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Biology and Life Sciences

Biology and Life Sciences : Animals, Plants and Other Organisms
Marine Mammal Populations and Ocean Noise: Determining When Noise Causes Biologically Significant Effects

Attention has been drawn to the subject of how ocean noise affects marine mammals by a series of marine mammal strandings, lawsuits, and legislative hearings, and most recently, the report from the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. One way to ...

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Endangered and Threatened Species of the Platte River

The tension between wildlife protection under the Endangered Species Act and water management in the Platte River Basin has existed for more than 25 years. The Platte River provides important habitat for migratory and breeding birds, including three endangered or threatened species: the ...

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Science, Medicine, and Animals

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Atlantic Salmon in Maine

Because of the pervasive and substantial decline of Atlantic salmon populations in Maine over the past 150 years, and because they are close to extinction, a comprehensive statewide action should be taken now to ensure their survival. The populations ...

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Endangered and Threatened Fishes in the Klamath River Basin: Causes of Decline and Strategies for Recovery

In 1988 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed two endemic fishes of the upper Klamath River basin of Oregon and California, the sucker and the Lost River sucker, as endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA). In 1997, ...

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Promise and Challenges in Systems Microbiology: Workshop Summary

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Animal Care and Management at the National ZooInterim Report

This interim report assesses issues related to animal management, husbandry, health, and care at the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park. The report finds that there are shortcomings in care and management that are threatening the well-being of the animal collection ...

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Nonnative Oysters in the Chesapeake Bay

Nonnative Oysters in the Chesapeake Bay discusses the proposed plan to offset the dramatic decline in the bay’s native oysters by introducing disease-resistant reproductive Suminoe oysters from Asia. It suggests this move should be delayed until more is known about the environmental risks, ...

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National Need and Priorities for Veterinarians in Biomedical Research

The report identified various factors which contributed to creating an unfulfilled need for veterinarians in the biomedical research workforce, including an increase in the number of NIH grants utilizing animals and the burgeoning use of transgenic rodents, without a comparable ...

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Diagnosis and Control of Johne's Disease

Johne's Disease is a chronic, progressive intestinal disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) that affects primarily ruminant animals. In recent decades there has been growing concern over the lack of effective control of this ...

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