D
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACRIM

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor

ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observing Satellite

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

ATD

advanced technology development

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


BigFoot

A NASA Earth Observing System mapping project


CDR

climate data record

CEOS

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

CERES

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiation Energy System

CES

Committee on Earth Studies

CGPM

Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures

CMIS

Conical Scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder

CrIS

Cross-track Infrared Sounder


DAAC

distributed active archive center

DMSP

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOD

Department of Defense


EDR

environmental data record

ENSO

El Niño/Southern Oscillation

EOF

empirical orthogonal function

EOS

Earth Observing System

EOS AM

Earth Orbiting System Morning Satellite

EOS PM

Earth Orbiting System Afternoon Satellite

EOSDIS

Earth Observing System Data and Information System

ERB

Earth Radiation Budget



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Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: II. Implementation D Acronyms and Abbreviations ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor ADEOS Advanced Earth Observing Satellite AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit ATD advanced technology development ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer BigFoot A NASA Earth Observing System mapping project CDR climate data record CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites CERES Clouds and the Earth’s Radiation Energy System CES Committee on Earth Studies CGPM Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures CMIS Conical Scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder DAAC distributed active archive center DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOD Department of Defense EDR environmental data record ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation EOF empirical orthogonal function EOS Earth Observing System EOS AM Earth Orbiting System Morning Satellite EOS PM Earth Orbiting System Afternoon Satellite EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System ERB Earth Radiation Budget

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Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: II. Implementation ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite ERS Earth Resources Satellite ESE Earth Science Enterprise ESSIPs Earth System Science Information Partnerships ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite HRC highly reflective cloud IDPS integrated data processing system IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Program IIP Instrument Incubator Program IORD-1 Integrated Operational Requirements Document (First Version) IPFT Integrated Product Formulation Team IPO Integrated Program Office ISO International Organization for Standardization LECT local equatorial crossing time LIDQA Landsat Instrument Data Quality Assessment LTA long-term archive METOP Meteorological Operational satellite METOP-3 EUMETSAT Operational Polar Orbiter 3 MODIS Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MODLAND MODIS Land Group MSU Microwave Sounding Unit MTF modulation transfer function NAOS North American Atmospheric Observing System NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCDS NPOESS Climate Data System NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service NewDISS New Data and Information System and Services Nimbus-7 NASA Environmental Research Satellite Series, 7 NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NMP New Millennium Program NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NRA NASA research announcement NRC National Research Council OCTS Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner OI optimum interpolation OLR outgoing longwave radiation

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Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: II. Implementation OMPS Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite OSIP Operational Satellite Improvement Program OSS Office of Space Science PDRR program development and risk reduction (phase) PI principal investigator POES Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer RDR raw data record RFP request for proposal SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet SDR sensor data record SDRR system definition and risk reduction (phase) SDS Science Data System SeaWiFS Sea Viewing Wide-Field-of-View Sensor SI units Système International d’Unités SIMBIOS Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Oceanic Studies SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment SRCA Spectroradiometric Calibration Assembly SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager SST sea surface temperature TBM terabit memory TDP Technology Development Plan TIROS Television Infrared Observation Satellite TOA top of the atmosphere TOPEX Ocean Surface Topography Experiment TOVS TIROS-N operational vertical sounder TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission TSI total solar irradiance TSIM Total Solar Irradiance Monitor TSPR total system performance requirements USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program VIIRS Visible/Infrared Imager and Radiometer Suite VIRS Visible and Infrared Scanner