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Biology and Life Sciences

The New Science of Metagenomics: Revealing the Secrets of Our Microbial Planet

Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology ...

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Darwin's Gift: To Science and Religion

With the publication in 1859 of On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, Charles Darwin established evolution by common descent as the dominant scientific explanation for nature's diversity. This was to be his gift to science and ...

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Exploring Organic Environments in the Solar System

The sources, distributions, and transformation of organic compounds in the solar system are active study areas as a means to provide information about the evolution of the solar system and the possibilities of life elsewhere in the universe. There ...

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Innovating for Profit in Russia:Summary of a Workshop

The National Research Council hosted an interacademy workshop in Yekaterinburg, Russia together with the Russian Academy of Sciences in October 2004 as a means of exploring various aspects of industrial innovation in the Urals region of Russia. Workshop presenters ...

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Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology

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Systematics and the Origin of Species: On Ernst Mayr's 100th Anniversary

In December 2004, the National Academy of Sciences sponsored a colloquium on “Systematics and the Origin of Species” to celebrate Ernst Mayr’s 100th anniversary and to explore current knowledge concerning the origin of species. In 1942, Ernst Mayr, one of the twentieth century’s ...

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Genesis: The Scientific Quest for Life's Origins

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(NAS Colloquium) The Future of Evolution

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(NAS Colloquium) Links Between Recombination and Replication:Vital Roles of Recombination

There has been a sea change in how we view genetic recombination. When germ cells are produced in higher organisms, genetic recombination assures the proper segregation of like chromosomes. In the course of that process, called meiosis, recombination not only ...

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Mathematics and 21st Century Biology

The exponentially increasing amounts of biological data along with comparable advances in computing power are making possible the construction of quantitative, predictive biological systems models. This development could revolutionize those biology-based fields of science. To assist this transformation, the U.S. Department of Energy asked ...

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