Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism: A Public Health Strategy (2003)

Chapter: Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographies

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Suggested Citation: "Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism: A Public Health Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003.
Page 164
Suggested Citation: "Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism: A Public Health Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003.
Page 165
Suggested Citation: "Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism: A Public Health Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003.
Page 166
Suggested Citation: "Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism: A Public Health Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003.
Page 167
Suggested Citation: "Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism: A Public Health Strategy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2003.
Page 168

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B Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES Lewis R. Goldfrank, M.D., Chair, is director of emergency medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Bellevue Medical Center. He is the medical director of the New York City Poison Control Center. Dr. Goldfrank served as president of the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine and chaired the American Board of Emergency Medicine's Subboard on Medical Toxicology. He is coeditor of the Agency for Toxic Substances Disease Registry's Medical Guidelines for Managing Hazmat In- cidents and senior editor of Goldirank's Toxicologic Emergencies, a standard text in medical toxicology. Dr. Goldfrank previously served as the chair of the Committee on Evaluation of the Metropolitan Medical Response System Program and as a member of the Committee on Research and De- velopment Needs for Improving Civilian Medical Response to Chemical and Biological Terrorism Incidents. Dr. Goldfrank is a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM). Gerard A. lacobs, Ph.D., is the director of the Disaster Mental Health Institute at the University of South Dakota. He is also an officer of the American Red Cross Disaster Services Human Resources (the national disaster team) and the Red Cross Aviation Incident Response Team, and served as the Red Cross national consultant for dsaster mental health from 1992 to 2000. His disaster responses have ranged from the impact of an oil fire in a remote rural community to the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, as well as numerous aviation and natural 164

APPENDIX B 165 disasters. Dr. lacobs was a member of the American Psychological Association's (APA's) Advisory Committee for the national Disaster Re- sponse Network and also served as a member of the APA's national task force to study the responses to the Oklahoma City bombing. In addition, Dr. lacobs serves as a consultant to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Dr. lacobs is an author of the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Tool for the Rapid Assessment of Mental Health Needs of Refugees, Displaced and Other Populations Affected by Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations: A Community-Oriented Assess- ment. Carol S. North, M.D., M.P.E., is a board-certified psychiatrist and pro- fessor of psychiatry at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri. She serves as director of consultation-liaison psychiatry and director of emergency psychiatry at Washington University/Barnes- lewish Hospital in St. Louis. Dr. North is a psychiatric epidemiologist who has specialized in the mental health effects of disasters and terror- ism for 15 years. She and her team have accumulated a systematic data- base on more than 2,000 victims of a dozen major disasters in the United States and internationally, including the Oklahoma City bombing and the bombings of the U.S. embassies in East Africa. Data from these stud- ies have provided direction and practical guidance to policymakers and mental health workers designing interventions after other disasters. In 1993, Dr. North led regional efforts in eastern Missouri to provide mental health relief after the Great Midwestern Floods. She testified to the U.S. Senate about the mental health effects of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and has consulted for the Food and Drug Administration on pharmaceutical indications for posttraumatic stress disorder. Patricia Quinlisk, M.D., M.P.H., is the medical director and state epide- miologist for the Iowa Department of Public Health. Yearly, for the past 10 years, she has conducted week-long epidemiologic training courses in Europe, and she teaches regularly at the University of Iowa, Des Moines University (Medicine and Health Sciences), Iowa State University, and other educational institutes around Iowa. She has expertise in clinical microbiology (MT(ASCP)) and infectious disease epidemiology. Dr. Quinlisk serves, or has served, on several national advisory committees including the Advisory Committee of the U.S. Marine Corps Chemical/ Biological Incident Response Force, the Department of Defense's Panel to Assess the Capabilities for Domestic Response to Terrorist Acts Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction (the Gilmore Commission), and as presi- dent of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE). Re-

166 PREPARING FOR THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF TERRORISM cently, she testified before two congressional subcommittees on public health aspects of terrorism and served as a member on the IOM Commit- tee on Microbial Threats to Health in the 21st Century. Robert l. Ursano, M.D., is professor of psychiatry and neuroscience and chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at the Uniformed Services Uni- versity of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland, where he is also direc- tor of the Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress. Dr. Ursano is widely published in areas including the psychological effects of terrorism, bioterrorism, traumatic events, and disasters and combat. He and his team have served as consultants and completed studies on numerous di- sasters, disaster rescue workers, motor vehicle accident victims, family violence, and Vietnam, Desert Storm, and Gulf War veterans. He was a national consultant for planning clinical care responses and research pro- grams following the September 11th terrorist attacks. Dr. Ursano is a member of the Advisory Board of the National Partnership for Workplace Mental Health (American Psychiatric Association), the Scientific Advisory Board on Bioterrorism of Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, and the Advisory Board of the Center on Terrorism of the University of Oklahoma School of Medicine. Nancy E. Wallace, C.S.W., is the founder and president of New Health Directions, Inc., a company providing Employee Assistance Program con- sulting services to corporations and nonprofit organizations. Ms. Wallace is a social worker specializing in employee relations, program develop- ment, and disaster relief and traumatic stress in the workplace. Ms. Wallace is also currently working with University Settlement Society of New York under Project Liberty, a September 11th disaster recovery pro- gram sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Center for Mental Health Services. A frequent speaker and trainer both globally and throughout the United States, Ms. Wallace also works with the United Nations (U.N.) in various capacities. For the past 10 years, she has acted as the Main Representative to the U.N. for the World Federation for Mental Health, and helped to found the U.N. Non-Governmental Or- ganizations Committee on Mental Health. Ms. Wallace spent a number of years working as a corporate officer in the area of employee relations and also as a community organizer in New York City. She has been involved in mental health disaster relief efforts during some of the country's worst disasters, such as Hurricane Andrew, TWA Flight 800, and the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center. She has provided expert consul- tation and training on crisis management in natural disasters in both Tai- wan and the Caribbean.

