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Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences : Water and Hydrology
Review of the WATERS Network Science Plan

One of the most critical issues facing the United States today is the proper management of our water resources. Water availability and quality are changing due to increasing population, urbanization, and land use and climate change, and shortages in water ...

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Landscapes on the Edge: New Horizons for Research on Earth's Surface

During geologic spans of time, Earth's shifting tectonic plates, atmosphere, freezing water, thawing ice, flowing rivers, and evolving life have shaped Earth's surface features. The resulting hills, mountains, valleys, and plains shelter ecosystems that interact with all life and provide ...

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Review of the St. Johns River Water Supply Impact Study:Report 2

This report is the second in a series providing ongoing advice to the St. Johns River Water Management District (the District) as it considers withdrawing additional water from the St. Johns River in east-central Florida for future public supply. The ...

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Global Issues in Water, Sanitation, and Health:Workshop Summary

As the human population grows--tripling in the past century while, simultaneously, quadrupling its demand for water--Earth's finite freshwater supplies are increasingly strained, and also increasingly contaminated by domestic, agricultural, and industrial wastes. Today, approximately one-third of the world's population lives ...

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Review of the St. Johns River Water Supply Impact Study:Report 1

The St. Johns River is the longest river in Florida, containing extensive freshwater wetlands, numerous large lakes, a wide estuarine channel, and a correspondingly diverse array of native flora and fauna. Water resource management in the river's watershed is the ...

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Toward a Sustainable and Secure Water Future:A Leadership Role for the U.S. Geological Survey

Water is our most fundamental natural resource, a resource that is limited. Challenges to our nation's water resources continue to grow, driven by population growth, ecological needs, climate change, and other pressures. The nation needs more and improved water science ...

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Letter Report Assessing the WATERS Network Science Plan

In 2006, the National Science Foundation (NSF) requested that the National Research Council's (NRC's) Water Science and Technology Board review and assess the adequacy of the conceptual design and planning process for NSF's proposed Water and Environmental Research Systems (WATERS) ...

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Sustainable Critical Infrastructure Systems:A Framework for Meeting 21st Century Imperatives

For the people of the United States, the 20th century was one of unprecedented population growth, economic development, and improved quality of life.  The critical infrastructure systems-water, wastewater, power, transportation, and telecommunications-built in the 20th century have become so much ...

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Desalination: A National Perspective

There has been an exponential increase in desalination capacity both globally and nationally since 1960, fueled in part by growing concern for local water scarcity and made possible to a great extent by a major federal investment for desalination research ...

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First Report from the NRC Committee on the Review of the Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration (LACPR) Program

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