. "Appendix C: The Family of Magnetic Confinement Configurations." An Assessment of the Department of Energy's Office of Fusion Energy Sciences Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2001.
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There are concepts under study that cannot be categorized in the externally controlled/self-organized scheme. Two examples are magnetized target fusion and the dipole configuration. Magnetized target fusion compresses a compact toroid to densities intermediate between those of magnetically and inertially confined plasmas. It offers a new, perhaps simpler approach to fusion, as well as access to plasma physics regimes. The dipole configuration mimics confinement of plasma in planetary magnetospheres, again offering special advantages and physics insights.