APPENDIX B 167 Marleen Wong, L.C.S.W., is director of crisis counseling and intervention services for the Los Angeles Unified School District. She is also director of school crisis and disaster recovery for the National Center for Child Trau- matic Stress (NCCTS) at the University of California, Los Angeles, and Duke University. Since 1974, Ms. Wong has developed and administered crisis teams and mental health programs for the second-largest school dis- trict in the United States; after September 11, 2001, she provided compa- rable services for the NCCTS. Ms. Wong assisted schools as an immediate on-site consultant for the U.S. Department of Education after the Los An- geles riots and the Northridge earthquake, the Murrah Federal Building bombing in Oklahoma City, the Thurston and Columbine High School shootings, and the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, D.C. Internationally, she has advised teacher unions, and school and govern- ment officials on school disaster recovery after earthquakes in Kobe, la- pan, and the Peoples' Republic of China. She is author of the U.S. Depart- ment of Justice "COPS in Schools" curriculum on mental health interventions; coauthor of articles on the treatment of traumatized stu- dents exposed to violence; and lead editor for the lane's Information Group Handbook on School Safety. IOM STAFF BIOGRAPHIES Andrew Pope, Ph.D., is acting director of the Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health and director of the Board on Health Sciences Policy at the Institute of Medicine. With expertise in physiology and biochemistry, his primary interests focus on environmental and occupational influences on human health. Dr. Pope's previous research activities focused on the neuroendocrine and reproductive effects of various environmental sub- stances on food-producing animals. During his tenure at the National Academy of Sciences and since 1989 at the Institute of Medicine, Dr. Pope has directed numerous reports on topics that include injury control, dis- ability prevention, biologic markers, neurotoxicology, indoor allergens, and the enhancement of environmental and occupational health content in medical and nursing school curricula. Most recently, Dr. Pope directed studies on the National Institutes of Health priority-setting processes, fluid resuscitation practices in combat casualties, and organ procurement and transplantation. Adrienne Stith Butler, Ph.D., is a program officer in the Division of Neu- roscience and Behavioral Health. She is also currently serving as pro- gram officer for the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Committee on Institu- tional and Policy-Level Strategies for Increasing the Diversity of the U.S. Health Care Workforce, within the Board on Health Sciences Policy. Pre-

168 PREPARING FOR THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF TERRORISM viously, she served as program officer for the IOM report Unequal Treat- ment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, also conducted within the Board on Health Sciences Policy. Prior to working at the Insti- tute of Medicine, she served as the lames Marshall Public Policy Scholar, a fellowship sponsored by the Society for the Psychological Study of So- cial Issues and the American Psychological Association. In this position, based in Washington, D.C., she engaged in policy analysis and pursued legislative issues related to ethnic disparities in health care and health research, racial profiling, and counseling provisions in the reauthoriza- tion of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Dr. Butler is a clini- cal psychologist, receiving her doctorate in 1997 from the University of Vermont. She completed a postdoctoral fellowship in adolescent medi- cine and pediatric psychology at the University of Rochester Medical Cen- ter in Rochester, New York. Allison M. Panzer is a research assistant in the Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health. She is also currently serving as the research assis- tant for the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Committee on Health Literacy. Previously, she worked on the IOM report Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative. Ms. Panzer received her bachelor's degree from Wesleyan University with course work in psychology, neuroscience, and sociology.

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The Oklahoma City bombing, intentional crashing of airliners on September 11, 2001, and anthrax attacks in the fall of 2001 have made Americans acutely aware of the impacts of terrorism. These events and continued threats of terrorism have raised questions about the impact on the psychological health of the nation and how well the public health infrastructure is able to meet the psychological needs that will likely result. Preparing for the Psychological Consequences of Terrorism highlights some of the critical issues in responding to the psychological needs that result from terrorism and provides possible options for intervention. The committee offers an example for a public health strategy that may serve as a base from which plans to prevent and respond to the psychological consequences of a variety of terrorism events can be formulated. The report includes recommendations for the training and education of service providers, ensuring appropriate guidelines for the protection of service providers, and developing public health surveillance for preevent, event, and postevent factors related to psychological consequences.

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