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OCR for page R15
DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: Applications in Dietary Assessment Contents     SUMMARY   1  I   HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE AND BACKGROUND   19     1  Introduction and Background   21      Purpose of the Report,   21      What are DRIs?,   22      Organization of the Report,   28     2  Current Uses of Dietary Reference Standards   29      Changes Over Time,   29      Uses of the Former RDAs and RNIs,   31      Looking Ahead: Applying the DRIs,   42  II   APPLICATION OF DRIs FOR INDIVIDUAL DIET ASSESSMENT   43     3  Using Dietary Reference Intakes for Nutrient Assessment of Individuals   45      Introduction,   46      Proposed New Method for Individual Assessment,   46      Applications,   66      Summary,   69

OCR for page R15
DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: Applications in Dietary Assessment  III   APPLICATION OF DRIs FOR GROUP DIET ASSESSMENT   71     4  Using the Estimated Average Requirement for Nutrient Assessment of Groups   73      Introduction,   73      The Probability Approach,   76      The EAR Cut-Point Method,   81      Adjusting Intake Distributions,   93      Inappropriate Approaches for Group-Level Assessment Using the RDA,   102      Units of Observation Other Than the Individual,   104      Summary,   104     5  Using the Adequate Intake for Nutrient Assessment of Groups   106      Derivations of the AI,   106      Comparison of the AI, RDA, and EAR,   109      Limitations of the AI in Dietary Assessment,   109      Summary,   112     6  Using the Tolerable Upper Intake Level for Nutrient Assessment of Groups   113      Theory and Definitions,   113      Evaluating the Risk of Adverse Effects Using the UL,   120      Some Frequently Asked Questions,   125     7  Specific Applications: Assessing Nutrient Intakes of Groups Using the Dietary Reference Intakes   127      Introduction,   127      Application 1: Describing Dietary Survey Data,   128      Application 2: Assessing the Prevalence of Inadequate or Excessive Intake,   129      Application 3: Evaluating Differences in Intake,   132      Summary,   141  IV   FINE-TUNING DIETARY ASSESSMENT USING THE DRIs   145     8  Minimizing Potential Errors in Assessing Group and Individual Intakes   147      Tailoring Requirements for Specific Groups and Individuals,   147      Minimizing Errors in Measuring Dietary Intakes,   150      Issues of Variance in Dietary Assessment,   158      Summary,   161

OCR for page R15
DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: Applications in Dietary Assessment     9  Research Recommended to Improve the Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes   162      Research to Improve Estimates of Nutrient Requirements,   162      Research to Improve the Quality of Dietary Intake Data,   163      Research to Improve Statistical Methods for Using the DRIs to Assess Intakes of Individuals,   165      Research to Improve Statistical Methods for Using the DRIs to Assess Intakes of Groups,   165     10  References   168     APPENDIXES    A   Origin and Framework of the Development of Dietary Reference Intakes,   179  B   Nutrient Assessment of Individuals: Statistical Foundations,   185  C   Assessing Prevalence of Inadequate Intakes for Groups: Statistical Foundations,   203  D   Assessing the Performance of the EAR Cut-Point Method for Estimating Prevalence,   211  E   Units of Observation: Assessing Nutrient Adequacy Using Household and Population Data,   232  F   Rationale for Setting Adequate Intakes,   239  G   Glossary and Abbreviations,   254  H   Biographical Sketches of Subcommittee Members,   262     INDEX   267 SUMMARY TABLES: Dietary Reference Intakes     Estimated Average Requirements,   282     Tolerable Upper Intake Levels,   284     Recommended Intakes for Individuals,   287

OCR for page R15
DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES: Applications in Dietary Assessment This page in the original is blank.