TABLE 7.1 HIV/AIDS Education, Harm Reduction, and Discharge Planning Programs in U.S. Adult Correctional Systems, 1997

 

State/Federal Prison Systems (N = 51)

City/County Jail Systems (N = 41)

 

N

%

N

%

Type of HIV Education Programs

Instructor-Led Education

 

94

 

73

“Comprehensive” HIV/AIDS education programs*

 

10

 

5

Topics Covered in HIV Education Programs

Basic HIV information

51

100

35

85

Meaning of HIV test results

51

100

38

93

Negotiation skills for safer sex

21

41

19

46

Safer injection practices

23

45

20

49

Tattooing risks

42

82

22

54

Alcohol/drug risks

41

80

30

73

Self-perception of risk

30

59

27

66

Identifying barriers to behavioral change

28

55

23

56

Harm Reduction Strategies

Make condoms available

2

4

4

10

Make bleach available (for any purpose)

10

20

8

20

Make needles/syringe equipment available

0

0

0

0

 

Percentage of State/Federal Prison Systems Providing (N = 51)

Percentage of City/County Jail Systems Providing (N = 41)

Discharge planning services for HIV+ inmates

 

92

 

76

 

Referral Made

Appointment Made

Referral Made

Appointment Made

Medicaid/related benefits

78

35

56

29

CD4 monitoring

71

24

54

17

Viral load monitoring

61

22

46

20

HIV medications

82

31

66

27

Substance abuse treatment

75

22

63

24

HIV counseling

73

27

61

32

Psychosocial support

73

24

54

27

STD prevention and treatment

65

22

46

17

*Provides all of the following in all of its facilities: instructor-led education, peer-led programs, pre-/posttest counseling, and multisession prevention counseling.

SOURCE: NIJ et al., 1999.



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