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Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences : Ocean Studies
Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing Research at NIOSH

The agriculture, forestry, and fishing sectors are the cornerstone of industries that produce food, fiber, and biofuel. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducts research in order to improve worker safety and health in these sectors. This ...

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Increasing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts: A Priority for the 21st Century

Marine environments support the livelihoods, economies, and quality of life for communities around the world. But growth of coastal populations and increasing demands on marine resources are putting the future of ocean and coastal resources at risk through impacts such ...

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Sediment Dredging at Superfund Megasites: Assessing the Effectiveness

Some of the nation's estuaries, lakes and other water bodies contain contaminated sediments that can adversely affect fish and wildlife and may then find their way into people's diets. Dredging is one of the few options available for attempting to ...

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A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy

Ocean research offers countless benefits, from improving fisheries management to discovering new drugs to enabling early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes. At the request of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (JSOST), the National Research Council convened a ...

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Mining Safety and Health Research at NIOSH: Reviews of Research Programs of theNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

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The Role of Naval Forces in the Global War on Terror: Abbreviated Version

The growth of the terrorism threat to the nationís security has created significant strategic challenges for U.S. armed forces in fighting this global war on terrorism (GWOT). For the Navy, the challenges have centered on developing maritime capabilities to ...

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Evaluation of the Sea Grant Program Review Process

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A Process for Setting, Managing, and Monitoring Environmental Windows for Dredging Projects: Special Report 262

TRB Special Report 262: A Process for Setting, Managing, and Monitoring Environmental Windows for Dredging Projects concludes that scientific information about risks to resources and technical options for reducing those risks was not being systematically incorporated into the dredging process. ...

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Review of Recreational Fisheries Survey Methods

Recreational fishing in the United States is an important social and economic component of many marine fisheries, with an estimated 14 million anglers making almost 82 million fishing trips in 2004. Although each individual angler typically harvests a small number of ...

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Dynamic Changes in Marine Ecosystems: Fishing, Food Webs, and Future Options

Recent scientific literature has raised many concerns about whether fisheries have caused more extensive changes to marine populations and ecosystems than previously realized or predicted. In many cases, stocks have been exploited far beyond management targets, and new analyses indicate ...

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