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Biodiversity, general, ix , xi , 1, 3, 4-5, 7, 10, 11, 13, 17, 21, 22, 32, 49, 72, 81-84, 138-139, 149, 164, 171-172, 179-180, 181, 237, 238, 243, 245
see also Extinction;
Genetic diversity;
Rare, threatened, and endangered speciesbenthic habitat, 24
bycatch and, 32
defined, 214
location of reserves, 99-102, 103, 105, 107, 181
monitoring, 130
recommendations, 177-178
Shannon-Weiner diversity, 85-87
Bioeconomic models, 144, 249, 251, 252
Biogeographic factors, 5, 68, 69, 137, 143, 149, 177, 180, 254-255
location of reserves, 98-106 (passim)
Biomass
spawning stock biomass, 61, 101, 175, 180, 218, 249, 250, 252, 253
stock, general, 27, 32, 49, 55, 72, 75, 79, 80, 81, 85-87, 90, 93, 112, 116, 128, 131, 144, 178, 250-253 (passim)
Biomass overflow,
see Spillover
Birds,
see Waterfowl
Body size, fish, 27, 32, 35, 36, 38, 41, 75, 76, 79, 80, 81, 85-87, 88, 90, 93-94, 124, 131, 144, 172, 174-175, 177
Bottom trawling, 13, 22, 24, 74, 96, 110, 119-120, 165
Buffer zones, 94, 116, 177
cost-benefit analysis, 48
defined, 214
Bycatch, 3, 5, 22, 23, 26, 31-32, 34, 111, 175, 178
see also Discards area closures, 23, 24
defined, 31-32
red snapper, Gulf of Mexico, 73
uncertainty, 41

C


California, 107, 124, 151, 165, 166, 170, 171
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, 106, 159, 170
Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, 159
National Estuarine Research Reserves, 170
wetland losses, 74
Canada, 15, 55, 69, 96
cod, 23, 30, 132, 174, 248
Gulf of Maine, 109
hydrothermal vents, 111
location of reserves, 103
Cape Point Nature Reserve, 100-101
Caribbean Sea, 80, 91, 109, 127, 132, 146, 251
Cuba, 20, 109
Dry Tortugas, 68, 99, 130, 151, 155, 159-160
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS), 12, 20, 64-65, 82, 84, 97, 99, 102, 116, 129, 130, 132, 159, 160
Jamaica, 84, 95-96, 132
St. Lucia, 80, 96, 116, 130
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, 106, 159, 170
Chile, 130
Circulation patterns,
see Current and circulation patterns
Clean Water Act, 168, 169, 172, 233
Closures,
see Area closures;
Temporal closures
Coastal Barrens Resources Act, 169
Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA), 74, 151-152, 161, 169, 172, 232
Coastal zones, ix , 2, 3, 4, 13, 21, 28, 40, 42, 77, 123, 166, 171, 184, 253-255
see also Recreational uses;
Regional fishery management councils;
Wetlands
community-level factors, 3, 14, 28, 42, 43, 59, 66-70, 181
estuaries, 13, 21, 38, 74, 77, 103, 105, 160-161, 166, 170, 171, 243
exclusive economic zones, 20, 38, 39, 149, 180, 215
historical perspectives, 43, 146, 149
integrated management, 123, 159
location of reserves, 5, 103, 109-110, 181
migratory species, 38
military reservations, 166
public trust property, 20


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