Committee and Staff Biographies
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Dr. Edward Houde, chair of this committee, earned his Ph.D. in fishery science from Cornell University in 1968. Dr. Houde is currently a professor in the University of Maryland's Center for Environmental Science. His research interests include fisheries science and management, larval fish ecology, fisheries oceanography, and aquatic resources management. Dr. Houde has served previously as Director of NSF's Biological Oceanography Program. He is the recipient of the Beverton (Fisheries Society of the British Isles) and Sette (American Fisheries Society) Awards for career achievement. Dr. Houde is a member of the Ocean Studies Board and has served on numerous advisory committees, including the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, the NRC Committee on Sustaining Marine Fisheries, and the NMFS Ecosystem Principles Advisory Panel.
Dr. Felicia C. Coleman earned her Ph.D. in biological science from Florida State University in 1991. Dr. Coleman is currently an associate in research at Florida State University. Her research interests focus on reef fish, particularly their population ecology and the effects of fishing on reproduction. She organized the Mote International Symposium on Essential Fish Habitat and Marine Reserves (1998) and was guest editor for publication of the proceedings in the Bulletin of Marine Science (May 2000). She recently was named an Aldo Leopold Conservation Leadership Fellow by the Ecological Society of America.
Dr. Paul Dayton earned his Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Washington in 1970. Dr. Dayton is currently a professor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. His primary research interests include coastal ecology with a recent interest in the impacts of fishing on coastal ecosystems. Dr. Dayton received the George Mercer Award from the Ecological Society of America in 1974 and is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Dayton received a Pew Fellowship for Marine Conservation Research in 1994.
Dr. David Fluharty earned his Ph.D. in natural resources conservation and planning from the University of Washington in 1976. Dr. Fluharty is currently a professor at the University of Washington in Seattle, where he teaches a course on management of marine protected areas. His research interests include natural resources policy at national and international levels, and management of marine resources, particularly fisheries. He currently is a voting member of the North Pacific Fishery Management Council. Recently, he served as chair of the NMFS Ecosystem Principles Advisory Panel.
Mr. Graeme Kelleher earned a B.E. in civil engineering from the University of Sydney in 1955. Mr. Kelleher is currently a Consultant for the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority of which he was the chair and chief executive from 1979 to 1994. His research interests include establishment and management of marine protected areas and application of the concept of ecologically sustainable development to the management of large marine ecosystems. He coauthored “Guidelines for Establishing Marine Protected Areas” (IUCN, 1992) and received the Fred M. Packard International Parks Merit Award from the IUCN in 1998.
Dr. Stephen Palumbi earned his Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Washington in 1984. Dr. Palumbi is currently a professor at Harvard University. His research interests include speciation mechanisms in marine systems, population structure of species with high dispersal potential, and population genetics of source and sink populations of marine invertebrates and mammals. He is a codirector of the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis Program in Developing the Theory of Marine Reserves. In 1996, Dr. Palumbi received a Pew Fellowship for Marine Conservation Research.
Dr. Ana Maria Parma earned her Ph.D. in fisheries science from the University of Washington in 1988. Dr. Parma is currently a population dynamicist at the Centro Nacional Patagonico in Argentina. Her research interests include fish stock assessment, population dynamics, analysis of stochastic models, and adaptive management of fisheries resources. Dr. Parma was awarded the P.E.O. International Peace Scholarship in 1985.
Dr. Stuart Pimm earned his Ph.D. in biology from New Mexico State University in 1974. Dr. Pimm is currently a professor at the Center for Environmental Research and Conservation at Columbia University. His research interests include determination of the extinction rates of birds and other animals, conservation biology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Dr. Pimm also is working on improving the management of the Everglades National Park to preserve threatened species and the ecosystems on which they depend. In 1993, he was awarded a Pew Scholarship in Conservation and the Environment.
Dr. Callum Roberts earned his Ph.D. in biology from the University of York, United Kingdom, in 1986, where he is currently a professor. His research interests include marine conservation biology, behavior and ecology of fish on Red Sea coral reefs, management and conservation of coral reefs, origin and maintenance of biodiversity in reefs, and effects of fishing and recreational tourism on ecosystems. Currently he is working to develop design principles for effective international networks of marine protected areas. He is a member of the U.K. Steering Group on Marine Reserves.
Dr. Sharon Smith earned her Ph.D. in zoology from Duke University in 1975. Dr. Smith is currently a professor of marine biology and fisheries at the University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. Her research interests include ecology of zooplankton, nutrient cycling, upwelling ecosystems, high latitude ecosystems, and population dynamics. She is a member of numerous advisory and steering committees, including service as the chair of the Advisory Subcommittee of the Ocean Sciences Division and as a member of the Committee on Global Ecosystem Dynamics, National Science Foundation (NSF). In addition, she is a former member of the Ocean Studies Board.
Dr. George Somero earned his Ph.D. in biological sciences from Stanford University in 1967. Dr. Somero is currently the David and Lucile Packard Professor of Marine Science at Stanford University. He studies the adaptations of organisms to marine environments, including biochemical and physiological adaptation, within the context of the biogeography and evolution of marine species. Dr. Somero is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Dr. Richard Stoffle earned his Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Kentucky in 1972. He is currently a senior research anthropologist at the University of Arizona. His research interests include cultural anthropology, social impact assessment, developmental anthropology, Native Americans, and the ethnography of fisheries. He has conducted a variety of studies in the Caribbean islands of Antigua and the Dominican Republic on the environmental effects of fishing behavior and conservation values of small-scale coastal fishermen. He
was appointed to the Board of Technical Experts of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission in 1986 where he served for three years. He is currently conducting a study of Ojibway natural and cultural resource use in the western Great Lakes and is preparing an oral history of commercial fishermen for Isle Royale National Park.
Dr. James Wilen earned his Ph.D. in natural resource economics from the University of California, Riverside in 1973. Dr. Wilen is a professor of agriculture and resource economics at the University of California, Davis. His research is primarily in fisheries economics, with a particular focus on the analysis of alternative management strategies and institutions. He is currently involved in studies related to marine reserves, including the use of reserves as a management tool and a bioeconomic modeling project on using spatial management in the California sea urchin fishery. He has worked as a fisheries policy analyst examining a wide range of fisheries in North America and around the world.
NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF
Susan Roberts (study director) received her Ph.D. in marine biology from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Dr. Roberts is a program officer for the National Research Council's Ocean Studies Board. Dr. Roberts staffs studies on living marine resources, marine biotechnology, and health implications of climate change. Her research interests include marine microbiology, fish physiology and development, and biomedicine.
Ann Carlisle (senior project assistant) received her B.A. in sociology from George Mason University in 1997. During her tenure with the Ocean Studies Board, she has worked on studies of the history of ocean sciences and marine living resources, and has staffed several studies on various aspects of marine fishery management.