Biographical Sketches for Committee Members
Craig Marks (NAE), chair, is chairman of the board of trustees of Altarum, a not-for-profit scientific R&D organization engaged in the application of advanced information technology to solve national defense, health care, and environmental problems. For 27 years he worked at General Motors in engineering and management positions. He subsequently became vice president of Engineering and Technology for the TRW Automotive Sector and then vice president of Technology and Productivity for the Allied Signal Automotive Sector. In the latter position he headed an automotive research and development center and was responsible for the staff functions of manufacturing; quality, health, safety, and environment; and communications. After retiring, Dr. Marks became an adjunct professor at the University of Michigan, with a joint appointment in the College of Engineering and the School of Business Administration, where he helped found the Joel D. Tauber Manufacturing Institute. He has served on a number of NRC committees, including as chairman, Committee on Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles and Committee for the Review of the Intelligent Vehicle Initiative—Phase 2. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the Engineering Society of Detroit. Dr. Craig holds B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology.
Peter Beardmore (NAE) was director, Ford Research Laboratory, Ford Motor Company, prior to his retirement in August 2000. His primary research interests are in the deformation and fracture of materials, including extensive research experience in metals, polymers, and composites, and he has published over 83 technical articles. He is a recognized international authority on composite mate-
rials and on the application of new materials to automotive structures. His management responsibilities at Ford covered a wide area of research activities relative to the automotive industry, including materials, environmental chemistry, sensor technologies, automotive catalyst development, and the application of modern analytical techniques. He is a member of the American Society for Materials (ASM), The Metallurgical Society (TMS) of AIME, and the Engineering Society of Detroit (ESD). He was elected a fellow of ASM in 1989 and a fellow of ESD in 1991. In 1992, he was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He holds a B.Met. in metallurgy from the University of Sheffield and a Ph.D. in metallurgy from the University of Liverpool.
David L. Bodde serves as a professor and senior fellow at Clemson University. There, he directs innovation and policy at the International Center for Automotive Research. Prior to joining Clemson University, Dr. Bodde held the Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innovation at the University of Missouri in Kansas City. Dr. Bodde serves on the board of directors of several energy and technology companies, including Great Plains Energy, the Commerce Funds, and EPRI Solutions. His executive experience includes vice president, Midwest Research Institute; assistant director of the Congressional Budget Office; and deputy assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Energy. He is a member of the NRC’s Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and recently served on the Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He was once a soldier and served in the Army in Vietnam. He has a doctorate in business administration from Harvard University, M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering (1972) and management (1973), and a B.S. from the United States Military Academy.
Glenn A. Eisman is director of the Center for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Research and professor of materials science and engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Eisman is also principal partner of Eisman Technology Consultants, LLC. His previous positions include chief technology officer, Plug Power, Inc.; technical leader, The Advanced Materials Program, Central Research and New Businesses, Dow Chemical Company; and project leader, discovery research R&D and inorganic chemical research, Dow Chemical Company. Dr. Eisman has extensive experience in R&D and product development for fuel cells, hydrogen technologies, electrochemical engineering, physical and inorganic solid state chemistry, and new technology commercialization and business development. He received the Inventor of the Year Award from Dow Chemical Co. (1993) and is a member of the Electrochemical Society. He received a B.S. in chemistry from Temple University and a Ph.D. in physical inorganic chemistry from Northeastern University.
David Foster is the Phil and Jean Myers Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wisconsin, where he has been a faculty member since comple-
tion of his Ph.D. He teaches and conducts research in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and chemical kinetics and emission formation processes in internal combustion engines. He is an active member of the Engine Research Center (ERC), of which he served as the director from 1994 through 1999. The ERC has won multiple Center-of-Excellence competitions for engine research and is world renowned for its accomplishments and its extensive facilities for research on internal combustion engines. He is now codirector of the General Motors–ERC Collaborative Research Laboratory, which was established in 2003.
