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Guidance for Selection

  • The area should possess a landscape and/or coastal and island seascape of high scenic quality, with diverse associated habitats, flora and fauna along with manifestations of unique or traditional land-use patterns and social organizations as evidenced in human settlements and local customs, livelihoods, and beliefs.

  • The area should provide opportunities for public enjoyment through recreation and tourism within its normal lifestyle and economic activities.

Organizational Responsibility

The area may be owned by a public authority, but is more likely to comprise a mosaic of private and public ownerships operating a variety of management regimes. These regimes should be subject to a degree of planning or other control and supported, where appropriate, by public funding and other incentives, to ensure that the quality of the landscape/seascape and the relevant local customs and beliefs are maintained in the long term.

Equivalent Category in 1978 System

Protected Landscape


Managed Resource Protected Area: Protected Area Managed Mainly for the Sustainable Use of Natural Ecosystems


Area containing predominantly unmodified natural systems, managed to ensure long term protection and maintenance of biological diversity, while providing at the same time a sustainable flow of natural products and services to meet community needs.

Objectives of Management

  • to protect and maintain the biological diversity and other natural values of the area in the long term;

  • to promote sound management practices for sustainable production purposes;

  • to protect the natural resource base from being alienated for other land-use purposes that would be detrimental to the area's biological diversity; and

  • to contribute to regional and national development.

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