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The National Information Infrastructure and the Earth Sciences: Possibilities and Challenges1
Mark R. Abbott (Oregon State University
Government Services Information Infrastructure Management10
Robert J. Aiken and
John S. Cavallini (U.S. Department of Energy)
Cutting the Gordian Knot: Providing the American Public with Advanced Universal Access in a Fully Competitive Marketplace at the Lowest Possible Cost18
Allan J. Arlow (Telecommunications Consultant, Annapolis, Md.)
The Role of Cable Television in the NII26
Wendell Bailey (National Cable Television Association) and
Jim Chiddix (Time Warner Cable)
Competing Definitions of "Openness" on the GII31
Jonathan Band (Morrison and Foerster, Washington, D.C.)
Communications for People on the Move: A Look into the Future38
Richard C. Barth (Motorola Incorporated)
Building the NII: Will the Shareholders Come? (And If They Don't, Will Anyone Really Care?)44
Robert T. Blau (BellSouth Corporation)
The Electronic Universe: Network Delivery of Data, Science, and Discovery57
Gregory Bothun (University of Oregon),
Jim Elias (US West Communications),
Randolph G. Foldvik (US West Communications), and
Oliver McBryan (University of Colorado)
An SDTV Decoder with HDTV Capability: An All-Format ATV Decoder67
Jill Boyce, and
John Henderson, and
Larry Pearlstein (Hitachi America Ltd.)
NII and Intelligent Transport Systems76
Lewis M. Branscomb and
Jim Keller (Harvard University)
Post-NSFNET Statistics Collection85
Hans-Werner Braun and
Kimberly Claffy (San Diego Supercomputer Center)
NII Road Map: Residential Broadband97
Charles N. Brownstein (Cross-Industry Working Team, Corporation for National Research Initiatives)
The NII in the Home: A Consumer Service101
Vito Brugliera (Zenith Electronics),
James A. Chiddix (Time Warner Cable),
D. Joseph Donahue (Thomson Consumer Electronics),
Joseph A. Flaherty (CBS Inc.),
Richard R. Green (Cable Television Laboratories),
James C. McKinney (ATSC),
Richard E. Ottinger (PBS), and
Rupert Stow (Rupert Stow Associates)
Internetwork Infrastructure Requirements for Virtual Environments110
Donald P. Brutzman, Michael R. Macedonia, and
Michael J. Zyda (Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California)
Electric Utilities and the NII: Issues and Opportunities123
John S. Cavallini and
Mary Anne Scott (U.S. Department of Energy) and
Robert J. Aiken (U.S. Department of Energy/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)
Interoperation, Open Interfaces, and Protocol Architecture133
David D. Clark (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Service Provider Interoperability and the National Information Infrastructure145
Tim Clifford (DynCorp Advanced Technology Services)
Funding the National Information Infrastructure: Advertising, Subscription, and Usage Charges156
Robert W. Crandall (Brookings Institution)
The NII in the Home165
D. Joseph Donahue (Thomson Consumer Electronics)
The Evolution of the Analog Set-Top Terminal to a Digital Interactive Home Communications Terminal168
H. Allen Ecker and
J. Graham Mobley (Scientific-Atlanta Inc.)
Spread ALOHA Wireless Multiple Access: The Low-Cost Way for Ubiquitous, Tetherless Access to the Information Infrastructure178
Dennis W. Elliott and
Norman Abramson (ALOHA Networks Inc.)
Plans for Ubiquitous Broadband Access to the National Information Infrastructure in the Ameritech Region185
Joel S. Engel (Ameritech)
How Do Traditional Legal, Commercial, Social, and Political Structures When Confronted with a New Service, React and Interact?190
Maria Farnon (Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University)
The Internet, the World Wide Web, and Open Information Services: How to Build the Global Information Infrastructure201
Charles H. Ferguson (Vermeer Technologies Inc.)
Organizing the Issues205
Frances Dummer Fisher (University of Texas at Austin)
The Argument for Universal Access to the Health Care Information Infrastructure: The Particular Needs of Rural Areas, the Poor, and the Underserved209
Richard Friedman and
Sean Thomas (University of Wisconsin)
Toward a National Data Network: Architectural Issues and the Role of Government217
David A. Garbin (MITRE Corporation)
Statement on National Information Infrastructure Issues228
Oscar Garcia (for the IEEE Computer Society)
Proposal for an Evaluation of Health Care Applications on the NII233
Joseph Gitlin (Johns Hopkins University)
The Internet—A Model: Thoughts on the Five-Year Outlook237
Ross Glatzer (Prodigy Services [retired])
The Economics of Layered Networks241
Jiong Gong and
Padmanabhan Srinagesh (Bell Communications Research Inc.)
The Fiber-Optic Challenge of Information Infrastructures248
P.E. Green, Jr. (IBM T.J. Watson Research Center)
Cable Television Technology Deployment256
Richard R. Green (Cable Television Laboratories Inc.)