Professor Foster’s research activities focus on the experimental investigation of engine combustion systems and the incorporation of simplified or phenomenological models of emission formation processes into engineering simulations. Most recently he initiated work on understanding the impacts of fuels and combustion processes on the detailed characterization of diesel engine particulate matter, an important basis for understanding and mitigating the health effects of engine emissions and for developing exhaust gas aftertreatment systems.
Professor Foster is an active consultant for industries both here and abroad. He has published extensively in journals of the professional societies serving the combustion and internal engine communities. He is a recipient of the Ralph R. Teetor Award, the Forest R. McFarland Award, and the Lloyd L. Withrow Distinguished Speaker Award of the Society of Automotive Engineers. Dr. Foster is a registered professional engineer in the State of Wisconsin and has won departmental, engineering society, and university awards for his classroom teaching. He served as a member of the NRC Committee on Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles for 6 years. He is a fellow of SAE. He received his B.S.M.E. and M.S.M.E. from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
John B. Heywood (NAE) is Sun Jae Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and director of the Sloan Automotive Laboratory. Dr. Heywood’s research has focused on understanding and explaining the processes that govern the operation and design of internal combustion engines and their fuels requirements. Major research activities include engine combustion, pollutant formation, and operating and emissions characteristics and fuel requirements of automotive and aircraft engines. He has served on a number of NRC committees, including the Committee on Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles. He has consulted for many companies in the automotive and petroleum industries and for government organizations. He has received many awards, from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the British Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and the Society of Automotive Engineers for his research contributions. He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from MIT, an Sc.D. from Cambridge University, and honorary doctorates from Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden) and City University (U.K.).
John G. Kassakian (NAE) is a professor of electrical engineering and director of the MIT Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems. His expertise is in the use of electronics for the control and conversion of electrical energy, industrial and utility applications of power electronics, electronic manufacturing technologies, and automotive electrical and electronic systems. Prior to joining the MIT faculty, he served in the U.S. Navy. Dr. Kassakian is on the boards of directors of a number of companies and has held numerous positions with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), including founding president of the IEEE Power Electronics Society. He is a member of the NAE, a fellow of the IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE’s William E. Newell Award for Outstanding Achievements in Power Electronics (1987), the IEEE Centennial Medal (1984), and the IEEE Power Electronics Society’s Distinguished Service Award (1998). He has an Sc.D. in electrical engineering from MIT.
Harold H. Kung is professor of chemical and biological engineering at North-western University. His areas of research include surface chemistry, catalysis, and chemical reaction engineering. His professional experience includes work as a research chemist at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. He is a recipient of the P.H. Emmett Award and the Robert Burwell Lectureship Award from the North American Catalysis Society, the Herman Pines Award of the Chicago Catalysis Club, the Cross-Canada Lectureship of the Catalysis Division of the Chemical Institute of Canada, the John McClanahan Henske Distinguished Lectureship of Yale University, and the Olaf A. Hougen Professorship at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He has a Ph.D. in chemistry from Northwestern University.
James J. MacKenzie is a senior fellow in the World Resources Institute’s (WRI’s) Climate, Energy, and Pollution program. Prior to joining WRI, MacKenzie was a senior staff scientist, Union of Concerned Scientists; senior staff member for energy, President’s Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ); and a member of the joint scientific staff of the Massachusetts and national Audubon societies. Much of his recent research and analysis has focused on transportation technologies and the impact of the transportation system on the environment. He is coauthor (transportation chapter) of Frontiers of Sustainability: Environmentally Sound Agriculture, Forestry, Transportation, and Power Production; author of Climate Protection and the National Interest; Oil as a Finite Resource: When is Global Production Likely to Peak?; and The Keys to the Car: Electric and Hydrogen Vehicles for the 21st Century. He is also coauthor of Car Trouble, a book on the impacts of cars on the American scene, and of several major WRI reports, including an analysis of the subsidies to motor vehicles in the United States, the impacts of global motor vehicle use on climate change, and the effects of multiple air pollutants on U.S. forests and crops. He has also completed a policy report exploring the linkages among the problems of climate change, air pollution, and national energy security. Dr. MacKenzie re-
ceived his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Minnesota and completed postgraduate work at the Los Alamos and Argonne National Laboratories and MIT before joining the Audubon Society.
