Suggested Citation: "LIST OF ACRONYMS." National Research Council. Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Goals, Strategies, and Challenges. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.
Page 89
Suggested Citation: "LIST OF ACRONYMS." National Research Council. Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle: Goals, Strategies, and Challenges. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.
Page 90

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LIST OF ACRONYMNS AEA U.S. Atomic Energy Act AEC U.S. Atomic Energy Commission AECC Angarsk Electrolysis Chemical Complex (Russia) ANPP Armenian Nuclear Power Plant CANDU Canadian deuterium-uranium reactors CAS Committee on Assurances of Supply (IAEA) EBR-II Experimental Breeder Reactor II Program (U.S.) EFEI Experimental Fuel Element Installation (Indonesia) ETC Enrichment Technology Company (Urenco) FEPI Fuel Element Production Installation (Indonesia) GIF Generation-IV International Forum GNEP Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (U.S.) HEU highly enriched uranium HLW high level waste HTGR high-temperature gas-cooled reactor IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency INFA International Nuclear Fuel Authority (U.S.) INFCE International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation INRNE BAS Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (U.S.) IUEC International Uranium Enrichment Center (Russia) LEU low-enriched uranium LCGP Least Cost Generation Plan (Armenia) LWR light-water reactor MOX mixed-oxide fuel NEF National Enrichment Facility (U.S.) NNPA U.S. Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978 NNWS nonnuclear-weapons states NPP nuclear power plant NPT Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PWR pressurized water reactor RANF Reliable Access to Nuclear Fuel RIAR Research Institute of Atomic Reactors (Russia) SWU separative work units TBP tributyl phosphate solutions THTR thorium high-temperature reactor TRU transuranics USAID U.S. Agency for International Development 89

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The so-called nuclear renaissance has increased worldwide interest in nuclear power. This potential growth also has increased, in some quarters, concern that nonproliferation considerations are not being given sufficient attention. In particular, since introduction of many new power reactors will lead to requiring increased uranium enrichment services to provide the reactor fuel, the proliferation risk of adding enrichment facilities in countries that do not have them now led to proposals to provide the needed fuel without requiring indigenous enrichment facilities. Similar concerns exist for reprocessing facilities.

Internationalization of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle summarizes key issues and analyses of the topic, offers some criteria for evaluating options, and makes findings and recommendations to help the United States, the Russian Federation, and the international community reduce proliferation and other risks, as nuclear power is used more widely.

This book is intended for all those who are concerned about the need for assuring fuel for new reactors and at the same time limiting the spread of nuclear weapons. This audience includes the United States and Russia, other nations that currently supply nuclear material and technology, many other countries contemplating starting or growing nuclear power programs, and the international organizations that support the safe, secure functioning of the international nuclear fuel cycle, most prominently the International Atomic Energy Agency.

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