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Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences : Geology and Landforms
Drawing Louisiana's New Map: Addressing Land Loss in Coastal Louisiana

During the past 50 years, coastal Louisiana has suffered catastrophic land loss due to both natural and human causes. This loss has increased storm vulnerability and amplified risks to lives, property, and economies--a fact underscored by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ...

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Geological and Geotechnical Engineering in the New Millennium: Opportunities for Research and Technological Innovation

The field of geoengineering is at a crossroads where the path to high-tech solutions meets the path to expanding applications of geotechnology. In this report, the term "geoengineering" includes all types of engineering that deal with Earth materials, such as ...

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Improved Seismic Monitoring - Improved Decision-Making: Assessing the Value of Reduced Uncertainty

Improved Seismic Monitoring—Improved Decision-Making, describes and assesses the varied economic benefits potentially derived from modernizing and expanding seismic monitoring activities in the United States. These benefits include more effective loss avoidance regulations and strategies, improved understanding of earthquake processes, better engineering design, more effective ...

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The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics: Understanding the Biotic Effects of Future Environmental Change

In order to answer important questions about ecosystems and biodiversity, scientists can look to the past geological record—which includes fossils, sediment and ice cores, and tree rings. Because of recent advances in earth scientists’ ability to analyze biological and environmental ...

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Preventing Earthquake Disasters: The Grand Challenge in Earthquake Engineering:A Research Agenda for the Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES)

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Living on an Active Earth:Perspectives on Earthquake Science

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Funding Smithsonian Scientific Research

This report assesses whether the Smithsonian Institution should continue to receive direct federal appropriations for its scientific research programs or if this funding should be transferred to a peer-reviewed program open to all researchers in another agency. The report concludes ...

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Research Opportunities in Geography at the U.S. Geological Survey

Research Opportunities in Geography at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides perspective and guidance to the geography discipline about its future research and strategic directions. The report makes specific recommendations about scientific research priorities and partnerships within and outside ...

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Geoscience Data and Collections:National Resources in Peril

Geoscience data and collections (such as, rock and sediment cores, geophysical data, engineering records, and fossils) are necessary for industries to discover and develop domestic natural resources to fulfill the nation’s energy and mineral requirements and to improve the prediction ...

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Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises

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