Christopher L. Magee (NAE) has been with MIT since January 2002 and has a joint appointment as a professor of the practice in the Engineering Systems Division and Mechanical Engineering. He also directs a multidisciplinary research center (the Center for Innovation in Product Development). Before Dr. Magee joined MIT, he had more than 35 years of experience at Ford Motor Company, beginning in the Scientific Research Laboratory and progressing through a series of management positions to executive director of Programs and Advanced Engineering. The latter position had global responsibility for all major technically deep areas involved in Ford’s Product Development Organization and consisted of about 7,000 people located in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
At the beginning of his career, Dr. Magee made major contributions to understanding the transformation, structure, and strength of ferrous materials. He was internationally recognized for this work and in his early 30’s won the Howe Medal (best paper of the year in Trans-ASM/AIME) and, one year later, the Alfred Nobel Award (given by the ASCE for the single best contribution by someone under 33 from candidates from all five “founding” engineering societies (IEEE, ASME, AIME, AIChE, and ASCE). Dr. Magee then made contributions to lightweight material development, including dual-phase and other HSLA steels (including new stamping technology), and led their implementation at Ford. Simultaneously, Dr. Magee pioneered experimental work on high-rate structural collapse aimed at vehicle crashworthiness. During this latter period, Dr. Magee also led the work that initiated Ford’s computer-aided engineering for structural and occupant simulation for crashworthiness. Dr. Magee has led (from 1981 on) efforts at Ford to adapt systems engineering to the modern automotive design process. In addition, he was instrumental in developing new approaches to the program creation process at Ford and from 1987 through 1999 had the technical lead for all major Ford product concept efforts.
Dr. Magee is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (since 1997), a fellow of ASM, and a participant in major NRC studies, ranging from design research to materials research. Dr. Magee received his B.S. and Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University and an M.B.A. from Michigan State University.
Michael P. Ramage (NAE) is retired executive vice president, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previously he was director, executive vice president, and chief technology officer of Mobil Oil Corporation. He held a number of positions at Mobil, including general manager of exploration and producing research, development, and technical services; vice president of engi-
neering; manager of process development; and president of Mobil Technology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects of the petroleum industry, including R&D, chemical processes, and capital project management. He is a director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He served on a number of university visiting committees and is a member of a number of professional societies. He recently served as chairman of the NRC Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and serves on the NAE Council. He has B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in chemical engineering from Purdue University.
Vernon P. Roan is retired director of the Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering and professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Florida, where he has been a faculty member for more than 30 years. Since 1994, he has also been the director of the University of Florida Fuel Cell Research and Training Laboratory. Previously, he was a senior design engineer with Pratt & Whitney Aircraft. Dr. Roan, who has more than 25 years of R&D experience, is currently developing improved modeling and simulation systems for a fuel-cell bus program and working as a consultant to Pratt & Whitney on advanced gas-turbine propulsion systems. His research at the University of Florida has involved both spark-ignition and diesel engines operating with many alternative fuels and advanced concepts. With groups of engineering students, he designed and built a 20-passenger diesel-electric bus for the Florida Department of Transportation and a hybrid electric urban car using an internal combustion engine and lead-acid batteries. He has been a consultant to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, monitoring its electric and hybrid vehicle programs. He organized and chaired two national meetings on advanced vehicle technologies and a national seminar on the development of fuel-cell-powered automobiles and has published numerous technical papers on innovative propulsion systems. He was one of the four members of the Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Panel of the California Air Resources Board, which issued a report in May 1998 on the status and outlook for fuel cells for transportation applications. Dr. Roan received a B.S. in aeronautical engineering and an M.S. in engineering from the University of Florida and a Ph.D. in engineering from the University of Illinois.
