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Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences : Ocean Studies
A Review of Genwest's Final Report on Effective Daily Recovery Capacity (EDRC): A Letter Report

The Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) enforces compliance with oil spill response requirements for facilities located seaward of the coast line. It commissioned Genwest Systems, Inc., to assess the existing planning standard for response to offshore oil spills ...

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Review of the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring Plan

The world's ocean has already experienced a 30% rise in acidity since the industrial revolution, with acidity expected to rise 100 to 150% over preindustrial levels by the end of this century. Potential consequences to marine life and also to ...

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An Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessments

Increasing renewable energy development, both within the United States and abroad, has rekindled interest in the potential for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) resources to contribute to electricity generation. These resources derive from ocean tides, waves, and currents; temperature gradients in ...

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Seasonal-to-Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice: Challenges and Strategies

Recent well documented reductions in the thickness and extent of Arctic sea ice cover, which can be linked to the warming climate, are affecting the global climate system and are also affecting the global economic system as marine access to ...

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Scientific Review of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Drakes Bay Oyster Company Special Use Permit

 In May 2012, the National Park Service (NPS) asked the National Research Council to conduct a scientific review of a Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) to evaluate the effects of issuing a Special Use Permit for the commercial shellfish operation ...

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Ocean Acidification: Starting with the Science

Over recent years, human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels have increased the amount of carbon dioxide gas emitted to the atmosphere--and the amount that dissolves into the ocean. Now, so much carbon dioxide has ...

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Ocean Science Series: Set of 5 Booklets

In one way or another, every landform and creature on Earth reflects the presence of the oceans. Understanding the Earth's oceans is essential to our understanding of human history, the origin of life, weather and climate, medicines, ...

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Scientific Ocean Drilling:Accomplishments and Challenges

Through direct exploration of the subseafloor, U.S.-supported scientific ocean drilling programs have significantly contributed to a broad range of scientific accomplishments in Earth science disciplines, shaping understanding of Earth systems and enabling new fields of inquiry. Scientific ...

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Global Change and Extreme Hydrology: Testing Conventional Wisdom

Climate theory dictates that core elements of the climate system, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, and reservoirs of atmospheric and soil moisture, should change as the climate warms, both in their means and extremes. A major challenge that faces the climate and ...

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Assessing Requirements for Sustained Ocean Color Research and Operations

The ocean is a fundamental component of the earth's biosphere. It covers roughly 70 percent of Earth's surface and plays a pivotal role in the cycling of life's building blocks, such as nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, and sulfur. The ocean also ...

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