Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). June 2000. Report on the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic. New York: United Nations


Kaiser Family Foundation. 2000. The State of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic. Capitol Hill Briefing Series on HIV/AIDS.

Kaslow RA, Ostrow DG, Detels R, Phair JP, Polk BF, Rinaldo CR Jr. 1987. The Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study: Rationale, organization, and selected characteristics of the participants. American Journal of Epidemiology 126(2):310–318.


Levine WC, Pope V, Bhoomkar A, Tambe P, Lewis JS, Zaidi AA, Farshy CE, Mitchell S, Talkington DF. 1998. Increase in endocervical CD4 lymphocytes among women with nonulcerative sexually transmitted diseases. Journal of Infectious Diseases 177:167–174.


Marks G, Bingman C, Duval TS. 1998. Negative affects and unsafe sex in HIV-positive men. AIDS and Behavior 2(2):89–99.

Murphy SL. 2000. Deaths: Final Data for 1998. National Vital Statistics Reports. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.


National Research Council. 1989. AIDS: Sexual Behavior and Intravenous Drug Use. Turner CF, Miller HG, and Moses LE (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council, Institute of Medicine. 1995. Preventing HIV Transmission: The Role of Sterile Needles and Bleach. Normand J, Vlahov D, and Moses LE (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Ostrow D. 1999. Practical prevention issues. In Ostrow D and Kalichman S (Eds.). Psychosocial and Public Health Impacts of New HIV Therapies. New York: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers.


Pappaioanou M, Dondero TJ Jr, Petersen LR, Onorato IM, Sanchez CD, Curran JW. 1990. The family of HIV seroprevalence surveys: Objectives, methods, and uses of sentinel surveillance for HIV in the United States. Public Health Reports. 105(2):113–119.

Patterson BK, Landay A, Andersson J, Brown C, Behbahani H, Jiyamapa D, Burki Z, Stanislawski D, Czerniewski MA, Garcia P. 1998. Repertoire of chemokine receptor expression in the female genital tract: Implications for human immunodeficiency virus transmission. American Journal of Pathology 153(2):481–490.


Rabkin JG and Chesney MA. 1999. Treatment adherence to HIV medications: The Achilles heel of new therapeutics. In Ostrow D and Kalichman S (Eds.). Psychosocial and Public Health Impacts of New HIV Therapies. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.


Spradling P. 2000. Concurrent use of rifabutin and HAART: Evidence for reduced efficacy? (Abstract TUOR B8277). XIII International AIDS Conference. July 9–14, 2000, Durban, South Africa.

Susser E, Betne P, Valencia E, Goldfinger SM, Lehman AF. 1997a. Injection drug use among homeless adults with severe mental illness. American Journal of Public Health 87(5):854–856.

Susser E, Colson P, Jandorf L, Berkman A, Lavelle J, Fennig S, Waniek C, Bromet E. 1997b. HIV infection among young adults with psychotic disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry 154(6):864–866.

Susser E, Valencia E, Miller M, Tsai WY, Meyer-Bahlburg H, Conover S. 1995. Sexual behavior of homeless mentally ill men at risk for HIV. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(4):583–587.


U.S. Census Bureau. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999 (119th edition). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.


Wortley PM, Fleming PL. 1997. AIDS in women in the United States: Recent trends. Journal of the American Medical Association 278:911–916.


Zolopa AR, Hahn JA, Gorter R, Miranda J, Wlodarczyk D, Peterson J, Pilote L, Moss AR. 1994. HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample. Journal of the American Medical Association 272:455–461.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement