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FWS Fish and Wildlife Service

GESAMP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution

GIS Geographical information system

GPS Global positioning system

HA Hedonic approach

HAPC Habitat area of particular concern

IFQ Individual Fishing Quota

IMO International Maritime Organization

ITC Individual transferable quota

IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

MARPOL International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

MMA Marine managed area

MMPA Marine Mammals Protection Act

MPA Marine protected area

MPPRC Marine Plastics Pollution Research and Control Act

MSFCMA Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act

MSY Maximum sustainable yield

NAPA National Academy of Public Administration

NEPA National Environmental Policy Act

NERR National Estuarine Research Reserve

NERRS National Estuarine Research Reserve System

NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service

NMS National Marine Sanctuary

NMSP National Marine Sanctuary Program

NMSA National Marine Sanctuary Act

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOS National Ocean Service

NPS National Park Service

NRC National Research Council

NWR National Wildlife Refuge

NPFMC North Pacific Fisheries Management Council

OCS Outer Continental Shelf

OCSLA Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act

OPA Oil Pollution Act

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