Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$34.95



View/Hide Left Panel

FOOD AND NUTRITION BOARD, INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE—NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: TOLERABLE UPPER INTAKE LEVELS (ULa)

Life Stage Group

Calcium (g/d)

Phosphorus (g/d)

Magnesium (mg/d)b

Vitamin D (μg/d)

Fluoride (mg/d)

Infants

0–6 mo

NDe

ND

ND

25

0.7

7–12 mo

ND

ND

ND

25

0.9

Children

1–3 y

2.5

3

65

50

1.3

4–8 y

2.5

3

110

50

2.2

Males, Females

9–13 y

2.5

4

350

50

10

14–18 y

2.5

4

350

50

10

19–70 y

2.5

4

350

50

10

> 70 y

2.5

3

350

50

10

Pregnancy

≤ 18 y

2.5

3.5

350

50

10

19–50 y

2.5

3.5

350

50

10

Lactation

≤ 18 y

2.5

4

350

50

10

19–50 y

2.5

4

350

50

10

a UL = The maximum level of daily nutrient intake that is likely to pose no risk of adverse effects. Unless otherwise specified, the UL represents total intake from food, water, and supplements. Due to lack of suitable data, ULs could not be established for thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, or any carotenoids. In the absence of ULs, extra caution may be warranted in consuming levels above recommended intakes.

b The ULs for magnesium represent intake from a pharmacological agent only and do not include intake from food and water.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 284
DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: Applications in Dietary Assessment FOOD AND NUTRITION BOARD, INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE—NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: TOLERABLE UPPER INTAKE LEVELS (ULa) Life Stage Group Calcium (g/d) Phosphorus (g/d) Magnesium (mg/d)b Vitamin D (μg/d) Fluoride (mg/d) Infants 0–6 mo NDe ND ND 25 0.7 7–12 mo ND ND ND 25 0.9 Children 1–3 y 2.5 3 65 50 1.3 4–8 y 2.5 3 110 50 2.2 Males, Females 9–13 y 2.5 4 350 50 10 14–18 y 2.5 4 350 50 10 19–70 y 2.5 4 350 50 10 > 70 y 2.5 3 350 50 10 Pregnancy ≤ 18 y 2.5 3.5 350 50 10 19–50 y 2.5 3.5 350 50 10 Lactation ≤ 18 y 2.5 4 350 50 10 19–50 y 2.5 4 350 50 10 a UL = The maximum level of daily nutrient intake that is likely to pose no risk of adverse effects. Unless otherwise specified, the UL represents total intake from food, water, and supplements. Due to lack of suitable data, ULs could not be established for thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, or any carotenoids. In the absence of ULs, extra caution may be warranted in consuming levels above recommended intakes. b The ULs for magnesium represent intake from a pharmacological agent only and do not include intake from food and water.

OCR for page 284
DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: Applications in Dietary Assessment Niacin (mg/d)c Vitamin B6 (mg/d) Folate (μg/d)c Choline (g/d) Vitamin C (mg/d) Vitamin E (mg/d)d Selenium (μg/d) ND ND ND ND ND ND 45 ND ND ND ND ND ND 60 10 30 300 1.0 400 200 90 15 40 400 1.0 650 300 150 20 60 600 2.0 1,200 600 280 30 80 800 3.0 1,800 800 400 35 100 1,000 3.5 2,000 1,000 400 35 100 1,000 3.5 2,000 1,000 400 30 80 800 3.0 1,800 800 400 35 100 1,000 3.5 2,000 1,000 400 30 80 800 3.0 1,800 800 400 35 100 1,000 3.5 2,000 1,000 400 c The ULs for niacin, folate, and vitamin E apply to synthetic forms obtained from supplements, fortified foods, or a combination of the two. d As α-tocopherol; applies to any form of supplemental α-tocopherol. e ND = Not determinable due to lack of data of adverse effects in this age group and concern with regard to lack of ability to handle excess amounts. Source of intake should be from food only to prevent high levels of intake. Copyright 2000 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

OCR for page 284
DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: Applications in Dietary Assessment This page in the original is blank.