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FIGURE 2-1 Conceptual framework—uses of dietary standards. *Food plus supplements.

SOURCE: Adapted from Beaton (1994).

reference standards represents both the importance of developing scientifically based standards and the need to assist the user in understanding fully how each DRI should be used and interpreted.

USES OF THE FORMER RDAs AND RNIs

Users of dietary reference standards include those who plan meals for individuals and groups; individual consumers who decide what foods to eat and how much; the food industry which produces, voluntarily fortifies, and markets foods; federal, state, and local government agencies that design, operate, and evaluate food and nutrition assistance programs; scientific and regulatory bodies that formulate standards and regulations to ensure marketed foods are safe and appropriately advertised; and nutrition and health professionals who educate, counsel, evaluate, and monitor public health.

Table 2-1 and the following text includes the major applications for which the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and Recommended



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