Bernard Robertson (NAE) is president of BIR1, LLC, an engineering consultancy specializing in transportation and energy matters that he founded in January 2004, upon his retirement from DaimlerChrysler Corporation. During the latter part of his 38-year career in the automotive industry, Mr. Robertson was elected an officer of Chrysler Corporation in February 1992. He was appointed senior vice president coincident with the merger of Chrysler Corporation and Daimler-Benz AG in November 1998 and was named senior vice president of Engineering Technologies and Regulatory Affairs in January 2001. In his last position, he led the Liberty and Technical Affairs Research group; Advanced Technology Management and
FreedomCAR activities; and hybrid electric, battery electric, fuel cell, and military vehicle development. In addition, he was responsible for regulatory analysis and compliance for safety and emissions. Mr. Robertson holds an M.B.A. from Michigan State University, a master’s degree in automotive engineering from the Chrysler Institute, and a master’s degree in mechanical sciences from Cambridge University, England. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers (U.K.), a chartered engineer (U.K.), and a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers.
R. Rhoads Stephenson is currently a technology consultant. Previously, he held a number of positions at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and Martin Marietta Corporation. At JPL, these included deputy director and acting director, Technology and Applications Programs; manager, Electronics and Control Division; deputy manager, Control and Energy Conversion Division; and manager of the Systems Analysis Section. He also served as associate administrator for R&D at NHTSA and while at Martin Marietta worked on energy conversion devices for space power. He has been a consultant to the Motor Vehicle Fire Research Institute, has been providing peer reviews of automotive safety issues, and recently published a number of papers on crash-induced fire safety issues with motor vehicles, including hydrogen-fueled vehicles. He brings extensive expertise in vehicle safety analysis, advanced technology systems, energy conversion technologies, and energy and environmental analysis. He has B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University.
Kathleen C. Taylor (NAE) is retired director of the Materials and Processes Laboratory at General Motors Research and Development and Planning Center. Dr. Taylor was simultaneously chief scientist for General Motors of Canada, Ltd. Earlier, she was department head for physics and physical chemistry and department head for environmental sciences. Currently Dr. Taylor serves on the board of the North American Catalysis Society, the Advanced Photon Source scientific advisory committee at Argonne National Laboratory, the advisory board for the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center at Columbia University, the board of directors of the National Inventors Hall of Fame, and the DOE Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee. Dr. Taylor was awarded the Garvan Medal from the American Chemical Society. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She is a fellow of SAE International and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She has been president of the Materials Research Society and chair of the board of directors of the Gordon Research Conferences. She has expertise in R&D management, fuel cells, batteries, catalysis, exhaust emission control, and automotive materials. She received an A.B. in chemistry from Douglass College and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Northwestern University.
Brijesh Vyas is currently a consultant to Bell Laboratories-Lucent Technologies. Previously, he was technical manager of the Energy Conversion Technology Group at Bell Labs-Lucent Technologies. Before that, he held positions at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Technical University of Denmark. His primary responsibility is R&D of advanced materials and technologies for high-energy-density batteries for portable applications and forward-looking work on energy storage systems for standby applications, including batteries, flywheels, fuel cells, and photovoltaic devices. He has led the development of rechargeable lithium batteries and nickel-cadmium and nickel-hydrogen batteries. As part of the development of battery technology, he is responsible for technology transfer to manufacturing and interactions between marketing, legal, and manufacturing organizations and battery users. He served on the NRC Committee to Review the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium’s Electric Vehicle Battery R&D Project Selection Process. His expertise includes materials and electrochemistry. He received his Ph.D. in materials science from the State University of New York, Stony Brook.