intakes, 12, 110

in group-level safety of intakes, 122

in individual-level adequacy of intakes, 6, 56-57, 60, 64-65, 67, 68, 189-190, 197, 199, 200

in individual-level safety of intakes, 199, 201

Continuing Survey of Food Intakes of Individuals (CSFII), 53, 54-55, 58, 61, 64, 65, 153, 166, 195-196, 199

Copper, 191, 192

Criterion of nutritional adequacy, 23, 25, 27

Critical adverse affect, by nutrient and life-stage group, 115-119

Cumulative distribution function, 205

Cut-point method, 120

accuracy, 81

applicable nutrients, 10-11, 82-83, 91

assumptions in, 9, 11, 167, 211

asymmetrical requirement distribution, 89-91, 212, 229-231

bias in, 88, 91, 93, 214, 215, 216, 221-223, 224, 227, 230

correlated intakes and requirements and, 81, 87-89, 212-224

defined, 255, 257

distribution of usual intakes, 131, 212, 213

EAR and, 74, 81-93, 99, 191, 208-231, 257

energy intakes and, 81, 88-89, 212, 224

FAO/WHO simulation model, 229-231

inapplicable nutrients, 81, 88-89, 91, 224

independence of intakes and requirements, 81, 83-84, 85, 86, 88

joint distribution in, 83-84, 85, 86, 204, 208, 209, 213

performance assessment, 18, 87, 102, 167, 211-231

prevalence of inadequate intakes, 18, 81-82, 86, 99, 104, 167, 209-210, 213, 214-221, 225-226, 230

principle, 208-209, 232

probability approach compared, 208, 209, 212, 213, 229, 231

requirement distribution and, 11 81, 83, 86, 89-91, 163, 208, 209, 212, 229-231

requirement variance relative to intake variance, 11, 83, 86, 91-93, 167, 212, 224-229

uncertainty in, 158-159

D

Daily Value (DV), 41

Deficiency, defined, 255

Defined nutritional states, 25, 106

Density estimation See Nutrient density approach.

Diagnostic considerations, 47

Diet histories, 49-50, 58, 152-153

Diet planning, 2, 30

Diet software programs, 47

Dietary assessment.

See also Group-level assessments;

Individual-level assessments

information sources for, 45

with RDAs and RNIs, 2, 30-31, 32-33



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