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 III

 

APPLICATION OF DRIs FOR GROUP DIET ASSESSMENT

 

71

   

4  Using the Estimated Average Requirement for Nutrient Assessment of Groups

 

73

   

 Introduction,

 

73

   

 The Probability Approach,

 

76

   

 The EAR Cut-Point Method,

 

81

   

 Adjusting Intake Distributions,

 

93

   

 Inappropriate Approaches for Group-Level Assessment Using the RDA,

 

102

   

 Units of Observation Other Than the Individual,

 

104

   

 Summary,

 

104

   

5  Using the Adequate Intake for Nutrient Assessment of Groups

 

106

   

 Derivations of the AI,

 

106

   

 Comparison of the AI, RDA, and EAR,

 

109

   

 Limitations of the AI in Dietary Assessment,

 

109

   

 Summary,

 

112

   

6  Using the Tolerable Upper Intake Level for Nutrient Assessment of Groups

 

113

   

 Theory and Definitions,

 

113

   

 Evaluating the Risk of Adverse Effects Using the UL,

 

120

   

 Some Frequently Asked Questions,

 

125

   

7  Specific Applications: Assessing Nutrient Intakes of Groups Using the Dietary Reference Intakes

 

127

   

 Introduction,

 

127

   

 Application 1: Describing Dietary Survey Data,

 

128

   

 Application 2: Assessing the Prevalence of Inadequate or Excessive Intake,

 

129

   

 Application 3: Evaluating Differences in Intake,

 

132

   

 Summary,

 

141

 IV

 

FINE-TUNING DIETARY ASSESSMENT USING THE DRIs

 

145

   

8  Minimizing Potential Errors in Assessing Group and Individual Intakes

 

147

   

 Tailoring Requirements for Specific Groups and Individuals,

 

147

   

 Minimizing Errors in Measuring Dietary Intakes,

 

150

   

 Issues of Variance in Dietary Assessment,

 

158

   

 Summary,

 

161



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