Privacy, Access and Equity, Democracy, and Networked Interactive Media271
Michael D. Greenbaum (Bell Atlantic) and David Ticoll (Alliance for
Converging Technologies)
As We May Work: An Approach Toward Collaboration on the NII280
Marjorie Greene (First Washington Associates)
The Use of the Social Security Number as the Basis for a National Citizen Identifier286
W. Ed Hammond (Duke University Medical Center)
Estimating the Costs of Telecommunications Regulation292
Peter W. Huber (Manhattan Institute),
Boban Mathew (Yale University),
John Thorne
(Bell Atlantic)
Residential PC Access: Issues with Bandwidth Availability304
Kevin C. Kahn (Intel Corporation)
The National Information Infrastructure: A High-Performance Computing and Communications Perspective315
Randy H. Katz (University of California at Berkeley),
William L. Scherlis (Carnegie Mellon University),
and Stephen L. Squires (Advanced Research
Projects Agency)
Nomadic Computing and Communications335
Leonard Kleinrock (University of California at Los Angeles)
NII 2000: The Wireless Perspective342
Mary Madigan (Personal Communications Industry Association)
Small Manufacturing Enterprises and the National Information Infrastructure351
Robert M. Mason, Chester Bowling, and
Robert J. Niemi (Case Western Reserve University)
Architecture for an Emergency Lane on the NII: Crisis Information Management364
Lois Clark McCoy and
Douglas Gillies (National Institute for
Urban Search and Rescue) and John Harrald (NIUSR and
George Washington University)
Aspects of Integrity in the NII374
John C. McDonald (MBX Inc.)
What the NII Could Be: A User Perspective378
David G. Messerschmitt (University of California at Berkeley)
Role of the PC in Emerging Information Infrastructures388
Avram Miller and
Ogden Perry (Intel Corporation)
NII Evolution—Technology Deployment Plans, Challenges, and Opportunities: AT&T Perspective397
Mahal Mohan (AT&T Corporation)
Enabling Petabyte Computing405
Reagan W. Moore (San Diego Supercomputer Center)
Private Investment and Federal National Information Infrastructure Policy412
Organization for the Protection and Advancement of Small Telephone Companies (OPASTCO)
Thoughts on Security and the NII416
Tom Perrine (San Diego Supercomputer Center)
Trends in Deployments of New Telecommunications Services by Local Exchange Carriers in Support of an Advanced National Information Infrastructure422
Stewart D. Personick (Bell Communications Research Inc.)
The Future NII/GII: Views of Interexchange Carriers434
Robert S. Powers (MCI Telecommunications Inc.),
Tim Clifford (SPRINT,
Government Systems Division),
and James M. Smith (Competitive
Telecommunications Association)
Technology in the Local Network447
J.C. Redmond, C.D. Decker, and
W.G. Griffin (GTE Laboratories Inc.)
Recognizing What the NII Is, What It Needs, and How to Get It462
Robert F. Roche (Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association)
Electronic Integrated Product Development as Enabled by a Global Information Environment: A Requirement for Success in the Twenty-first Century469
Thomas C. Rochow, George E. Scarborough, and
Frank David Utterback (McDonnell Douglas Corporation)
Interoperability, Standards, and Security: Will the NII Be Based on Market Principles?479
Quincy Rodgers (General Instrument Corporation)
Technology and Cost Models for Connecting K-12 Schools to the National Information Infrastructure492
Russell I. Rothstein and
Lee McKnight (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Geodata Interoperability: A Key NII Requirement511
David Schell, Lance McKee, and
Kurt Buehler (Open GIS Consortium)
Electronic Commerce521
Dan Schutzer (Citibank Corporation)
Prospects and Prerequisites for Local Telecommunications Competition: Public Policy Issues for the NII538
Gail Garfield Schwartz and
Paul E. Cain (Teleport Communications Group)
The Awakening 3.0: PCs, TSBs, or DTMF-TV—Which Telecomputer Architecture Is Right for the Next Generation's Public Network?546
John W. Thompson, Jr. (GNOSTECH Incorporated)
Effective Information Transfer for Health Care: Quality versus Quantity553
Gio Wiederhold (Stanford University)
Integrating Technology with Practice: A Technology-enhanced, Field-based Teacher Preparation Program560
Ronald D. Zellner, Jon Denton, and
Luana Zellner (Texas A&M University)
RegNet: An NPR Regulatory Reform Initiative Toward NII/GII Collaboratories576
John P. Ziebarth (National Center for Supercomputing Applications),
W. Neil Thompson (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission),
J.D. Nyhart, Kenneth Kaplan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology),
Bill Ribarsky (Georgia Institute of Technology),
Gio Wiederhold, Michael R. Genesereth (Stanford University),
Kenneth Gilpatric
(National Performance Review NetResults.RegNet
and Administrative Conference of the United States [formerly]),
Tim E. Roxey (National Performance Review RegNet.Industry, Baltimore Gas and Electric,
and Council for Excellence in Government),
William J. Olmstead (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission),
Ben Slone (Finite Matters Ltd.),
Jim Acklin (Regulatory Information Alliance)
Electronic Document Interchange and Distribution Based on the Portable Document Format, an Open Interchange Format605
Stephen N. Zilles and
Richard Cohn (Adobe Systems Incorporated)