Page xvi

    Economic Incentives, 60
    Community Involvement, 66
5     EMPIRICAL AND MODELING STUDIES OF MARINE RESERVES 71
    Conceptual Basis, 71
    Empirical Evidence and Inferences from Models, 79
6     DESIGN 97
    How Should the Location of Marine Protected Areas and Reserves Be Chosen?, 97
    How Large Should Marine Protected Areas Be?, 111
    Multiple-Use Zoning of Marine Protected Areas, 118
7     MONITORING, RESEARCH, AND MODELING 126
    Monitoring Programs, 126
    Research Needs, 135
    Modeling, 143
8     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND EVALUATION OF MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES 145
    International History of Marine Protected Areas, 145
    Marine Protected Areas in the United States, 151
9     CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 174
    Conclusions, 174
    Recommendations, 176
REFERENCES 185
APPENDIXES 209
    A     Acronyms, 211
    B     Glossary, 214
    C     Committee and Staff Biographies, 219
    D     Meeting Agendas, 223
    E     Presidential Executive Order Regarding Marine Protected Areas in the United States, 232
    F     IUCN Protected Area Categories System, 237
    G     Description of Studies Estimating Marine Reserve Area Requirements, 247
INDEX 257


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement