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Review of the U.S. Department of Energy's Heavy Vehicle Technologies Program Acronyms and Abbreviations ANL Argonne National Laboratory bbl barrel bhp-h brake horsepower-hour CAFÉ corporate average fuel economy CARB California Air Resources Board CFD computational fluid dynamics CHAD computational hydrodynamics for advanced designs CNG compressed natural gas CO carbon monoxide CRADA cooperative research and development agreement DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation DING direct-injection natural-gas (engine) DOE U.S. Department of Energy EGR exhaust gas recirculation EIA Energy Information Administration EPA Environmental Protection Agency FY fiscal year GTRI Georgia Tech Research Institute GVW gross vehicle weight HCCI homogeneous-charge, compression-ignition (engine) HEV hybrid electric vehicle HTML High Temperature Materials Laboratory LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LDT light-duty trucks LEV low-emission vehicle LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LNG liquefied natural gas MDPV medium-duty passenger vehicle mpg miles per gallon mph miles per hour NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NGV natural-gas vehicle NMHC nonmethane hydrocarbons NOx nitrogen oxides OAAT Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies OHVT Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PING pilot-injection, natural-gas (engine) PM particulate matter PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles R&D research and development SCR selective catalytic reduction SING spark-ignited, natural-gas (engine) SNL Sandia National Laboratories SOP statement of principles SULEV super low-emission vehicle SUV sport utility vehicle TAC toxic air contaminant ULEV ultra low-emission vehicle VOC volatile organic compound
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